Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange
Join us in building a kind, collaborative learning community via our updated Code of Conduct.

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

1
vote
0answers
31 views

な directly after a noun (not a な-adjective)

While reading a grammar book, I read the following explanation of な な na, a masculine ne Both sexes use ne in both PL2 and PL3 speech, but male speakers often use na instead -- especially in ...
4
votes
2answers
133 views

When to use するほうがいい instead of したほうがいい in order to mean “Should do”?

So, I was in hello talk writing about how eating ramen everyday might not be healthy: (I will number the sentences) 1 - ...だから、時々ラーメンを食べたほうがいいね Then, a native speaker corrected my sentence to: ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Clarification about how 惚れた should be translated

There is sentence 「だがまあ、惚れた女を一途に見守っている男の邪魔をするのは無粋と言うものだ」 which I rougly translated as "However, as they say, it's rude to disturb a man who is earnestly watching over loved woman". But this ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

What does ‘‪いてね‬’ mean?

What does ‪いてね‬ mean in ‘‪聴いてね‬’?
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Is this sentence from anki correct? [duplicate]

私は帰国することに決めた This is the original sentence, but shouldn't it be: 私は帰国することを決めた or 私は帰国することが決めた?
0
votes
1answer
76 views

“I hate change”

How would you say "I hate change" in Japanese? I feel like 「私は変更を憎みます」 would just sound like a bad google translation.
0
votes
0answers
43 views

I'm asking for pdfs of Japanese grammar for free [on hold]

Do any of you happen to have ebooks or PDFs that encompass all sides of Japanese grammar? Please do share.
3
votes
2answers
130 views

「から」「ので」「ーんで」など

日本で大学に通っている留学生です。 基本的に普段友達と話す時は「から」、面接や先生へのメールなど敬語で話す時は「ので」を使っていますが、ある程度親しい目上の人(学校やバイト先の一個上の先輩など)と敬語で話す時に「ので」を使ってもおかしくないのでしょうか? 「から」は「ですます」形で使うと個人的には日本語的に正しくない感じがしますし、「ので」は書き言葉のような印象で、工夫したのが「んで」(例:...
5
votes
2answers
152 views

What is the difference between using を and に with the verb 注目する?

私たちは物価を注目しなかった。The price did not enter into our consideration. 誰も彼の見解に注目していないようだ。It seems that nobody takes any notice of his opinions.
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Is ものもある a grammar pattern?

From here: ウイルスが入らないようにするソフトの中には、このメールのウイルスを見つけることができないものもあります。 There is also a feature where you can't find these e-mail viruses in the software whose purpose is to make sure that there are no ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

What is the function of を in this sentence? [duplicate]

彼は高齢を理由に社長を辞めたよ。 I found this example sentence in some core flashcards, and the translation says He gave up the company presidency due to age. Which makes sense to me, but I don't understand the ...
3
votes
3answers
227 views

すき (“suki”) vs すきだ (“sukida”)

Background I am currently studying Japanese grammar at a beginner's level. Yes, I am familiar with Hiragana but I have not quite learnt Katakana yet. Obviously, I know Romaji and hardly much Kanji. ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

How to use 来る in the sense of “is coming”

While reading a book on grammar, I read the following: Context: Shima and Hastushiba Electric's racing team manager Ono are relaxing at a bar after a test run at the track and discussing their ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Difference between Xが原因で and Xで

Is there any difference in meaning/nuance between Xが原因で and Xで? For example in 8つの州で雨が原因で約800人が亡くなりました。 can I replace 雨が原因で with just 雨で? I'm guessing they wrote it the long way because they ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Use of と in 亡くなった人と亡くなっていたことがわかった人

I'm reading this article about a peace ceremony held in Nagasaki. There is a sentence that uses a と, but I do not understand the meaning entirely. I believe the と is being used as an "and" but I don'...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Relative clause with both direct object and head noun as object

From here: 国土交通省によると、3つの会社は走るのに必要なガソリンの量や外に出るガスの量を調べる検査を国が決めたルールと違うやり方で行っていました。そして、ルールどおりに検査したと記録していました。 According to the land ministry, three companies were operating in a way different to the ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

What is the difference between それでは and それなら

My grammar book says they both mean ‘if that’s the case...’ but it doesn’t clarify the differences. Thank you!
3
votes
1answer
101 views

How to parse the following “N1+に必要となる+N2”?

