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Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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Meaning of V + ての + noun

In かつて神だった獣たちへ volume 5 I found these sentences, speaking about bayonets: もちろん接近しなくては使いようもなく、ライフルの登場は歩兵同士が肉薄しての銃撃と突撃による戦術、つまり銃剣を過去の物にするはずだった 内戦末期、戦場に登場した回転式機関砲は十分な威力と連射速度を持っていたため、肉薄しての突撃を押さえ込まれ無力だった ...
Mauro's user avatar
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2 answers
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How does おめでとう become 'to congratulate'?

I'm a Korean so I know many Chinese letters. In Japanes あけましておめでとうございます means Happy New Year. Litterally it's 'It's new year so congratulations.' おめでとう is written in Kanji as 御目出度う. 御 : to rule, or to ...
Chan Kim's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is the nuance of 取らない in this sentence? What does it mean?

「つまり学園内で何かあったとしても、病院に運び込むつもりはない。全て学園内で処理すると最初から決まっていた故の設備の充実とも取れねぇか」 つまり学園内で何かあったとしても、病院に運び込むつもりはない In the first part of the sentence, the character subscribes the theory that no matter what happens,...
Kawase_K's user avatar
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How do you negate っこない

I don understand how to negate the grammar point of っこない I get that you put the verb in the ますstem before っこない Like in the example 泳げっこない --> There is no way I can swim But what if I've always been ...
Nyhiko's user avatar
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3 answers
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What are all the "special" suru verbs?

Some Japanese verbs are composed of a sino-morpheme followed by す、する、ずる、or じる. They conjugate differently from normal する verbs, and (as far as I know) they're always one kanji rather than two. Some ...
Stumpy Joe Pete's user avatar
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What is the etymology of onani [duplicate]

In the Book of Genesis chapter 38, Judah had a son named Onan. Onan's story of spilling his seed, leads to the term Onanism. Onanism is an interpretation of Onan's story. Regardless of whether there ...
user1416486's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
206 views

Understanding the verb 諫める: broader than English "to admonish"?

This usage of いさめる is from a sentence in Hunter x Hunter, where two characters are together and one of them [A] senses an enemy from the shadows about to attack them. The other character [B] asks why ...
whatyouexpect's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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Meaning of ことを受ける

This comes from a new Reuters JP article I read today about Netanyahu's responses to Iran's missile/drone launchings: [エルサレム 14日 ロイター] - イスラエルのネタニヤフ首相は14日、イランが発射した300超のドローン(無人機)...
whatyouexpect's user avatar
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299 views

Is this で with 思い当たる the particle or te-form

From the anime "Heavenly Delusion", and a main character asks someone about their knowledge of a place called "Heaven" (天国): あっ あと 天国って場所で 何か思い当たることないですか? Oh, before I forget, have ...
whatyouexpect's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
150 views

Incorporating a verb phrase into a noun: "Object + を + Verb dictionary form + noun" (波を越す遊び) vs. "Object + Verb masu form + の + noun" (波越しの遊び)

Here's an example: 何も忘れてしまって波越しの遊びを続けさまにやっていました。 For the 波越しの遊び part, is there some nuance involved in writing it the way it is, versus writing it as 波を越す遊び? Thanks in advance!
Aries332's user avatar
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"Workin Hard" -Fuji Kaze Song lyric the verb "かったり" - [duplicate]

I really cant understand which verb is かったり" here 結果なんぞかったりーわ Any guesses ? Is it a dialect ?
Japanese Learner's user avatar
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is the use of 突っ込まないで considered rude?

ごめん。深く突っ込まないで In this context and in general, I wonder is the meaning more like "please don't be noisy and leave it", or "haha, it's nothing to worry about!"? The use of ごめん ...
Chestershire Liddell's user avatar
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1 answer
104 views

Is the sentence, "あなたはこれを望んでいた。" grammatically correct?

I am a beginner in learning japanese and I've seen many different takes on grammar and where to place verbs, subjects, etc. I know it's a subject-object-verb language and I want to be sure I have the ...
amia's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Verbs with ending [ます] to [く]

I know a verb ending in 「ます」 has a 「く」form. For example: いきます-> いく. Can you do this with any verb, or are there some rules?
magui's user avatar
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Respect keigo: Why is ご利用になる OK but お料理になる isn't?

I often come across the respect keigo conjugation "ご/お + [base word] + になる" when used with する verbs. For example, a cashier might say: 「レジ袋は有料ですが、ご利用になりますか?」 However according to this ...
Hikonyan's user avatar
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What's the nuance of ...ましょう to express intent?

