Questions tagged [words]

言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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2
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1answer
74 views

Is there any difference in meaning between 野外 and 屋外?

In the sense of “outdoors,” is there any difference in meaning between 野外 and 屋外? Neither Nelson’s character dictionary nor Jisho.org indicate any obvious difference beyond the following second ...
3
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1answer
86 views

Differences in use between 水蒸気, 蒸気 and 湯気?

So from my dictionary 蒸気 means steam, and 水蒸気/湯気 both mean water vapor. What I would like to understand is when is 水蒸気 used over 湯気 ?
2
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1answer
254 views

What does ちらっ mean?

My Japanese friend sent me a picture of a cat peeking around a corner and the hiragana says either ちらっ or ちらつ. I’m guessing it means peek-a-boo from the context. What does it mean and is it chiratsu ...
3
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1answer
110 views

What is the difference between 祖先 and 先祖?

From my dictionary, both mean ancestor so I am wondering about what is the difference between them. Is the difference in politeness ? For example [息子]{musuko} and [子息]{shisoku} both mean son, but the ...
2
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1answer
93 views

What does カピカ mean?

I can't find this word in a dictionary. It appears on a bag of rice I bought. The sentence is: カピカ仕上げで、丁寧に磨いたきれいなお米です。 Is it a contraction of カピカピ, describing how the rice is dried out?
1
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1answer
116 views

Is there a diffrence between saying “盗み聞き” and “盗み聞きとは?”

I know that "盗み聞き" would be "Eavesdrop" or "Eavesdropping," but I wasn't sure if the addition of "とは" modified the word in some way or if it perhaps just indicated something about the wording. Edit: ...
2
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2answers
136 views

「しまう」 as standalone words in dialogue and description, in quotes

In the story I'm reading the author use 「しまう」 as isolated word, in quotes: 中学一年の姉は、今シェイクスピアに凝っている。最初は日本語訳を片っ端から『しまって』いたが、だんだんそれではあきたらなくなり、最近ではついにオリジナルで『しまい』始めたのだ 光紀{みつのり}は順調に日本の古曲を『しまえる』ようになると、...
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0answers
24 views

this 強くあるために meaning [duplicate]

I found 強くあるために in this song http://www.kasi-time.com/item-21360.html and http://j-lyric.net/artist/a00968f/l00381a.html I'm a bit sure that it means "to be strong" Is 強くある same with 強くなる ?
2
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1answer
158 views

How have writers in English spelled うん?

I write fanfiction, some of it based on anime. There is the Japanese word うん, used to casually indicate agreement, very familiar to anyone who pays attention to the audio in subtitled works. I am ...
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1answer
81 views

What is the meaning of “MiN” in the context of a japanese web novel which is using gaming terminology? [closed]

I'm reading a japanese web novel on the website Syosetu and a term popped up which i can't figure out. The original paragraph where it appears is as follows: HP 120 (14UP) MP 122 (15 UP) ViT 118 (...
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1answer
114 views

思い過ごせばいい - Actual meaning?

In the first opening of One Piece titled "We are", there's a section that goes 「個人的な嵐は誰かのバイオリズム乗っかって思い過ごせばいい!」. Upon some googling, I found following explanation: 個人的な悩みは誰かの生きていく上で繰り返す感情の変化、...
0
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1answer
258 views

What does 「アニメ」 mean in this context?

I know 「アニメ」 as short for 「アニメーション」, meaning an animated film/cartoon; I tried on Jisho and Weblio, but I couldn't find any other meaning. Yet I found these senteces, which I'm not sure about by ...
5
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1answer
513 views

The meaning of 四五町ほど(隔たる)

While reading Ryūnosuke Akutagawa's "In a Grove," I came across the sentence; 「山科の駅路からは、四五町ほど隔たって居りましょう。」山科 I understand to be a place and everything else is understandable for me other than 四五町. ...
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1answer
52 views

Is there a difference between 新年の抱負 and 年頭の誓い?

I looked up on jisho.org a translation for 'new year's resolution' and it gave me two entries: 新{しん}年{ねん}の抱{ほう}負{ふ} and 年{ねん}頭{とう}の誓{ちが}い. The only difference given on the site is that the latter one ...
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3answers
114 views

Why are there so many words that mean the same? [closed]

I thought Japanese was difficult because of the grammar and all the kanji, but the real hard part is actually vocabulary. All words sound the same, or they literally ARE the same, or they become the ...
10
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1answer
453 views

Can “響く” have the meaning of “to come (home); to remain (with someone)”?

I looked up 響{ひび}く on jisho.org, where I found the meaning "to come (home); to remain (with someone)" under definition 3. I was curious and checked a few monolingual online dictionaries, but none of ...
3
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1answer
331 views

Dog Adoption Vocab

One of the joys of taking my dog for a walk here in Japan is the wealth of opportunities for small talk with my fellow dog walkers. However, I find I'm lacking on puppy vocabulary.... この子は神経質【しんけいしつ】...
4
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1answer
382 views

Wordplay - which is quite difficult for me because of the homophones, where is the joke?

