Questions tagged [adverbs]

副詞. Words that typically modify 用言 (words that inflect and function as predicators, such as verbs and adjectives). However, 副詞 also modify other constituents, including other adverbs, nouns (under limited circumstances), and even entire sentences.

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79 views

Does かえって処理 mean “altered process”

The following text is taken out of a novel. 「お人好しもいいですけど、hIE (インターフェース) が動いているところに手を出したら、かえって処理に負荷をかけますよ」 Kengo knew his computers and machines, though. “Best not interfere when an Interfacer is ...
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Reason for と particle after adverb さっき in sentence about something previously mentioned

I came across this sentence and I believe I understand what it is saying, but I don't understand why there is a と particle being used after さっき. Why is it not just さっき言ってる? As there is nothing that ...
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What does なんと mean here? [duplicate]

I'm reading this introduction to mahjong, and found this use of なんと I cannot match to anything in Daijisen. 1回目のツモがまったく関係ない西で、そこでローワンをアンカンしたら、なんとリンシャンからイーソウをツモ。 As I understand it, the line means ...
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The meaning of と in 未来の国からはるばると

未来の国からはるばると This is the name of the first chapter of "Doraemon" (1). What is the function of と in this case? Apparently, it's not for quoting, and it doesn't seems to mean "if/when," "with" or "...
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How are adverbs listed?

I know that nounss are listed with words like と, や, とか, and かつ, adjectives are listed with て-forms or the particle で, and that verbs and clauses are listed with the ます-stem, て-forms, and し. However, I ...
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なにも…良かったんじゃないのか? in this sentence [duplicate]

mc misread the time and thought he was late so he ran as fast as possible to school even though he had plenty of time. His friend makes fun of his frantic behavior as he entered まだ本鈴まで5分あるんだから、...
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Is there a rule to determine whether or not 「に」 should be attached after 「まま 」?

In the example sentences of my textbook for the grammar 〜まま, it is used either with 「に」 (①) or without 「に」 (②,③): In the case of ②, I understand that 「に」 is not necessary as まま is not acting as an ...
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Meaning of 全数 when talking about frequency

In an article about quality control, I found the following expression: 検査頻度: 全数 I read in the dictionary that 全数 means "total, complete". Since we are talking about frequency, I thought it could ...
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Relationship between temporal/adverbial nouns modified by relative clauses with verbs

I came across with the following sentence: 受験勉強で疲弊した深夜、グレープフルーツのへそに親指を挿入した瞬間、胸からぷしゅっと黄色の粒子が噴出した。 I was doubtful about how the sentences separated by commas were related to each other, so I asked a ...
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Making adverb form of verb + なります

I was reading an NHK article and came across this line: お金{かね}を払{はら}うとき「キャッシュレス」を利用{りよう}する人{ひと}が増{ふ}えて、現金{げんきん}をあまり使{つか}わなくなっているためです。 It comes after a line that says "This is the first time the ...
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Is there a negative form for adverbs?

So if you want to say you walk quickly you say 早く歩く. Great. Now, suppose you want to say you walk unquickly. Could you potentially say something like 早くなく歩く? The obvious answer is you simply say you ...
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What does 事前 refer to in this sentence?

What does 事前{じぜん} refer to in this sentence? その前提{ぜんてい}であれば、事前{じぜん}にテキストを確認{かくにん}しながら、お客様{きゃくさま}の環境{かんきょう}でトレーニングの準備{じゅんび}ができると思います{おもいます}。 Does it refer to: "checking the text"? -- as in ...
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そのまま and parts of speech

こんにちは、、、 私はこの文が分かりますが、文法を考えてみると、はっきり分からなくなります。 「北斗七星のひしゃくのえの部分を、そのまま曲がり具合に沿って伸ばしていきます」 二つの動詞、二つの副詞が見えます。「曲がり具合に」と「沿って」はペアです。「そのまま」は、「伸ばして」とペアになりますか? そうなら、「北斗七星のひしゃくのえの部分を、そのまま伸ばしていきます」と言ったら、...
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Can「他【ほか】に」and「それに」be used interchangeably when conveying “in addition”?

I am looking for any difference in terms of nuance, usage or frequent collocations so I can tell in what situation I should use one instead of the other. On the other hand, if the case is that the ...
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76 views

いつしか+noun , what does it mean?

In a Dragon Ball's novel, a paragraph says: しかし、いつしかサイア人は、圧倒的な力を持つコルド大王に支配されていた。 This could be? : However, an unknown sayajin was taking control of Cold Great Kind who had an overwhelming ...
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Finding a Notion for もう

I tried to find a notion for もう that combines all of its different meanings into one concept. This is what I came up with: もう shapes the entire feeling of a sentence by emphasizing change. ...
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What is the difference between 「結局【けっきょく】」and 「とうとう」?

