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副詞. Words that typically modify 用言 (words that inflect and function as predicators, such as verbs and adjectives). However, 副詞 also modify other constituents, including other adverbs, nouns (under limited circumstances), and even entire sentences.

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How do adverbs change when changing くれる to もらう?

Consider the following part of a sentence: 親切に教えてくれた。 Here, the subject of the sentence is the person who is the "giver". Furthermore, "親切に" is like an adverb for 教えてくれた. In English, a potential ...
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What is the correct pronunciation of 唯一

For the word (or composition of two words): 唯一, sometimes also written as: 唯一つ, Two possible pronunciations come to my mind: ゆいいつ [yuiitsu] -onyomi and ただ ひとつ [tada hitotsu] -kunyomi Which one is ...
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「ずいぶん」と「ずいぶんと」の違い

「ずいぶん」と「ずいぶんと」の違いは何ですか。 例)「まだずいぶんと時間があります。」 この例の文章で「ずいぶん」も使ってもいいですか。または、これが正しくないですか。 よろしくお願いします。
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Does anyone knows the meaning of “モゾリと”?

An example of where it was found: 慌てて口元を塞ぎながら、部屋の中でモゾリと動いていた影に、慌てて蹴りを入れる。
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What is the meaning of adjectives ending in 〜く?

I understand that the following words are adjectives: 早{はや}い early/fast 近{ちか}い close/near すごい awesome/great However I’m unsure how to use the forms ending in 〜く such as: 早{はや}く ...
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147 views

決して~ない vs まったく~ない

What is the difference between 決して~ない and まったく~ない?
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85 views

Adverb Word Choice

I was writing the following message to an exchange friend and I struggled to find adverbs to pair with the verb 遊ぶ, and now I'm wondering a broader question about adverbs in general: 兄はカリフォるニアから来ました。...
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190 views

difference among もちろん、きっと、必ず、ぜひ

もちろん、きっと、必ず、ぜひ。 どうやって区別しますか? ところで、似たような言葉がありますか。教えてください。よろしくお願いしますm(_ _)m
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171 views

How to apply more than one adverb to a verb

無料か安いお金で食べることができます。 You can eat for free or with cheap money/cheaply. I'm finding 安いお金 a bit strange. If I wanted to say "You can eat for free", I'd write: 無料で食べることができます。 If I wanted to say "...
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Meaning of 真っ直ぐ向き合う

In a manga, a girl is thinking about the boxing career of his boyfriend, who has recently won a match against a well-known boxer: 何となく思うんだけど、今のリクはボクシングに[真]{ま}っすぐ[向]{む}き[合]{あ}わなくちゃいけない気がするの… I ...
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170 views

What's the difference between an adjective's adverbial form and continuative form?

http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/complete/adverbs http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/complete/verb_sequences <-also covers adjectives Following Tae Kim's guide, those two forms of 青黒い are ...
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How to interpret 全然 + positive adjective + とは思わない

As explained in this question, I know that 全然 used with positive adjective means "completely, entirely", while when it is used with negative adjectives/verbs it means "not at all, absolutely not". ...
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124 views

Can we turn nouns into adverb by adding に? [duplicate]

"しかし、期待を胸に中学校に赴任すると、理想と現実は大きくかけ離れていました。" "加藤さんは大切な手紙を手に再び「パナマ」へ向かいます。" "彼女は手紙を手に、階下へ降りてきた。" Is に turning these nouns into adverbs ?
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Understanding きれいに見えるように

Regarding children performing the tea ceremony for their mothers: 子どもたちは茶わんがきれいに見えるように回して、お母さんの前にお茶を置きました。 The children rotated the cup so that it looked pretty/clean and placed the tea in front ...
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How does 甘く work in this sentence?

お汁粉は、甘く{あまく}煮た小豆の汁に餅などを入れた温かい食べ物です。 Oshiruko is a hot food with a rice cake in a sweetly boiled adzuki bean broth. I think I must be misunderstanding how 甘く is used here, since you can't boil ...
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148 views

“時のように” versus “ように”

佐々:「それなら、もう一つお前に聞くが、お前の願いを聞いてやったら、お前たちはすぐに殺される。父の顔を見ることはできないが、それでもいいか。」 いち:「それで、結構でございます。」 いちは、冷たく静かに答えたが、何か心に浮かんだらしく、すぐその後に いち:「『お上』のなさることに間違いはございませんでしょうから。」 佐々は突然冷たい水を浴びせられた時のように、...
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A bit confused with と in ひょっこりと

彼女は今になって到着し、廊下からひょっこりと顔を出す。 This と looks like it comes from the word behind, so ひょっこり but when looking at a dictionary I found that ひょっこり is not an adjective which can take と. Why is と placed after ...
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120 views

Can 若干 (Jakkan) be used as a substitute for 少し?