I've recently been reading a novel in which there happens to be some pretty crazy wordplays, which I can't really grasp the meaning of. Maybe one of you has a clue or can give me a suggestion on how ...
1
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1answer
119 views

What does the word 「ものかねえ」mean?

The word comes from the below sentence which is said by a frightened boxer who was going to box with his very strong opponent. なんとか打たれずしてすんなり負ける方法はないものかねえ!
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0answers
116 views

Does 逆さまにする ever mean rotation on the Y-axis? a twist?

I've thought さかさま to mean to rotate 180" over the X-axis. In dictionaries, I see the definition "to invert, upside down; to flip" ok. But "to reverse, back to front" is also included in some ...
2
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1answer
195 views

'I'm happy/sorry/grateful that…" (thanks for…/happy to hear that…)

I'm new here so if a similar question have been asked before then feel free to delete the thread. I need some help with this "seemingly" easy phrasing. What kind of grammar pattern goes before words ...
2
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1answer
63 views

What does おくびにも出さず in this sentence?

I'm trying to figure out what does the おくび mean in the following sentence: 私の汚れたところを、おくびにも出さず、綺麗にしてくれる人 For context, a character is thanking another person for helping them out after they've puked. ...
4
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1answer
374 views

「和む」is a common word?

「[和む]{なごむ}」is a word that you can hear in everyday conversation? Or just in poems or songs?
4
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1answer
393 views

What does the word 「ちゃらくさい」mean?

It comes from the following sentence which is spoken by a boy who normally uses Tokyo dialect. おれもだあ! おれもヘッドギャなんてちゃらくさいもんはいらんっ グローブも体重に関係なくいちばんでっかい十二オンスだ
2
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1answer
111 views

Why 「と」 in 「行為と受け取り」? (And 「洞察」)

Same short story, another sentence I kinda get (maybe), but I'm missing something: 親子関係に見て取れぬでもないその二人は、トーマス井口が店の中に入ってきた途端に揃ってガッと目を剥き、信来の客の容貌をしげしげと観察し出した。極端な度合いの非礼洞察行為と受け取りはしたものの、トーマス井口は意に介さず、...
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1answer
137 views

Why are these adverbs being used?

I was reading this section of an n2 book この地方のスキー場はコースの大部分は整備されており、滑りにくいということはあまりありません。ただし、風が強く、せっかく降った雪も積もるか積もらないかのうちに飛ばされてしまうことが多いです。 And a few doubts came to me: 1)Why is せっかく being used here? ...
2
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1answer
122 views

Meaning of 見て取れぬでもない and 揃って

I'm trying to understand the grammar behind this sentences: 親子関係に見て取れぬでもないその二人は、トーマス井口が店の中に入ってきた途端に揃ってガッと目を剥き、信来の客の容貌をしげしげと観察し出した I think I got the gist of it: The two people inside the store ...
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0answers
46 views

What is the antonym of 丁寧語? either “dictionary form” or “conversational form” of a verb? [duplicate]

食べます、飲みます、読みます are the _ 丁寧語 _ forms of 食べる、飲む、読む。 But, how do I call the "forms" for 食べる、飲む、読む? 食べる、飲む、読む are the _ ??? _ forms of 食べます、飲みます、読みます。 I think of 食べる、飲む、読む as being the dictionary form ...
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1answer
96 views

What are「熄み」's etymology and meaning

「熄み」appears in a song「インフェルノ」 照らすは闇 僕らは歩き慣れてきた日々も淘汰 夢は安泰な暮らしだが 刺激不足故にタラタラ 照らすは熄み 僕らの歩き慣れていた道はどこだ 時はたまに癪だが 温もりに包まれ只 It is pronounced やみ in the song, the same as 闇. I have never seen this word ...
14
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1answer
209 views

Did the Japanese have a concept of “Asia” apart from the Eurocentric definition?

Japan had contact with China, India and the Mongols, among others. Is there a term they used for Asia (in the sense of "land mass where China is" or such) before "アジア"?
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1answer
71 views

What would 箆深い (のぶかい) mean?

While 深い (ふかい) means "profound; deep; dense", 箆 (へら, の), as a noun, means "spatula; arrow shaft" in japanese and, originally, "fine-toothed comb" in chinese. This word is used adverbially in this ...
1
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1answer
80 views

Meaning and origin of 「退がる」

I was reading a manga and a character said: 今宵はここまでだ 下がって良いぞ After they noticed that the person they were talking to didn't move, they said: おい 余は退がれと 言ったのだ That's why I'm guessing 退がる ...
2
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0answers
157 views

What is the point of 一名 in this sentence?

