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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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ここからさきにはゆかせぬ sentence breakdown

In Castlevania Rondo of Blood, Death fight starts with him saying those words. Now I'm trying to figure out exactly what that means and grammar rules used in this sentence. Here's where I'm at: ここ|から|...
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~ば vs ~ていれば in counterfactual conditionals

In l'électeur's answer here, he claims (with such confidence that he bolds the belief) that the correct way to say the English sentence "If I had turned right back then, I wonder what would have ...
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1answer
89 views

Using 言う and ても to mean “even if you say”

I was trying to say something similar to "even if you tell me to not look, I will look", so my initial guess was something along those lines: 「見ないで」と言っても見る。 I was under the impression that Xて-form + ...
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Understanding of 働かせ in the sentence below

I came across the following sentence: 4000万円までは借金を膨らませて働かせ、5000万円になると自殺するのでそれ以上の借金はさせない How 働かせ is understood in this context? It looks like an imperative form of 働かす, but the imperative form over ...
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1answer
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の and のです. What’s their semantic purpose and meaning?

So, I've reached a spoken language topic and encountered difficulties with understanding those particles that are used in spoken language. Particularly with の. My book says that, for example, の ...
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26 views

Understanding やっぱり [duplicate]

Please, can someone explain in any sentence how to use やっぱり, everything would be helpful!
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1answer
108 views

The particle へ in 山へ面している

tl;dr: Should へ be replaced with に here? I was reading Imabi and found the following example: 小屋は山へ面している。 As far as I know, へ is used with motion verbs especially when transition from one (...
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How can I find the website to learn Japanese grammar? [on hold]

I'm a beginner in Japanese. I just study Japanese for 4 months. I have a problem with Japanese Grammar. It's so difficult and hard. I learn Japanese by myself. So I wanna find some website to learn ...
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Adverb modifying ありたい

So I know that when an i-adjective like 速い becomes an adverb to modify a verb you have to change the い to く, like 速く走る (to run quickly). I'm having trouble understanding the grammar in 強くありたい. I ...
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2answers
130 views

what does「デカいヤマをあてること」mean?

As someone with little to no knowledge on japanese, I've cracked my brain as to unfurl this passage's meaning. Here's the full sentence: 夢は「デカいヤマをあてること」 夢は roughly being "What's your dream?" or ...
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174 views

Why using です in katakana?

This question might sound stupid but it got me thinking for some hours. A friend bought me this gel pen from a Japanese store in my country, and it is written in the pen: かわいいデス instead of かわいいです ...
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1answer
130 views

Understanding 絵に描いたように

そんな絵に描いたように満ち足りたダーズリー家にも、たった一つ秘密があった。 In the Dursley family, who were the very picture of contentment, there was just one secret. My translation of そんな絵に描いたように満ち足りた is purely a guess based on Jisho'...
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2answers
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whats the difference between て言ってた vs ように言われた

I have learned recently that ように can be used for advice, command, ask and so on. my question is, there is a difference between て言ってた and ように言われた? for example, there is a difference between these two ...
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1answer
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Understanding ある

This may be an easy question for the all of you. I saw somewhere a form of ある which was written as あるな and had the same meaning. I've only heard the form あります and that's it. What does あるな then mean?
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How is とかいた being used in this sentence?

I'm continuing my quest to translate an episode of Terrace House for study purposes.. Naturally I have questions.. This question in particular is in regards to a phrase I got stuck on the tail-end of....
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1answer
86 views

What is the difference between ではありません and 〜くない

I am not sure when ではありません and 〜くない are used. I was given the sentence この赤いかばんは大きいではありません (as in "this red bag is not big") and I am not sure why この赤いかばんは大きくないです was not used. Could anyone explain? ...
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1answer
121 views

Understanding ように

How does ように in this sentence work? 忘れた物を取りに帰るように As far as I understand, ように goes after 帰る make the sentence means " I take what is lost in order to go back " but It would make more sense if it ...
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1answer
63 views

Utilising というのは

I am trying to write an ambiguous/evasive sentence. The sentence is: [PERSON A],もしかして,あの人は一緒に,というのは,[PERSON B]ー To the effect of "Person A, is it possible, that you and that person, that is to say, ...
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1answer
87 views

