Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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What is the meaning? — 誰かいないのか

I need your help. "誰かいないのか" As far as I understand it, this translates to something like, "I want to know, if there somebody, who is available now" The questions are: Is the translation ok? Could ...
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Intransitive verb connects with a transitive verb via Te Form

I have learnt that a Noun that is preceding an intransitive verb should go with the GA particle (it is a subject). And a Noun that is preceding a transitive verb then it should be used with the WO ...
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116 views

Meaning of 行かしてもらうから

In 火垂るの墓 there is a scene where the mother says: ほな、ひと足先に壕に行かしてもらうからね。 What does 行かしてもらうから mean? I know usually もらう means to receive / get someone to do something. I’ve never seen this ...
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What's the difference between そうな/に (sou na/ni) and ような/に (you na/ni)? [duplicate]

I'm a beginner in Japanese. I know ように can mean "as", "so", "like", and よう can mean "look like". And I know that そう can mean "seem like", "that way", "or such", but there are too many possible ...
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怒りを通り越して sentence formation

彼はなんでもかんでも人のせいにする。あまりの理不尽さに怒りを通り越して呆れてしまう。 how did we make 怒りを通り越して this sentence pattern, can anyone explain it in detail.
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Clarification of objects using questions

When I want to ask whether or not something I have is what I think it is, I can't figure out exactly what to say. これは梅じゃないの? (Rising intonation) Is this not a plum? これは梅じゃないね。(Falling ...
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96 views

Usage of にしてみれば

どうか自分の幻想でありますように...幻想など決して認めないダーズリ氏にしてみれば、こんな願いを持つのは生まれてはじめてだった。 Please let it be my imagination... For Mr Dursley who didn't hold with things like imagination, this was the first time in his life ...
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74 views

ごほーし meaning? 18+?

ごほーし meaning? 18+? I know that's lewd vocabulary but I dont what does it mean?
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Explanation of でもあります? [duplicate]

I saw this in my Genki I book and I don’t quite understand how to use でもあります. Also, how would I say this informally? パットはアメリカ人でもある?
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Are there any consistent rules as to how to distinguish words in Japanese?

I got involved with tokenization (mecab, kuromoji) and got confused as to what a "word" is in the Japanese language. Scenario 1: "たべません" analyzed by a tokenizer, outputs the following tokens: たべ ...
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部屋で2人っきりてのがどーもな。 Understanding this て and the meaning of this どーも

小島:塾なんかやめればいーじゃん オレ家庭教師にしたぜ 伊藤:うざいんだ 家庭教師って 部屋で2人っきりてのがどーもな I am struggling with the bolded phrase, I think he says something to the meaning of "What are you going to do with just two people ...
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100 views

Why is “not knowing” 知らない and not e.g. 知っていない? [duplicate]

I remember reading a bit about this topic in the answer of another post, but I specifically wanted to make this its own question: It seems to make sense that "to know" is typically 知っている, because 知る ...
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distinguish between grammar patterns and how to remember them

Suppose we take おそれがある, we can use it with either noun or a verb: V る + おそれがある N + の + おそれがある and on the other hand if we take に違いない, we can use it with everything(noun,adjective and adverb) ...
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配信 sentence construction problem [duplicate]

Nouvelle-Calédonieで繰り広げるロードトリップはウェブ動画でも配信 In this sentence, why did we end the sentence at 配信? What does this mean?
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What's the correct translation for 'Japanese Student': 'Nihonjin gakusee' or 'Nihonjin no gakusee'?

I have seen both uses in different contexts, but I'm having trouble figuring out in which case to use the 'no' particle!
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Is it possible to have two words with the same particle in a sentence?

This question popped in our exam in which you had to choose which particle was right. The question was: 誕生日___母に花をあげました。 with に or まで as the options. まで didn't make sense for me and I don't know ...
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〜か知らない or 〜か不安だ

I came across the following sentence in an exercise: インターネットで注文したセーターは、実際に着てみるまでサイズが_____が、ちょうどよかった。 Although only B and D make sense to me, here are the four propositions: A. 合わなかった B. ...
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verb tense in ため clause

I have learnt that we can use a 普通形 before ため but I don't know whether the tense in 普通形 should agree with the tense in the main clause or not. Thanks a lot.
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Help explain と in this sentence [duplicate]

私も行かないと。 I understood it as "I also won't go." But according to Tae Kim's guide and Google Translate it is read as "I have to go too." Why is that? I assume と has something to do with it since ...
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How to say “It was fun to have been able to go there” in Japanese?

Which of these sentences is correct? and why? そこに行くことができた楽しかった そこに行くことができて楽しかった
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冗談のつもり the grammatical explanation

Since plain form words can attach to つもり, we can just attach the i-adjective 若い to it as is. When our plain form word is a NOUN, we'll add a の after it. And for na-adjectives, we add a な after them. ...
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Translating “different”?

I’m having trouble figuring out how to translate “different.” I know the words 違う and 違い but I don’t know how to incorporate those to mean “different” or if that would even be correct. 「違う色がきれいだね。」...
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決めることに賛成です Ni particle

私としては、多数決で決めることに賛成です。 in this sentence why did we use に particle before 賛成です. is 賛成 here working as a noun or adjective ?
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Difference between ばかり, ところ, and 今?

I’ve gathered that these all can be used like “just” (right?) so I’m wondering what the difference in usage is between them. 今終わった。 終わったばかり。 終わったところ。 Are these all basically the same? (...
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What are the different uses of iroiro?

I already know there is the adjective iroiro+na, and I've learned that, but recently I've learned that iroiro+to and iroiro+no are different ways to use "iroiro", which I have not learned in class, ...
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Why is Katakana not pronounced Katagana?