I am not sure whether or not I have learnt this grammar before. I am reading a book about OpenCV and found a sentence as follows. OpenCVを効果的に用いるのに必要となるコンピュータビジョンについての一般的な背景知識もあわせて説明します。 The ...
14
votes
1answer
128 views

Conjugated word + んだ vs nonconjugated word + conjugated んだ

Suppose I have a verb/adjective/noun, let's say 無理, and I add (な)んだ to it as an explanatory sentence-ending particle. What would be the difference in nuance between the following two conjugated ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

What is the difference between が and を when using verbs?

In this anime-esque example, which is correct?: 私はあなたが殺す 私はあなたを殺す And why? Because I’ve heard it used with number • 2 • を (wo), but other verbs seem to always use が, for example: 「私はエミリアが好きです」 Is ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

How would I say this: I know we cannot be together but I like you [closed]

I’m trying to say: I know we cannot be together but I like you. Is this correct: Watashi to anata wo shitte ru yo koto ga deskimasen wo issho ni demo suki da yo Many thanks!
3
votes
1answer
57 views

I don't understand the difference in meaning of ようにする and ようになる in this particular sentence

朝早く起きられるようになりました。apposed to 朝早く起きられるようにしました。 I understand that the first sentence is intransitive and the second is transitive but I don't understand the difference in meaning From my understanding ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

About the grammar of「寝ぐらに」

まさか、寝ぐらにしてるのか? What I don't know is the phrase '寝ぐら'. I guessed it is a grammatical clause but the search came up with no optimistic result. However, with the search engine, I found that the ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Difference between 上、のみならず、ばかりか

I was doing some JLPT N@ practice, and I got this question wrong: 留学中は日本の言語や文学を学ぶ( )、自分の国のことも伝えていこうと考えている。 a 上 b のみならず c ばかりか I chose "a" while the correct answer is "b". According ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

べんきょうを します / べんきょうします interpretation and use

I was told that in べんきょうを します the べんきょう is the direct object of the expresion and in ~を べんきょうします the ~ part is the direct object Is that right? but besides that, whats the diference?, how must ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Use of の in colored objects [duplicate]

It seems to me that some colors need の when describing an item, yet others don't. For example: 黄色のくつ (Yellow shoes; has の) 赤いくつ (Red shoes; no の) オレンジ色のくつ (Orange shoes; has の) 青いくつ (Blue shoes; no ...
5
votes
1answer
125 views

Word select: 食べます?/飲みます?

食べ物の場合は動詞「食べる」を使いますが、飲み物の場合は動詞「飲む」を使います。ところが、食べ物と飲み物をいっしょに出た場合はどの動詞を使いますか。 例①:パンとミルクを...(食べます?/飲みます?)… 例②:コーヒーとりんごを...(食べます?/飲みます?)…
8
votes
2answers
138 views

What is the purpose of はある in this sentence?

顔の大きさの半分はあるであろう大きなマスク。(source) I've been told that this sentence is describing the size of the mask being half the size of the face, Can't we simply say 「顔の大きさの半分であろう大きなマスク」 instead?
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Article about Amazon Speaker being used for donations

I'm reading this article on how Amazon allowed their speaker to be used to donate to Japan's Red Cross. In the final sentence they get a quote from a Red Cross member, but I cannot make sense of the ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Why is は used here instead of が?

I'm trying to understand some basic phrases from this Japanese phrasebook: https://wikitravel.org/en/Japanese_phrasebook There is a phrase: Is there a doctor who can speak English? 英語の出来る医者はいますか? ...
4
votes
1answer
113 views

。。。したのではないのだから、。。。The different of the two の

あなたがけがをしたのではないのだから、何もそんなに泣かなくていいでしょう What is the difference between the first の and the second の? Currently I understand it this way. The first one is a nomalizer, turning けがをした into けがをしたこと。 Is ...
6
votes
1answer
89 views

What kind of periods can I put before にわたって?

I came across this question when doing some JLPT N2 practice. ( )にわたってこの町には観光客が大勢きた。 a 五月 b 五月の連休 c 一週間 I think that all three options are correct syntactically. All three are ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

Are these two noun phrases attached to one noun? Also what is とは doing here?

あの手は現代とはルールのちがうコミのない時代だから好手とされたのだ (Panel this phrase comes from) (Komi is a rule in go that exists in the modern era, but did not exist in the Edo period. This kid appears to be using a style of ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

~なけりゃ or ~なきゃ, how to know which one to use?

