Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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23 views

What does adjective + でも mean? [duplicate]

The song RGTO by AKLO starts with the following lines: Everyday I wake up やる事明碓 少しでも 良くするこの生活 I think the translation goes as follows: Everyday I wake up It is clear what I have to ...
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Is the の[か] in my sentence a 準体言助詞 の[か]?

こんな訓練が何の役に立つのか不思議だったが、アインが言うにはバランス感覚は射撃の要になるらしい。 I hypothesize that the のか in question is a nominalizing の followed by a questioning か, as its preceded by the verb/expression 役に立つ. This verb-...
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51 views

Why does the following sentence contain など?

If you have read Japanese Wikipedia articles such as this one, you will have come across sentences like the following. この項目を加筆・訂正などしてくださる協力者を求めています My translation of the sentence goes like this: ...
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Is it possible to put two adverbs one after another?

In the following sentence: 本当に正直に話していいかな? I know that 本当に is an adverb which means "really" but what about 正直に? I though that it was an adverb because of the に but I don't know if one can put two ...
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74 views

Usage of わけにはいかない

According to what I know, わけにはいかない means that someone can't do something for moral reason これは先生の本だから、君に貸すわけにはいかない This is my teacher's book so I can't lend it to you But I just saw this ...
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70 views

Do all the い-adjectives become adverbs when you add く to them?

Do all い-adjectives become adverbs when you add く to them? For example: 新しい = 新しく 早い  = 早く But does this work with all the い-adjectives?
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A confusing line for me (picture)

I'm scratching my head at this one and I can't seem to understand it right. I really can't grasp the idea... So the context, there are 2 characters let's call them Hanako and Yosuke. Yosuke ...
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116 views

Difference in meaning of 場合 with 辞書形 and た形

Most of the grammar sources that I have access to tell me that 場合 can be preceded by the 辞書形 or the た形, but none of them explain the semantic difference between the two uses. This is clearly not a ...
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What is the meaning of とか in the sentence?

What is the contribution of 「とか」 to the meaning of the sentence? And what is the meaning of construction 「違ってくる」? 漢字は一緒でも読み方とかが全然違ってくるの本当、凄いですよね。
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98 views

What does あなたでは mean in this sentence?

I was studying the grammar for かもしれない and I found the following example: あなたでは間に合わないかもしれない。 The translation given for this sentence is... "You might not get there in time." And then I got ...
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Meaning of 果たせることが出来たなら

I'm looking for some assistance in understanding the second line in the below as I am not quite sure what 果たせる is referring to (I know what 果たす means in e.g. 目的を果たす). I am not sure if there is ...
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のりまきみたいにくるまればふかふかふとんになるんだもん。

In a Japanese children's book I read: のりまきみたいに くるまれば ふかふか ふとんに なるんだもん。 For the sake of analysis, I looked up the kanjis (correct me if they're wrong): 海苔巻きみたいに包まればふかふか布団になるんだもん。 From the context, ...
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Does ~そう modify both verbs in a double-verb construction?

I heard the phrase: その男の子が車にひかれて死にそうだった。   When I head the V1てV2, I assumed that Verb 1 (ひかれて)had actually happened and that Verb 2 (死にそう) was a consequence. But someone pointed out to me that ...
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What does [で] mean in [前は花屋で]…?

隣にパン屋があります。前は花屋で、花屋の隣は魚屋です。 Is it simply used as a connector? Is it simply used to avoid making 2 sentences e.g."前は花屋です。花屋の隣は魚屋です。"? I previously thought this was only done for Na adjectives to ...
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What is the function of the と particle in this sentence?

The text on which I found the following sentence is here: http://watanoc.com/post-1608-gozira So... There's a part where it says: 『すごく面白い』とネットで評判です So my question is what does the と particle do in ...
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Why to use 思っていました instead of 思いました?

I found this sentence in this link: http://watanoc.com/post-1608-gozira So there's a part where it says:アメリカの映画だと思っていました but why to use the て-form instead of the ます-form? The meaning wouldn't be the ...
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71 views

How to say: I want to be good at what I choose to do [closed]

How to say: I want to be good at what I choose to do? I know some of the individual words/expressions needed for the sentence: 1)want to be good at: 得意になりたい or 上手になりたい 2)choose to do something: ...
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Why to use the て-form in questions? [duplicate]

Anybody around here knows why it is used the て-form in 覚えてないのかい instead of 覚えないのかい in the next sentence? 僕はさっきもう君にすっかり話したじゃないか。 それとも、覚えてないのかい? I've already seen this before in other question ...
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ます Verb Stem + another verb grammar meaning?

