Questions tagged [particle-が]

助詞「が」. Nominative case particle, typically indicating the subject of a verb or other predicate. Also a conjunctive particle and, in Classical Japanese, a genitive case particle.

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Subordinate clauses that are not for comparison - should we use が or は?

In a subordinate clause, が is often used. However, some sentences with けど or のに are used with は because they are for comparison. But it seems to me that some sentences with けど or のに are not for ...
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Do "Nani o tabetai" and "Nani ga tabetai" have the same meaning? [duplicate]

Sometimes you see japanese people (or japanese descendant I guess) writing nani ga tabetai desuka? and sometimes they write Nani o tabetai desu ka? Is there any difference in meaning, nuance or ...
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Regarding the use of が instead of は

いけのなかにさかな_たくさんいまですか。 So my question is, would the particle affect the emphasis we want to put on either asking if there ARE Fish inside the Pond, or if we are asking how MANY Fish are there in the ...
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3 votes
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Implications of using either が/は in 足跡が/は消えない

I came across this line in a song and was wondering why が was used over は: 足跡が消えない I would interpret the usage of が to mean that out of everything, the 足跡 left behind is specifically the thing that ...
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Questions about Neutral が - 見て、あの鳥があの虫を食べた。 Is this acceptable?

One of the usages of が is to describe something that is happening in front of the speaker's eyes. I have read many example sentences in books and online, they are often used with 自動詞 with ている and with ...
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Does the が particle always mark the focus when marking the subject?

I recently read lots of articles/posts from the が particle usages and there is something which isn't clear for me. So the basic usage of the が is to mark the subject of the sentence. But in addition が ...
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Why use の instead of が?

I know that の can be used instead of が when modifying a noun like in these examples: 日本語のわかる人 私のできる日本語 But in these cases: 健康のためにあるいはリクリエーションのためにというスポーツのある一方で、スポーツが仕事というプロスポーツも存在している。 ...
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Regarding the phrase 破れないのが不思議なくらい指に力がこもっていた。

So from the context I expect to mean the same thing as 不思議なくらい指に力がこもっていたが、封筒は破れなかった/封筒が破れるにはならなかった。But in that case, what way 破れないの is the subject, and does it have (withが) the meaning of なのに ?
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Uses of double が, or が + は, in the same sentence, in Japanese

This sentence: もう少しディスプレイが大きいのはありませんか。 is supposed to mean: Do you have one with a slightly larger display? However, I don't understand why もう少し doesn't go attached to 大きい, since the former is ...
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Nested が in the form Aが(Bが...)

Please excuse me for not using the proper grammar jargons. I am trying to parse the following sentence. (It is taken from this book. For this post it is crucial that I should not make a mistake ...
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Why is が used this way in this sentence with 好き?

せんぱいが好きな食べ物は、なんですか? I come across this sentence in a web novel, I think it is supposed to be せんぱいの好きな食べ物は、なんですか?Why is せんぱい marked with が here? Is there a different use of the word すき other than the ...
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What does 角が立つ mean? [closed]

智に働けば角が立つ I found this when I was reading kusamakura and I didn't understand it.
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What does "ふってきて mean in the sentence "これが、突然空からふってきて..."? [duplicate]

I know the sentence means something like "This suddenly came out of the sky...". "これが" means "this is" (side question: why add "が" instead of just keeping it as ...
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気がつく and 気づく particle usage?

For 気がつく, since the が particle is always attached to 気, making it the subject of the clause, so you can't say 私がことに気がつくbut 私はことに気がつく. But I wonder if you can make 私 the subject if you use 気づく? since ...
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壁は内側が白くて外側は緑です, why 内側が白くて use が and 外側は緑 use は

why 内側が白くて use が and 外側は緑 use は why not 壁は内側は白くて外側は緑です or 壁は内側が白くて外側が緑です?
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Is が wrong in sentences like 私がplaceに行ったことがある?

