Questions tagged [conjugations]

活用. The inflections of verbs and adjectives. How the endings of verbs and adjectives change to reflect grammatical factors such as tense and aspect.

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Understanding the conjugation 危のう

「わかってる」   くどいほどに念を押す少女に、苦笑して応じた。   けれどフレデリカはその答えにこそ苦笑する。 「わかっておらぬ。……その時は、危のうなったら無理をせず退くが良い」   見下ろした先、フレデリカはこちらを見ない。 「忘れておったのだ。──人はたやすく死ぬのじゃな。どれほど先を望んでいても」 86─エイティシックス─Ep.2 ─ラン・スルー・ザ・バトルフロント─〈上〉 安里アサト ...
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Meaning of ご帰還あそばれなされた [duplicate]

Full sentence: 「俺様がご帰還あそばれなされたぞ!」 I think this sentence means something alike to: "I have returned!" My main problem with this sentence is the usage of あそばれなされた. From my understanding, this ...
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What is 「おけなかった」in this sentence? 『風紀を乱しまくる私たちを 野放しにしておけなかったんだ』

I came across this sentence in a show I was watching and I have no idea what to make of it 風紀を乱しまくる私たちを 野放しにしておけなかったんだ What is 「おけなかった」in this sentence?
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Does 悍ましい derive from a verb?

So I'm confused about おぞましい, because in 悍ましい, there's おくりがな. Atleast I'm sure of it, and as far as I know, おくりがな is added to a verb. So, I'd think that the ま in 悍ましい、is from the irrealis form of a ...
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そう、こう、ああ、どう confusion

So, I am confused with the こそあど adverbs. I saw そういう in a song used like this. 博愛とか慈愛とかそういうの大切に扱ってよ。I am confused about the sentence 博愛とか慈愛とかそういうの. Does it literally mean "the thing that is felt (...
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Meaning of 課せられた

Reading the definition of 任務 from 明鏡国語辞典, I found: その人に課せられた、果たさなくてはならないつとめ。 This seems like 課す (which means to impose a task or tax) in potential and passive form, but I dont understand who it is ...
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Can よ from volitional form be dropped? Heres some context

Recently, I saw this in a Hinative answer. 使うとするなら I know that とする means to "try to" and なら means if so I'm guessing it means if try to use, but why not use 使おうとするなら? This brings up the ...
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Do all verbs become Ichidan once in their Potential Form?

Question again from 君の名は manga: “夢だけでも、男の子になれたらなぁ” I'm unsure about my understanding of the verb conjugation.. is this the potential form of なる plus the conditional form ~たら.. ? Checking the rules to ...
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Differences between 知った and 知っていた

There's this song from LiSA that I've been trying to understand the lyrics. However, there is something that is bothering me right at the start. The first verse of the song reads as 強くなれる理由を知った and ...
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Is there a pattern for ず negatives?

I'm thinking of a particular word, 足らず, which I have audio of here, https://no.forvo.com/word/%E8%B6%B3%E3%82%89%E3%81%9A/#ja I'm thinking it's 足らず{HLL}. Is there a pattern to how the pitches of ず ...
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The use of は and も with non-する verbs

When using a する verb, it seems very intuitive to used は and も to add nuance to a statement. 起床はしたんだけれど、まだ寝ボケだった for example. Or something like 確認もしたのにやっぱり誤り見逃した. To my understanding, は and も can be ...
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About the Potential Form of Verbs 「られる」 [duplicate]

The Potential Form (can) usually is conjugated by replacing whatever verb ending is based on the verb group. However, I noticed that some verbs such as たべられる can also be written as たべれる. What's the ...
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Usage of っ inbetween て and た forms?

I have seen quotes in manga and games in which a verb will be presented as (If I remember correctly) "しまっていった" as opposed to "しまっていた". Why is this? Is this an anomaly? Is one form ...
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What verb form is 惜しみて (from 惜しむ)

I was reading the definition (4) of 惜しむ because I think that's the appropriate one from 大辞林. At least it appeared in 言葉の雨に打たれ 秋惜しむまま冬に落ちる (思想犯): (4)価値あるものが失われたこと,また,活用されずに終わることを残念に思う。「ゆく春を―・む」「...
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How does 形容詞+かる work in Classical Japanese?