I was practicing writing and got corrected by a few native speakers. They all had a correction in common where they took the ます Verb Stem and then just added a different verb on the back. What ...
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119 views

Are Japanese stories usually written in past tense or present tense?

This is a question that I have been pondering for a while. As anyone who has read stories written in English can tell you, most stories are written in past tense. Why? Well, the main reason is that ...
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268 views

Usage of よう without に particle

みなさん、こんにちは! So, I am a beginner. I have just started reading my first manga in Japanese, 鬼滅の刃, and I've encountered a sentence which I don't really understand the grammar for. Here it is: 丸腰{まるごし}​...
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What is the grammar behind もなければ、なければ?

Lately, I'm reading Japanese light novels. For the following sentence, I can't get the meaning behind it. 解放感もなければ、次の職を探さなければという焦りもなかった。何を思えばよいのかが、よくわからなかった。 The character said that after leaving ...
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60 views

っといても after a verb

What does っといても mean after a verb, I've seen it several times. I'm guessing it's a slang form or a shortened form? I know that ても means "even if" (roughly), and I've seen って a lot so wasn't sure if it'...
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Question about ね particle

I've been doing some JLPT5 grammar practice , and I came across the following dialogue fragment: A:『勉強はどうですか』B:『そうですね。』. The reason I'm confused is I thought 『ね』 was employed as a way to seek ...
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128 views

What does 本当たりえる mean

I am playing the eroge Tsui no Sora and have come across a passage containing this word: 当たり前だがノストラダムスの大予言なんて出来の悪い妄想だ。 まともに考えれば小学生にすらわかる事。 だがそんな事は重要じゃない。 [Nostradamus' prophecy is an ...
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84 views

「命令形 + と助詞」どんな意味?

アナと雪の女王2の「Into the Unknown・心のままに」の歌詞を翻訳していますが、次の文型が分かりません。分からない部分は この 🔴の間に... 1) 聞こえてる、でも無駄よ。目を覚ませ、🔴起きろと🔴 2) 未知の旅へ🔴踏み出せと🔴 「起きる」と「踏み出す」の意味は分かりますが、この「起きろ+と / 踏み出せ+と」という文型のニュアンスが理解できません。 皆さん、...
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Meaning of 迎えにやってくる

小さかった頃、ハリーは誰か見知らぬ親戚が自分を迎えにやってくることを何度も何度も夢見た。 When he was little Harry dreamed over and over of unknown relatives greeting him. Obviously the 'greeting him' part is wrong. I'm not sure I fully ...
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120 views

Describing an adjective with “should”

I've noticed that some nouns can be described with すべき, as in 彼女{かのじょ}はもっと注意{ちゅうい}すべきだった。 (She should have been more careful.) I understand it as 彼女{かのじょ}はもっと注意{ちゅうい}するだった。 (She has been more ...
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this 強くあるために meaning [duplicate]

I found 強くあるために in this song http://www.kasi-time.com/item-21360.html and http://j-lyric.net/artist/a00968f/l00381a.html I'm a bit sure that it means "to be strong" Is 強くある same with 強くなる ?
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Can I use the potential form with the ~たい ending?

For example, consider the two following options: 日本語の本が読めたい。 日本語の本が読むことができるになりたい。 Is the first construction valid? If so, how is it different from the second (in terms of meaning, formality, etc.)?
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ては in a series of て connected sentences [duplicate]

暑さにかこつけて、外を歩いては、すぐに喫茶店に入って休む。 財界には古美門先生を寵愛する経営者がいて、法外な顧問料をふんだくっては、今も何不自由なく遊んで暮らしている。 What is the function of は inserted in a series of て connected sentences(listed above)? I suppose it makes the flow ...
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225 views

Elliptical usage of を

I came across the following elliptical sentence: 美しい伝統の国柄を明日の日本へ How does the particle を work in this case? Is it the end of a clause modifying 明日? Are both, it and the clause preceding へ ...
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114 views

Help with the “ない” in “たまには自分を解放してあげないとね”

たまには自分を解放してあげないとね My Japanese is pretty poor and I have trouble with dividing sentences into parts. So I've seen a translation for the above sentence that goes like "you should let yourself relax ...
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48 views

があったもん vs だったもん

Just going back over an old text book to refine some lost understanding and I've come across this paragraph: あの時代がおかしかったんですよ」おやじさんが、口をはさんだ。同僚と長く続く不景気の話を始めたときのことだ。「作りさえすれば何でも売れた時代があったもんだから、...
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Meaning of あれで + noun+ だったらな

ゴリラが頭を掻いてる姿がダドリーそっくりだ。あれで金髪だったらな.....。(ellipsis as written) The gorilla scratching its head looked just like Dudley. ???? I don't know what あれで金髪だったらな means or what the grammar is. Guesses are "If ...
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Nuance of ひどい as cruel?

