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Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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How to translate a line with no apparent main verb

I was trying to translate a song (full lyrics here: https://www5.atwiki.jp/hmiku/sp/pages/39203.html) and this one line confused me, primarily because of its lack of main verb. 過行く時の中 握る手が解けた ...
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0answers
50 views

Correct translation of sentence with できていません [duplicate]

I am confused with the use of できていません in sentence : 明日の宿題のレポートがまだ1枚もできていません When I checked the dictionary it shows that できる means CAN(DO)/ BE ABLE TO while ている is for present progressive so I ...
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1answer
119 views

Characteristics of 'loan word root + る' verbs

This question follows on from these others: What are the principles behind turning foreign language words into verbs? Why are there very few non-する gairaigo verbs in Japanese? Are there words ...
4
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1answer
168 views

Why does this Light Novel title get translated to the past tense?

The title of the light novel is: ひげを[剃]{そ}る。そして女子高生{じょしこうせい}を拾{ひろ}う。 The English translation is: I shaved. Then I brought a high school girl home. I get that not having the past tense in that title ...
4
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2answers
99 views

What conjugation is 熱せられる? [duplicate]

This is a sentence from ねじまき鳥と火曜日の女たち by 村上春樹. スチーム・アイロンの蒸気音とコットンが熱せられる独得の匂いを楽しみながら... 熱する is a "special suru verb". I am assuming 熱せられる is read as ねっせられる. What form of conjugation is this? It ...
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1answer
67 views

Dictionary form of verb as nouns

About verb modify as nouns Normally verb if want to treat as nouns is add こと/物 /の Today learned verb dictionary+に限る Why it is use dictionary form verb instead of stem form From what I learn before ...
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0answers
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What is the meaning and utility of the “Koto” in the end of these five Karate-Do Principles? [duplicate]

The Japanese martial art Karate-Do has five principles on conduct that should be pursued by its practitioners. In all books it comes with the koto at its end, just after the principal verb. I've read ...
2
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1answer
130 views

How would you apologise for not inviting someone to an event?

In English I would say something along the line of 'Sorry! I forgot to invite you to the party'. This would be in conversation to a friend. How would this translate to Japanese? Edit (First post to ...
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0answers
61 views

Understanding this usage of 「〜に変わって」

I am reading a selection from A Japanese Reader and am trying to figure out the meaning of this passage, especially the usage of 「これに変わって」: 古い行事のすべてをそのままに行うことは生活様式が異なってきた今日{こんにち}、無理であろうし、...
4
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1answer
129 views

Difference between 見覚える / 覚える / 思い出す

I saw this sentence in a show 見覚えあるけど and I got confused with the differences between 見覚えある / 見覚える / 覚える / 思い出す? I saw this answer that explained the difference between 覚える and 思い出す but not the rest....
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1answer
97 views

How does 出てます here translate?

Came across this dialogue while reading Japanese writings online. Boy 1: オタクにじみ出てますよ Boy 2: 違うっつってんだろ My Japanese beginner skills would translate it as "Your otaku-ness is bleeding out." But I'm ...
2
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1answer
117 views

Progressive form of movement verbs (or other stative verbs)

This is a fork from the question What's the progressive form of 来る, 帰る and 行く. So the question explained that when ている is conjugated with these movement verbs (or other verbs that are more or ...
5
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1answer
196 views

Is it legitimate to say「意味する」to mean “to mean”?

So like the title asks, I'm wondering if it's legitimate to say 「意味する」 to mean "to mean". I know 意味 is meaning, and I was wondering what the verb version of 'to mean' would be. An example sentence ...
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4answers
148 views

“i form” usage doubt

i've recently bought a japanese scroll, for decoration, with a famous quote from " the last samurai": 吐く息一つにも生命が宿り . but i think this is incorrect: in the film this was part of a speech, and there was ...
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2answers
303 views

Why あります instead of です in this sentence?

In the following sentence (from here), 北海道札幌市の円山動物園に、ミャンマーから来た3頭の象をみんなに見せるための広い場所と建物ができました。[...] 広さは5000m²以上あります。 I would have expected です instead of あります: 広さ = 5000m²以上.
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1answer
75 views

Following a train of thought

I was listening to an English conversation yesterday and had a question. The speaker was having a conversation, and then suddenly made a comment that didn't seem to relate to the previous topic. I ...
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2answers
191 views

What is the etymology of モテる?

