Questions tagged [conjugations]

活用. The inflections of verbs and adjectives. How the endings of verbs and adjectives change to reflect grammatical factors such as tense and aspect.

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1answer
53 views

What is 已然形? I know its classic Japanese but that's as far as I got

Can someone explain to me what 已然形 is? I've seen it brought up being related the hypothetical form like 已然形+ ば but I just can't figure out what it was for. I know its related to classical Japanese but ...
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What is the most natural way (or differences) to ask if someone wants to do something?

(Using the verb "飲む" as an example) 飲みたいですか? 飲みたくないですか? 飲むことが欲しいですか? What are the differences between these forms? Also, is there a more natural way to ask if someone wants to do something?...
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69 views

What is the meaning of こそ…め?

I've come across a construction, こそ...め, that I don't know how to translate. Specifically, め, which I know is the [已然]{いぜん}[形]{けい} of む, since it comes after [未然]{みぜん}[形]{けい} inflections, is being ...
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56 views

Potential form verbs followed by adjectives to end a sentence have to be in te form?

Do potential verbs followed by adjectives ending a sentence have to be in te form? For example 見られて嬉しい instead of 見られる嬉しい.
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Is there a reason for 乞う to conjugate to 乞うて? [duplicate]

Usually, when conjugating Godan verbs ending with う into て-form, you would get って instead. Is there an etymological reason for this exception for 乞うて? I saw this in a rather recent book written in the ...
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68 views

Meaning of -てる in 付けてる

I have stumbled across verbs such as 付けてる, listed as a conjugation of 付ける in takoboto. Is this equivalent to 付けている? Or what?
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I have a question. Why is the particle に instead of は for this sentence? Isnt the one doing supposed to be は not に? Thank you [duplicate]

I have a question. Why is the particle に instead of は for this sentence? “私に何かできることがあれば” Isnt the one doing supposed to be は not に? Thank you
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566 views

Can verbs/i-adjectives be indefinitely conjugated, or is there a limit?

寒い can become 寒くない, which is apparently also an i-adjective. Can it be further conjugated to 寒くなくない? What about 寒くなくなくない, and so on? Do Japanese speakers regard such expressions as outright ...
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Why are 近く and 多く nouns?

The く-form of 近い and 多い can be used as nouns and adverbs. For most adjectives, however, the く-form is only used as an adverb. So why do these exceptions exist?
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空睨んでも - how can I tell when sora is being used for something other than the sky

I like to translate K-pop and anime themes as a hobby to help me understand and memorize the language. In Gurenge, a certain line sticks out: 夜の匂いに 空睨んでも. My research suggests that if Sora comes ...
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77 views

Expressing desire with a な-adj

How can I conjugate na adjective to say "want". For example: I want to hate - 嫌い + たい? I want to not hate 嫌い + たくない?
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95 views

What is the difference between しない and じゃない?

So as the title says, What is the difference between しない and じゃない? And is じゃない even a verb? I know that しない comes from する. It's in the negative form. (It should be mizenkei) But when I tried to ...
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60 views

「ぺったん」→「ぺったら」 – A conjugation of an onomatopoeic adverb?

The sentence in question (from here (page 14)): ぺったんペったら牛の糞が、やって来ました。 What does the 〜ら conjugation (?) of the second ぺったん mean?
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Why are there separate passive versions of so many verbs? How do they differ in meaning from the regular passive conjugation?

The example I came across today (though I've seen this with many other verbs): 「潰れる」 – "to be crushed" which, as far as I can tell, means exactly the same as 「潰される」, the passive form of「潰す」. ...
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831 views

What is the meaning of “できたれば”?

