Questions tagged [conjugations]

活用. The inflections of verbs and adjectives. How the endings of verbs and adjectives change to reflect grammatical factors such as tense and aspect.

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47 views

I'm having trouble understanding what “開き直った、とも言いますが” means

I wish I could formulate this question in a better way because there's a million people on here who have posted similar "don't know what this means, please tell me" and I don't mean this to be low ...
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Understanding 「やったこと」 and 「〜んだ」。

This is a line from a game that I'm attempting to take apart and understand. A man has committed a murder, and is panic-thinking he doesn't want to be caught for it. He thinks/says out loud this ...
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てくる appended to a verb can mean go and come

I have heard natives saying 渡してくるto mean "go and hand over" rather then "come and hand over". I'd thought that くる means to come and 行くmeans to go. So literal translation should theoretically give "...
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Turning adjectives into verbs

Using がる turns adjectives into verbs and adds a "appears to" meaning. For example: 嫌がる (na-adjective) 美味しがる (i-adjective) Is there ever any point (from a usage perspective) in turning adjectives ...
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「上一段・下一段」活用動詞 - why are these groups separate?

My understanding is that the Japanese equivalent of "-iru/eru" verbs or "group 2 verbs" are the groups 上一段活用動詞{かみいちだんかつようどうし} and 下一段活用動詞{しもいちだんかつようどうし}, where 上一段活用動詞 represents the -iru verbs and ...
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じゃなく、じゃなくて、じゃなくては、ではなく、ではなくて、ではなくては

Which of the above are acceptable in the following construction? 彼氏は料理だけ____、家事も出来る。 What I am confused about is which of the constructions are grammatical and which are not? I have used じゃなくては in ...
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Can someone explain the usage of Verb+り in these sentences please

I previously practice reading beginner’s japanese book and was surprised by this verb form, the verb+り. Can someone please help explain about its usage or where I can study more about this form of ...
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When to use -masu forms of -i adjectives as opposed to -kunaidesu?

I am doing the exercises for a course in Japanese, which I cannot attend, because it overlaps with my mandatory course. The exercise requires to form the past negative masu form of i-adjectives. ...
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Conjugations of verb for sample JLPT question

One of the multiple choice questions in a book I was reading was as follows: まどを_____. はい、おねがいします。 a) 開けましょうか b) 開けてもいいですか c) 開けなさい d) 開けてくれませんか I selected b) as the answer, but ...
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The many ways to request something from someone else

From what I gathered, there are many ways to request something of someone. For example, consider: 1. 伝えてくれませんか 2. 伝えてくれれば助かります (This sounds like if you relay (the message), I will be saved, but my ...
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Obscure verb forms?

Question 1. It my understanding that you can form a negative polite volitional by attaching まい to the ます of the verb. For example, 食{た}べます becomes 食べますまい. Is it therefore also possible to turn the ...
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Confusion on imperative forms?

I have heard of all of the following conjugations as being imperative forms in Japanese by various texts. なさる → なさい くださる → ください いらっしゃる → いらっしゃいませ Are these all part of the same category ...
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What does …て…て mean?

I have the following sentence. その白い比いない裸体は、薄暮の背景の前に置かれて輝やいていた 。 I understand the use of ~て in ~ている, but I'm confused by two consecutive verbs using ~て as in 置かれて輝やいていた. Should I understand them ...
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Japanese Name of the て-form without the て

While reading this old question, I began wondering what the て-form without the て (i.e. 書いて→書い、読んで→読ん、行って→行っ) is called in Japanese. Wikipedia calls it 2つ目の連用形. Some other places call it 連用形の促音便形 or ...
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〜く+あります inflections?

In this post, it was verified that indeed the origin of the い-adjective ending 〜かった stems as a fusion of the ending 〜く and the inflection あった of ある (that is, 〜かった comes from 〜くあった). This makes me ...
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Origin of 〜かった?

Is it by any chance the case that, historically, the い-adjective ending 〜かった is a contraction originating from 〜くあった, where あった is the past inflection of ある? To me, it sure sounds plausible, and ...
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Why is the sentence, “毎日、AからBに通います。” incorrect?

In the exam, my sentence was corrected from, 毎日、A から B に通います。 to, 毎日、A から B に通っています。 ...and no explanation was made. I am still very confused.
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Why is 探そう not 探しそう?