Where does モテ come from? モテる to be popular with opposite sex.
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1answer
190 views

Meaning of 前を歩いてた人

Context: in the manga りくどう, a girl named Naeshiro is thinking over the friendship between her boyfriend Riku and a boy named Mihara. Both of them are boxers, but Mihara is older than Riku and is ...
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2answers
159 views

Is there a rough variant of 飲む{のむ}?

Just as there are so-called rough synonyms for 食べる{たべる}, namely, 食う{くう}, 食らう{くらう} and 食む{はむ}, to represent eating with different nuance, are there any known variants of 飲む{のむ} for drinking?
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0answers
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Sleeping verbs and まで vs までに

So I was wondering, pretty much all of the sleep related verbs switch meaning with まで and までに. Was it always like that? Or was there a time when 8時まで寝る meant "going to bed at 8"? Or take the even ...
7
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1answer
414 views

How would you say “I like to go bowling” and other suru verbs?

I would like to learn how to say "I like to go bowling" rather than "I like bowling." That is, I want to emphasize that I like to do it, rather than that I like the sport in general. I believe 「...
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1answer
93 views

Can「確立する」function as an intransitive verb?

Was casually browsing through the Wikipedia page on modern Japanese literature and came across this line that has been bugging me for a bit. For context, I've included a bit of the beginning of the ...
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2answers
122 views

Meaning of the construction ~て〇〇年/〇〇か月になります

I saw the construction ~て〇〇年/〇〇か月になります and it looks strange to me. Here is my question: does this construction mean that the action continues until now? For example: この 会社に 入って 10 年に なります。 My ...
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3answers
177 views

Meaning of 寒くなる vs. 寒くなっています

Today it crossed my mind how I could translate this, and some confusion arose with the verbal forms to use. If I wanted to say "I got cold", I would say 寒くなった However, for "I'm getting cold", I ...
3
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2answers
115 views

Difference between 泊まる and 留まる [duplicate]

I'm just studying Japanese, and i know that 泊まる is like you Staying a night like hotel / some place that temporary , but i just found 留まる is also meaning stay/staying too in Basic Kanji book , but i ...
2
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2answers
115 views

Confused on verb conjuation U-verbs ru-verbs or godan ones?

I am doing japaneese N5 lessons for second time and I get REALLY confused. As far as I know there are 3 categories of verbs: Irregular verbs Ichidan verbs Godan verbs But the sensei tells us that ...
2
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1answer
65 views

Verb form before そうです

今、新しい仕事を探しているみたいですよ。奥さんとも離婚するそうですよ。 I'd say 離婚しているそうですよ. Why is the form する used here? If he has already got divorced, perhaps, it's better to say 離婚したそうですよ. Does this make sense?
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1answer
187 views

Meaning of「残るは」in a sentence

Came across this sentence in a memoir and I have a grammar question about it. For context, a person is thinking about someone sleeping nearby: さっき声をかけてきたヤツは当分寝ないだろ。残るは寝ているか寝ていないかわからない隣の隣。 ...
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1answer
78 views

What is grammar of strange form of やめる verb like “やめたくなったら”?

I found the word やめたくなったら. I think it's a conditional past form of やめる. Or maybe it's やめた conjugated with なったら (conditional form of なる). But the く in the middle distracts me: I can't find this form in ...
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1answer
77 views

乗り換え verbal noun does not take -する, instead 乗り換える?

Is anyone able to explain why the verbal noun 乗り換え does not take -suru, but instead becomes 乗り換える? Cheers, Luke
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2answers
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彼は瞳をキラキラさせながら言った。

I think that it is "He said with shining eyes", but what a word "させ"? Why "させ+ながら"? Why not "しながら"?
4
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1answer
203 views

How to say “to work for”

I would like to say "I work for" company X. I have found two ways of saying that: 仕える -> company-name に仕える 勤める -> company-name に勤める But I can't find which one is correct or where to correctly use ...
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1answer
150 views

Why are there very few non-する gairaigo verbs in Japanese?

