Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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Ne & yone purposes

それは最近話題の本ですね. その 会社は 欧米に 進出しているよね。 How would each of these sentences fit in a conversation? Ne & yone are very nuanced so surrounding context would help me understand their purposes, thank you.
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Why is では used here? What does it do to the meaning of this sentence?

I came across a sentence that has puzzled me. 今度ばかりはいたずらでは済まされません。 Why is では used here?
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how is に used in this sentence?

hi i just need clarification of how it was used in this particular sentence 相対的になされるべきで 一部ではなく全体のバランスが対象に i'm just confused why there is a に at the end i did check the video if the voice actor said ...
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Difference between ないからこそ and もいないんだから in practice question

I haven't made sense of the answer to the following question. 試験の点が悪かったことを母に伝えると、「ちゃんと勉強( ) 、良い点をとろうなんて無理でしょう」と言われてしまった。 a) してはいけないのに b) していないからこそ c) してもいないんだから d) しようとしていながら The correct answer ...
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My Issue: What is おいて in 安価なインターネットVPNにおいても遅延やゆらぎのない高品質かつリアルタイムな通信を実現し?

Full Text: 本製品は、IPsecとQoS機能の同時利用により、安価なインターネットVPNにおいても遅延やゆらぎのない高品質かつリアルタイムな通信を実現し、IP電話サービスを高い通話品質で利用できます。 My Issue: What is おいて in 安価なインターネットVPNにおいても遅延やゆらぎのない高品質かつリアルタイムな通信を実現し? My understanding of ...
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What function would っての have in these contexts?

亜衣麻衣美衣が壁を作るようにして、士道の進路を阻んでくる。 「ちょっと待てゴルァァァァァ!」 「乙女を辱めておいてどこに行こうってのよ!」 「現行犯よ!逃がさないんだから!」 2.「馬鹿にすんじゃないわよ!ジェットコースターの制限って一一〇センチとかじゃない!さすがにそんなに小さくないっての!」(the sister wanted to ride the roller coaster but ...
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Can I get some help with the word だいふっとう? [closed]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZFzMKs7zMWs&t=0m22s I need to know what it says: 柳原ナビーが大出頭/ 柳原ナビーがだいふっとう/ 柳原ナビーがたい品等
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When do I use そう vs そうな? [duplicate]

In the sentence このロープは丈夫__見えました。(This rope looked durable) Do I put 丈夫そうな見えました。or 丈夫そう見えました。 I'm not quite sure how to differentiate between そう and そうな. Does そうな only work directly before nouns? ...
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So I'm trying to understand this paragraph of the 365 Nichi no Kamihikouki song text

So I'm trying to understand this paragraph of the 365 Nichi no Kamihikouki song text. I've tried to do my own translation as well as I can. () = implied 時には雨も降って - At times when the rain falls (and) ...
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please help me understand the meaning and structure of this sentence

流行りものとは突き放すことはしないまでもある程度距離を置く The most confusing part for me is understanding the しないまでもある程度 part. another thing I’m not so sure about is the first と particle. Is it in this case modifying (?) the ...
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Verbs joined with くて and modifying a noun

I understand that くて joins verbs but what happens if they modify a noun? For example: お金がなくて食べない料理 - I don't have money and hence this is food that I won't eat 見た目がなくて届かない想い - I don't have the looks ...
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Could anyone explain the grammatical structure of a sentence 僕の螺旋 ただならぬ手を繋ごうとしてる

Trying to understand the lyrics of Granrodeo song 君に One Way Love, I'm struggling to grasp how 僕の螺旋 ただならぬ手を繋ごうとしてる can mean "my spiral has my hands all tied up" (translation i found here ...
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How do I write “and” in Japanese? [duplicate]

i know that there's many ways to say "and" in Japanese based on the situation. i'm wondering how i can differentiate between the different ways. for example, if i wanted to write something ...
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となる vs になる - Grammar [duplicate]

There is a whole video describing the grammar but its in Japanese . How would you explain the difference between: 彼がリーダーとなった And 彼がリーダーになった
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why use 述べ instead of 述べる [duplicate]

i don't really know why the stem version was used instead of the dict version in this sentence is it because of the の? or is there a grammar rule i am missing? 次の慣用句の続きを述べよ 風が吹けば…
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Function of the という preceding のだろうか?

