Questions tagged [conjugations]

活用. The inflections of verbs and adjectives. How the endings of verbs and adjectives change to reflect grammatical factors such as tense and aspect.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
1answer
79 views

are であり, であって, and で interchangeable?

are であり, であって, and で interchangeable? Example: きれいで可愛い女子 きれいであり可愛い女子 きれいであって可愛い女子
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Do ~ではなかったです / ~じゃなかったです sound natural?

I'm compiling a chart for conjugating nouns, i-adjectives, and na-adjectives for a Japanese beginner, but I'm running into some difficulties in the negative tenses. I'd like this chart to be accurate ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Why is the い in 多い left out in 「本が多すぎる」?

The translation I was going for was "(there's) too many books." I wrote 「本が多いすぎる」but autocorrect changed it to 「本が多すぎる」. I then tried to use a na-adjective instead of an i-adjective, writing ...
2
votes
1answer
335 views

This line sounds peculiar, I would appreciate your opinions (it uses the verb 許される)

First of all, to give you some context, there are 3 characters that will be referred to as A, B, and C. The following lines are from a dialogue between A and B about C. The character C has done things ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

A couple translations I'm not exactly why or think I'm correct on why it is

面白い事件が起こりました。- This translates to "An interesting incident occurred" instead of "I caused an interesting incident" is because of the indicative form of 起こ which indicates an event ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

What does すらない mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

「今までは、あいさつすらなかったから、なんだか少しうれしい。」 I'm assuming すらなかった here is supposed to mean しなかった, however why would すらない be used instead of しない? Also, is my assumption correct? This was a sentence from a light ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Rashii, Rashiku, and Rashisa

I know Rashii(らしい) is an i-adjective. What are the forms Rashiku(らしく) and Rashisa(らしさ) that I see often used?
0
votes
1answer
80 views

What is らしめる or rather (verb) + あしめる?

I stumbled upon 死に至らしめました today and since 死に至る exists, at first I was trying to understand the conjugation but then I saw that jisho consider it as a whole verb or expression. There seems to be a ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

What is this よ in 値を求めよ?

Here is a sentence which would appear in a math exam paper. Xの値を求めよ。(Find the value of X.) What kind of conjugation is this 求めよ and how does it work?
3
votes
1answer
175 views

なさい and ください using い-stem instead of う-stem

I'm curious as to why these two verbs use their い-stem, instead of う like ます does after the い-stem and くれる/あげる/おく do after the て form. (I know the two are aru special class verbs.) Does this have to ...
5
votes
2answers
370 views

Why is する's potential form できる?

Godan verbs have the potential form える, while ichidan verbs and 来る use られる for both the passive and the potential. する also has the passive される, why isn't that or something like すれる used as its ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

How to parse the form 上げしやすい?

Someone is saying 初心者の子がいたから― レベル上げしやすい場所を教えてた (I showed a newbie a good place to level up). Normally やすい is added to a verb without ます、but then what is the root of the form 上げします? I don't see 上げす in ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

What does this paragraph mean in Wasabi's "Japanese Adjectives with Particle が" article?

I'm trying to understand this post on using Japanese adjectives and am stumped by this paragraph under the I-adjectives section When you use i-adjectives as a subject complement, you MUST NOT do the ...
4
votes
2answers
189 views

Conjugations of ゆく vs. いく

What are the conjugations for [行く]{ゆく}? Are they the same as [行く]{いく} except for the plain form? I tried to google around for a conjugation table, but I can't find any. The closest that I found is ...
2
votes
1answer
225 views

Where do 覚悟なさい、我慢なさい come from?

The more common 「覚悟しなさい」 and 「我慢しなさい」 seem also much more intuitive: 覚悟する➞覚悟しなさい 覚悟なさい、我慢なさい seem to be feminine markers. How did they come about?
2
votes
1answer
108 views

見る限りでは vs 見ている限りでは

My grammar book states that before ~限りでは you would use 見る as 見る or 見た while you change 知る、覚える to ~ている。I found this answer which does explain why 知る and 覚える is changed to 現在進行形。But then, why wouldn't ...
0
votes
1answer
114 views

Is it possible to know if a verb is ichidan or godan from its other forms (e.g.: masu form)?