I can think of many gairaigo noun + する verbs in Japanese, like ゴルフする, but I can think of only a handful of non-する verbs in Japanese, such as ググる (mentioned in Are there words which consist of katakana ...
4
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1answer
99 views

How to write a sentence with several verbs associated to different objects?

I have searched the internet for help on using several verbs in one sentence when they are connected with different objects and performed by different people, but every search comes back with an ...
4
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1answer
117 views

「を」Vてある - Typo or actual construction?

Seen in the introduction to a book entitled 日本語文法ハンドブック, so it would greatly surprise me if it's a typo. Each section in the book is broken into parts and one is entitled "これだけは", being described ...
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1answer
98 views

When I need to say “I develop software” in Japanese which verb is the appropriate one?

I want to say "I develop software" in Japanese so I thought that I should use the verb する. But I can also say "I write software" and use the verb かく. So which of the following sentences is the correct ...
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0answers
72 views

How to wear clothes? [duplicate]

There are several Japanese verbs for 'to wear', depending on the kind of clothes. What if one wears several? What is 'wear' if 'I wear a shirt, pants, glasses and a hat'? Does one of かぶる, 着る, 履く and ...
5
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1answer
128 views

The particle へ in 山へ面している

tl;dr: Should へ be replaced with に here? I was reading Imabi and found the following example: 小屋は山へ面している。 As far as I know, へ is used with motion verbs especially when transition from one (...
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1answer
99 views

Use of 当たる in this sentence

Character A and B (A's coach) discuss C (A's opponent), who is known for having an amazing defense. Then C joins in and positively talks with B about A's potential. Then C drops this line: ...
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2answers
156 views

Metaphorical meaning of 買う

Context: in the manga Rikudou, Riku follows his trainer risky instructions in order to win (the trainer had told him to take a lot of punches in order to understand his opponent's fighting style). ...
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1answer
141 views

Unsure of meaning for sentence found in article about an automatic train test

I'm reading this article and there is a sentence towards the end that looks like this 自動で走る電車の研究は、JR東日本が将来働く人が足りなくなると考えて始めました I'm not entirely sure about the meaning of this sentence as I could ...
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1answer
138 views

Why we should use “を” instead of “に” when talking about a place?

I have a question regarding this sentence: かのじょといっしょにこうえんをさんぽします。 If the "を" marks a direct object of a sentance, why we use it the way it looks above. Could we use here "に" instead of "を"? ...
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2answers
110 views

Verb woes; two or three questions

I'm working on a translation and there's this one line I can get through but can't get a handle on. こんなヤツに負けおって いままで何のために練習 してきたと思っておる! Problem 1 is that I can't figure out if this is one sentence ...
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1answer
110 views

Grammaticality of two kanji verbs without their conjugating part

A friend told me he's going to get a tattoo with "頑張". 頑張 doesn't exist on the dictionary without its -る conjugating part, so is it grammatically correct using it alone, as if it was a noun? Does it ...
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1answer
80 views

Can an adjective come after a verb?

I was trying to say "I write slow". I figured it would be: おそい(が)かく。 But a native speaker didn't understand me and said it was: かくのがおそい。 Now I understand how の after a verb makes it a noun, ...
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1answer
85 views

Difference between “じゃない” and “ない”

I would like to ask what is the difference between "じゃない" and "ない"? I know that "ない" is an i-adjective (info from dictionary). But we have a sentence for example: 近くも遠くもないです。 Can we say: ...
0
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1answer
96 views

Verb past tense [duplicate]

Why do some past tense ru verbs conjugate with た(食べた) and others with った(帰った)?
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2answers
66 views

What is the correct verb for “packing up?”

I am not sure what verb I would use for "packing up" (e.g. Packing clothes into a suitcase). Would I use the verb 詰める {つめる}, which is "to stuff into?"
6
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1answer
145 views

What does te form of verbs mean in these two sentences?

犬は雪の中を走ってボールを取りに行く。 時間がありまして、映画を見ました。 Are the grammar in these two the same? If yes, why is there a comma in the second one and not in the first one?
1
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1answer
117 views

Difference between 会う and 集まる

I don't know exactly the difference between those two? What are the most commons use for those ones? For example, what are the difference between these sentences? 友達に会った 友達に集まった