Meaning of 有難 with missing ending

Context: the manager of a boxing gym is arguing with a strong but problematic boy (問題児, he is arrogant and often violently beats other trainees) named Kamishiro and his trainer-sister that train in ...
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1answer
154 views

Using のうちに to construct an adverb

For the full text see here. The fourth line from the bottom of the linked text is: イヤリングをつけ終わると、無意識のうちに、ドアの耳に口をよせた。 When he'd finished attaching the earring he unconsciously put his mouth to the ...
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What is different between Polite style and plain style? [closed]

Polite style and plain style are 2 styles of speech in Japanese. I wonder what is different between these grammars. Can you help me?
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What is this grammar meaning and some of the examples: があります/ いま? [closed]

I am referring Minna no Nihongo 10. This grammar: があります/ いま is really difficult to understand. Can you explain its meaning and give me some example sentences?
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1answer
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Using まで together with a negative connotation 帰らないつもりです in a sentence

I am referring Minna no Nihongo 2, Chapter 31 Mondai section. The sentence pair is: Q:夏休みに国へかえりますか。 A:いいえ、クリスマスまで帰らないつもりです。 It would be great if you can tell me why the answer is 帰らないつもりです ...
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2answers
112 views

What does 気が遠くなるほど mean?

神々は何度も何度も何度も, 気が遠くなるほどサイコロを振りました. Having hard time fully understanding this sentence. Especially this part 「気が遠くなるほど」, or how it affects 「気が遠くなる」. My translation would be something along the lines of ...
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1answer
36 views

Grammar: te + verb + shimashita

1) ごはんを食べて、ねました。 2) あさおきて、新聞を読みました。 I was wondering, if the part [食べて] and [おきて] are also past tense, because of [~ました]. So the correct translation would be [I went to bed, after I ate.] or is it [...
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1answer
70 views

Confusing sentence (~た次第です, passive speech as active, etc)

Note: I sought out uses of 次第 on other posted questions but didn't find anything that fits here. There's a sentence in the introduction to 日本語文法ハンドブック (a book written for teachers of beginning ...
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Please Explain the Grammer Pattern and use of 見てんの [duplicate]

Studying Terrace House subtitles. In Episode 1, someone says: どういう気持ちで見てんの? (please correct the following assumptions in case I'm wrong) I understand どういう to be どう言う or "What would you say of" 気持ちで ...
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1answer
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Question about the particular use of 'か'

今日かあした来てください。 (Please, come today or tomorrow) 行くか行かないか、わかりません。(Go or not, I don't know) I guess in these two cases 'か' means 'or', but why is there no 'か' after 'あした'. In example 2 there is a 'か' ...
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1answer
63 views

How to state facts in Japanese?

I was wondering if stating facts in an essay was usually done by using the ます form of an verb, or the ている form? I learned that the て form is, among other things, used to describe state of being of ...
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Why can「うんざり」be used directly preceding「だ」/「です」?

I recently came across 「うんざり」(which dictionaries describe as an "adverb" and "する-verb"), and cannot figure out why it works in sentences where it directly precedes 「だ」/「です」. An example is: 「...
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88 views

What`s the meaning of のを and だと in this text?

** この羽織は、三輪田のお光さんのおっかさんが織ってくれたのを、紋付に染めて、お光さんが縫い上げたものだと、母の手紙に長い説明がある. ** I can grasp the overall meaning: in mom's letter there is a long explanation about the fact that omitsu's mother wove a ...
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1answer
65 views

What does とみる mean here?

The sentence in question: 現場の海域や付近の海岸では、これまでにも北朝鮮から来たと見られる木造船がたびたび見つかっていて、海上保安部は2人が北朝鮮から来たとみて、さらに詳しく調べています。 For full context, see here. My attempt at translation: "At the actual spot in the ...
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1answer
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How do 確認したところ and 全長15メートルほどの古い木造船が見つかり relate here?

The sentence in question: 青森海上保安部によりますと、巡視船2隻を出して確認したところ全長15メートルほどの古い木造船が見つかり、外国人とみられる男性2人が乗っていました。 For full context, see here. My attempt at translation: "According to the Aomori Coastal ...
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1answer
107 views

Is その彼女/彼 correct in speech?