According to the dictionary I use to study, both are adverbs and their definitions are so similar that I can't tell the difference: 結局【けっきょく】: after all; in the end; ultimately; eventually ...
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What does むわりと mean?

I was reading something and saw the following: 小さな和室で、古い造りなので風呂とトイレは別になっている。換気があまりよくないので、白羽さんの入った後の風呂場のドアから、湿気と湯気がむわりと部屋にたちこめていた。 I can't find むわり or むわりと in any dictionaries. I'm guessing むわりと ...
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Meaning of ちゃっかり in ちゃっかり口には入れてた

I found a definition for ちゃっかり:自分の利益のために抜け目なく振る舞うさま however I'm still not quite sure of the nuance of this word example below. 「ムキィッ! カズさんだけズルイよ!みんな、僕にも『あーん』してっ?」 ジュー! ジュー! ジュー! ...
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What nouns can ながら turn into adverbs, and how does this differ from に? (残念ながら、当然ながら…)

I learned 残念ながら quite early on and simply took it at face value, but as I've gained experience in Japanese I've come to question why this piece of grammar has two seemingly unrelated uses - expressing ...
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What is 露わになる affecting in the following sentence, '才能の持ち主' (持ち主 to be specific) or '才能'?

それも生死に関わる窮地に陥って、 初めて露わになる才能の持ち主です。」 I know that 才能の持ち主 (as the の is a possessive の) can mean 'owner of talent'. Question is, what is 露わになる affecting in the above sentence, the 'talent' itself, or ...
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Meaning of 前を歩いてた人

Context: in the manga りくどう, a girl named Naeshiro is thinking over the friendship between her boyfriend Riku and a boy named Mihara. Both of them are boxers, but Mihara is older than Riku and is ...
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Meaning of すきっとした

白い十字架がたって、それはもう凍った北極の雲で鋳たといったらいいか、すきっとした金いろの円光をいただいて. From 銀河鉄道の夜. What is exactly the meaning of すきっとした. Also what is いったらいいか? Maybe らしい?
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初めてです, is '初めて' an adverb?

I saw following quotes: アメリカは初めてです。 This is my first time to America. I've learned about <n.> は <n.|adj.> です. Checking at several dictionaries, '初めて' is an adverb. Is it OK to use an ...
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Is 訴え連日通い a single word? If not, why no particles in between?

I'm reading イン. ザ. プール, where I found the following clause in one of its lines: 身体の不調を訴え連日通いつめる和雄 I roughly translated it to "Kazuo who strictly complains about his bad health on a daily basis." ...
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Does 特別に戦 mean 'special battle' or 'specially battle'?

特別に戦が神 (とくべつに いくさが かみ) I think placing に after とくべつ makes it into an adverb, right? However, I'm having a lot of trouble working out whether it means 'especially' or 'specially' or just 'special'. (...
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こんな、そんな、あんな、どんな + na-adjectives

How do they interact with each other? I know that depending on the part of speech these words may have/have no particle after them, but what about na-adjectives? Do these pronouns have any particle in ...
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Using のうちに to construct an adverb

For the full text see here. The fourth line from the bottom of the linked text is: イヤリングをつけ終わると、無意識のうちに、ドアの耳に口をよせた。 When he'd finished attaching the earring he unconsciously put his mouth to the ...
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Does あたかも only add emphasis to a sentence?

Does あたかも only add emphasis, without introducing any new meaning to a sentence? Would the sentence mean the same without it? It's translated as as if, but most sentences I find it used with already ...
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Are に and と interchangeable when used with adverbs?

Are sentences A, B, and C all correct? If not, which are incorrect and why? If they are all correct, does it mean that に and と can always be used interchangeably with adverbs? And that に and と aren't ...
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How do adverbs change when changing くれる to もらう?

Consider the following part of a sentence: 親切に教えてくれた。 Here, the subject of the sentence is the person who is the "giver". Furthermore, "親切に" is like an adverb for 教えてくれた. In English, a potential ...
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What is the correct pronunciation of 唯一

For the word (or composition of two words): 唯一, sometimes also written as: 唯一つ, Two possible pronunciations come to my mind: ゆいいつ [yuiitsu] -onyomi and ただ ひとつ [tada hitotsu] -kunyomi Which one is ...
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「ずいぶん」と「ずいぶんと」の違い

「ずいぶん」と「ずいぶんと」の違いは何ですか。 例)「まだずいぶんと時間があります。」 この例文で「ずいぶん」も使ってもいいですか。それとも、これは正しくないですか。 よろしくお願いします。
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Does anyone knows the meaning of “モゾリと”?

