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Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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Difference between 会う and 集まる

I don't know exactly the difference between those two? What are the most commons use for those ones? For example, what are the difference between these sentences? 友達に会った 友達に集まった Thanks in advance!
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「んだって」と「って」どう違いますか。

例えば「彼が結婚してるんだって」と「彼が結婚してるって」どう違いますか。
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Auxiliary verbs in Japanese

What are auxiliary verbs in Japanese language? Which verbs are auxiliary and how to tell which are auxiliaries, and which are normal? It looks like the word です is an auxiliary verb. But why? What ...
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How to use 生かす to express “you'll do your best”?

I have to answer the question "日本には「好きこそものの上手なれ」という 諺 がありますが、どんな意味だと思いますか。" using 生かす and my idea is to answer that if you are interested in something, you'll do your best. I started writing "...
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Trouble with the ambiguous verb 控える

I don't know how to differentiate between these 2 meanings of 控える: 〔止める,見合わせる〕 勝手な発言は控えてください Please refrain from speaking without permission. 〔少なめにする〕塩分を控えなさい Cut down on your intake of ...
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154 views

Verb after な-adjective, is it necessary to complete the sentence?

I read somewhere that 形容動詞 are a special subclass of nouns. Contrarily 形容詞, the い adjectives, are actually a lot more similar to verbs. During the time that I have been learning Japanese language (...
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Meaning of 瞳だけはぶっ飛ばない

Context: in a gym, a boxer attacks another boxer saying that he was provoking him with his eyes. After punching him, he thinks: 瞳だけはぶっ飛ばねーでやんの 甘ちゃんのクセに 人殴って拳が潤わなかったなんて ねーのに…… What is the ...
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Meaning of 掃き溜める

Context: a boxer is telling another one that he is too weak to participate in a tournament. 潰し合いさせられるトーナメントに浮かれてんの出場者ん中でお前だけだぞ?掃き溜められたコトにムカつくけどよ… お前みてェな甘ちゃんと肩並ばされんのはもっとハラが立つ。 Looking in the ...
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What does this 数えてみたら mean?

The following sentence is from this article on NHK Web特集 数えてみたら、息子と一緒に過ごせる時間がとても限られていることに気がつきました。 My attempt at translation: When one tries to count it, they took care that the time shared with ...
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Meaning of しっかり頑張ってこい

I would like to know what しっかり頑張ってこい means and if it has any difference (any extra nuance) with がんばって. Also: Why is こい (command form of くる) used? In which situation do you use this expression?
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Is there a name for verbs written as: Katakana+る?

The number of verbs that have the pattern KATAKANA + る seems to be increasing. Some examples include ググる, ダブる, トラブる, バグる, パニクる, etc. Is there some kind of official name (or even informal name) for ...
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「あまもり」と一段動詞「もれる」

天井などに欠陥があって,あめがふったときなどに,みずがもれだしてくることは「あまもり」といいます.しかし,この語の後半「もり」と関係があるとおもわれる動詞「もれる」は一段活用です.その連用形を名詞としてもちいているのだとすれば「もれ」でなくてはなりません.このことから,かつては,「もれる」とおなじ意味の「もる」という五段動詞があったのではないかとおもいたくなります....
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repeated verb in 雪が降りに降っていました [duplicate]

I have recently encountered this construction: 雪{ゆき}が降{ふ}りに降{ふ}っていました Someone translated it as "The snow was falling in waves." After some research, I discovered similar constructions with ...
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「です」, what is it really? Is my analysis correct?

At an elementary level, often, Japanese learners are taught that です is equivalent to the verb "to be" in English. Typical example: 私は学生です, I am a student. That's fine, after all, it works. And to ...
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1answer
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湿気る is both godan and ichidan. Are there other verbs like this?

I recently noticed in passing that 湿気る is classified as both a godan and an ichidan verb. For example, the past tense could be either: しけった (godan) or しけた  (ichidan). This strikes me as ...
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How do you translate 作ってみたら in 妹がチーズドックを作ってみたら兄がwwww?

