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動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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What is the difference between が and を when using verbs?

In this anime-esque example, which is correct?: 私はあなたが殺す 私はあなたを殺す And why? Because I’ve heard it used with number • 2 • を (wo), but other verbs seem to always use が, for example: 「私はエミリアが好きです」 Is ...
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65 views

What's the difference between Hanashimasu vs Hanasundesu? [duplicate]

I've see Hanasundesu being used to talk about "everyone": みんな英語を話すんです (Min'na eigo o hanasu ndesu) Is that how you use it? or they are interchangeable.
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125 views

Word select: 食べます?/飲みます?

食べ物の場合は動詞「食べる」を使いますが、飲み物の場合は動詞「飲む」を使います。ところが、食べ物と飲み物をいっしょに出た場合はどの動詞を使いますか。 例①:パンとミルクを...(食べます?/飲みます?)… 例②:コーヒーとりんごを...(食べます?/飲みます?)…
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103 views

Two or more verbs modifying a noun

I would like to know about how we deal with two or more verbs modifying a noun. Do we connect the verbs using the TE-form or do we keep them in their original tenses? 激しい雷を伴った昨日から降り続いている雨のせいで、...
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1answer
91 views

Is ょう still one single word/助動詞 in the expression しましょう?

There are some Japanese tokenizers such as Kuromoji. When using the tokenizer on the expression しましょう, it gave the following analysis: Surface form Part-of-Speech Base form Reading ...
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1answer
738 views

Is it an exception of 「ある」と「いる」の使い分け?

It is a basic grammar that「いる」is used to show the existence of something alive and 「ある」is to show the existence of inanimate object in terms of 存在表現. However, I found some people use "工夫がいる" instead ...
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85 views

What form is 超え in 人の理を超え…?

my question is , what does 超え in 人の理を超えその身を保ち生き永らえながら…その全てを搾取支配人を弄ぶことに費やして…何を為そうとした' mean ? Is it a form of 越える? If yes, what form is it (you know, like ~て、~た、~しょう... etc)? I haven't stumbled across ...
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76 views

Can somebody give me the right pitch accent for the following verbal forms?

Can somebody give me the right pitch accent for the following verbal forms? As they are verbs, they should all be either accentless or accented on the penultimate syllable (although I am not sure how ...
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177 views

Meaning of 欲ばっから and help with the following sentence

Context: Riku, the protagonist boxer of this manga, is fighting against an evasive opponent that is really good at dodging punches and who always tries to win on points rather than KOs. Riku tries to ...
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1answer
130 views

対する vs 関する? For to 'relate' meaning

What is the difference between 対する and 関する? For the 'relate' meaning.
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1answer
100 views

Use of でいらっしゃる and でござる

I found a chart listing the plain, polite, honorific, and humble forms of verbs. The chart listed だ →です→でいらっしゃる→でござる with the note “animate only.” I know that だ and です can be used for inanimate ...
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1answer
65 views

名乗るvs名付ける? Differences?

What are the differences? They both seem to be about naming things.
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68 views

Multiple verbs as noun modifiers

I am trying to say something like "The button labeled 'blue' at the lower right is red." I know that adjectives can be connected together with their て-form. It seems like maybe the the same should ...
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1answer
61 views

non-imperative て ending in a sentence

佐藤:ところで、前田君、すごいよね。今年も優秀社員に選ばれて、ボーナスもアップだっ て。うらやましい~。 ワン:前田さんって、完璧ですね。入社してからトラブルを起こしたことなんて、一回もないんじゃないですか。 佐藤:いや、優秀社員とはいえ、トラブルはあるよ。彼だって最初ワンさんと同じような新人だったから。入社してまだ三年目のときだったかな、...
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1answer
94 views

Help with a few sentences using 許す

I'm currently translating a chapter of a manga (SERVAMP) and I only have a few dialogues left to finish it and while I was helped by someone, some particular lines left us confused and we haven't ...
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1answer
71 views

What does it mean when you add 'おっか' to the stem of a verb? [duplicate]

I've been reading, playing, and watching a lot of Japanese content recently and I keep running into this construction. I feel like I get the gist of it's meaning but I don't know exactly what it means....
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1answer
57 views