その人 is a common thing to say but その彼女 feels off. If it's always incorrect, what about そんな彼女?
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How should I read constructions like “NPのそのNP”?

I encounter these sometimes, but I have a hard time understanding what they're trying to say. Just wandering if someone could explain what it means when you have a possessive noun construction behind ...
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1answer
135 views

Unsure of meaning for sentence found in article about an automatic train test

I'm reading this article and there is a sentence towards the end that looks like this 自動で走る電車の研究は、JR東日本が将来働く人が足りなくなると考えて始めました I'm not entirely sure about the meaning of this sentence as I could ...
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1answer
112 views

Why we should use “を” instead of “に” when talking about a place?

I have a question regarding this sentence: かのじょといっしょにこうえんをさんぽします。 If the "を" marks a direct object of a sentance, why we use it the way it looks above. Could we use here "に" instead of "を"? ...
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1answer
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Is it possible to omit "電話を'

In the sentence like: ホテルに電話をかけます Can we omit "電話を" and say: ホテルにかけます The logic here goes this way: "かけ" means "to make call" so, the "電話を" should be implied. Is it correct? Thank you very ...
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1answer
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Aoi aoi morideshita - sentence structure explanation

first post here. I'm currently reading a children's books titled 'きつね森の山男'. I think it's a good starters book however, some of the structures are confusing or contrary to what I have learnt. I ...
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1answer
101 views

What nouns work with やめる when you quit doing something

8日、レスリングの吉田沙保里さんが選手をやめると発表しました。 On the 8th, Wrestling's Saori Yoshida announced that she will quit the sport. I'm not sure if my problem is with the use of やめる or with 選手 here. I understand 選手 to ...
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1answer
61 views

How can I express sentences like “How long is …” or “How old is … ” or “How convenient is …” etc.?

I want to know if there's a grammar structure that can be used when you want to know the extent of an adjective. E.g. 会長は若いね >> How young is he? この映画はとっても長いよ! >> How long is it? ...
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85 views

What does には mean in this case?

The sentence in question: 休日の繁華街は平和な賑わいに満ちていた。道行く人々の笑顔は眩しく、街灯はどこまでも明るく、一足早いクリスマス模様のショウウィンドウには、まるで世界中の幸せを寄せ集めて詰め込んだように華やかだった。 I would normally think of には following after something like ショウウィンドウ to ...
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1answer
142 views

How to understand い adjective + ある? What is ある doing here

強いもなにもあるもんか From this panel: I originally read this phrase as meaning something like "There's no way you are strong or anything at all!" but then I noticed that there is ある in the phrase and now it ...
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2answers
165 views

understanding であると同時に construction

やけに高く響くその靴音は、スバルにとって焦燥感の原因であると同時に、心の拠り所でもあった。 So I basically translate it as "For Subaru, those footsteps that echoed absurdly loud were, at the same time, the source of his impatience and also the ...
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1answer
85 views

Translation for [竜とは逃げぬものなれば]

new in the language so I am having a hard time figuring out the meaning of this sentence. 'When it comes to dragons, you can't escape' would be my translation, but pretty sure I am wrong. If it doesn'...
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1answer
69 views

A question regarding に従って

そして、施設内で生活するに従っての約束事、その約束事を破った場合のペナルティー、そういうことも記されていた。 I've come upon unusual (at least for me) usage of に従って and can't figure out how it works. As far as I know, に従って should be used with verbs when ...
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1answer
63 views

Meaning of verb + かなど in article

I'm about to finish reading this article and I came across some grammer that I have never seen before in the last sentence. The last sentence is: これから、どのくらいとるかなどを決める予定です。 What is the bolded part ...
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1answer
76 views

What is the meaning of '育てられ方’ in this sentence?

I would appreciate it if someone could break down the grammar in this sentence for me and offer an English translation. What I am confused about is who the subject in this sentence is and whether '...
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3answers
105 views

What is the grammatical function of と in the sentence 同じ心を持った人は二人といない

What is the grammatical function of と in the sentence: 同じ心を持った人は二人といない。
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1answer
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All we can できるだけは できるのは

Does this Japanese sentence make sense? その問題を解くために、私たちができるだけはできるのは、ほとんどありません。 I would like to say: There is not much we can do about solving this problem. The more literal translation would be: ...