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活用. The inflections of verbs. How the endings of verbs change to reflect grammatical factors such as tense and aspect.

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323 views

Two questions about “can”

If 食べれる means "can eat", 食べれます means the same but polite, and 食べれません means "can not eat" but in its polite form, how do I say "can not eat" in the nonpolite form? Another little question: how can I ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Meaning of A Sentence Using 降り止んだ

I came across this phrase: いつのまに降り止んだ 雨上がり煌めき出す街 And I don't understand the grammar behind the word 降り止んだ. I've seen two translations for it: "Without anyone noticing, the rain let up. With ...
0
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1answer
66 views

What is the role of し after the noun?

I can't understand the role of し after 留学 in the sentence: 来年、日本に留学しに行くと決めた。 I heard that it is supposed to be a conjugated form of する, but I don't know a conjugation ending in just し. Any ideas?
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1answer
78 views

What does “僕の分も君が振ってくれ。” mean?

The title is self explanatory. I don't seem to understand this sentence as a whole. Can somebody please explain this word by word for me? Also what form is "振ってくれ" in? "振る" in this context means "to ...
0
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1answer
117 views

Which verbal tense is used in the sentence ビールを飲んで運転するのはダメだ。 for the verb nomu?

I'm trying to understand which verbal tense is used for the verb nomu in this sentence. ビールを飲んで運転するのはダメだ。 According to http://www.japaneseverbconjugator.com/VerbDetails.asp?txtVerb=%E9%A3%B2%E3%82%...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

past tense na adjective + noun

I have two sentences that im using to try to understand how na adjectives are conjugated in Japanese. 私の友達は綺麗な人 - My friend is a beautiful person 私の友達は綺麗だった人 - My friend was a beautiful person In ...
3
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1answer
121 views

What does the kana 「し」 do in this phrase?

It comes from the video game title. 過{す}ぎ去{さ}りし時{とき}を求{もと}めて I looked up in online dictionary thinking that it should be a conjugated form of the verb 去る but it is not.
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3answers
159 views

-ています / present continuous form not used in habitual action

I have read this sentence in my book : 山田{やまだ}さんは毎朝{まいあさ}6時{じ}に起きます{おきます}。 Why isn't the present continuous used (起きています) since it is obviously a habit for Yamada-san to wake up at 6 every morning?...
1
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1answer
90 views

question about ーたり

I have a question about this construction: (This is from NHK Easy news) https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10011625431000/k10011625431000.html 寝る時間が足りないと、心の病気になったり、太りすぎたり、血圧が高くなったりする心配があります. I ...
2
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1answer
144 views

ikanakya vs ikanakya ikenai

What is the difference betweem ikanakya and ikanakya ikenai? From what I read in a forum, ikanakya translates to 'I have to go'. The confusing thing is why does adding ikenai to ikanakya (ikanakya ...
9
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1answer
146 views

Differentiate a cause from a succession of terms in a sentence using ~くて / で

How can one differentiate a cause from a succession in a sentence using ~くて / で ? In my book, these sentences are given as examples of successions of terms : 1- この店{みせ}は安{やす}くて,べんりです。 2- ここは新{...
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2answers
110 views

Why would you use 見えます instead of 見ます?

In the song イドラサーカス sung by 鏡音{かがみね}リン, there is the line, 「青{あお}い空{そら}が汚{よご}れて見{み}えますか?」I translated it using て as the present continuous. "Can you see the blue sky becoming dirty?" Is my translation ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Prohibition in Japanese depending on level of formality

I have learnt two variants for prohibition: -ちゃだめ -ではいけません depending on the level of formality… But does an intermediate form of -じゃいけない or -ではいけない exist as well?
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短し: What is し doing here replacing い [duplicate]

I saw this conjugation in the title of a novel/animated feature: 夜は短し歩けよ乙女 The reason why I suspect it is a conjugation is that, on the Wiki page, the kana is laid out as よるはみじかしあるけよおとめ. This makes ...
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3answers
195 views

Why 入った and not 入た past tense

I've learned that ru verbs should drop る and replace it with た. But 入る becomes 入った and I'm not sure why. The same goes for 食べる → 食べた しゃべる → しゃべた Are these irregulars or am I misunderstanding ...
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0answers
64 views

perfective aspect vs resultative present progressive vs resultative past progressive

Firstly, I am not a linguist and will probably use linguistic terminology inappropriately. よろしくお願いします。 What is the difference in meaning between verbs in the perfective aspect (~た), present ...
15
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1answer
149 views