I saw someone getting corrected for using が in a ことがある sentence, and I was wondering why using が in sentences specifically like 私がplaceに行ったことがある is wrong, I can't seem to wrap my head around it. I was ...
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What does が mean in the following context [duplicate]

In the following sentence "私も髪を切りたいんですが、いい所を知っていますか。" Does the が mean "but...(implied reason of not knowing a good place to get a haircut)" in a similar way to が at the end of a ...
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Change into intransitive form

How will the following sentence be written using intransitive verb. Will the verb 建てる use が or を うちの前に高いビルを建てました。 Will it be: うちの前に高いビルが建てられて日当たりが悪くなりました。 Or うちの前に高いビルを建てられて日当たりが悪くなりました。
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羽を咲いている and 羽が咲いている difference

I've been told 羽を咲いている is incorrect. Can someone explain why I can't use を here?
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In the sentence, "母がすしを作ります。", why do we use が instead of は?

My book sentence: 母がすしを作ります。 I consulted another book, which states: The case particle ga can mark the subject of the sentence. However, when the subject noun is also treated as the topic of the ...
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What nuance does the が particle add in the following sentence? At what time would each sentence be more appropriate?

両親は結婚した時、どこにも行きませんでした。 VS 両親が結婚した時、どこにも行きませんでした。
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2 votes
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Difference in sentences using は+が vs は+は

So I've come across these two sentences: 雨は降っていますが、雪は降っていません and 雨は降っていません。雪が降っています。 so what i think is happening is that the first sentence shows contrast. in the first sentence, we simply ...
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is は/が always needed to make a grammatically correct sentence?

I listen to a lot of Japanese music, and a common trend I've seen with a lot of them are to say 「≪pronoun≫≪noun≫」. For example, 「あたし猫」 = "I'm a cat." My question is, is this grammatically ...
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What's the difference between が and の in this sentence?

On Kana-Boon's スノーグローブ (Snow Globe) song, there are two versions of the same sentence: 君が好きな白い雪になろう 君の好きな白い雪になろう What is the difference between these two sentences? Does の have a possession meaning, ...
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2 votes
2 answers
370 views

Why is が used instead of を in this sentence?

From Shin Kanzen Master JLPT N1 Grammar: あ、本が出しっぱなしだ。 I thought that 出す always follows を, i.e. you (subject) take out something (object). Is it because 本 is emphasized in this sentence, similar to how ...
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Direct object marked with a が? [duplicate]

I found the next sentence: 懐かしい。目を閉じれば、彼女との昔の事がまざまざと思い出せる It's marked with a が because of the adverb? Or is it something else?
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3 votes
2 answers
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Why is に used in this sentence? 彼は彼女に見覚えがある。

Why is に used in this sentence? 彼は彼女に見覚えがある。 Also, why is 見覚え marked by が?
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2 votes
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How does the double が function in this sentence?

I came across this sentence today 「アンタの本音が何で、嬢ちゃんが何を伝えたいかは俺にはハッキリ分かったがなぁ……」and was thrown off by the double が. I think I understand it but it still kinda puzzled me for a bit. Can some clarify this?
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3 votes
2 answers
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Comparison with ほうは rather than ほうが

Continuing my mission to understand how people can learn Japanese with Duolingo (I'm sure it's not possible) I was posed the following sentence: My current apartment is more spacious than my previous ...
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3 votes
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What is the grammatical function of "が" in this context of counting people?

In an anime I've been watching, the protagonist goes to a village where one of his friends came from, where all the people in the village have the same hair color as his friend. (with "〇" ...
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What is the exact difference between the particles が and は? [duplicate]

I understand that が is meant to mark the subject and that は is the particle placed after the topic, but still after a heck ton of research, I haven't been able to truly comprehend the meaning of both ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is it "あめがふる" or "あめふる"?