I have bee nreading this article about ichidan and godan verbs, how they are conjugated and how to differentiate them from its plain form (食べる for instance). Is there any rule to infer if a verb is ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

What is the conjugation of 「悲しきかな」?

Saw this in a blog post: 「悲しきかな読書への愛を育むほどに、夢は現実から遠ざかる」 It seems like 「悲しきかな」is used as a na-adjective (形容動詞). Is this correct? I've never seen this form of adjective before, what would its conjugation ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Is「していこう」another way to write「移行する」

人間はみな平等だよね、そういう社会にしていこうね I think this quote means something along the lines of transitioning into a society in which everyone is equal, but if that is an accurate translation, then why is していこう not ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Uses of the motion verbs (行く、来る) with the te-form

I'm studying with Tae Kim and it says that you can use a verb in te-form + 行く、来る to show that an action is oriented toward or from someplace. In one example it says: 日本語をずっと前から勉強してきて、結局はやめた。 Studied ...
2
votes
1answer
282 views

Why is 暗い conjugated as 暗くsometimes?

I know in past tense, you use く like 暗くない but even in present tense, I see example phrases where 暗く is used. For instance: もう暗くなったから、帰りましょう。 I'm a beginner so bear with me please and thanks!
1
vote
2answers
200 views

Do/can vs would/could in Japanese and the usage of ん and が? [closed]

Contextually, in Japanese, is there a difference between "do" and "would"? Similarly with "can" and "could"? On a side note, what's the purpose/rule for ん and ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

Ambiguity between potential causative and passive causative

I have this thought from time to time when I am trying to express an English thought in Japanese. Perhaps the sentence itself is unnatural so let me know. It seems like we can make him come (to a ...
2
votes
0answers
105 views

Circumstances where polite form is never used?

I am trying to understand when plain conjugations should be used in polite speech. My basic understanding is that plain conjugations are always used when they are followed by particular particles, ...
2
votes
2answers
619 views

What is the form of this verb? 見つからない (見つける)

The full sentence is: この気持ちを表現する適当な言葉が見つからない I could not find appropriate words to express these feelings. How do we end up with this form in "-karanai"?
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Is this sentence from Bunpro misaligned with the provided translation, regarding verb tense and state of being? [duplicate]

I am using Bunpro SRS, and I came across the following sentence: ポケモンは、日本中だけでなく、世界中で流行ったゲームだ。 The translation provided is: Pokémon is popular not only all over Japan, but throughout the world. The ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

What's the meaning of 遅れておいて

Student A has been asked by a Teacher to bring Student B to their supplementary lesson. When confronted Student B remembers that the teacher said something about a supplementary lesson and after ...
0
votes
0answers
112 views

Understanding japanese verb suffixes

I recently learned the meaning of the verb suffixes す, む and ぶ (respectively to do, to seem like or to indicate volition, to act like). I would have two questions : Does every verb ending with す can ...
0
votes
1answer
170 views

Meaning of 生まれている

My friends and I were translating another sentence containing 死んでいる which we determined to be an expression meaning "to be dead" (which Jisho agrees with). However, there was disagreement as ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Short form of extra modest expression

I recently came across an example of someone saying 'お返しする' rather than 'お返しします' about 18 seconds into this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vazHI4jN6lc&t=18s Under what circumstances should ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

「していない」vs「してない」? [duplicate]

From a search on here it looks like both are correct, but I couldn’t figure out the rules. 山下さんは結婚していないと言っていました。 Why is it 「していない」 and not 「してない」?
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Problem Understanding the 経つ Verb

So I came across this sentence in a textbook: 家の近くで殺人事件が起きて1か月経つが、いまだに犯人は見つかっていない。 I think the sentence is supposed to mean 'Since the murder occurred near my house, a month has passed, but the ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

Can 役立たぬ replace 役立たず (with the meaning of "a worthless person")?