In a manga I am reading, I came across the following sentence. 注目集めてるな。早くミクを探そう。 The speaker just crashed on his skis and a crowd of people started to gather around, thus garnering a lot of attention ...
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ものを and conditional

I read the following sentence while learning about ~ものを: すぐに病院へ行けばいいものを、行かないで悪化させてしまった。 Which I would translate into (probably not perfectly natural English, but something like that): Though it ...
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What is the conjugation in the word 「起たんか」and what does it mean?

The full sentence is「おい起【た】て。起【た】たんか」頭の所に立っていた伍長が怒鳴った。 This is older Japanese by the way, so 「起て」and 「起たんか」are pronounced 「たて」and「たたんか」。 Anyway, I was wondering what the conjugation in 「起【た】たんか」means. ...
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Break down the phrase “[失礼]{しつれい}しなければならないんです”

I've just heard the phrase [失礼]{しつれい}しなければならないんです (shitsurei shinakereba naranaindesu) used as Excuse me, I have to leave. The explanation said it literally translates to If I don't leave, it won't ...
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Is the negative potential of 書く used in this sentence and what is its meaning?

I am reading a manga and a girl is showing her tutor that she "started her test." All she has is her name written down. Here is the sentence. お前しか書けてないがいいぞ. I believe the tutor has said this. The ...
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When using an adverb, do pronouns come before or after?

I am try to translate “only one you” (only one of you but do not know if would translate correct) using yuiitsu as only one, does anata come before after thank you!
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Proper conjugation of 生む

I am trying to state a goal to produce something, such as: 目的 は 成果 を 生むて います。 Is this the proper conjugation to indicate I plan to do this?
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Conjugate る-ending verbs into negative form

Sorry if this question has been asked before. I tried to look around for an answer but couldn't find it. I just want to state before that my question is not regarding the verb ある or verbs with kanji +...
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What's difference between うるさくないでください and うるさくしないでください

Don't both of them mean "Please do not be loud"? What's the うるさく? Is it うるさい and change い into く to make it a noun? Could you guys suggest the topic that I can look into and study more about them? ...
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Conjugating present and past negative i-adjectives

I've been learning about conjugating i- and na-adjectives recently and I've stumbled onto something odd. I've seen two distinct ways of conjugating negative i-adjectives; the two ways are to replace い ...
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「捨ててしまう」Why are there two て’s used here?

The full sentence was : 「捨ててしまうのはもったいないと思って」 I think to throw away (something) is a waste But why are there two て’s? Why is it not 捨てしまう?
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Making adverb form of verb + なります

I was reading an NHK article and came across this line: お金{かね}を払{はら}うとき「キャッシュレス」を利用{りよう}する人{ひと}が増{ふ}えて、現金{げんきん}をあまり使{つか}わなくなっているためです。 It comes after a line that says "This is the first time the ...
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What's the い in ない?

I've heard that the non-past negative form ends in nai. However, other forms will aswell have na alone (na katta). Is there some meaning behind this い or is that how the form is?
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How can I use the conditional ~ば and desiderative ~たい together?

I think the title is self-explanatory. I've been wondering how to combine the desiderative (たい) and the conditional (えば/たら). For example, if I want to say "Excuse me, what should I do if I want to ...
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Help a translating this phrase

I was reading a manga and the grammar of this phrase kinda confused me: 今日三条くんの会社からなかったことにしてくれって連絡あったらしくて。 For context, the character is saying this to a second character about a third character's ...
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Does the 未然形 of i-adjectives show up in today's Japanese?

It appears the [未然形]{mizenkei} of verbs comes up a lot in modern Japanese conjugations: Negation is formed as 未然形 + ない. The presumptive is a contraction of 未然形 + (よ)う. The causative/passive forms, ...
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What does らん in 「強からん事を祈る」 mean?