I am a beginner in Japanese and I've noticed that when two words are compounded into one word the first letter of the second word changes. hira + kana = hiragana ko + hayashi = kobayashi ori + kami ...
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やることが多過ぎて気が張っているせいか

多過ぎ - too much て - Why is it there? What's its position relating the grammar? 気 - Does it express intention? What does it represent exactly? 張って - to fill, to do maybe? いるせいか - What is the ...
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What's the meaning of こそ in this sentence?

While doing some exercises I found one where I am supposed to insert the correct answer in this dialogue, but I don't understand why it goes こそ。 マイクさん:「ジャンさん、歌うまいね」 ジャンさん:「そんなことないよ。マイクさん…………...
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96 views

How to understand 才能に有無があるなら多分そういう事だろう

I think that there is a typo in the line and it should be 才能の有無があるなら多分そういう事だろう, however, in either case I am not quite sure what is being said. Here's the exchange for context: わ、私だって努力してるのよ!でも…...
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75 views

Translation help for a short sentence

まじでおまえに愛される気しかねぇんだけど(男です) This is a sentence I saw below a YouTube Japanese music video. As I understand it, it says "To be honest, I only want to be loved by you (But I'm a boy)" But that sounds ...
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Meaning of て form plus てね in dialog

I've come across a portion of dialog, which has some grammar that I have not seen before. Focusing on the portion in bold, what is the purpose of て form plus てね? What does てね mean and is it a ...
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2answers
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Is it possible to join 以下 + しか?

I try to use the limit marker 以下 (less than, up to) with the particle しか to convey that the amount of less than 1万 for a bonus is fewer than expected. Can I use both words together? My sentence is: ...
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What does [Item]やったらなんでも売ってる mean?

So Link (this elf kid) walks into an weapons shop and the seller/vendor says: 武器やったらなんでも売ってるで、金塊次第やなあ! I guess he's saying: If you want to buy weapons, I sell everything, provided you have the ...
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怒られるのが sentence construction

怒られるのが怖くて嘘をつくのは、子供にありがちな行動です。 why did we use 怒られるのが as subject ?? what is the sentence constructon
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ダンスの先生なんだから、上手なはずですよ

ダンスの先生なんだから、上手なはずですよ。 is はずです is work as a noun here ?? as its attached after na adjective
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106 views

Can に関わりなく be used with adjectives?

にかかわりなく seems to come after a noun, e.g.: 文化祭は当日の天気にかかわりなく開催されます。 The school culture festival will be held regardless of the weather on the day. Is it possible to use it with an adjective e.g. ...
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construction of this sentence here?

この本がバカ売れすれば、遊んで暮らすだけの金が手に入るのに。 Can anyone breakdown this part 遊んで暮らすだけの金 and explain the sentence construction ?
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noun and adjective in the sentence

what is the difference between these two sentences and where we can use them 先生からの手紙を読めと言われた。 先生からもらった手紙を読めと言われた。     as in first case we use kara to modify ..
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What does 次第だ means at the end of a sentence?

I have studied that 次第 can be used to say "as soon as" and "depending on", however these two meaning do not seem to fit when it is at the end of the sentence. According to my book, in this case, it ...
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There is a difference between Vてこそ, Vばこそ and からこそ?

I think that all of these three forms indicate both a reason, as well the emotional aspect of this reason. Could somebody tell me if I got their meanings right and whether they are interchangeable or ...
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What's the difference between てかなわない and てたまらない??

To my understanding てたまらない and てかなわない both mean "can't stand/unable to". However, I believe that てかなわない can't be used with adjectives of feeling, while てたまらない can. My question is how can I distinguish ...
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What is the difference in using the negative て command and the negative な command? [duplicate]

Is one harsher? More common? 歌わないで! 歌うな! What is the difference in these two?
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159 views

If somebody just says “暇か”, what does that mean exactly?

The setting is 4 kids in a park in Japan. The kid sitting on the bench is Ageru-kun, who is uploading a video to the internet, which is illegal in Japan. His 3 friends go up to him and have the ...
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1answer
90 views

彼女は日本の文化にうまく noun

彼女は日本の文化にうまく馴染めるのか、不安でならないようだ。 in this sentence, 彼女は日本の文化 and うまく馴染めるの phrase are noun, then why did we connect them with に particle ..any similar examples
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日本の人口が少ないです. adjective and noun in this sentence

日本の人口が少ないです。 when we define a subject 日本の人口, after the ga particle should there be always a adjective like 少ない for eg... can we place also place a noun ?
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Why do we use で in 東京での暮らし? [duplicate]

車椅子利用者からすると、東京での暮らしは便利とはいえない。 Why do we use で after 東京? Is it to show the action in the place? What if we only say 東京の暮らしは?
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1answer
143 views

Japanese quote marks!

I'm trying to construct a short post for my social media, in Japanese, because many of our customers are Japanese. I don't want to make a mess. I am using a quote from a Japanese review left on ...
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1answer
67 views

What's the meaning and nuance of ばっかり in this sentence?

A girl is worried and upset because she believes she is more excited and happy about the relationship with her boyfriend than he is. So she says: わたしばっかり浮かれてる気がする…… I think the sentence means ...
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1answer
89 views

ほうをかす lend a hou [closed]

I was watching another 45 second video, same theme as the last one about 'Illegal uploads', but ran into some trouble with the above. I will post the entire subtitles for context purposes. 違法だよ!あげるくん ...
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1answer
61 views

What's the difference between ないわけにはいかない and ずにすまない??

I think they both mean that you have to do something because there is a social pression like なければならい、but I'm not certain that I can use them interchangeably. Could somebody confirm it?