Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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47 views

I'm having trouble understanding what “開き直った、とも言いますが” means

I wish I could formulate this question in a better way because there's a million people on here who have posted similar "don't know what this means, please tell me" and I don't mean this to be low ...
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32 views

って meaning in this sentence? [duplicate]

I'm very new to Japanese and I'm trying to figure out the usage of 'って' in the following sentence: 変な事聞くけど、君 漢字って得意? This may sound strange, but are you good at Kanji? The only use of って I have ...
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XもVba YもV pattern

A girl is on a date with a hot guy in a flashy sports car とにかくザックは注目を集める。  車も目立てば、本人も目立つ。信号待ちで止まろうものなら道行く女性は皆振り返るし、中にはスマホのカメラを向ける人すらいる。 Why is も used twice here and not, for example, a は in ...
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か細く暗い (Usage of く to describe adjective?) [duplicate]

みんなの声は、か細く暗い。 When linking two adjectives, why does this sentence use an adverb (か細く) to describe another adjective (暗い) ? Shouldn't it be the te-form instead to represent "and"? From what I can ...
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How to express alternative options where the options use different verbs

I was about to answer this question when I realised I had a problem. If I want to say "Please do A or B" where the actions involve different verbs then, hopefully: 本を買うのに店に行くかインターネットを使うかどちらかしてください。...
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63 views

How do you say “you can do this or that”?

I'm having trouble figuring out how to suggest two different scenarios. The question on my homework was "What can you do with $300?" I am looking to say something along the lines of "You could buy A, ...
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61 views

I want to make sure if the sentence is impersonal or is it about a specific person

Character A is talking about character B 「…こいつは昔のオレに似ていた。全てを手に入れたつもりで、何でも成せると盲信しようとする。だからこそ己の失敗に怯え、己に失敗は無いのだと自分に嘘をつく。結果、それをごまかす方法として、他人の力を信用しなくなったのがオレだ。」 I understand that 「全てを手に入れたつもりで、...
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Meaning of 何もなし

I came across this sentence while playing Persona 5 Scramble. ひっさびさに会えるってのに、何もナシじゃつまんねーだろ I can't seem to wrap my head around the 何もなし. Specifically how the 何も fits with the なし and the adjective ...
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80 views

differences between 許す and ごめん

Can you please help me with finding differences between ごめん and 許す in "forgive me" meaning? Does "許す" means something more informal than "ごめん" and can be used with someone close (friend, family)? Or ...
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ちゃう, ちゃおう and ちゃおう的な

My ultimate goal is to translate the following sentence one by one: ユリアン**の優しさに乗っちゃおう的な What I know is that ちゃう/じゃう is the informal form of しまう. As far as I know, I can express two things with しまう:...
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58 views

Meaning and nuance of 詰む

I have some difficulties to understand the meaning of 詰む in the context あなたとは違{ちが}ってね」  冷静{れいせい}に返{かえ}されオレは言葉{ことば}を詰{つ}まらせた。 I am different from you. She returned my words calmly and "I was ...
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I can't recognize which conditional form to use? [duplicate]

so as you know there are varieties of conditions forms in Japanese...(と, …ば, …たら, なら) and 大変ですね? so my problem is, I may be able to recognize them in a test but while speaking, I have no idea which to ...
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67 views

に and で usage help for these two sentences

Sentence 1: テーブルに料理を並べました。 Sentence 2: 公園に花が咲いています。 To my understanding, I thought that で should be the right particle for both sentences instead of に. My rationale is that both sentences show ...
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1answer
51 views

Grammar / translation trouble with 合ってる

I am having trouble fully understanding a sentence from an anime I am watching at the moment. この先フェルトって子の家で合ってる? Specifically 合ってる used in this context is confusing for me.
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67 views

Meaning and nuance of 作戦

I have found a sentence with 作戦 (tactics; strategy; (2) {mil} military operation;) ここはウィットなジョークでも飛ばして、堀北の内部ポイントを貯める作戦に出よう。 Now I could finally score some points with Horikita by telling some ...
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86 views

Confusion regarding 感覚 + でいる

I came across the following sentence in a JLPT N2 reading textbook: そういう感覚でいるわけです。 The book says that そういう感覚でいる is equivalent to そう感じている, so I think I got the meaning: something like They ought to ...
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103 views

Meaning and use of ところも

I am a bit puzzled by the use of ところ and its association with も in the following sentence さっきの少年の態度や言動には、やや引っかかるところもあるが、概ね間違ってはいないんじゃないかと結論づけていた。 The attitude and behavior of the boy had caught ...
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What does it mean when someone just says “Onegai Shimasu” by itself?