I came across this sentence while reading Osamu Dazai's Ningen Shikkaku. The sentence is pretty long, so I have only included the relevant part. あまりに人間を恐怖している人たちは、かえって、もっともっと、...
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注意する conjugation and ~てもらう

I'm to conjugate 注意する and associate it with either of "てあげる", "てくれる" and ”てもらう" in the following sentence: 隣の人がうるさくて眠れないので、大家さんから静かにするように(注意する)_____ことにしました。 I picked "注意してもらう", which gives this, ...
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好きだ or 好きな: which one to be used in the below mentioned sentence

Which one is correct? 私が好きだ日本の食べ物はてんぷらです。 Or 私が好きな日本の食べ物はてんぷらです。 I am not sure whether to use sukina or sukida Please post your answer with explaination. Thank you.
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I need some assistance with understanding これといった in the following sentence

身体を起こし、手足がこれといった支障もなく動くのを確かめた。 This article says that これといった means the following. "Since 「これといった」 is always used in conjunction with a negative expression containing 「ない」, the basic idea of a ...
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What is the grammar explanation for 高くなり? [duplicate]

I'm trying to make sense of this sentence: 一寸法師の背が高くなり立派な青年になりました It's from the 一寸法師 story. I don't understand the word 高くなり. It seems so be takakunarimasu, the same inflection but without the ...
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When to use “イ形容詞” plus “ったって”

I found the following sentences containing "形容詞語幹+い+ったって" in dictionaries 「大きいったって、それほどじゃないよ」(小学館) 「行きたいったって、先立つものがないとね」(明鏡国語辞典) and also the definition of "たって" written in 大辞林, "活用語の終止形に付き,「…...
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What conjugation is 熱せられる? [duplicate]

This is a sentence from ねじまき鳥と火曜日の女たち by 村上春樹. スチーム・アイロンの蒸気音とコットンが熱せられる独得の匂いを楽しみながら... 熱する is a "special suru verb". I am assuming 熱せられる is read as ねっせられる. What form of conjugation is this? It ...
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Progressive form of movement verbs (or other stative verbs)

This is a fork from the question What's the progressive form of 来る, 帰る and 行く. So the question explained that when ている is conjugated with these movement verbs (or other verbs that are more or ...
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Can you separate clauses using ついて/ use a clause ending with ついて as an entire subject/topic?

Here's the sentence I've composed. すしを買うことについて、母を尋ねる。 The meaning I intend is something like, "I'll ask my mom about buying sushi," like I'm telling my friend I'll be asking her for permission to do ...
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What's the difference between ~かかる and ~ところだ

After reading this question on this site, I learned that ~かかる following a verb-stem can be translated as "about to ~"; the example in the original question being 殺されかかった, or "about to be killed" (as ...
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Can verbs simutaniously use the volitional form and negative form? [closed]

I came across the following sentence in a book: 身体を起こし、手足がこれといった支障もなく動くのを確かめた。 and searched on Jisho.org for 障もなく. It sent me to https://jisho.org/search/障む, saying that "障もなく is the negative ...
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What kind of inflection is occuring in passive vb + かかった?

I was using Jisho.org to help me figure out the tense of the following passive verb 殺されかかったんだ when it decides to combine 殺され (passive form) with かかった thereby forming "殺されかかった" as a 'recognized' ...
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Meaning of 寒くなる vs. 寒くなっています

Today it crossed my mind how I could translate this, and some confusion arose with the verbal forms to use. If I wanted to say "I got cold", I would say 寒くなった However, for "I'm getting cold", I ...
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What is grammar of strange form of やめる verb like “やめたくなったら”?

I found the word やめたくなったら. I think it's a conditional past form of やめる. Or maybe it's やめた conjugated with なったら (conditional form of なる). But the く in the middle distracts me: I can't find this form in ...
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Why is まじる a 五段 verb?

As far as I know all じる verbs are supposed to be 一段. I found an interesting set of rules online: Does the verb end in る? No → 五段 Yes → Does it have an e or i sound before the る? No → 五段 ...
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Is there a difference between 行くった and 行った or is the first one grammatically wrong?

When I want to write ‘Today I went to Nagoya.’ Which one is correct? 今日は名古屋に行くった。 Or 今日は名古屋に行った。
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Regarding chau and cha contractions, what happens in -って and -んで cases?

When contracting -てしまう or -でしまう to -ちゃう or -ちゃ, what happens in the -って and -んで cases? For example, does 洗ってしまう become あらちゃう or あらっちゃう? Similarly, does 喚んでしまわない become 喚んじまわない or 喚じまわない? I'm trying ...

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