(Taken from ジョジョ6部) 「女性受刑者が一名頭部を砕かれ変死をとげたというのに…」 I don't really get the point behind 「一名」in this sentence. My guess is that the sentence (badly) translates to something like: "And although one/a ...
3
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1answer
112 views

Does わけ as in わけではない and わけがない genuinely mean “reason” or actually means "translation/interpretation?

I've been struggling with the word わけ which is taught as meaning reason, but I am not convinced "reason" is its true meaning because it doesn't make sense, especially with the the expression わけがない, ...
4
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1answer
152 views

Understanding めちゃくちゃ and 内容 in this sentence

I saw this sentence on twitter and kind of cannot wrap my head around its meaning... 「男性陣の内容ないのにめちゃくちゃ盛り上がれるの憧れる」 I suppose that 「男性陣」 refers to the males of a certain group; however in connection ...
3
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1answer
71 views

Couple of questions about a passage

I was practicing the jlpt n3 audios and found the next passage: 男:山口さん、帰らなくていいんですか。6時までに「みなと市民ホール」に行くって言ってたじゃないですか。 女:市民ホールはみなと駅でしたよね。ここからは電車で二つ目ですから、まだ大丈夫ですよ 1)Why is it saying "Is it okay if you ...
4
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2answers
122 views

Disambiguation of 大抵

I am having problems with when to understand 大抵 as: a) 事柄のあらまし。だいたいのようす。また、全体のうちの大部分。おおよそ。おおかた。(https://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/word/大抵/#jn-133918) (or as defined in Apple's dictionary) 全体の中の大部分のもの。...
13
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1answer
1k views

Is 忍者/忍び also used for women?

I was discussing with a friend, who asked me if 忍者 is also used for women, or if くノ一 is used/preferred. I know 者 means "person", so it seems to be neutral; and Weblio defines the word using 者, which ...
1
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1answer
95 views

What is the difference between 初めは and 初めに?

What is the difference between 初めは and 初めに? I see that both mean "at first," but it seems like the phrases are not interchangeable. Thank you for your explanation!
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1answer
106 views

Opposite of 座ります [closed]

Is there an "opposite" of 座ります?
4
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1answer
209 views

How was the Pacific Ocean named in Japan before Magellan?

The word 太平洋{たいへいよう} can be translated literally as "peaceful ocean" as somebody noticed in the question Oceans ー Thick or Big?. But, as far as I know, the name was invented by Ferdinand Magellan: ...
2
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1answer
129 views

Last Minute + Studying/Questions etc

In English "last minute" is a pretty common phrase, but I am having a hard time finding a parallel in Japanese. I want to say things like Any last minute questions? I am doing some last minute ...
3
votes
2answers
246 views

Does 日本茶 ''mean'' green tea?

I was having a discussion with a Japanese friend and she said that the word 日本茶 ''means'' green tea. I have put the word ''means'' in brackets for emphasis. I replied that surely 日本茶 means Japanese ...
11
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2answers
983 views

The French language, furansugo vs futsugo

I've always used ''furansugo'' to express the French language. But I've noticed another word, namely ''futsugo'' which also means French. My guess is that ''furansugo'' is used in normal speech ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

Special meaning of 洋彫り vs (入れ墨 and タトゥー)?

洋彫り、 入れ墨、 タトゥー are 3 different ways to say "tattoo" with different nuance. I understand the specialness of 入れ墨 to Japanese history and culture. Because of the katakana, of course "タトゥー" means the ...
0
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2answers
145 views

Meaning of “Quantity下一桁2”

What does 下一桁2 mean? In context, it is referring to some quantity and seems to mean under half, but not too low. In this usage, why is ichi in kanji while 2 is a numeral? Can I replace the numbers ...
2
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1answer
461 views

Native Japanese vocabulary, pure Wago/Yamato Kotoba

Can you still speak Japanese while avoiding to use most Chinese loan words? The native portion of the Japanese language is called Yamato Kotoba or Wago, but how fluent could you still be without the ...
4
votes
1answer
180 views

湿度 as “humidity” in general

I'm using materials I found on the Internet to learn grammar points. This source includes examples, which is really nice, but I reckon there are many mistakes - mostly typos, but sometimes worse. What ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Can “genki desu ka” also mean “Am I well?”

I learnt that how are you is “genki” or “o genki des ka”, but there is no anata, so how do you know that that’s not “Am I well?”. In other words how do you distinguish 1., 2., and 3. person when no ...
12
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2answers
3k views

Is the ''yoi'' meaning ''ready'' when doing karate the same as the ''yoi'' which means nice/good?

When doing karate years ago the sensei would use the word ''yoi'' to instruct the students to take a ready/prepared stance. I didn't speak any Japanese then but I remember the word. Now I'm learning ...