I know that these forms differ in a sentence use case but what about standalone words? For this specific one when I looked it up on Jisho the ず form is the entry with the meaning of "worthless ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Why use と in やっとる? [duplicate]

今日もやっとるのー I understand that やっとる means something like "doing" and I assume that it comes from やる. やっている --> やってる --> やっとる But why と here? Is this a common form for other verbs as ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

What does 飼っとっと mean?

For example: ポニーを一応飼っとっとです. The speaker is from Kumamoto. I'm guessing its a dialect, but struggling to understand the meaning.
2
votes
3answers
374 views

Causative passive form vs. Passive causative form: Both are grammatically possible, but is there a citation to prefer one over the other?

The "causative passive" form is very well documented. It's easily made possible because the a causative verb is a valid ichidan verb, and therefore compatible with the passive conjugation. ...
0
votes
1answer
126 views

Why is the verb conjugated to え-form?

選べなかったら俺ん家来れば? Translation: If you don't like your choices, why not live at my place? What I'm particularly confused about is the verb being in え-form. As far as I know, one usage of it is to give ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

~なくする negative verb and する grammar

一人ぽっちでいられなくしたのはお前 (Spoken) Is this just like the なくなる grammar (e.g. 食べなくなる) but with する implying it was done by someone?
0
votes
1answer
93 views

On the use of だろう

「私はすぐには行動しないだろうと侮っていた」 It seems as though だろう is expressing something that is outside of what I've normally seen it used for (e.g. as a substitute for でしょう to mean "probably")
2
votes
2answers
890 views

Why does 「もう待てないよ!」 mean "I can't wait any longer"?

I've just learnt that the expression 「もう待てないよ!」 has similar meaning in English as "I can't wait any longer", but how to interpret 「待てない」 from a grammar point? Shouldn't the "te-form&...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Is た form included in dictionary 辞書 form?

I know the dictionary form ends with う、す、る、etc. But what about the changed forms of them such as 買った、食べなかった? Can I also call these dictionary form?
0
votes
2answers
200 views

Is 海は青くないです less correct than 海は青ではない?

Is 海は青くないです less correct than 海は青ではない? I am just starting to learn and someone said my basic sentence was not polite. I'm trying to practice conjugating adjectives. My goal was to say ”The ocean is ...
4
votes
2answers
102 views

注意を向ける vs. 注意を向けさせる - same meaning?

I understand the difference in concept; YがXを向ける = "Y turns X", and ZがYにXを向けさせる = "Z makes Y turn X". But in practical usage with 注意を~, I can't tell the difference. Do native ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

What is 已然形? I know its classic Japanese but that's as far as I got

Can someone explain to me what 已然形 is? I've seen it brought up being related the hypothetical form like 已然形+ ば but I just can't figure out what it was for. I know its related to classical Japanese but ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

What is the most natural way (or differences) to ask if someone wants to do something?

(Using the verb "飲む" as an example) 飲みたいですか? 飲みたくないですか? 飲むことが欲しいですか? What are the differences between these forms? Also, is there a more natural way to ask if someone wants to do something?...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

What is the meaning of こそ...め?

I've come across a construction, こそ...め, that I don't know how to translate. Specifically, め, which I know is the [已然]{いぜん}[形]{けい} of む, since it comes after [未然]{みぜん}[形]{けい} inflections, is being ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Potential form verbs followed by adjectives to end a sentence have to be in te form?

Do potential verbs followed by adjectives ending a sentence have to be in te form? For example 見られて嬉しい instead of 見られる嬉しい.
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Is there a reason for 乞う to conjugate to 乞うて? [duplicate]

Usually, when conjugating Godan verbs ending with う into て-form, you would get って instead. Is there an etymological reason for this exception for 乞うて? I saw this in a rather recent book written in the ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Meaning of -てる in 付けてる

I have stumbled across verbs such as 付けてる, listed as a conjugation of 付ける in takoboto. Is this equivalent to 付けている? Or what?
2
votes
0answers
45 views

I have a question. Why is the particle に instead of は for this sentence? Isnt the one doing supposed to be は not に? Thank you [duplicate]

I have a question. Why is the particle に instead of は for this sentence? “私に何かできることがあれば” Isnt the one doing supposed to be は not に? Thank you

1
2 3 4 5
11