Conjugated word + んだ vs nonconjugated word + conjugated んだ

Suppose I have a verb/adjective/noun, let's say 無理, and I add (な)んだ to it as an explanatory sentence-ending particle. What would be the difference in nuance between the following two conjugated ...
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0answers
51 views

What is difference between “終わったり” and “終わり”? I can't find “終わったり” in English Japanese dictionary [duplicate]

What is difference between "終わったり" and "終わり"? I can't find "終わったり" in English Japanese dictionary Whole context link:https://www.pixiv.net/member_illust.php?mode=manga&illust_id=69898837
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2answers
89 views

a sentence that ends with “de”

sorry if my English is bad but neither English nor Japanese is my language. i'm new to Japanese too. I have a question that i hope you will answer it. "赤ちゃんだんごはいつも幸せの中で" This is from a song named "...
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1answer
62 views

What is the conjugation form, grammar of もうすぐ込んできそう ?

アナウンス:皆様、本日はご来場ありがとうございます。午前十時現在の各館の 混雑状況と催しものの お知らせをいたします。まず、ロボット館はただいま、 一時間待ちとなっております。ロボット館のレ ストランではロボットがランチ をお席までお運びをするサービスをしております。お昼近くになります と、さ らに混雑が見込まれます。次に、未来館は現在すぐにお入りいただけます。なお、 ...
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0answers
38 views

待った! as an interjection [duplicate]

I've just noticed that in the 逆転裁判/Ace Attorney series, the interjection translated as "Hold it!" is 「待った!」I would understand if it was 「待って!」, but why would the past tense be used as an interjection? ...
2
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1answer
118 views

Is there a historical explanation why verbs fall into two categories of pitch accent?

Is there a good historical or logical explanation why all verbs fall into two categories of pitch accent: either accentless (such as 買う, 浴びる) or accented (such as 食べる, 書く)? I am having a hard time ...
0
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1answer
79 views

Can somebody give me the right pitch accent for the following verbal forms?

Can somebody give me the right pitch accent for the following verbal forms? As they are verbs, they should all be either accentless or accented on the penultimate syllable (although I am not sure how ...
2
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1answer
144 views

Is there a good historical explanation why we cannot generally use 言う in the 3rd person in the past tense?

Is there a good historical or logical explanation why we cannot generally use 言う in the 3rd person in the past tense? Why do we have to resort to 言っている for the 3rd person part tense (言っていた), unless it ...
2
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1answer
58 views

Is there a reason why the passive and the potential form are identical (at least for える/いる verbs)?

Is there a reason why the passive and the potential form in Japanese are identical (at least for える/いる verbs)? I mean, does one etymologically derive from the other? Or were they perhaps modelled on a ...
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1answer
115 views

Meaning of: 私に描いてれない? [closed]

My friend sent me this message: "私に描いてれない?" And I'm confused by what seems to be a really long series of conjugations of the verb 描く。 My question is, what does this message mean, and also what each ...
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1answer
160 views

What are the uses of に and と in this sentence?

Can you help me understand/correct my understanding of the particles from this sentence? 私はその人を常に先生と呼んでいた。 So literally this means "I + that man/person + always + sensei + call"? Is it "I have ...
5
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1answer
195 views

Question about verbs in Old Japanese

Does anybody with in-depth knowledge of Old Japanese know why vowel-based verbal stems could only end in -e or -i (leading to the える/いる or type 2 class of verbs in Modern Japanese)? Why are there no ...
3
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1answer
57 views

Question about “nari”

七三年にはテレビ番組になり、今も毎週続いています。 I understand the sentence to be: In '73 it became a television show, and today it continues every week. My question is about the form of the verb なる in the above ...
3
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1answer
90 views

Motion verbs in ている form?

I've heard that when a motion verb is seen in ている form, such as 来ている, it is translated as "I came and am now here." If someone were to ask "What are you doing?" and I wanted to respond with "I'm ...
3
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1answer
72 views

What verb does the conjugation 満つる come from and what does it mean?

In the Tales series this verb is used as a spell chant: 天光満つる所に我は在り。 But when I type in みつる + Space I get only 満. When I search 満つる in the dictionary it doesn't recognize it as a conjugation: ...
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1answer
54 views

Why are る verbs missing the imperative in the ます form while う verbs have it?

On the Shirabe Jisho app for the iPhone, they have conjugation charts for verbs. It seems that with every る verb, there is no imperative when it is in ます form, but with every う verb, there IS an ...
2
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2answers
91 views

Where does “行かれん” come from and what are its characteristics?

Thanks to Weblio, I know that it means 行ってはいけない but I don't understand well the story with 《標準語》(that is in the definition page), its level of politeness,etc
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1answer
86 views

What is the meaning of 「れど」 in the waka poem title 「忍ぶれど」?