It would seem to me the sentence says "little sister makes cheese dokku (whatever that food is) and .. big brother ... ? I can't understand 作ってみたら . Is みたら the tara conditional form of 見る? Is it ...
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Hajiku 弾くversus Hiku 弾く

For my Japanese class we recently went over how to say stuff about playing instruments, but looking online had me confused about how to use a certain couple of verbs. I know that my textbook says ...
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What does “僕の分も君が振ってくれ。” mean?

The title is self explanatory. I don't seem to understand this sentence as a whole. Can somebody please explain this word by word for me? Also what form is "振ってくれ" in? "振る" in this context means "to ...
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What is the meaning of はった when modifying a noun?

I found the following sample sentence in an Anki deck: 食い意地のはった少年は料理を全部たいらげた。 The greedy little child ate all the food. I am wondering what the function of はった is here. The meaning of the ...
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Meaning of 世界観に入り込む in the following sentence

The following sentence is taken from the afterword of the final volume of a manga: そんな風に名残惜しさを感じたり、世界観に入り込んで描くことができたのも、たくさんの人に読んでいただけて、キャラクターや作品が好きだと言ってもらえてものすごい励みになったことが一因だと思います。 I understand the ...
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Why is しっていません a mistake ? [duplicate]

I was told many years ago by a native Japanese speaker that saying 知っていません instead of 知りません was a huge mistake. I would like to know the reason of this fact. Is it because the meaning of the verb 知る ...
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How can one determine the appropriate meaning of 伺う in formal speech?

Is it based on the particle connecting the object of the verb? For example, に/へ伺う to go vs を伺う to ask Is it purely based on the context of the sentence for distinguishing between ...
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1answer
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Meaning of 利く and examples

I would like to know what's the meaning of 利く with this kanji 利. Could you also give me some examples, please? I've searched in kotobank for a difference between 効く (to have effect) and 利く, but I ...
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4answers
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Using だ as a Verb

I was reading through the following blog and came across a particularly interesting example on the use of は and が. The author explains that in the context of a young man pointing at a number of ...
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Can “suru” be also added to japanese verbs?

I thought that "suru" was used with english verbs to create japanese verbs (ie ドライブする) or with japanese nouns to create japanese verbs (ie denwa suru 電話する) Can "suru" be also added to japanese ...
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What does the kana 「し」 do in this phrase?

It comes from the video game title. 過{す}ぎ去{さ}りし時{とき}を求{もと}めて I looked up in online dictionary thinking that it should be a conjugated form of the verb 去る but it is not.
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Can 趣味{しゅみ} be used with a verb?

Can you combine 趣味{しゅみ} with a verb? 趣味{しゅみ}はジョギングをします。 translation: My hobby is jogging. (verb) 趣味{しゅみ}はジョギングです。 translation: My hobby is jogging. (noun)
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How to understand 態度を片付け

私は奥さんの態度をどっちかに片付けてもらいたかったのです。 これも usage of ぎりで in this sentence とおなじで、夏目漱石の「こころ」の一文です。 この「てもらいたかった」はこれによると「てもらいたい」の過去時制だとわかっています。 質問は、 この「てもらいたい」は「てほしい」と同じ意味ですか。 「片付け」は「部屋」や「書類」などに使う語のはずです。いみは「...
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A sentence's meaning

About the sentence 北海道では雪が降っています。 Does it mean: It is snowing in Hokkaido, or It is still going to be snowing in Hokkaido?
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Existence verbs in the Kansai Dialect

In this part of this Wikipedia article, it states In other areas such as Hyogo and Mie, いる /iru/ is hardly used and おる /oru/ does not have the negative usage. What I want to know is, does this ...
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Prohibition in Japanese depending on level of formality

I have learnt two variants for prohibition: -ちゃだめ -ではいけません depending on the level of formality… But does an intermediate form of -じゃいけない or -ではいけない exist as well?
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Direct objects of motion verbs and help with the difference between を and に

まちをぶらぶらあるく。 English translation: Walk aimlessly through town. I understand that aimlessly walk takes the object town and that’s why we use を, but wouldn’t it make more sense to use に as the town is ...
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Why 入った and not 入た past tense

I've learned that ru verbs should drop る and replace it with た. But 入る becomes 入った and I'm not sure why. The same goes for 食べる → 食べた しゃべる → しゃべた Are these irregulars or am I misunderstanding ...
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What is the difference between が and を when using verbs?