いくらなんでも、あんまりひどい。ひかりがあんなチョコレートででも組みあげたやうな三角標になるなんて。 http://contest.japias.jp/tqj2002/50133/story-old_03.html I don't quite get how to translate ひどい as cruel here, is there a nuance I'm not getting?
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111 views

Are 辞書形 + て and 「とらんで」 from some dialect?

I'm struggling to understand this sentence from a story I'm reading: 「あんたが心配することはない。高校ぐらいちゃんと通わせたる。それが、親の役目ってもんやないの」 おれ、高校に行ってもええのかと尋ねた息子に、母の由美子は一度、大仰に眉をひそめ、それから自分の胸をこぶしで叩き、はっきりと言い切った。 「...
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What are the implications of 「~だこと」「~ですこと」? [duplicate]

I have seen these constructions (「~だこと」「~ですこと」) in drama and anime several times now, though, as far as I remember exclusively used by female speakers. Here is one of the sentences I came across... ...
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244 views

What do you say for “junction” or “fork” in a path in terms of direction?

For junction I know of 交差点 but is that only for traffic junctions or can it be used generally, say, in a mall when the path splits 3 ways or more in front of you.
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Why is there 'は' before 'あるく' in this sentence? [duplicate]

風の枯木をひろってはあるく Kaze no kareki o hirotte wa aruku To my understanding it says something like ''wind leaves picking, I walk..'' but I couldn't grasp why there is a ''は'' before ''あるく''.
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What does お do in ケーキはお好きですか? [duplicate]

ケーキはお好きですか So I started learning Japanese and something caught my attention quite often. In some sentences there is an お in front of a verb. What is it doing? How does it affect the sentence. Can ...
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Past tense short な-adjective + ので

From what I know, ので differs to から grammatically because you add a な after な-adjectives for ので. For example: その人は意地悪{いじわる}なので、嫌{きら}いです。- I do not like that person because they are mean. But what ...
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107 views

Meaning of がい in だろうがい

What exactly does "がい" mean in the phrase "リーダーは俺だろうがい"? To give some context, here's part of the video I heard it from: https://youtu.be/44UruxeJ_20?t=1127 This was said by a comedian, so maybe it'...
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94 views

Imperative form + という方

...猫の写真を見ないですむと思うと、同情しろという方が無理だった。 When he thought that he could get away without seeing any cat photos, sympathy was impossible. In my translation I've condensed all of 同情しろという方 into just one word:...
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902 views

てしょうがない/てしかた(が)ない, “You shouldn't”

As far as I know, forms like 「てしょうがない」 and 「てしかた(が)ない」 means something like "very, extremely" and "can't be helped", like: 心配する理由はなかったけど、どうしても不安でしかたなかった: I didn't have any reason to worry, but I ...
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I need some help with んです/ので/ん

I was studyng from a book and I can't answer this question (and I don`t have the answers) the question is: 普通の言い方に直すとどうなりますか。 私に予約してくれんか。 a)予約してくれないのですか。 b)予約してくれるのですか。 c)予約してくれませんか。 To me all of ...
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Embedded questions without particle か

(医師が患者に)薬を飲むか飲まないかを決めるのは、あなた自身ですよ。(pattern one) お酒を飲む飲まないに関わりなく参加者には一人3000円払っていただきます。(pattern two) I'd like to ask three questions. The first one is: is "verb+か+verb+ないか" (pattern one) totally ...
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138 views

Question about 「得為らざる」

I came across this sentence: 「まるで触れ得為らざるものの様な...」 I am pretty sure that this is some kind of 'archaic' speech here and found following explanations for understanding this sentence: https://www....
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119 views

Difference between いたします and させていただきます

When writing in humble 謙譲語{けんじょうご} language, I see いたします and させていただきます. What is the difference between these two forms? For example both mean "I will contact you" in humble language, what is the ...
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187 views

Is a particle required after 何か?

I noticed that particles are sometimes omitted after 何か. Is there a grammatical rule that dictates omission of a particle after 何か or this is just a conversational contraction? E.g., are the following ...