An example of where it was found: 慌てて口元を塞ぎながら、部屋の中でモゾリと動いていた影に、慌てて蹴りを入れる。
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What is the meaning of adjectives ending in 〜く?

I understand that the following words are adjectives: 早{はや}い early/fast 近{ちか}い close/near すごい awesome/great However I’m unsure how to use the forms ending in 〜く such as: 早{はや}く ...
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決して~ない vs まったく~ない

What is the difference between 決して~ない and まったく~ない?
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Adverb Word Choice

I was writing the following message to an exchange friend and I struggled to find adverbs to pair with the verb 遊ぶ, and now I'm wondering a broader question about adverbs in general: 兄はカリフォるニアから来ました。...
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difference among もちろん、きっと、必ず、ぜひ

もちろん、きっと、必ず、ぜひ。 どうやって区別しますか? ところで、似たような言葉がありますか。教えてください。よろしくお願いしますm(_ _)m
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How to apply more than one adverb to a verb

無料か安いお金で食べることができます。 You can eat for free or with cheap money/cheaply. I'm finding 安いお金 a bit strange. If I wanted to say "You can eat for free", I'd write: 無料で食べることができます。 If I wanted to say "...
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Meaning of 真っ直ぐ向き合う

In a manga, a girl is thinking about the boxing career of his boyfriend, who has recently won a match against a well-known boxer: 何となく思うんだけど、今のリクはボクシングに[真]{ま}っすぐ[向]{む}き[合]{あ}わなくちゃいけない気がするの… I ...
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What's the difference between an adjective's adverbial form and continuative form?

http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/complete/adverbs http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/complete/verb_sequences <-also covers adjectives Following Tae Kim's guide, those two forms of 青黒い are ...
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How to interpret 全然 + positive adjective + とは思わない

As explained in this question, I know that 全然 used with positive adjective means "completely, entirely", while when it is used with negative adjectives/verbs it means "not at all, absolutely not". ...
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223 views

Can we turn nouns into adverb by adding に? [duplicate]

"しかし、期待を胸に中学校に赴任すると、理想と現実は大きくかけ離れていました。" "加藤さんは大切な手紙を手に再び「パナマ」へ向かいます。" "彼女は手紙を手に、階下へ降りてきた。" Is に turning these nouns into adverbs ?
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Understanding きれいに見えるように

Regarding children performing the tea ceremony for their mothers: 子どもたちは茶わんがきれいに見えるように回して、お母さんの前にお茶を置きました。 The children rotated the cup so that it looked pretty/clean and placed the tea in front ...
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356 views

How does 甘く work in this sentence?

お汁粉は、甘く{あまく}煮た小豆の汁に餅などを入れた温かい食べ物です。 Oshiruko is a hot food with a rice cake in a sweetly boiled adzuki bean broth. I think I must be misunderstanding how 甘く is used here, since you can't boil ...
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170 views

“時のように” versus “ように”

佐々:「それなら、もう一つお前に聞くが、お前の願いを聞いてやったら、お前たちはすぐに殺される。父の顔を見ることはできないが、それでもいいか。」 いち:「それで、結構でございます。」 いちは、冷たく静かに答えたが、何か心に浮かんだらしく、すぐその後に いち:「『お上』のなさることに間違いはございませんでしょうから。」 佐々は突然冷たい水を浴びせられた時のように、...
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A bit confused with と in ひょっこりと

彼女は今になって到着し、廊下からひょっこりと顔を出す。 This と looks like it comes from the word behind, so ひょっこり but when looking at a dictionary I found that ひょっこり is not an adjective which can take と. Why is と placed after ...
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176 views

Can 若干 (Jakkan) be used as a substitute for 少し?

As I understand it 若干 means 'some'. Can it be used the to substitute 少し when not talking about the specific quantity of more or less but using it as a vague descriptor like 'some'? 若干問題があった vs ...
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166 views

Is に forming an adverb in the following sentence? Or is it just a preposition?

Context: a person is describing the punches of a boxer. 顔面ノーガードにスウェーから変則的な角度とリズムで放たれる拳。 Is に making an adverb of 顔面ノーガード? Or does it indicates that the boxer is throwing a punch to an opponent ...
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422 views

How to say “many” in “There are many wheat fields” in Japanese? (たくさん or いっぱい?)

I am writing a short descriptive text and I would like to write "There are many wheat fields". Is it better to say 「たくさんの麦畑があります。」or 「麦畑がいっぱいあります。」?