Is が needed to say it's raining? あめがふっています? Is it okay to omit が in this case?
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1 vote
1 answer
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What exactly can が specify? I've provided 魚が食べる for sake of example

Could 魚が食べる change in context? Marking 魚 with を would grammatically make 魚 the object of the action such that it would mean "Fish are eaten"; if 魚 is marked with が, 魚が食べる would mean "...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How can there be 2 X が in this sentence? [duplicate]

This sentence is an excerpt from https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10012813311000/k10012813311000.html 京都大学の西浦博教授は、東京都でこれから新しいコロナウイルスがうつる人がどのように変わるか計算しました。 Is my understanding correct? うつる人が is the ...
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1 vote
3 answers
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Subject confusion in ~たい sentences

I know たい means "want to." But the examples below confused me. Especially the second sentence translates to "I want to eat." I don't know why this is the translation. I'm not sure ...
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が at the end of the sentence [duplicate]

In the following sentence: 切符を買いたいんですが I would like to buy a ticket. What is the usage of が?
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1 vote
1 answer
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「が」(ga) vs 「は」(wa) when it comes to specifically "this" object / referring to self

Learning particles and looking at wa vs ga. From what I have seen wa is the topic/general and ga is for the subject/specific. I was watching this video which had the following example: I like Van ...
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Grammar of 仕方ないな

Shouldn't it be 仕方がないな? And what is the function of な? The context is: A: 出かけようとした時に、電話があったんです。 B: そうか。それじゃ、まあ、仕方ないな。 よろしくお願いします。
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6 votes
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noun が、noun が、verb (multiple が in a sentence)

Is it possible to grammatically combine two separate sentences Xがverb。Yがverb。into just one sentence Xが、Yが、verb。? For example, 料理ができる。掃除ができる。→ 料理が、掃除が、できる。 My original motivation is to understand the ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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"wa" vs. "ga" in the question "do you have...?" (child speak!)

If a child were to casually ask their teacher, "do you have [some object]," which would they say? 先生、「何か」はあるの? (Sensei, [nanika] ha aru no?) 先生、「何か」があるの? (Sensei, [nanika] ga aru no?) I ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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は versus が in this sentence

In the Genki 1 textbook, the question prompt 本を読んでいる人は誰ですか? appears alongside an illustration with a bunch of people doing different activities. The textbook user is then supposed to pick out a ...
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2 answers
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Conflicting rules for when to use は vs が

I came across this video on the difference that I found particularly helpful, but there was a special case not addressed in the video that I was curious about. I will summarize the video here as I ...
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1 answer
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が Particle (Neutral-Descriptive) with Non-living things

I heard that when a non-living object does an action (verbs), it always uses the「が」particle, and when I searched for examples, it seems correct, since「は」always seems to be used as contrastive. However,...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Evolution of が (ga) particle: How did use as conjunctive arise from use as a subject marker

As mentioned in this post, が started as an attributive case particle, became a subject particle, and then turned into a conjunctive particle. and in modern Japanese it has its main uses as both a ...
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Predicates that are a static, stable state

I'm reading into the が particle's various functions and the book I'm reading states that apparently the subject with が receives only the exhaustive-listing interpretation "if the predicate is a ...
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1 answer
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は vs が in neutral sentences

I have a couple of situations I was hoping someone could help me understand if が or は is more appropriate in the following situations. Scenario A: Describing what a person is doing. You are by ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Why are が and ~て appropriate instead of は and ~た in the following sentence?

I tried translating "Grandpa fell down the stairs and got serious injuries". Since "Grandpa" is the subject, I used the particle は (wa), and since the action is in past tense, I ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Meaning of 奴のが?

This is from Death Note-One Shot Especial, Ryuk says this sentence そういうのが得意って奴のが向いてるかも。 what is the function of the の in 奴のが?
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2 votes
1 answer
232 views

Meaning of が and おく in 言っておくが? [duplicate]

言っておくが、私に怒っても始まらないよ。= I'm telling you it will do you no good to be angry at me. Does が mean 'but' in the sentence? Does おく mean 'in advance' in the sentence? If YES, what lead to the translation above?...
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2 votes
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Function of が instead of な here

あなたのへんがお写真を、シアトル市におくります。 What is the function of が here?   why not あなたのへんなお写真?
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