What does "できたれば" mean in the following sentence? 予とてわかっておる……目の上の瘤が取れ、心持ちに余裕ができたればこそそんな思いも浮かぶのだ。かつては考えもせなんだことを I assume it's related to できる but why is it not できれば?
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Unknown verb form (typo?) in manga

I've been trying to translate Touhou doujinshi, when I came across this sentence: A man talks about events related to youkai's den down the road. The first part of the sentence is: なんでも綺麗【きれい】な女【おんな】...
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Weird conjugation of become

I came across になっちゃう! in my reading, i am pretty sure its just conjugation of なる as it would make sense in the context of the sentence but i have no idea how it was conjugated this way any ideas, and ...
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What's the difference between using the potential form of a verb with よう and ため

For example: なるように - So that it will become なれるように - So that it will become なるために - So that it will become なれるために - So that it will become Well, they all mean the same thing
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Can おいてない act as a contraction of おいてほかにない

仕事疲れのストレス解消方法は、仕事を少し忘れてみること、それをおいてないでしょう。散歩や旅行などで気分転換を図りましょう。 The above sentence appeared in my grammar textbook in the same chapter that introduced the ~をおいてほかにない grammar point with a "is the ...
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90 views

Aren't there two ways of putting a sentence with an i-adjective into past tense? かった and でした?

今日ヨガは最も難しいことです。 今日ヨガは最も難しかったことです。 今日ヨガは最も難しいことでした。 Are both sentences correct? What are the different implications? I haven't worked with 最も yet, I would try to use 一番 here instead. What I perceive ...
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Why are there so many カ行、サ行、ラ行五段活用 verbs?

If you go into a dictionary like Weblio, and you look through their list of verbs, you'll see that each of the consonant 行s of 五段 are in separate categories. However, there are a ton of カ行、サ行、ラ行 verbs,...
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「している」と「し続ける」の違い

活用のないままだと別物だと思われるのですが、例えば「want to keep doing something」と言いたい時、「していたい」とも「し続けたい」とも言うことができそうです。違いはあるでしょうか。それから先日、「英語で話しましょうか」と申し出してくださった相手に、そちらは英語でも構いませんが「こちらは日本語を使っていさせていただきたいです」という言い方をしてみたら、「...
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允可ス on Aikido Certificate - Meaning and Katakana Usage

I'm still a Nihongo Noob but recently I tried to translate my Aikido certificate for fun. The important part says: my name 右者今般合気道 (みぎもの こんぱん あいきどう) 参段ヲ允可ス (さんだん を いんかす) which basically translates ...
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Te form and ru form of verbs when used with potential form

What's the difference between using the te form of a verb with the potential form as opposed to just the ru form? E.g. 食べてられない、待ってられない 食べられない、待てない
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How to interpret the volitional form of です

I have read that the volitional form expresses the intent to do or not do an action. Afterwards I found a case where this doesn't seem to apply when conjugating the です verb. I read a sentence where a ...
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What is the form of that conjugation できなくなっています?

In that sentence, what is the form of the verb? 世界の学生の60.5%の10億人が学校に行くことができなくなっています。 What's the difference with できないです? Thanks in advance.
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Negative and past forms of ようだ and らしい

My doubt is, when using the structures ようだ and らしい, when do you congujate the verb or adjective before ようだ and らしい in negative or in past or both, and when do you conjugate NOT that verb or adjective, ...
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157 views

What conjugation does出す/出せる take in this expression;元気を出せよ。?

Now i know that 元気を出せよ。=Cheer up. But i have no clue what's going on in the expression. Here's my attempt to literally translate it with the help of Jisho.org: 元気を出せよ。=You can reveal/show full spirit/...
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113 views

When a verb in the present expresses the past, is it CORRECT to conjugate it to the past and still nothing changes?

If あの子どもは、それを口に入れるや、吐き出した is correct, is あの子どもは、それを口に入れたや、吐き出した also correct? If yes, has the meaning changed at all?
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140 views

Meaning of 危ぶめる

The following exchange happens in a manga: A: お前の言う事を私に...信じろと? B: 貴様の自由だ。俺も立場を危ぶめている. I know the word 危ぶむ but couldn't find dictionary entries for 危ぶめる. I considered the possibility that it's just ...
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'旅行に**行った**つもりでお金をためている。' why is 行 conjugated in the past rather than being 行く? [duplicate]

In '旅行に行ったつもりでお金をためている。' why is 行 conjugated in the past rather than being 行く??
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What conjugation of 送る is used in 返事をしたつもりだったが、送れていなかった

What is the list of conjugation forms that occurred to 送る in the sentence 返事をしたつもりだったが、送れていなかった。
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Why is it [名前を書いたつもりだったが、**書いていなかった**ようだ。] and not just 書かなかった? [duplicate]

What does the 'contuative' form add to the meaning in the sentence?
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90 views

What is the meaning of 映ってない?