風邪を引いたから薬を早く飲まなきゃ I know that generally, eba contracts to ya (答えれば → 答えりゃ) (おけば →  おきゃ) If the original form in this sentence is 飲まな[ければ]{ll}ならない.いけない how shall we choose between 飲まなきゃ and 飲まなけりゃ?
4
votes
1answer
82 views

Meaning of this どうだとか言う construction

The context I found the usage in (which hopefully should suffice here): この人ってやっぱり本当に危ない系な人? 自分を世界そのものだとか言って……それってアニメの影響か? 涼宮なんとかがどうだとか言う……。 I'm not entirely sure what どう is doing in this ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Two or more verbs modifying a noun

I would like to know about how we deal with two or more verbs modifying a noun. Do we connect the verbs using the TE-form or do we keep them in their original tenses? 激しい雷を伴った昨日から降り続いている雨のせいで、...
4
votes
1answer
168 views

Why is くなかった wrong and ではありません preferred in this sentence?

I was taking a n5 grammar test and I came across the question: あの人{ひと} は有名{ゆうめい} ____ The answer I chose was くなかった. However, the quiz said the correct answer was ではありません. Why is that?
1
vote
1answer
102 views

〜により used twice in the same sentence

Context: explanation of the Friction Stir Welding process. In the fourth sentence I don't understand why there are two 〜により. ツールの移動により接合界面同士が順次塑性流動により攪拌・一体化 What is that is causing the process? ...
4
votes
2answers
185 views

そんな事で変わる未来じゃないだろう where's the subject

I'm reading the manga Orange and one of the lines that's said by a character is 「転ばないよう気をつけろ」なんて言っても、そんな事で変わる未来じゃない So far, my understanding of the sentence is: 転ばないよう気をつけろ」なんて言っても Even if we ...
1
vote
2answers
141 views

Meaning of もの in this title/name

An enemy (a monster) in a game I was reading about is called [時を食らうもの]{ときをくらうもの}, which is translated as "Time Devourer". Is the もの used as sort of a -er suffix, or does it have a different function?
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Trying to understand this use of 〜た方が

I am still stumped on understanding this one sentence: 今打った方が格段に実力はまさっています ですが、彼の打つ手に正しい手はひとつもありません (source context panels) In this case the speaker is talking about a go player who is ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Dangling Particle Question

I encountered the following passage in a mystery manga. The detective character is explaining the evidence the "true" criminal (as opposed to the puppet killer described earlier in the book) left ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Is it true that a polysyllabic verb ending in iru or eru whose e/i syllab is written in hiragana ichidan?

I read long ago that verbs containing more than two syllabs and whose syllab before る containing the sound e or i is written in hiragana are all ichidan. Is it an actual rule or just a useful trick ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Can a verb end with 〜ます before the conjunction ので? [duplicate]

I know that you can end a verb with 〜ます at the end of a sentence. I also know that you can end a verb with 〜ます before the conjunction が. So, what about ので? Can you end a verb with with 〜ます before the ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Logical analysis of the sentence 「アメリカとの関係が悪くなったイランからの原油の輸入が減ると考える人などが多いためです」

アメリカとの関係が悪くなったイランからの原油の輸入が減ると考える人などが多いためです。 アメリカとの関係が悪くなったイラン: is a noun phrase. イラン is the head noun. イランからの原油の輸入が減る: is an independent clause. 考える人などが多いためです: refers to the previous independent ...
5
votes
1answer
908 views

What is なんでって a contraction of in this sentence?

The sentence I am analyzing: 「今じーちゃんとこなんでって…」 "Right now I'm at grandpa's" (source context) In this case the speaker is on the phone so his speech is casual and fragmented. I already have an idea ...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

が particles and their usages

A follow-up to Why is が added at the end of この小娘が in this clip? I'm currently aware of the following が particles / usages: 1) Subject marker (exhaustive listing). I think it can appear at the end if ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

「なでさすられて」の文法は何ですか。

「なでさすられて」の文法を詳しく説明していただけませんか。 よろしくお願いします。
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Why there is a の in オープンしたばかりのレストラン?

I learned that in Japanese you can put a sentence in front of a noun without の: like "買った本" or "もらったプレゼント". In a JLPT N3 sample question I encountered "オープンしたばかりのレストラン". Could I omit the の and just ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

What does なくた mean in 理解されなくたっていい?

I am reading 宇宙よりも遠い場所. Right off the beginning comes a sentence: "誰にも理解されなくたっていい". I am sure it means "It is OK that it is not understood by anybody". However, the されなくた puzzles me: shouldn't ない ...