Confusion about conditional だと used in article about beetle

I was reading this article and I am not too sure about sentence I came across. 男の子は「... 珍しいカブトムシだとわかってとてもうれしいです」と話していました。 I have a few problem areas here. I read it as: The boy said 'If the beetle ...
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81 views

Use of の in article about beetle

I was reading this article and there are a couple of spots that I don't understand when it comes the grammar. 専門家は「雄と雌の体を持ったカブトムシが生きているところを見たのは初めてです」と話しています。 Roughly: The specialist said 'It is ...
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1answer
71 views

Which is the main meaning of 与える? [duplicate]

I would like to know which is the main meaning of the verb 与える ? According to the dictionary it means several things: "give", "feed", "bestow", "set homework", "harm". Are all these actions frequently ...
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1answer
97 views

What do verbs missing their -る mean? [duplicate]

When I read a light novel, sometimes I see some weird verb that does not have る like it's supposed to. For example, I see 越え instead of 越える, or 抱え instead of 抱える. From the first page of 生徒会探偵キリカ: ...
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64 views

Meaning of いいようにしなさい

Someone did tell me this: 龍ちゃんの、いいようにしなさい。 However, how is it actually translated? Could it be: It's alright if it's Ryu's I don't mind if it's Ryu's Thank you
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2answers
135 views

Japanese phrase for “Eyes wide open in surprise”

So I'm a bit confused because I'm still learning Japanese, and I have learned there are shortened words or small phrases that take a lot more to say in English, so I was wondering if there is an ...
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1answer
89 views

What is the difference between「働かせる」and 「使う」?

What is the difference between the two sentences? 「その特のなぞを解くに、自分の頭を働かせた。」 「その特のなぞを解くに、自分の頭を使った。」
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105 views

Nが好き vs Vのが好き what form should be used?

Some nouns can be converted to verbs with する I'm wondering which form should be used in cases like that? Or is it same as in English and can be easily swapped? 旅行するのが好きです 旅行が好きです Also is ...
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2answers
81 views

Differences between いる and まつ

I understand what the verb まつ (wait) means fairly clearly but my book has no example of いる in a sentence and its definition seems to be similar except it uses が and に as particles for some reason? ...
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132 views

How do you say “ 14 days left and will finish the vacation ”?

I'm a little bit confused , I tried to find a good answer of how to say 2 days left +verb like 2 days left and will start dieting or 2 minutes left and will be ready or 14 days left and will ...
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2answers
65 views

Having trouble parsing out 「私は今までの私ではない」

I've been struggling with the possessive and the statement of existence in the following phrase: 私は今までの私ではない The easy part is "I am until now"...but then I get stuck on 「の私ではない」. By itself, I ...
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1answer
85 views

The verb after conjugation in たり compound sentence, is still a verb? And if so, why is it despite する being the verb?

雨の日は滑ったり、転んだりする。 If する is the verb, then what is the role of the 転んだり in the grammatical sense? I understand that it is a verb which is transformed into 転んだり in a compound sentence but is it still ...
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54 views

Meaning of 徹している in this sentence

After watching a boxing match, a spectator says about the winner: 相手にボクシングをさせないように自分の全てを発揮してる… 勝つための〝確実さ〟に徹している 徹す seems to have so many meanings that I don't know how to interpret it here. First ...
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3answers
221 views

How to translate 'She was made to make him give me the book'?

How to translate 'She was made to make him give me the book'? (as in: 'someone made her make him give me the book.') Can I translate it to: Kanojo wa watasi-ni kare-ni hon-o kure-sase-sase-rare-ta. ...
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2answers
156 views

She said she thought he was handsome

How do you translate "She said she thought he was handsome" into Japanese? I wonder whether it might be 「彼女は彼はハンサムだと思うと言いました。」, but I am not sure whether I should use 思う or 思っている in this context.
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284 views

Meaning of 重なる in this sentence

Context: a young criminal is not a member of a yakuza clan (半グレ) but he is happy to be their dogsbody (使いっぱしり). After he kills a member of an enemy yakuza clan, a member of the clan he works for ...
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4answers
130 views

あ、バス、(a. 行かないと b. 行っちゃった)。How come answer a is not right?