I remember reading previously that かる could not be used attributively(1), but that does raise the question: For what else could a 連体形 have been used in the first place? Was it simply an alternate form ...
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are であり, であって, and で interchangeable?

are であり, であって, and で interchangeable? Example: きれいで可愛い女子 きれいであり可愛い女子 きれいであって可愛い女子
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Do ~ではなかったです / ~じゃなかったです sound natural?

I'm compiling a chart for conjugating nouns, i-adjectives, and na-adjectives for a Japanese beginner, but I'm running into some difficulties in the negative tenses. I'd like this chart to be accurate ...
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Why is the い in 多い left out in 「本が多すぎる」?

The translation I was going for was "(there's) too many books." I wrote 「本が多いすぎる」but autocorrect changed it to 「本が多すぎる」. I then tried to use a na-adjective instead of an i-adjective, writing ...
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This line sounds peculiar, I would appreciate your opinions (it uses the verb 許される)

First of all, to give you some context, there are 3 characters that will be referred to as A, B, and C. The following lines are from a dialogue between A and B about C. The character C has done things ...
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A couple translations I'm not exactly why or think I'm correct on why it is

面白い事件が起こりました。- This translates to "An interesting incident occurred" instead of "I caused an interesting incident" is because of the indicative form of 起こ which indicates an event ...
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Rashii, Rashiku, and Rashisa

I know Rashii(らしい) is an i-adjective. What are the forms Rashiku(らしく) and Rashisa(らしさ) that I see often used?
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What is らしめる or rather (verb) + あしめる?

I stumbled upon 死に至らしめました today and since 死に至る exists, at first I was trying to understand the conjugation but then I saw that jisho consider it as a whole verb or expression. There seems to be a ...
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What is this よ in 値を求めよ?

Here is a sentence which would appear in a math exam paper. Xの値を求めよ。(Find the value of X.) What kind of conjugation is this 求めよ and how does it work?
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なさい and ください using い-stem instead of う-stem

I'm curious as to why these two verbs use their い-stem, instead of う like ます does after the い-stem and くれる/あげる/おく do after the て form. (I know the two are aru special class verbs.) Does this have to ...
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Why is する's potential form できる?

Godan verbs have the potential form える, while ichidan verbs and 来る use られる for both the passive and the potential. する also has the passive される, why isn't that or something like すれる used as its ...
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How to parse the form 上げしやすい?

Someone is saying 初心者の子がいたから― レベル上げしやすい場所を教えてた (I showed a newbie a good place to level up). Normally やすい is added to a verb without ます、but then what is the root of the form 上げします? I don't see 上げす in ...
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What does this paragraph mean in Wasabi's "Japanese Adjectives with Particle が" article?

I'm trying to understand this post on using Japanese adjectives and am stumped by this paragraph under the I-adjectives section When you use i-adjectives as a subject complement, you MUST NOT do the ...
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Conjugations of ゆく vs. いく

What are the conjugations for [行く]{ゆく}? Are they the same as [行く]{いく} except for the plain form? I tried to google around for a conjugation table, but I can't find any. The closest that I found is ...
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Where do 覚悟なさい、我慢なさい come from?

The more common 「覚悟しなさい」 and 「我慢しなさい」 seem also much more intuitive: 覚悟する➞覚悟しなさい 覚悟なさい、我慢なさい seem to be feminine markers. How did they come about?
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見る限りでは vs 見ている限りでは

My grammar book states that before ~限りでは you would use 見る as 見る or 見た while you change 知る、覚える to ~ている。I found this answer which does explain why 知る and 覚える is changed to 現在進行形。But then, why wouldn't ...
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Is it possible to know if a verb is ichidan or godan from its other forms (e.g.: masu form)?

I have bee nreading this article about ichidan and godan verbs, how they are conjugated and how to differentiate them from its plain form (食べる for instance). Is there any rule to infer if a verb is ...
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What is the conjugation of 「悲しきかな」?

