Questions tagged [compound-verbs]

複合動詞. A compound functioning as a single verb.

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Kanji for かまいあい?

「最近【さいきん】の都会【とかい】にはお互【たが】いに面倒【めんどう】をみる『かまいあい』がなくなっちまったよな~」 The "Kamai-ai" spirit of taking care of each other has disappeared in the cities these days. https://www.yomiuri.co.jp/column/...
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Why is the い in 多い left out in 「本が多すぎる」?

The translation I was going for was "(there's) too many books." I wrote 「本が多いすぎる」but autocorrect changed it to 「本が多すぎる」. I then tried to use a na-adjective instead of an i-adjective, writing ...
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Etymology of 打ち合わせる

How come 打ち合わせる means “to arrange a meeting” or “to agree on something”. I clearly see the 合わせる part signaling an agreement. Yet however I can’t see where the 打つ part became something other than “to ...
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Are verbs of movement typically used in compounds?

I've been reading a lot of graded readers lately (targetted at JLPT N4/N3 level). I recognize that these are not "pure authentic native Japanese", but I also don't believe they are ...
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What does '今のところ、目につくものは何もない。' translate to?

I'm thinking it might be 'So far, there was nothing for the eyes to focus on (attach to, arrive on). The ’つくもの’ without kanji is throwing me off. Or maybe it's something like: 'So far, there's no ...
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Would removing the すること turn クリア back into a noun?

Hypothetically speaking, if こと is being used as a nominalizing suffix in the following sentence: その時々の課題をクリアすることに、全力で取り組んでいる間は、何も思い悩んだりせずにすむ。 would the above sentence be able to be re-written as the ...
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When can you use (masu stem) + (another verb)

Here are some examples of the grammatical structure I am referring to: (verb A) to (verb B) = (masu stem of verb B) (sometimes に) (verb A conjugated normally) I went to pick up = 取りに行った I forgot to ...
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Trouble with the compossed verbs

I saw this phrase: 描いていた忘れていたこと Can there be a sentence or phrase with two verbs in progressive past state? What does this phrase mean? Which type of nuance provides こと to the verb? This phrase ...
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押しのけていく?How is the two verb connected together

The original sentence was 巨大な船体が海水を押しのけていく 巨大: huge 船体: hull; the body of ship/boat 押す: to press; to pree のける=退ける: to push something away I would like to know how to 押す and のける is combined together. ...
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what does いずる mean?

what does "いずる (izuru)" mean when it's combined with verbs such as "萌えいずる" ? Can I say "Sprouting" as a translation of "萌えいずる" ? Thank you so much in advance.
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How did 引っ込む and 引き込む end up with different meanings despite looking very similar?

I noticed that most compound verbs take the stem form of a verb and attach it to another verb. When I saw 引っ込む, I just took it as a compound of 引く and 込む... until I found 引き込む which is closer in ...
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Am I interpreting this 出てくる sentence properly?

The sentence is this: よく話で出てきます。 Here's how I looked at it: よく is the adverb "well". 話で is something like "by means of a story", unless で here is the て form of the copula. 出てきます ...
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What does 言いあったり mean and how is it conjugated?

I recently found 言いあったり in one of my sentences, and I can't seem to find what it means. お前らが誰かとあれこれ言いあったり
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What's the difference between 取り消す vs 取り下げる?

I was adding sample sentences to my flash cards when I noticed that 取り消す means withdraw. 前言を取り消す withdraw [retract] one's statement This reminded of a sample sentence for 取り下げる 告訴を取り下げる ...
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Difference between 怒鳴る and 怒鳴りつける

Jisho says 怒鳴る is an intransitive verb and that 怒鳴りつける is transitive. But I have come across the following phrases: 止めようとしても母親は自分を怒鳴りつけるだけでした。 彼女は私を怒鳴った。 If Jisho is really right, why "私を怒鳴った” and ...
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What does …て…て mean?

I have the following sentence. その白い比いない裸体は、薄暮の背景の前に置かれて輝やいていた 。 I understand the use of ~て in ~ている, but I'm confused by two consecutive verbs using ~て as in 置かれて輝やいていた. Should I understand them ...
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What does どおし mean in this song?