I am currently preparing for the N3 with the 日本語総まとめ books and one question confuses me: あ、バス、(a. 行かないと b. 行っちゃった)。 Supposedly, a. is wrong while b. is correct. But doesn't a. sound more ...
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目をした - why is the verb する used instead of ある? [duplicate]

i'm reading ekuni kaori's duke and when decribing the dog she says: グレーの目をした and I was wodnering why it wasn't グレーの目があった is the second second sentence correct as well or do do they have different ...
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1answer
107 views

How to express “play on guitar”?

I wanted to say the following: "I am trying to learn to play Mexican songs on the guitar." I know how to express try to, but I am not sure about the rest. Perhaps メキシカンな歌{うた}...
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1answer
84 views

What is the meaning of 「れど」 in the waka poem title 「忍ぶれど」?

「忍ぶれど」 is the title of Taira no Kanemori's waka poem in Ogura Hyakunin Isshu and I'd like to know the translation of this title in English. I already looked up the meanings and 「忍ぶ」 means to ...
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1answer
95 views

Is omou transitive verb or intransitive? [duplicate]

I learned that it's transitive from a dictionary but i can't see any "を" before the word 思うthat's why I'm not completely convinced that it's transitive. Is it intransitive or is there exceptions?
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94 views

meaning of 振り回す in this context (referred to a person)

Context: summer vacation started and a boy is thinking of asking her crush to spend some time with him, but when he checks his phone he notices that she has not replied to his texts yet. He gets ...
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1answer
125 views

Is 二人の顔はそっくりだ a possible way to say “Both of their faces look the same”?

This is my attempt at translating the sentence "Both of their faces look the same": 二人の顔はそっくりだ Does it make sense or is it completely wrong?
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139 views

What does the へさうな mean in “逢へさうな”

I've come across this phrase (逢へさうな) and don't really understand what's going on grammatically. It's in the context of haiku poetry, I'm assuming the kanji reading is just "a" as in "逢う", but I can't ...
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1answer
87 views

Differences between 出発する and 出る

Both mean "to leave" but when do you use one instead of another ? Does 出発する implies "leaving and go on a trip" ? Or maybe is one more formal than the other ?
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2answers
867 views

Does the verb 表紙する exist?

After looking on an online dictionary I figured out that we can add する to 表紙 meaning "To appear on the cover". However, after talking with a native Japanese speaker, she told me that this verb doesn't ...
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1answer
108 views

Meaning of かまって in the following title

At the end of each tankōbon, the manga DEAD Tube has always an extra page with a funny drawing/short story. Every time it has a different title. In the volume in question the title of the extra page ...
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81 views

What are the differences between 落{お}とす, 失{うしな}う and 無{な}くす?

The first verb I learned to mean "to drop" was 落{お}とす (otosu) as the transitive form of the verb 落{お}ちる (ochiru) (which means "to fall"). But recently I met the verb 失{うしな}う (ushinau) which according ...
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145 views

Why isn't the verb “to have” common in Japanese and how do people phrase things without using it?

In any previous language I have studied (mostly European languages), the verb "to have" is always one of the top 5 most common verbs alongside others like to be, to go, to come, etc. In Japanese, this ...
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1answer
71 views

How to combine the honourific conjugation and て form?

I was trying to use combined verbs like 忘れてしまう, 連れて行く or 持ってくる with the honourific conjugation お stem になる. What is the correct way to use that conjugation with these types of verbs?
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181 views

When asking if someone wants something. . .

Alright, so when asking if someone wants something do you always use ほしがっています? Specifically, I'm thinking when you're trying to communicate with someone that cannot communicate back what they want. (...
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1answer
129 views

Is 結晶 a verb and a noun?

I've seen it being used as a noun for 'crystals' in a game and it's also been used as a verb in the form of 'Kesshou!(crystallize!)' for a superhero transformation call in Spielban. Is simply saying ...
2
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1answer
70 views

Is the couple 解ける / 溶ける related to the English solve/ dissolve?

I've noticed that 解ける which means 'to be solved' and 溶ける, 'to dissolve' are pronounced the same way. Furthermore the second one can be written using the kanji of the first one. That relation between ...
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106 views

What do these sentences mean? And why are there no verbs at the end?

To be more specific, they have no verb at the end so it kinda seems incomplete. Also, I do know that verbs can modify nouns when placed before them. 自分を世界さえも変えてしまえそうな瞬間は何時も直ぐそばに。 and the second ...