I was watching a scene from one of my favorite shows and at one point the main character just said “Onegai shimasu” to another person without adding anything extra. It was just said by itself. Can ...
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55 views

Between A & B, which is harder to …? [closed]

Example: How do you write... Between (language A) and (language B), which is harder to (learn)? ...without making it sound unnatural?
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Usage of てーform in this example sentence

食事は良く噛んで、食べましょう。 The first clause is to tell the listener to chew their meal carefully. The second clause is more of "Let's eat". What does the で do in this sentence? I understand it is to join two ...
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327 views

邂逅せし瘴炎 what does the せし part mean?

I found that title in the Monster Hunter game and it was translated as "A Meeting with Blazing Miasma", but what does せし mean there? It kind of sounds that it might be a case of classical Japanese ...
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Difference between いきそうにない and いきそううではない [duplicate]

1)あの人はいきそうにない、もう行っているだ。 2)あの人はいきそうではない、もう行っているだ。 What's the difference between these 2 sentences? My Teacher told me that the first sentence is grammatically incorrect. I thought that these 2 ...
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73 views

How do you use “iuno/いうの”? [duplicate]

I've seen this word a couple of times and am currently stuck on how to use it.. I know "いう" means "say" but I don't understand the の particle attached to it. Could someone provide a couple of ...
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72 views

Purpose of double が in article title

I started to read this artcle and I noticed there are 2 が particles in the title 2000人以上の子どもがインターネットが原因で犯罪の被害 If the first が marks the 2000+ children as the subject, what is the purpose of the ...
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87 views

Conditions of use of ようでは as “if”

ようでは is translated is "if", but I would like to know the conditions of use of ようでは (ie when it is appropriated to use it). I have some sentences: こんな簡単な問題が解決できないようでは、困る。 We’ll be in big trouble ...
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114 views

Differing meanings of ~しまう

I had a look before deciding to post this, but nothing really answers what I am specifically looking for. From my understanding the following is correct (let me know if I am mistaken): ...
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76 views

く form of たい form of a verb

I am listening to a song and I came across the sentence, 分かりたくもないのさ. What does the く-form of the たい form of a verb turn into? In other words, what is 分かりたく? Is it a noun? Or does it stay a verb? ...
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194 views

Diffeence between てばかり(は/も)いられない and てはいられない

I would like to know the difference and usage (frequency, oral/written) for てばかりはいられない with regards to てはいられない Both seem to be pretty close: 人生そんなに長くないのだから待ってばかりはいられない。 Life is short so I can’t ...
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71 views

Use of その 結果 as "as a result'

I would like to know the use of その結果 "as a result" Is it formal ? Use in written language ? Could it be replaced with some other expressions like "それで” ? 三ヶ月ダイエットを続けた。その結果、5キロやせた。 I continued my ...
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66 views

~そばから and its する form

Why does this site say that そばから "Can be used only with past tense" then use it with ている? The usage note: 後件は良くないことが多く、過去のことにしか使えません。 The example sentence: 雪かきをするそばから雪が積もり始めている。
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60 views

Understanding 「やったこと」 and 「〜んだ」。

This is a line from a game that I'm attempting to take apart and understand. A man has committed a murder, and is panic-thinking he doesn't want to be caught for it. He thinks/says out loud this ...
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1answer
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Meaning of だけは in the sense of “to do all that one can”

I have several sentences where だけは is translated as "to do all that one can". 覚えるだけは覚えたのだから、後は試験の日を待つだけだ。 I’ve remembered everything I could, so now all I have to do is wait for the day of the ...
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46 views

読み取られ without る [duplicate]

示に従い、カメラで学生証を写すと顔写真や学籍番号などが読み取られログインが進む。 The school released a new application, and the teacher instructed the students to install it on their cell phones. The activation process is by reading (...
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136 views

Can You Explain the Particle Usages For These Sentences Involving 雨の中_?