十万円あげましょう。 I'll give you 100,000 yen. 手伝いましょう。 I'll help you. I've seen sentences of intent like this, but I don't understand the nuance of the speaker using ...ましょう instead of structures like 「...
Hikonyan's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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使役形の助詞は「に」か「を」か

教科書から学んだ動詞の使役形は、命令者は使役動詞の主語で「が」で表し、実際の動作者は助詞「に」で表す。例えば、僕が友達へ「ご飯を食べて」と言うと、僕が友達にご飯を食べさせる。「を」で表す部分は動作の実際の対象でありそうです。 なのに、気付いたのは、「に」の代わりに「を」で実際の動作者を表す場合もあります。例えば、back numberさんの歌詞の一句:「冬がそっと雪を降らせて」。ここ、「...
dvx2718's user avatar
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2 votes
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Verb ending in いでし

In Gosick episode 19, a character says this line: ああ罪なる者よ‌汚れし血の泉より生まれいでしお前に嘆きの祝福を which is translated "Oh, sinner. To you, born from a spring of foul blood. I offer lamentable blessings". ...
Mauro's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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Difference between 口にする and 言う

Both of them means "to say" but when is the best time to use each of them?
phoenixWright's user avatar
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1 answer
88 views

Is the tense and conjugation in my sentence understandable?

田中は私が花瓶を壊したと言う、が私ではなかった。 Tanaka says that I broke the vase, but it wasn't me. I'm figuring out how to make complex sentences so I'll be prepared to write short stories! I want to see if this means ...
Eden's user avatar
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1 answer
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Looking for correction on my sentences made using the ます conjugation! [closed]

田中さんは言いません。Tanaka didn't say anything. 田中さんは私を語ません。Tanaka doesn't speak of me. 明さんは笑いました。 Akira laughed. 明さんは家を作ました。 Akira built a house. 中校に学びませんでした。 I didn't learn in middle school. 田中さんは明さんが見ませんでした。...
Eden's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Can なくす be written as 亡くす here?

Would it be wrong to use 亡くす in the following sentence? (The wwwjdic lists 亡くす as a transitive verb.) 去年【きょねん】とても多【おお】かった熊【くま】の被害【ひがい】 どうやってなくすか国【くに】も考【かんが】える The number of bear attacks was very high ...
Ned Reif's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Difference between the verbs used in the main clause of 間 and 間に

I saw these two sentences in a Youtube video- 私は冬休みの間韓国へ行きました。 私は冬休みの間に韓国へ行きました。 Shouldn't the first sentence be- 私は冬休みの間韓国へ行っていました。 My question is that shouldn't we use ています form of verbs with 間?( to ...
Ananya's user avatar
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2 answers
144 views

What's the idiomatic tense of verb to use in a TODO list?

Suppose I have a TODO list with items meant to be read by myself in the future. Items include things like Buy milk Get groceries and so forth. If this TODO list were translated to Japanese, what ...
George's user avatar
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1 answer
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Meaning of 抜ける in this Song

So a song from Taiko-no-Tatsujin, おにぎりはどこかしら, is about a [girl] that needs more food, so she goes to a convenience store, and then comes back home and forgets the entire ordeal. She first wakes up: ...
BigRigz's user avatar
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1 answer
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N1 を N2 に見る structure

四畳半神話大系 EP6, I encountered this sentence: 「ラブドールを性欲処理の道具にしか見ていない輩には分からないだろうが これは高尚な趣味である。」 In which the protagonist is introducing a love doll he has been engaging with romantically for some time. I ...
Siena's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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What is the で part in ではありません?

Ok, this might be more complicated or less complicated than I'm making it out to be but I'm assuming this question will be made up of two unrelated components but I can't figure it out so I'm shooting ...
Ethir's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
108 views

Can adjectives follow the に particle?

https://guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/verbparticles lead me to believe that the に particle should be used with a verb. However I have been reading some sentences that have noun + に + adjective. ...
Dio's user avatar
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1 answer
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What does いけると mean?

泊まってもいいですか? まだ離れたくなくて。。 "It's ok if I stay over? I don't want to be separated yet..." To which the other character thinks (そう言えばいけると思ってるな いいけど。。。) I don't understand how いける is being used ...
Bluegate's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Clarifications on using ていく with verbs - using 着る as example verb

I'm finding the application of ていく (and by extension てくる) difficult to understand, so I want to use an example with the verb 着る to ask some questions on it: If someone wore their jacket and left me (...
Cassius Bright's user avatar
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past verb + ところだった= Major difference from るところだった?

おや もう到着ですか 空想を楽しんでいたところだったのに How does たところだった here work? I understand るところだった is "I almost did x" but how does it work with the past version then? https://nihongonosensei.net/?p=12827 This ...
Bluegate's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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What is the actual nuance of the verb に映る

この通路の先で行われてることを考えると楽しいとは言えないけど Which is about "If I think of what happens ahead of this passage, I can't say it's "fun"." To which then the other character replies おっしゃる通り むしろ ...
Kawase_K's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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How does やがる work with なる?