I was checking tangorin.com for example sentences of 映る and the first example is 僕の目には君しか映ってないよ。本当さ which means "I only have eyes for you. Honestly." Closer to the literal sense I suppose ...
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What's going on when a -ku godan verb like “叩く” gets conjugated to “叩かれ”?

Like what's the exact conjugation breakdown going on there? I've spent days scouring various things and I can't for the life of me figure out the exact breakdown causing a "かれ". I'm not ...
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246 views

くれれば and くれば difference

What's the difference in using くれば and くれれば? For example: 教えてくれば感謝 教えてくれれば感謝 They both mean exactly the same thing. I am assuming くれれば is really くれる conjugated to it's if form, but isn't くれば also ...
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conjugation of なんとかならん

i was wondering about this conjugation[ 何とかならん] of the expression なんとかならん i don't know why it was conjugated like this 戸塚のためにも 何とかならんもんかね
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What's the meaning of the てですね ending?

I was reading a manga and a character who is really excited about the situation says "毎日何度も指折り数えてですね!". Why does it end with the て form and why is ですね added? The full conversation is: A: ...
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Breaking down the phrase 俺は学校にいたはずだ

I came across the phrase 俺は学校にいたはずだ in a comic I'm trying to translate. I understand the statement means something like "I should be at school!". It looks like 俺は学校に is setting up the ...
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what does いたまえ mean and how was it conjugated? [duplicate]

I was wondering what does いたまえ mean I really don't know the main word when I searched and I don't know how it was conjugated this sentence was from oregairu season 1 ep 4 near the start 好きな者達と組んでもらうから ...
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148 views

Conjugation of する verbs like 発する

I'm trying to understand how to conjugate verbs like 「発する」, 「属する」, 「察する」 and the like. In a book I found 「発せられる」, which I think is the potential form of 「発する」, but it doesn't seem to follow the usual ...
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197 views

How was 組まされた conjugated?

I am wondering how 組まされた was conjugated. I know it is a form of the verbs 組む and する, but I don't know why む became ま, instead of the stem plus the passive form of する. Is there something I am not ...
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90 views

How was 手伝わなあかん conjugated?

I was wondering how 手伝わなあかん was conjugated. I know that it consists of the words 手伝う and あかん but I don't know why the い was dropped. Is it slang?
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103 views

Why is there a し in 嫉妬し蹴落とそうとする?

Hi I found a sentence earlier with 嫉妬し蹴落とそうとする and I do not know why し is put there. Anyway, I thought it was the reasoning marker but it does not sound like it from the audio and I don't know what ...
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105 views

What is the difference between 言いだし and 言いだす?

I found a sentence earlier containing the word 言いだしづら but I parsed it to 2 words and I found I did not know 言いだし so I looked it up and found 言いだす (which I know the meaning of), but I also found ...
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102 views

Is きれい related to きたない? Is there a dictionary of such inflections?

Right now I'm wondering if きれい (kirei, clean) is related to きたない (kitanai, dirty) because I just learned that "nai" can be a negation like "orenji wo tabenai" meaning I don't eat an orange. And in ...
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64 views

meaning of つかなく and can word ending in ない be conjugated as i adjectives?

Hi i was trying to find the meaning of つかなく used in this sentence this is from oregairu ep 11 of the 1st season they are talking about how the line towards the theatre is getting out of hand ...
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1answer
156 views

Difference between 聞こえる and 聞かれる / 見える and 見られる

I came across this problem when I was studying, and I couldn't really understand the difference between using the passive form of 聞く or 見る and using the verbs 聞こえる and 見える, considering that, in my ...
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99 views

how was なりそうな conjugated?

i was wondering how なりそう was conjugated i know it was made of なる and そう but i don't know how \ なる became なり
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128 views

How was 出さず conjugated from 出す?

When I was sentence mining, I found the following sentence: 自分の名前も顔も出さず ただ傷つけるためだけに Could someone explain how 出さず was conjugated from 出す?

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