I'll preface this with my understanding of particles that I think are relevant in this context. 「を」 - point of departure, or movement through a location. 「に」 - specific point in time, or direction ...
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58 views

Is there a difference between these two sentences?

I'd like to know if they differ in their meanings or maybe if one of them is incorrect maybe idk. どんなマンガが好きですか? and 好きなマンガは何ですか? As far as i understand theyre both asking what manga you like. ...
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86 views

Some grammar and sentence structure questions from a japanese game

So I am having a bit of trouble with some grammar/sentence structure from a native speaker. I think I have managed to translate most of the items correctly. it is worth noting this is a video game and ...
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〜たことがないvs〜たことはない [duplicate]

What is the difference between these two? I heard たことはない use to emphasize the negatives sentence?
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Difference between shimatte arimasu and shimete arimasu

In this link, it is explained that shimeru is a transitive verb and so it can take the -te aru ending but shimaru is an intransitive verb so it can take the -te imasu ending. However, in some grammar ...
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Problem with 〜なり… grammar

5)~なり・・・ 【例】 A:課長が入院したそうですね。 B:ああ。余程疲労がたまっていたんでしょうね。家のドアを開けるなり倒れ込んでしまったそうだよ。 A:もう、いやになっちゅうよ。出社するなり、すぐ営業に行けって言われて・・・ B:厳しいですね。 【用法】 「~なり・・・」 「~」の直後に「・・・」が行われることを表わす。「・・・」に予期していない意外なこと・普通でないことが入る。「なり」...
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65 views

Meaning of のかと思ったら

In a short story I'm reading, I found this sentece: ちゃんとした手術をするのかと思ったら、獣医さんはその場で切開を始めた I guess 「の」 nominalizes the preceding sentence, but I'm not sure about the meaning if 「かと思ったら」. I found it ...
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188 views

Can たい be used to express desire for 2nd person

Can たい be used to express desire for a 2nd person to do something. For example: I want you to come back 戻りたい I realise the proper way to do this is to use あなたに戻って欲しい, but was just wondering ...
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99 views

Changing word order - topic after fact?

タルカスと黒騎士ブラフォードはメアリーの忠実な家来だった・・・生い立ちは騎士の家柄ふたりとも戦で失い親も兄弟もない天涯孤独の身!! The bolded part is what I'm unsure about. As a little sidenote, seeing that this is a manga and it's read from top to bottom, it may ...
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58 views

Can I always use が to mark the subject when talking about phenomenon [closed]

I understand that が can be used to describe a phenomenon. 雨 が 降って います。 But in Japanese, there are always many exceptions. So, does this have any exceptions? Like I can use は or を? 雨 は 降って います。 ...
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75 views

Correct grammar? 「僕は20歳大学生。」

僕は20歳大学生。 I feel that 20歳 is used as an adjective here. Is there any special conjugation?
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40 views

Clarification on the usage of でも in this sentence

縁起でもないこと言わないでよ I understand the gist of the sentence. The speaker is saying something like "Please don't say something so grim". But how does でも play into this? Why is it not 縁起ないこと instead? So it ...
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2answers
84 views

Clarifying on the use of と

I came over this sentence during my study. ちらっと見ると、彼女も寒さで震えている I understand the latter half of the sentence, in the sense that "the girl was shivering from the cold". However, I have no idea what ...
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2answers
113 views

Use of adverb with いる

I was reading an explanation online regarding the difference between いつも, いつでも and いつまでも. At the bottom of the article there was this sentence, which seems to be taken from a banner ad: ...
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1answer
87 views

He said, they said

I'm having a little bit of trouble understanding the following sentence (namely the って言った and そういうことだった): 「メル、トレガーの養女になってお城に上がったんだってね。 僕のうちに来られない、って言ったのはそういうことだったんだ…」 I think the speaker ...
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1answer
94 views

Mixing 〜し and 〜ので in an explanation

In the Genki Chapter 13 reading section, an exchange student describes going to a restaurant with her host family and unwittingly eating turtle for the first time. Her host-father insists it is tasty. ...
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91 views

Do requests with てくれますか、てもらえますか & Co. have the same subject?

This was probably asked before but I just can't find the right post ... I was taught that while てくれる and てもらえる both express that I or a peer of mine receive(s) something, the subject will be ...

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