In the song Chercher by Kotoko there's the line 心配性{しんぱいしょう}と言{い}われても ハラハラのしどおしよ And in a subtitled video it gets translated to: "Even if you say I'm a worrier, you're anxious with me" It all ...
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The translation for 思い切った

あいつ にしちゃ 思い切った な。 I had a hard time to translate this short sentence. And after I looked around from many sources, I found these clues. 思い切った 普通では考えられないような。おどろくほど大胆な。 「 -処置を取る」 source: https://...
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わける vs 振り分ける -- What is the ふり doing here?

Consider the following example: divide the main folder into sub folders (in case of mail) フォルダを振り分ける フォルダをわける What I want to know is why do we add "ふり"? Why can't we just use "...
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Which is more appropriate? 大学院に入る/入学する/進学する?

Please explain which of the following (or any other) is more appropriate to say "enter postgraduate school/studies": 大学院に入ります 大学院に入学します 大学院に進学します
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Meaning of 荷重が乗りきる

Context: a boxer has just landed a great uppercut with an upward movement. His father describes the punch in this way: 荷重が乗りきってからの急激な〝縦〟一閃 I think here 乗りきる means "to overcome", so my rough ...
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When is <verb stem>+かける's meaning to start and leave unfinished?

I recently learned that the construction +かける means to start something, but with an implication that the action was left unfinished: ビールを飲みかけたことがあるんだけど、味を全然好きなかった。 "I've had a beer before, but I ...
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14 votes
1 answer
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Etymology of 見舞い

Visiting someone in hospital clearly involves seeing that person. But dancing? Does 舞 have some other, relevant meaning? Did it pertain to a traditional, sacred dance for health? Or is this ateji?
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-かける in 出かける, 話しかける, 見かける, etc [duplicate]

Verbs of the form V-始める mean 'begin to V'. Is there such a pattern for V-かける verbs?
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What's the difference between ~かかる and ~ところだ

After reading this question on this site, I learned that ~かかる following a verb-stem can be translated as "about to ~"; the example in the original question being 殺されかかった, or "about to be killed" (as ...
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What kind of inflection is occuring in passive vb + かかった?

I was using Jisho.org to help me figure out the tense of the following passive verb 殺されかかったんだ when it decides to combine 殺され (passive form) with かかった thereby forming "殺されかかった" as a 'recognized' ...
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I don't understand why 差し支える means what it means

This is one word I often 'fail' while reviewing and I couldn't find much explanation anywhere. According to most dictionaries, it means something like hinder, interfere. 差: difference, substract 支: ...
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Meaning of 盗み飲み

きっと、盗み飲みしたお父さんの大人のジュースのせいだ。 So, I can guess from the words 盗む "steal" and 飲む "drink" that she drank secretly without anyone knowing, however I can't find this word in a dictionnary. Why is that ?
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Question about 突き挿す

Is 突き挿す misspelling of 突き刺す or alternative writing of it (it is not listed in EDICT or on dictionary.goo.ne.jp) or is it completely different word?
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Question about the word 苦しみ抜いた in the sentence 苦しみ抜いた結果、勝利をもぎ取った

Initially, I thought the word 苦しみ抜いた was just a typical verb that you can search up in the dictionary but apparently that is not the case and so my question is that how does that word come about ? Are ...
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1 answer
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Meaning and usage of 引き- in compound verbs

I see a lot of words starting with 引き, for example 引き下げる, 引き出す. 引く has many meanings but I think in these cases it means 'to pull'. My question is, for example in 引き下げる, what is the purpose of 引き? ...
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Is 引っ張る a compound verb?

AFAIK compound verbs (複合動詞) are formed by prefixing 連用形 (ren'youkei, or stem form) of one verb to another "full" verb, e.g.: 巡り合う=巡る(めぐり)+ 合う 生み出す=生む(生み)+ 出す And so on... However, 引っ張る seems to ...
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Questions about 「気をうしないかける」 [duplicate]

I came across the expression in manga which is said by a Kansai-speaking character. そのいいぐさはないやろ...ぶちのめされ気をうしないかけている人間によ! I think the expression might have a similar meaning to the expression 「気を失う」...
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Why some of the ren'youkeis (masu stem forms) have different meanings when they form compound verbs?

The following are taken from the 新明解国語辞書. 取り [接頭語的に] 動詞に冠し、「十分に、慎重に、確実に」などの意を加える。「ーあつかう・ーつくろう・ー調べる」 打ち 動詞の上に冠して、「ちょっと・すっかり・よく」などの意を表わす。「ー見る・ー明ける・ー沈む・ー興ずる・ー砕く」 and there are more examples like this. ...
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How would you say you "stopped wearing" something?