In this anime-esque example, which is correct?: 私はあなたが殺す 私はあなたを殺す And why? Because I’ve heard it used with number • 2 • を (wo), but other verbs seem to always use が, for example: 「私はエミリアが好きです」 Is ...
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What's the difference between Hanashimasu vs Hanasundesu? [duplicate]

I've see Hanasundesu being used to talk about "everyone": みんな英語を話すんです (Min'na eigo o hanasu ndesu) Is that how you use it? or they are interchangeable.
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Word select: 食べます?/飲みます?

食べ物の場合は動詞「食べる」を使いますが、飲み物の場合は動詞「飲む」を使います。ところが、食べ物と飲み物をいっしょに出た場合はどの動詞を使いますか。 例①:パンとミルクを...(食べます?/飲みます?)… 例②:コーヒーとりんごを...(食べます?/飲みます?)…
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Two or more verbs modifying a noun

I would like to know about how we deal with two or more verbs modifying a noun. Do we connect the verbs using the TE-form or do we keep them in their original tenses? 激しい雷を伴った昨日から降り続いている雨のせいで、...
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1answer
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Is ょう still one single word/助動詞 in the expression しましょう?

There are some Japanese tokenizers such as Kuromoji. When using the tokenizer on the expression しましょう, it gave the following analysis: Surface form Part-of-Speech Base form Reading ...
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Is it an exception of 「ある」と「いる」の使い分け?

It is a basic grammar that「いる」is used to show the existence of something alive and 「ある」is to show the existence of inanimate object in terms of 存在表現. However, I found some people use "工夫がいる" instead ...
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What form is 超え in 人の理を超え…?

my question is , what does 超え in 人の理を超えその身を保ち生き永らえながら…その全てを搾取支配人を弄ぶことに費やして…何を為そうとした' mean ? Is it a form of 越える? If yes, what form is it (you know, like ~て、~た、~しょう... etc)? I haven't stumbled across ...
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Can somebody give me the right pitch accent for the following verbal forms?

Can somebody give me the right pitch accent for the following verbal forms? As they are verbs, they should all be either accentless or accented on the penultimate syllable (although I am not sure how ...
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Meaning of 欲ばっから and help with the following sentence

Context: Riku, the protagonist boxer of this manga, is fighting against an evasive opponent that is really good at dodging punches and who always tries to win on points rather than KOs. Riku tries to ...
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149 views

対する vs 関する? For to 'relate' meaning

What is the difference between 対する and 関する? For the 'relate' meaning.
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1answer
163 views

Use of でいらっしゃる and でござる

I found a chart listing the plain, polite, honorific, and humble forms of verbs. The chart listed だ →です→でいらっしゃる→でござる with the note “animate only.” I know that だ and です can be used for inanimate ...
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1answer
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名乗るvs名付ける? Differences?

What are the differences? They both seem to be about naming things.
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1answer
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Multiple verbs as noun modifiers

I am trying to say something like "The button labeled 'blue' at the lower right is red." I know that adjectives can be connected together with their て-form. It seems like maybe the the same should ...
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1answer
68 views

non-imperative て ending in a sentence

佐藤:ところで、前田君、すごいよね。今年も優秀社員に選ばれて、ボーナスもアップだっ て。うらやましい~。 ワン:前田さんって、完璧ですね。入社してからトラブルを起こしたことなんて、一回もないんじゃないですか。 佐藤:いや、優秀社員とはいえ、トラブルはあるよ。彼だって最初ワンさんと同じような新人だったから。入社してまだ三年目のときだったかな、...
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1answer
103 views

Help with a few sentences using 許す

I'm currently translating a chapter of a manga (SERVAMP) and I only have a few dialogues left to finish it and while I was helped by someone, some particular lines left us confused and we haven't ...
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1answer
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What does it mean when you add 'おっか' to the stem of a verb? [duplicate]

I've been reading, playing, and watching a lot of Japanese content recently and I keep running into this construction. I feel like I get the gist of it's meaning but I don't know exactly what it means....
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1answer
59 views

Confusion about conditional だと used in article about beetle

I was reading this article and I am not too sure about sentence I came across. 男の子は「... 珍しいカブトムシだとわかってとてもうれしいです」と話していました。 I have a few problem areas here. I read it as: The boy said 'If the beetle ...