We changed our privacy policy. Read more.

Questions tagged [conjugations]

活用. The inflections of verbs and adjectives. How the endings of verbs and adjectives change to reflect grammatical factors such as tense and aspect.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
1answer
77 views

見る限りでは vs 見ている限りでは

My grammar book states that before ~限りでは you would use 見る as 見る or 見た while you change 知る、覚える to ~ている。I found this answer which does explain why 知る and 覚える is changed to 現在進行形。But then, why wouldn't ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Is it possible to know if a verb is ichidan or godan from its other forms (e.g.: masu form)?

I have bee nreading this article about ichidan and godan verbs, how they are conjugated and how to differentiate them from its plain form (食べる for instance). Is there any rule to infer if a verb is ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

What is the conjugation of 「悲しきかな」?

Saw this in a blog post: 「悲しきかな読書への愛を育むほどに、夢は現実から遠ざかる」 It seems like 「悲しきかな」is used as a na-adjective (形容動詞). Is this correct? I've never seen this form of adjective before, what would its conjugation ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Is「していこう」another way to write「移行する」

人間はみな平等だよね、そういう社会にしていこうね I think this quote means something along the lines of transitioning into a society in which everyone is equal, but if that is an accurate translation, then why is していこう not ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Uses of the motion verbs (行く、来る) with the te-form

I'm studying with Tae Kim and it says that you can use a verb in te-form + 行く、来る to show that an action is oriented toward or from someplace. In one example it says: 日本語をずっと前から勉強してきて、結局はやめた。 Studied ...
2
votes
1answer
273 views

Why is 暗い conjugated as 暗くsometimes?

I know in past tense, you use く like 暗くない but even in present tense, I see example phrases where 暗く is used. For instance: もう暗くなったから、帰りましょう。 I'm a beginner so bear with me please and thanks!
0
votes
2answers
185 views

Do/can vs would/could in Japanese and the usage of ん and が? [closed]

Contextually, in Japanese, is there a difference between "do" and "would"? Similarly with "can" and "could"? On a side note, what's the purpose/rule for ん and ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

Ambiguity between potential causative and passive causative

I have this thought from time to time when I am trying to express an English thought in Japanese. Perhaps the sentence itself is unnatural so let me know. It seems like we can make him come (to a ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

Circumstances where polite form is never used?

I am trying to understand when plain conjugations should be used in polite speech. My basic understanding is that plain conjugations are always used when they are followed by particular particles, ...
3
votes
2answers
611 views

What is the form of this verb? 見つからない (見つける)

The full sentence is: この気持ちを表現する適当な言葉が見つからない I could not find appropriate words to express these feelings. How do we end up with this form in "-karanai"?
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Is this sentence from Bunpro misaligned with the provided translation, regarding verb tense and state of being? [duplicate]

I am using Bunpro SRS, and I came across the following sentence: ポケモンは、日本中だけでなく、世界中で流行ったゲームだ。 The translation provided is: Pokémon is popular not only all over Japan, but throughout the world. The ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

What's the meaning of 遅れておいて

Student A has been asked by a Teacher to bring Student B to their supplementary lesson. When confronted Student B remembers that the teacher said something about a supplementary lesson and after ...
0
votes
0answers
98 views

Understanding japanese verb suffixes

I recently learned the meaning of the verb suffixes す, む and ぶ (respectively to do, to seem like or to indicate volition, to act like). I would have two questions : Does every verb ending with す can ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

Meaning of 生まれている

My friends and I were translating another sentence containing 死んでいる which we determined to be an expression meaning "to be dead" (which Jisho agrees with). However, there was disagreement as ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Short form of extra modest expression

I recently came across an example of someone saying 'お返しする' rather than 'お返しします' about 18 seconds into this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vazHI4jN6lc&t=18s Under what circumstances should ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

「していない」vs「してない」? [duplicate]

From a search on here it looks like both are correct, but I couldn’t figure out the rules. 山下さんは結婚していないと言っていました。 Why is it 「していない」 and not 「してない」?
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Problem Understanding the 経つ Verb

So I came across this sentence in a textbook: 家の近くで殺人事件が起きて1か月経つが、いまだに犯人は見つかっていない。 I think the sentence is supposed to mean 'Since the murder occurred near my house, a month has passed, but the ...
4
votes
1answer
142 views

Can 役立たぬ replace 役立たず (with the meaning of "a worthless person")?