As I understand it 若干 means 'some'. Can it be used the to substitute 少し when not talking about the specific quantity of more or less but using it as a vague descriptor like 'some'? 若干問題があった vs ...
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Is に forming an adverb in the following sentence? Or is it just a preposition?

Context: a person is describing the punches of a boxer. 顔面ノーガードにスウェーから変則的な角度とリズムで放たれる拳。 Is に making an adverb of 顔面ノーガード? Or does it indicates that the boxer is throwing a punch to an opponent ...
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How to say “many” in “There are many wheat fields” in Japanese? (たくさん or いっぱい?)

I am writing a short descriptive text and I would like to write "There are many wheat fields". Is it better to say 「たくさんの麦畑があります。」or 「麦畑がいっぱいあります。」?
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Meaning of 果たして?

果たして、遺産を独り占めするためだけに、それだけのことを兄さんがやってのけるのか、わしも確信は持てん。 I'll translate it roughly as "I don't think he will go that far just to have the inheritance for himself." However, I don't understand the 果たして ...
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Reduplication and words form

Does 態々 derived from 態と? And does 態と derived from waza 「業 」and case-marking particle 「と」?
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Does 多分 carry a degree of certainty equal to or greater than 50%?

Purely speculating from the kanji, one could quite naturally think that 多分, being "many parts", could lean towards a likelihood greater than 50% that something will happen. I always thought as 多分 ...
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ではなく(て) with Adjectives/Adverbs

From this question I found the following sentence: 彼は壁を赤くではなく青く塗った I was wondering specifically about 赤く+ではなく. Does ではなく just attach regardless? The question described ではなくas だ+は+ない using their ...
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How do you say “a little like…”

If I wanted to say something like "He looks like his brother," I might say 「彼はお兄さんみたいです。」or 「彼はお兄さんのようです。」 But what if I wanted to say that he looks "a little" like his brother? Would I simply add a ...
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Questions about 話 and <副動詞>の

The following exchange occurs in Volume 3, Chapter 51 of the manga ReLife. The sequence of events is: A girl told a guy that she saw him a year or two ago and it was love at first sight. She ...
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the different adverbia between 'mousugu', 'mamonaku', and sorosoro

what the different meaning between 'mousugu', 'mamonaku', and sorosoro, in english means 'soon' ?
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The meaning of やっと

I read in some sentences やっと has several meanings like 'finally, & just'. I'm curious about the differences between them. Because when I substitute the sentence that have 'finally' meaning with '...
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Confusion about usage of ordinal numbers

I came across this sentence: 船に乗るのは二回目だ It was an example sentence in a Japanese children's book for learning Kanji, so there's not any context. Because of 目 I took it to mean "this is the second ...
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I don't understand the meaning of しばらく in this sentence

I was reading a story and I found this sentence (in the previous part of the text the author wrote that a taxi driver had found someone and he had picked him up): ところが、しばらく走っているうちに、車の中がなんとなく寒くなってきた。 ...
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I'm confused about the use of the adverb in this sentence

I was reading a story when I found this sentence: 「そしてその後部座席は水に冷たく濡れていたのである。」 Why did the author use the adverb 冷たく? When I translate can I just skip it?
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is 丁度 only a suffix?

三時ちょうどで = at 3 o'clock sharp 百円ちょうどだ = its exactly 100 yen I get this sort of usage for 丁度、but if I want to refer to the exactness of something, how would I do that? eg. 丁度じゃなくてもいいですよ Its fine if ...
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difference between しきりに or しきりと?

While looking up the meaning of 頻繁{ひんぱん}, I happened to notice that one of the definitions quoted by デジタル大辞泉 states: しきりに行われること However, there's also an entry for しきりと (same しきり as the first, I ...
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191 views

Difference between すぐに and すぐさま

Can anyone please tell me the exact difference between すぐに and すぐさま?
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129 views

Is there a universal (regardless of the context) way to say “already”?