Saw this in a blog post: 「悲しきかな読書への愛を育むほどに、夢は現実から遠ざかる」 It seems like 「悲しきかな」is used as a na-adjective (形容動詞). Is this correct? I've never seen this form of adjective before, what would its conjugation ...
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Is「していこう」another way to write「移行する」

人間はみな平等だよね、そういう社会にしていこうね I think this quote means something along the lines of transitioning into a society in which everyone is equal, but if that is an accurate translation, then why is していこう not ...
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Uses of the motion verbs (行く、来る) with the te-form

I'm studying with Tae Kim and it says that you can use a verb in te-form + 行く、来る to show that an action is oriented toward or from someplace. In one example it says: 日本語をずっと前から勉強してきて、結局はやめた。 Studied ...
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Why is 暗い conjugated as 暗くsometimes?

I know in past tense, you use く like 暗くない but even in present tense, I see example phrases where 暗く is used. For instance: もう暗くなったから、帰りましょう。 I'm a beginner so bear with me please and thanks!
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Do/can vs would/could in Japanese and the usage of ん and が? [closed]

Contextually, in Japanese, is there a difference between "do" and "would"? Similarly with "can" and "could"? On a side note, what's the purpose/rule for ん and ...
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Ambiguity between potential causative and passive causative

I have this thought from time to time when I am trying to express an English thought in Japanese. Perhaps the sentence itself is unnatural so let me know. It seems like we can make him come (to a ...
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Circumstances where polite form is never used?

I am trying to understand when plain conjugations should be used in polite speech. My basic understanding is that plain conjugations are always used when they are followed by particular particles, ...
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What is the form of this verb? 見つからない (見つける)

The full sentence is: この気持ちを表現する適当な言葉が見つからない I could not find appropriate words to express these feelings. How do we end up with this form in "-karanai"?
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Is this sentence from Bunpro misaligned with the provided translation, regarding verb tense and state of being? [duplicate]

I am using Bunpro SRS, and I came across the following sentence: ポケモンは、日本中だけでなく、世界中で流行ったゲームだ。 The translation provided is: Pokémon is popular not only all over Japan, but throughout the world. The ...
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What's the meaning of 遅れておいて

Student A has been asked by a Teacher to bring Student B to their supplementary lesson. When confronted Student B remembers that the teacher said something about a supplementary lesson and after ...
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Understanding japanese verb suffixes

I recently learned the meaning of the verb suffixes す, む and ぶ (respectively to do, to seem like or to indicate volition, to act like). I would have two questions : Does every verb ending with す can ...
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Meaning of 生まれている

My friends and I were translating another sentence containing 死んでいる which we determined to be an expression meaning "to be dead" (which Jisho agrees with). However, there was disagreement as ...
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Short form of extra modest expression

I recently came across an example of someone saying 'お返しする' rather than 'お返しします' about 18 seconds into this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vazHI4jN6lc&t=18s Under what circumstances should ...
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「していない」vs「してない」? [duplicate]

From a search on here it looks like both are correct, but I couldn’t figure out the rules. 山下さんは結婚していないと言っていました。 Why is it 「していない」 and not 「してない」?
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2 votes
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Problem Understanding the 経つ Verb

So I came across this sentence in a textbook: 家の近くで殺人事件が起きて1か月経つが、いまだに犯人は見つかっていない。 I think the sentence is supposed to mean 'Since the murder occurred near my house, a month has passed, but the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Can 役立たぬ replace 役立たず (with the meaning of "a worthless person")?

I know that these forms differ in a sentence use case but what about standalone words? For this specific one when I looked it up on Jisho the ず form is the entry with the meaning of "worthless ...
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Why use と in やっとる? [duplicate]

今日もやっとるのー I understand that やっとる means something like "doing" and I assume that it comes from やる. やっている --> やってる --> やっとる But why と here? Is this a common form for other verbs as ...
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What does 飼っとっと mean?

For example: ポニーを一応飼っとっとです. The speaker is from Kumamoto. I'm guessing its a dialect, but struggling to understand the meaning.
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3 answers
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Causative passive form vs. Passive causative form: Both are grammatically possible, but is there a citation to prefer one over the other?

The "causative passive" form is very well documented. It's easily made possible because the a causative verb is a valid ichidan verb, and therefore compatible with the passive conjugation. ...
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