I know that these forms differ in a sentence use case but what about standalone words? For this specific one when I looked it up on Jisho the ず form is the entry with the meaning of "worthless ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Why use と in やっとる? [duplicate]

今日もやっとるのー I understand that やっとる means something like "doing" and I assume that it comes from やる. やっている --> やってる --> やっとる But why と here? Is this a common form for other verbs as ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

What does 飼っとっと mean?

For example: ポニーを一応飼っとっとです. The speaker is from Kumamoto. I'm guessing its a dialect, but struggling to understand the meaning.
1
vote
3answers
363 views

Causative passive form vs. Passive causative form: Both are grammatically possible, but is there a citation to prefer one over the other?

The "causative passive" form is very well documented. It's easily made possible because the a causative verb is a valid ichidan verb, and therefore compatible with the passive conjugation. ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Why is the verb conjugated to え-form?

選べなかったら俺ん家来れば? Translation: If you don't like your choices, why not live at my place? What I'm particularly confused about is the verb being in え-form. As far as I know, one usage of it is to give ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

~なくする negative verb and する grammar

一人ぽっちでいられなくしたのはお前 (Spoken) Is this just like the なくなる grammar (e.g. 食べなくなる) but with する implying it was done by someone?
0
votes
1answer
84 views

On the use of だろう

「私はすぐには行動しないだろうと侮っていた」 It seems as though だろう is expressing something that is outside of what I've normally seen it used for (e.g. as a substitute for でしょう to mean "probably")
2
votes
2answers
850 views

Why does 「もう待てないよ!」 mean "I can't wait any longer"?

I've just learnt that the expression 「もう待てないよ!」 has similar meaning in English as "I can't wait any longer", but how to interpret 「待てない」 from a grammar point? Shouldn't the "te-form&...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Is た form included in dictionary 辞書 form?

I know the dictionary form ends with う、す、る、etc. But what about the changed forms of them such as 買った、食べなかった? Can I also call these dictionary form?
0
votes
1answer
178 views

Is 海は青くないです less correct than 海は青ではない?

Is 海は青くないです less correct than 海は青ではない? I am just starting to learn and someone said my basic sentence was not polite. I'm trying to practice conjugating adjectives. My goal was to say ”The ocean is ...
4
votes
2answers
96 views

注意を向ける vs. 注意を向けさせる - same meaning?

I understand the difference in concept; YがXを向ける = "Y turns X", and ZがYにXを向けさせる = "Z makes Y turn X". But in practical usage with 注意を~, I can't tell the difference. Do native ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

What is 已然形? I know its classic Japanese but that's as far as I got

Can someone explain to me what 已然形 is? I've seen it brought up being related the hypothetical form like 已然形+ ば but I just can't figure out what it was for. I know its related to classical Japanese but ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

What is the most natural way (or differences) to ask if someone wants to do something?

(Using the verb "飲む" as an example) 飲みたいですか? 飲みたくないですか? 飲むことが欲しいですか? What are the differences between these forms? Also, is there a more natural way to ask if someone wants to do something?...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

What is the meaning of こそ...め?

I've come across a construction, こそ...め, that I don't know how to translate. Specifically, め, which I know is the [已然]{いぜん}[形]{けい} of む, since it comes after [未然]{みぜん}[形]{けい} inflections, is being ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Potential form verbs followed by adjectives to end a sentence have to be in te form?

Do potential verbs followed by adjectives ending a sentence have to be in te form? For example 見られて嬉しい instead of 見られる嬉しい.
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Is there a reason for 乞う to conjugate to 乞うて? [duplicate]

Usually, when conjugating Godan verbs ending with う into て-form, you would get って instead. Is there an etymological reason for this exception for 乞うて? I saw this in a rather recent book written in the ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Meaning of -てる in 付けてる

I have stumbled across verbs such as 付けてる, listed as a conjugation of 付ける in takoboto. Is this equivalent to 付けている? Or what?
2
votes
0answers
44 views

I have a question. Why is the particle に instead of は for this sentence? Isnt the one doing supposed to be は not に? Thank you [duplicate]

I have a question. Why is the particle に instead of は for this sentence? “私に何かできることがあれば” Isnt the one doing supposed to be は not に? Thank you
11
votes
1answer
611 views

Can verbs/i-adjectives be indefinitely conjugated, or is there a limit?