JMDict lists several words for already marked as common: もう 既に 最早 早 先刻 疾っくに 兼ねて Is there any difference between all these "already" words, and is there among them a "...
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What is the differences between とうとう and ついに? ついに、とうとう違う [duplicate]

I was reading from japanese language forum to find the differences between とうとうandついに They give this examples: とうとう誰も来なかった。 ついに誰も来なかった。 Both とうとうand ついにcan be used in that sentence, but the forum ...
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Do the adverbial forms of verbs and nouns exist?

I know there are adverbial forms of: adjectives (Adj), 形容詞{けいようし} (連用形{れんようけい} - 早い→早く); adjectival nouns (AdjN), 形容動詞{けいようどうし} (連用形{れんようけい} - 上手だ→上手に). Are there adverbial forms of nouns (名詞{...
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Can the declarative of だ、です、etc, be used with adverbs?

Can you use adverbs with declarative clauses? You know, when you complete a clause with い-adjective or a noun and だ、or です particle? Can they take adverbs? Examples: 彼がとても元気ですね? (He's quite lively, ...
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119 views

On なる and Adverbs

I'm a beginner learner, just learnt about なる and I'm curious about なる vs other verbs when it comes to adverbs. When using an adverb like 早く on a verb, it modifies the action or manner of the verb. ...
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251 views

What is the difference between 常に、いつも、始終、しょっちゅう?

What is the difference between 常に、いつも、始終、しょっちゅう? Is it hard to know their differences? Is there any words that also have the same meaning?
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What does どれも mean in this particular context?

I'm reading a novel and I'm wondering what どれも means in this context -- 椿台には、そこに住まう民が生前崇めていた神仏を祀った神殿がいくつも建てられているが、どれも現世での信仰を持ちこんだものであった。 For context; 椿台 is a place in the afterlife in this story, ...
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Meaning of 素直に甘える in the following sentence

Context: a person is trying to convince another that having other people worry about you is a good thing. 『心配』って『勝手にさせておけばいい』ものらしいよ。してくれる人がいる時はただ素直に甘えちゃえばいいんだって。 My attempt: "Worrying" is like "...
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287 views

What's the difference between 「ゆっくりと…」and 「ゆっくりとして…」?

Is there any difference in meaning? When would you use 「~として」 instead of 「~と」? I have already looked here for usage regarding「~と」.
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236 views

What kind of words can be used with とうとう、ついに、やっと、ようやく、いよいよ?

I'm currently studying more about とうとう、やっと、ついに、ようやく。Beside the same meaning 'finally', how about kind of words that can be used together with them? How about their structure? Like ます形、る形、られる、い形容詞、...
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262 views

Turning ~たい into an adverb (~たく)

It's possible to turn a verb into an adjective meaning 'want to...' したい, 食べたい or 飲みたい, but is there any situation where it makes sense to conjugate it as an adverb for words other than ~たくない? For ...
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251 views

What is the difference between 「なく」 and 「なしに」?

I know there is an adjective 「関係ない」 which is basically a noun + ない, but I recently came across 「なしに」 in this sentence : 準備なしに発表した。 And I noticed that the に in なしに was making it act like an adverb. ...
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139 views

Word order and emphasis with たくさん

Genki (second edition) gives the following example sentences using たくさん, but doesn't explain any distinction regarding word order: 私は京都で {写真をたくさん / たくさん写真を} 撮りました。 I took many pictures in Kyoto. and ...
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Meaning and usage of やっぱり (矢っ張り)

I got "As expected" is the meaning of this word from Google Translate (is it correct?) and I guess this word is used in casual conversation (what is the polite version?). I would like to know it's ...
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334 views

Difference between 普段 and 通常

What are the differences in use between 普段 and 通常? I'd written カラオケもですね?通常どんな曲を歌いますか? which was then corrected to カラオケもですね?普段どんな曲を歌いますか? What is the general distinction?
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199 views

What is the meaning of ついクセ in this sentence?

I cannot find a translation of the word (or phrase) ついクセ in the following sentence. 引越してきてからも ついクセで 東京のぶんの天気予報まで見てしまいます My best guess would be that つい comes from 付く and クセ is 癖 so that the word ...