How would you go about saying you "stopped wearing" something? I'm trying to say "I stopped wearing uniforms at X high school." and I'm incredibly tripped up by how to put verbs into this sentence. ...
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What is this form: Vb + あう + Noun

As I was browsing the Nintendo e-shop, I noticed a new title whose tagline is: 美少女{びしょうじょ}と美少女と美少女が惹{ひ}かれあうRPG (Don't judge...) How to interpret this 惹かれるあう? I understand that the appeal of the ...
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The transitivity of (auxiliary) verbs

In the current section of my textbook, a bunch of verbal compositions was introduced, like: 読み終わり 歩き始め 祈り続け 終わり and 続け are classified as auxiliary verbs on jisho: http://jisho.org/search/%E3%81%AF%E3%...
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"compound verbs" in the following sentences

I am confused about the 'double/compound verbs' when used in a sentence. For example in the following phrases... 自分をファーストネームで呼んでもらいたい... ルーカスさんが車でアパート探しに連れて行ってくれた。 ...
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有り難う vs 有難う — Is this the same word?

Do both these words mean "thank you"? If both mean thank you why are they spelled differently? Is one more formal than the other?
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3 votes
2 answers
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What is this verb form? 鳴きやんだら

From よつばと!vol. 1 ch. 6 p. 15: ジャンボ: 近{ちか}づく途中{とちゅう}で 鳴{な}きやんだら 警戒{けいかい}してるんだ その時{とき}はじっと 鳴{な}き出{だ}すのを待{ま}つ This is translated in the English edition as such: If it stops buzzing as you approach,...
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The meaning of 殺しても殺したりねぇ

I found this in a video game. It says 「殺しても【ころしても】殺したりねぇ【ころしたりねぇ】」. So, my rough estimate was "Even killing (you) won't kill you". Is this correct? Also, what type of sentence is this?
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6 votes
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What is the difference between "verb-stem + verb" and "verb-て form + verb"?

例: 吸い取る 対 吸って取る 例: 噛み殺す 対 噛んで殺す たしかに、意味は同じではないけど似ています。区別は何でしょうか。 What is the difference in meaning between the above verb pairs, and which construction would be used when?
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Meaning of とる in 迷惑かけとる

「いつも迷惑かけとるのはわしの方なんじゃから」 Because when it comes to causing trouble, it's usually me. (my TL attempt) I think I can insert an を to get 迷惑をかける = "to cause trouble". I've seen とる=取る appended to a few ...
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Compound verb with きれる

In the sentence: 田中さんは諦めきれなかった。 what is the function/meaning of きれる? I assume the sentence means "Tanaka didn't give up", but how does it differ from 諦めなかった?
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How to use verb stem+始める?

I know you use verb stem+始める when you want to indicate that something started, so would this sentence be correct? 特にゲームをする始めます。
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8 votes
1 answer
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When to use ます-stem + かかる

Watching a drama I came across the sentence 犯人は背後から女性に近づき、殴りかかった。 I would have translated it like: The perpetrator came up from behind and hit the woman. Unfortunately I am not to confident ...
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気力がつきかけていた: What meaning does かける have here? And which つき is this? [duplicate]

頭のどこかで諦めてしまっている。体に力が入らず、何より気力がつきかけていた。 I'm not sure how to interpret the meaning of かける in this sentence. What meaning does it have here? Also, is this つき 尽き or 付き?
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In what contexts can "始{はじ}める" be an intransitive verb?

"始める" is transitive while "始まる" is its intransitive form. In a textbook, I discovered: (1) 知らないうちに、雨が降り始めていた。 (2) 明治時代の初め、日本は急速に近代化しつつあった。 (3) パーティをやっている最中に、急に雨が降り出した。 In each of those ...
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What does the word 「なりそこなった」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 自分がチャンピオンになりそこなったもんだから このおれにゆめをたくそうってわけだな。
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Struggling to parse last section of 「あんた 子どもたちを 森へ すててきておくれ」

The sentence is from a Japanese telling of Hansel and Gretel and I know enough to read it as "Leave your children in the forest before it is too late." What I don't understand here is how すてる has ...
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