「忍ぶれど」 is the title of Taira no Kanemori's waka poem in Ogura Hyakunin Isshu and I'd like to know the translation of this title in English. I already looked up the meanings and 「忍ぶ」 means to ...
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2answers
654 views

Can 無い be conjugated?

Like any other i-adjective, they can be conjugated but I read a few example sentences of the i-adjective "無い" and I can't find any sentences where it was conjugated.
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1answer
101 views

Meaning of っちろい

I was reading through the Lore section of a newly released item in Fate/Grand Order and came across a strange suffix/conjugation to a word. 胸を張って、弱っちろい世界のために戦え。 The translation given for the word ...
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1answer
86 views

verb, adj conjugation/“declension” [closed]

Evening, like in the title, verb & adj conjugations are todays brain buster. I find it hard to work out the right question to ask, so i made a few simple ones (i think). 1: じゃ。why is is only ...
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2answers
115 views

Trying to figure out how to say: 'He just wants to be held'

Alright so I'm trying to translate this sentence and I've found so much conflicting stuff I'm unsure of what's right. Also trying to figure out how to put two verbs in the same sentence, so here's ...
2
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1answer
213 views

How is the て form used in this sentence?

There are two cases of the て form used that I do not understand in this sentence: 留学して本当に良かった。僕を変えてくれて友達や色々な大人の方には感謝。 The context is someone returning from overseas exchange. When I usually see ...
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2answers
180 views

What's the difference between an adjective's adverbial form and continuative form?

http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/complete/adverbs http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/complete/verb_sequences <-also covers adjectives Following Tae Kim's guide, those two forms of 青黒い are ...
3
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1answer
121 views

Is ます omitted here in 楽しい旅行をしていらっしゃい?

I just learned a useful phrase, but immediately I already have a few questions about its structure and grammar. The phrase: 楽しい旅行を! Is this a set phrase short for: 楽しい旅行をしていらっしゃい If so, why ...
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2answers
847 views

What conjugation of what word is 出なく?

牛からミルクが出なくなって I'm having trouble working out the conjugation of the bold characters. I assume that なって is the -te/connective form of なる... but what the heck is 出なく? Logic tells me it should be some ...
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1answer
217 views

Breakdown 「欲しけりゃくれてやるぜ」meaning

I'm a beginner at Japanese and I'm stumped by the second sentence on this line from the One Piece manga: おれの財宝か?欲しけりゃくれてやるぜ。。。 Especially the part "欲しけりゃ" (from what I gather, it's an inflection of ...
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0answers
106 views

What does 丸ごとアルミホイルで包み mean here?

The following is an excerpt from a conversation between me and my language partner: ニンニクも植えていますので、丸ごとアルミホイルで包み、オーブンで焼いて食べることがあります。 My attempt at translation: "Because we also grow garlic, we also eat ...
4
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1answer
170 views

Why the past tense is used in this sentence?

It's about this passage:"インターネットの安全のための仕事などをするIPAによると、銀行やクレジットカードの会社など、本当にある会社の名前を使った、うそのメールが多くなっています。" First of all, "本当にある会社の名前を使った" is modifying "うそのメール" but the comma is written for more ...
2
votes
1answer
248 views

I don't understand what this verb conjugation is: 見えなくなった

This is a quote from Tae Kim's Guide 下に入って、富士山が見えなくなった Can someone explain what this form of 見える is? It almost seems like they are trying to make a negative verb into an adverb but is that ...
0
votes
1answer
551 views

The -kute (くて) form

I have trouble understanding this form, for example why do people use "じゃなくて"? Can you please give me examples? Thank you in advance!
1
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1answer
65 views

How does あるのですか work in this gramatically?

A Japanese friend wrote to me: なぜsomethingsomethingに興味あるのですか。 Shouldn't she have used が before ある? Could you just say ありますか instead of あるのですか?
5
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1answer
187 views

Meaning of 聞いています in this sentence

Regarding videos made by some Taiwanese organisations about the plight of the people of 福島県: ビデオの中では、事故のあと、前にいた町にまた住むことができるようになった人や、津波で夫が亡くなったお年寄りの女性に話を聞いています。 In the videos we are hearing/ have ...
0
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1answer
114 views

Why the ます形 of おっしゃる is おっしゃいます?

I'm studying for the N4 of the JLPT and in the 尊敬語 lesson is the verb おっしゃる おっしゃる is the respectful form of 言う. When in the textbook they change the verb to the ます形 it changes in a way that I can not ...