Linked Questions

13
votes
3answers
7k views

~ておく or ~とく for preparation (conjugation and nuance)

A few quick questions regarding ~ておく and the casual form ~とく Firstly, when changing from ~ておく to the more casual ~とく I'm assuming the verb is first conjugated to the ~て form then the ~て is dropped ...
4
votes
2answers
12k views

In Japanese, what does the word “kimashita” mean and how does it work?

In my text book it says “kimashita” is the past form of “to come”. But then in the textbook it says: How long have you worked here? Koko de wa dorekurai hataraite kimashita ka? How does “kimashita” ...
3
votes
5answers
7k views

How to use あげます、もらいます、and くれます

I have yet to find a good source that covers this in full. But I've seen them being used in places where no giving or receiving is taking place. For example, "写真をとってもらえませんか?" and another one I ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Should I use ~てきた or ~て来た?

In the examples below 彼は私のところに荷物を送ってきた。 彼は私のところに荷物を送って来た。 荷物が私のところに送られてきた。 荷物が私のところに送られて来た。 would it be better to use the termination/set phrase てきた? (no kanji) because this is changing ...
7
votes
1answer
837 views

What's the いて in 「忘れないでいて」 for?

I know that the verb changes from 忘れる(to forget) to 忘れないで (don´t forget) but I can´t understand the いて at the end. At first, I thought it comes from the casual imperative form of いる as this post ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Differences between た/てた

Context: From Yotsuba&, they went gathering chestnuts and one of them had a bug in it so they threw it away. But here the young girl is eating from the rest and her sister is saying that there ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Meaning of 寝てない

昨日{きのう}も全然{ぜんぜん}寝{ね}てない。* Yesterday I didn't sleep at all. Is it 寝る in て-form followed by ある in negative form? Or a contraction of 寝ていない? Also, why is it not in past form? I thought one should ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Auxiliary verbs in Japanese

What are auxiliary verbs in Japanese language? Which verbs are auxiliary and how to tell which are auxiliaries, and which are normal? It looks like the word です is an auxiliary verb. But why? What ...
1
vote
2answers
509 views

Usage and meaning : 寝ろ vs 寝てろ?

I am on page 32, Ch.82 of よつばと! Source : http://raw.senmanga.com/Yotsubato!/82/32 My translation of the highlighted text bubble is, Now, sleep quietly okay. But I am confused as to why 寝てろ is ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

What is this 行ってまいります

資料が届いたようですので、事務室に取りに行ってまいります。 "Because it looks like the documents have arrived, I go to the office to fetch them." This sentence is an example from the grammar section of my textbook. I've ...
8
votes
1answer
854 views

How can verb て become an adverb?

I found a sentence 医者が「大丈夫ですか」と重ねて尋ねた。 with translation The doctor repeatedly asked "Is it OK?". As far as I know The concatenation of て verb represents several actions which are done one ...
3
votes
1answer
723 views

Dropping particles in casual speech/songs

Hey i was listening to this song And it felt weird for me when one of these lines seemed to lack a particle, I am wondering if it is lacking one and it is ok to do so since it is a song, or if there ...
2
votes
1answer
503 views

Use of する and しまう

忘れ物をしました 忘れ物をしまったんです 忘れ物をしてしました 忘れ物をしてしまったんです Are all these four expressions acceptable, what is the difference among them?
4
votes
1answer
256 views

Help me understand 言ってみただけだよ

I found this sentence 言ってみただけだよ and it is translated to I'm just tried to say / I'm just saying I don't understand why and I have a feeling it's because of みた. I know that みた is "to see" in ...
2
votes
1answer
687 views

what is “progressive form” in japanese?

I am making a Japanese verb conjugation app and can not seem to find the Japanese equivalent of "Progressive Form" For example 辞書形 = dictionary form 命令形 = imperative form 可能形 = potential form etc. ...

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