夕弦は七罪ではなかった。ならば残るは十香、亜衣、殿町、美衣の中の誰かだということなのだろうか。だとしても、夕弦以外に明確に士道の指名を逃れられたと思われる人物はいない。まさか、本当にただ勝負を楽しむためだけに、七罪は自分を危険に晒していたというのだろうか……? しかしもしそう考えるのなら、その前提自体が無意味ということになってしまう。七罪が勝負を楽しんでいるというのなら、...
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Usage of とする in this sentence

I had some doubts of the usage of とする in this sentence "計画や希望などを現実のものとすること。" Does it mean "to assume something" in this specific case? Moreover is the の after 実現 a nominalizer, ...
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What does 「ておく」 mean in the following three sentences?

1.熱があるときは、お風呂に入るのはやめておいたほうがいいですね。 2.クリスマスツリーの木を見つけてくれるように頼んでおいたの。 3.考えておくわ。 I can try to understand the meaning of 「ておく」 in the first and second sentences, it might mean "to do sth in advance&...
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How to write “I am going to talk about a place that I like”

I am taking a Japanese course and I was told to write a composition about a place I like. I have currently just finished the first book of Minna no nihongo, which is up to lesson 12. I am thinking of: ...
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Conflicting rules for when to use は vs が

So I'm new to learning Japanese, and as with most beginners I am trying to understand the difference between は and が. I came across this video on the difference that I found particularly helpful, but ...
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Is the なの in 任務なのだろうか the same なの as in the linked answer, and how does the の wrap around the preceding sentence? [duplicate]

Is the なの in the bolded 任務なのだろうか below the same なの as in the linked answer, and how does the の "wrap around the preceding sentence"? Context provided below. 僕はラジオを点けて、空電混じりの英語のニュースに耳を傾ける。...
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Correct negative form of punctual verbs

Take the verb 座る. As a punctual verb, it appears as 座っている when describing a person who "has sat down and remains sitting." When using the negative, there are two options: 座らない and 座っていない. ...
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I don't understand な in this sentence

まだ何度でも食べたいと 欲張ってしまうな So I know an imperative negative like 飲むな means don't drink, but in this case the speaker is talking about himself and his inability to not stop his own desire. why is this not ...
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What mean すら in this sentence?

In this sentence: 気持ちは分かるがお主はもう既に このわしすらしのぐほどの力を身に付けてしまっておるからのう。 この場合の「すら」は「より」と同じ意味ですか? お返事、ありがとうございます。
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Meaning of 家族のありがたさ

I recently came across this: 家族のありがたさをつくづくと感じる On first inspection I presumed it meant that he was feeling how grateful his family was of him however the text was translated as: 家族のありがたさをつくづくと感じる - I ...
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How do you use (何, 誰, etc) + the verb in ようform + と

I was reading some sentences in japanese to practice and I came across this sentence: 何を好きになろうと、誰と話そうと According to google traslator it means something like: "no matter what you like or who you ...
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what does とってて mean?

それだ 隼人君達が 駅近のライブハウスとってて sentence I asked a native and they asnwered that とってて is とる(取る・予約する・確保する)+ ~してて→とってて but i am still confused does anyone understand what is going on?
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how does 頑張ってかないと work?

「開き直ってさ」 「開き直れないよ、北村君は見てるんだもん」 「だからこそ頑張ってかないとだろう」 Aside from the meaning (which I think I understand), I don’t have the slightest idea about the structure of the last part かないとだろう. tried searching a ...
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Because I cannot find the root verb in any dictionary, what does をしめて回った mean in this sentence?

This is from a Manga, or so I heard. 中学時代に地元の学校をしめて回ったマキちゃん。 Maki-chan squeezed around a/some local school in the era/period during junior high school.
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What does といい mean?

I don't know if im reading it right but there is a sentence a can't understand. I found といい like connecting two nouns and I didn't find any information about it. 今日の部会での様子といい正直お前怪しすぎるぞ This is a ...
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に followed by nouns, what is its usage?

Most of the usages of に I've seen have it directly followed by a verb directly attached to it. (The location of existance にある/にいる, The action objective e.g 私は電車に乗りました, etc) I know there are some that ...
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Usage of と in the end of a sentence

I'm watching Tanya the evil to learn some more complicated kanji and speech, and this one sentence I don't understand completely the usage of と in the sentence “つまりは勝利をめざさないと”. The translation that's ...
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Why is 毎日 placed before 家 here?