"もう1ヶ月が経ってんだぞ!?" "一人でしたって変な感じになりやがるし" The character friend has not been playing with him for a month. From context I can gather that "Even if I try to do things alone, it ...
Bluegate's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
176 views

Why does Bunpro call ないか incorrect here?

It is recommended to use the (いき)ませんか version, as (いか)ないか would be a bit too casual to use with someone that you are not very close with (and is also technically not correct Japanese). Given ませんか is ...
murshad's user avatar
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1 answer
128 views

What does にだけにはなるか (vulgar text warning/nsfw) mean?

I am stumbled on the second to left of this sentence. The character mentioned his revenge failed, and in the last line he mentions he at least attempted to sleep with a girl. The character is a ...
Bluegate's user avatar
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決める +としよう = plan verb + volitional [duplicate]

2人に一緒にかっこよく決めるとしようや The characters are at the end of a challenge and they are about to face the last room, when one of them says this. After that, they do an athletic c trick to pass the challenge. ...
Bluegate's user avatar
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1 answer
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What does this use of まいな mean?

忘れちゃおるまいな From context he seems to be asking "You didn't forget how much I apologize to the dude"? But I'm not sure about this specific use.
Kawase_K's user avatar
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Conjugating Vされる, Vさせる form: just treat as ichidan?

Is it gramatically correct to treat causative, passive, and causative-passive forms of verbs as ichidan る ending verbs when negating them or creating their past tense?
Cassius Bright's user avatar
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1 answer
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Does はやく give the sentence the nuance of a order?

はやく もう入れる。。。から The character is standing in front of a wardrobe with something in his hands and the other character tells him this. From context the only thing I can gather is "Hurry up and put ...
Bluegate's user avatar
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Particle を without a verb [duplicate]

In the sentence それぞれの心の中にあるそれぞれの思い出を胸に日常が始まるのだ。 translated as And in each heart there are different memories held inside each chest as we turn back to our daily lives. Where is the verb for を胸に? ...
Ares Monteiro's user avatar
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1 answer
140 views

行けます vs 行きます potential form

I've got the following sentence: Everyone but my older brother is going on next week's trip. which, in Japanese, is supposedly 来週の旅行は兄以外みんな行けます。 But since it's got 行けます as opposed to 行きます, which, ...
Zubo's user avatar
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1 answer
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What are the differences in usage? - ~あげる and ~あがる?

~あげる and ~あがる mean "finish." But what are the differences in usage? Should あげる strictly follow 他動詞? For example, この本を読みあげた。 Should あがる strictly follow 自動詞? For example, さっき走りあがった。
vincentlin's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
197 views

訪問する vs 見学する in meaning 'to visit'

I have heard both 訪問する and 見学する both being used to mean 'to visit' What is the difference between these two verbs?
SpikedHelmet's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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What verb was cut off here (implied verb)?

I would like some more context on what is being said in cooking instructions for Takoyaki. On the ingredients list, サラダ油 is listed, and it has this footnote: ごま油を一割混ぜると香ばしい風味に! To provide some ...
BigRigz's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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Trying to translate a more complex sentence, Instrumentives

I am having difficulty translating something (I am translating as an excerise), how would one translate a more instrumental sentence, like: "Charlie sweetens the cake with sugar" "...
DanceroftheStars's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
106 views

Causative + Potential and the verb 合わせる

What exactly is the use of 合わせる here? Causative + potential?
Bluegate's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
114 views

演じる for performing in tv/movies/anime

I know the verb 演じる is used for performing on stage, but can it be used for tv shows/movies/anime as well? For example, can I say 3月のライオンというTVアニメで花澤香菜さんは演じました。
SpikedHelmet's user avatar
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1 answer
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What does “~をあてに~” mean?

Context: 今日は午後からまつ毛パーマをあてに行きました。 What is the difference between "まつ毛パーマをしに行きました" and "まつ毛パーマをあてに行きました"?
Theseus's user avatar
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ある before nouns [duplicate]

I was wondering what is the nuance with ある before nouns, like in this sentence. 夏のある暑い日の午後、彼はその運転手に再会した. I don't quite understand if the addition of ある before nouns can convey a certain feeling, or ...
Jacopo Ziroli's user avatar
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1 answer
95 views

Meaning and reading of 益し加える

Reading in a book by 落合淳思 I wonder about (what looks like) the compound verb 益し加える in the sentence 「自は鼻の象形であり、それに声符を益し加えた繁文である。」 (繁文 is used by Ochiai as a technical term for the modern shape of a ...
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