寒い can become 寒くない, which is apparently also an i-adjective. Can it be further conjugated to 寒くなくない? What about 寒くなくなくない, and so on? Do Japanese speakers regard such expressions as outright ...
2
votes
0answers
117 views

Why are 近く and 多く nouns?

The く-form of 近い and 多い can be used as nouns and adverbs. For most adjectives, however, the く-form is only used as an adverb. So why do these exceptions exist?
0
votes
1answer
91 views

空睨んでも - how can I tell when sora is being used for something other than the sky

I like to translate K-pop and anime themes as a hobby to help me understand and memorize the language. In Gurenge, a certain line sticks out: 夜の匂いに 空睨んでも. My research suggests that if Sora comes ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Expressing desire with a な-adj

How can I conjugate na adjective to say "want". For example: I want to hate - 嫌い + たい? I want to not hate 嫌い + たくない?
0
votes
1answer
150 views

What is the difference between しない and じゃない?

So as the title says, What is the difference between しない and じゃない? And is じゃない even a verb? I know that しない comes from する. It's in the negative form. (It should be mizenkei) But when I tried to ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

「ぺったん」→「ぺったら」 – A conjugation of an onomatopoeic adverb?

The sentence in question (from here (page 14)): ぺったんペったら牛の糞が、やって来ました。 What does the 〜ら conjugation (?) of the second ぺったん mean?
2
votes
1answer
207 views

Why are there separate passive versions of so many verbs? How do they differ in meaning from the regular passive conjugation?

The example I came across today (though I've seen this with many other verbs): 「潰れる」 – "to be crushed" which, as far as I can tell, means exactly the same as 「潰される」, the passive form of「潰す」. ...
9
votes
1answer
867 views

What is the meaning of "できたれば"?

What does "できたれば" mean in the following sentence? 予とてわかっておる……目の上の瘤が取れ、心持ちに余裕ができたればこそそんな思いも浮かぶのだ。かつては考えもせなんだことを I assume it's related to できる but why is it not できれば?
1
vote
2answers
143 views

Unknown verb form (typo?) in manga

I've been trying to translate Touhou doujinshi, when I came across this sentence: A man talks about events related to youkai's den down the road. The first part of the sentence is: なんでも綺麗【きれい】な女【おんな】...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Weird conjugation of become

I came across になっちゃう! in my reading, i am pretty sure its just conjugation of なる as it would make sense in the context of the sentence but i have no idea how it was conjugated this way any ideas, and ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

What's the difference between using the potential form of a verb with よう and ため

For example: なるように - So that it will become なれるように - So that it will become なるために - So that it will become なれるために - So that it will become Well, they all mean the same thing
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Can おいてない act as a contraction of おいてほかにない

仕事疲れのストレス解消方法は、仕事を少し忘れてみること、それをおいてないでしょう。散歩や旅行などで気分転換を図りましょう。 The above sentence appeared in my grammar textbook in the same chapter that introduced the ~をおいてほかにない grammar point with a "is the ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Aren't there two ways of putting a sentence with an i-adjective into past tense? かった and でした?

今日ヨガは最も難しいことです。 今日ヨガは最も難しかったことです。 今日ヨガは最も難しいことでした。 Are both sentences correct? What are the different implications? I haven't worked with 最も yet, I would try to use 一番 here instead. What I perceive ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Why are there so many カ行、サ行、ラ行五段活用 verbs?

If you go into a dictionary like Weblio, and you look through their list of verbs, you'll see that each of the consonant 行s of 五段 are in separate categories. However, there are a ton of カ行、サ行、ラ行 verbs,...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

「している」と「し続ける」の違い

活用のないままだと別物だと思われるのですが、例えば「want to keep doing something」と言いたい時、「していたい」とも「し続けたい」とも言うことができそうです。違いはあるでしょうか。それから先日、「英語で話しましょうか」と申し出してくださった相手に、そちらは英語でも構いませんが「こちらは日本語を使っていさせていただきたいです」という言い方をしてみたら、「...

1
2 3 4 5
10