"妻は毎日家でお茶を飲みます。" It seems so weird. I was told by a Native that in Japanese, they tend to put words for time at the start of the sentence, so putting it before 妻 makes sense to me. I'm using ...
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ろうが after a verb

Studying JLPT1 grammar. One of the answers has “... 雨が降ろうが降るまいが試合が中止に...” Something about stopping things after the rain stops? What does the 降ろうが part mean?
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Interrogative/Counters with か、も、でも, but also with particles

I know that by attaching か、も、でも to the end of an interrogative word can form a new meaning, but if particles are also used, where should the position of each thing be? Example: Which day? いつの日? Some ...
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Is there anything wrong with the sentence “今午前七時間です”?

I'm reviewing the first section of Lingodeer by redoing all the tests. It wanted me to type out "It's 7 a.m. now." I typed this in and got it wrong. The correct answer was simply to remove 間,...
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156 views

Can't understand why this sentence is written this way

The sentence I am talking about is ジュースが出る大きいな桃 . I don't understand why 大きいな桃 is written at the end. I would say something like: ジュースが大きいな桃から出る Thanks
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Cases where として and にとって are overused/ cannot be used

I've been reading through Imabi, and one of the notes on the site was about inappropriate use of として and にとって in contexts of contrast and although phrases. These three were listed as examples of ...
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What's the meaning of みつる

I am translating this tanka "よるは猶我が身にぞそふくるるまで木ずゑにみつる花の面影" and I have doubts about the phrase "木ずゑにみつる". I've been looking around and have found that "みつる" is an old ...
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Evolution of が (ga) particle: How did use as conjunctive arise from use as a subject marker

As mentioned in this post, が started as an attributive case particle, became a subject particle, and then turned into a conjunctive particle. and in modern Japanese it has its main uses as both a ...
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142 views

Appropriate typography for listing numbers in Japanese

I want to list some prime numbers in Japanese but I'm not if the Japanese comma should be used when it comes to numbers. On Wikipedia, the western comma is used, which has made me confused and unsure ...
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Why not te form in 見にくる

見に来る It means to come and see. I am wondering why not using te form in this particular phrase? 見て来る Is this correct? If so, how is it different from the one above?
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107 views

I want a tattoo meaning Fate/Destiny please help me out

I've seen Unmei (運命) Which apparently means destiny that can be changed by your will. and Shukumei (宿命) meaning destiny that is pre written and cant be changed. Are these correct or is there any other ...
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82 views

What is the difference of 間 (かん) in 一時間 and 一分間?

I was looking for examples of how to use かかる and I came upon the following sentence: 一分間かかりました but then if I look at the sentence below without 間 what is the difference? 一分かかりました Now, this brings up ...
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106 views

Japanese complete answer

I've just started my journey through Tobira and I would like to know how to make a native style answer, like what conjunctions do they usually use. For example, how would you answer this in Japanese: ...
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51 views

Can おいてない act as a contraction of おいてほかにない

仕事疲れのストレス解消方法は、仕事を少し忘れてみること、それをおいてないでしょう。散歩や旅行などで気分転換を図りましょう。 The above sentence appeared in my grammar textbook in the same chapter that introduced the ~をおいてほかにない grammar point with a "is the ...
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238 views

Why usage of た and not ている in the following usage

I was watching a Japanese Drama, and I have questions regarding the usage of Past tense (た) instead of Present Perfect (ている) in the following sentence. In this Drama a person was looking for someone ...
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122 views

Are there placeholders in spoken Japanese?

I've seen discussions of placeholders in Japanese which seem to centre on how to pronounce written placeholders like OO, XX, etc. See below for reference: How do you pronounce "☓☓" as a ...
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99 views

Does particle も eat particle の?

Reading this answer I noticed an embarrassing hole in my basic knowledge. From the answer: 今日は私も誕生日です。 Today is (your birthday, and) also my birthday. Without the 'also' part we would have ...
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64 views

Transitive, Intransitive and Potential Verbs

Do all tadoshi verbs have a jidoushi verb to pair with?  How do you differentiate volitional and non-volitional form verbs? Do we categorise them like we do for jidoshi (intransitive form) eg. Action ...

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