Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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3
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1answer
47 views

Help understanding だからこそ、という場合もある

I'm struggling to understand the sentence in the exchange below. To explain the context, these characters have been shipwrecked and landed on an unknown island. They find that several of their ...
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2answers
80 views

meaning of たりしてくれる

A young couple are cooking together and he mentions that this is special now but may become the usual in the distant future when they move in together someday and the like (こんな is referring to this ...
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1answer
101 views

What is the meaning of this passage?

I started reading a practice reading for N3 yesterday, and found this passage in a sentence that is very confusing 他人から見れば「どうしてそんなことを」というようなことをしてしまう親のことである。 If someone can help me I would really ...
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0answers
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What does のか mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

In this sentence: ドアの音に驚いたのか、軽く上体がかしいだ a door opens, and there is a character, whose upper body is slightly bent forward, startled by the door's sound. I think の just nominalize ドアの音に驚いた, but I'm ...
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1answer
73 views

What is the の particle doing in this sentence when used after まで?

I have the following sentence from chapter 140 of the manga, 「五等分の花嫁。」 今の父と再婚するまでの私たちは極貧生活でした。 Context: One of the girls (of 5 siblings) is speaking with her male friend and she is discussing how ...
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0answers
39 views

Meaning of と in this sentence [duplicate]

In a short story I'm reading (or trying to) I found this sentence: 屋上の手すりから、ひらひらと風になびくタータンチェックのひだスカートと、そこからにょっきりと生えた二本の脚とが見えた I think the general meaning is the character saw from the rooftop's ...
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0answers
35 views

When should I use です instead of ます? [duplicate]

I'm just unsure of when to use them at the ending of a sentence. I know です is 'for politeness' and I never see です and ます together.
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1answer
130 views

Word order in 犬のホワイトチョコレート

Some time ago I was speaking with a Japanese teacher, and to say "A white chocolate dog" she said 犬のホワイトチョコレート; I asked, shouldn't it be ホワイトチョコレートの犬, since 犬のホワイトチョコレート sounded to me like "A white ...
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1answer
145 views

Help needed breaking down で + なんだっていう in this sentence

I have the following sentence from a manga, 「問題集作ったくらいでなんだっていうのよ。そんなの…いらないわ」, and I am not sure what 「でなんだっていう」 is doing here. I think I may be mainly thrown off by the 「で」 at the beginning. Context:...
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2answers
118 views

レポートを書かなければなりません。

Please I need some help here. I am all in on learning to mimic how Japanese speak and write as well as learning proper grammar. Just knowing vocal and grammar will lead to unusual and unnatural speech,...
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4answers
530 views

What is the relationship between 友だち, 恋人, and 仲良し in this dialog?

I can't seem to figure out how this is supposed to be parsed. For context, two characters broke up and went back to being friends, and when they get back together again, one of them says this. (This ...
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1answer
70 views

What's the usage of で in this sentence: 日本はユーラシア大陸の東にある島国で国の70%は山です。

日本はユーラシア大陸の東にある島国で国の70%は山です。 I translated it as something like "Japan is an island country of east of the Eurasia continent and 70% of it is made of mountains."
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42 views

Is this ね like ない? [duplicate]

In a short story I'm trying to read I found this sentence, and the part in bold confused me: その時間内にやってしまわねばならない仕事が山積みだった I think it means "There was a lot of work I had to do in that time", but I'...
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2answers
178 views

Does ようやく mean “gradually”?

ようやく has the following definitions in romajidesu: (adv) finally; at last 「そっか」ウィリーはようやく納得した。 "Well, OK," Willie finally agreed. barely; narrowly; hardly; only just 9時20分の電車にようやく間に合った。 ...
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2answers
1k views

Is the sentence “何でも忘れた” correct?

If I want to say "I forgot everything about it," I would go for "全部/全て忘れた". But then I thought what about "何でも忘れた"? I know that 何でも is followed by positive predicate. But somehow this sentence sounds ...
1
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1answer
80 views

What is それ doing in this sentence

In reading exercise #3 of JLPT N3 読む guide, there's a sentence that contains それ and I don't understand why. 大好きなおもちゃが壊れてしまった子供にとっては、それを直してくれるおもちゃの専門家が、神様のように見えるようです。 Can someone explain to me why ...
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1answer
82 views

what is に's role in this sentence?

その巨大{きょだい}な学園{がくえん}は都会{とかい}のど真{ま}ん中{なか}の一等地{いっとうち}に聳{そび}えたっていた I can understand the meaning of this sentence but I can't comprehend what「に」is meaning in it.
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1answer
102 views

Passive ambiguity in this passage (「あなたに向けられる視線」・「殿下が判断された」)

A is a commoner right now. B is a high ranking commander. A ceremony just finished, involving A getting bestowed a role by the queen/殿下 as a reward for some good deeds. B was in the audience and was a ...
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1answer
80 views

Is として in this sentence adverbial?

I was trying to get a full understanding of this sentence's structure: 政府が学校の建設を計画しているが、遅々として進まないので、現地にあるNGO組織が学校づくりを支援している I know として as "As; In", like in 教師として, "as a teacher", but in this ...
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0answers
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What's the meaning of という in this sentence? [duplicate]

I'm going crazy over this, i would like to understand the meaning of という in this sentence and i can't find anywhere a specific answer: 昔の中国 では、珍しい貝殻がお金として使われていたということである。 I know the meaning of という ...
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1answer
127 views

What is the function of と in this sentence?

学生時代にもっと勉強すればよかったと、今ではとても残念だ。 This doesn't seem like the ~と... pattern: Expresses the idea that when ~ arises or happens, it will definitely lead to ...
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1answer
85 views

To find / to look for / to detect

Whats the difference between 見つからない and 見当たらない? Is 見つけない used for physical objects? Like i cant find the book etc and 見当たらない eg -> I cant find that line on this page? In the middle of all this ...
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1answer
150 views

Is it ungrammatical to say Nがなく instead of Nなく when it means “without N”?

The phrase Nなく means "without N" and is used to modify verbs, as in: 彼は私を躊躇なく殴った。 He hit me without hesitation. In sentences like this, is it ungrammatical or unnatural to say Nがなく instead of ...
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1answer
111 views

How is the と particle working in 「意外と早かったね」?

Here is the sentence in question 意外と早かったね。 The speaker is saying this in what I would take as a form of astonishment at how fast the students moved the wooden logs out of the warehouse. In the ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Is ためか the same as ために?

I think this sentence: あまり日がささまいためか、どれもひょろひょろとした貧弱な木だ means something like "Since they get too much sunlight, they are shabby trees", but while I know ために I can't find anything about ためか in my ...
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0answers
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What is the difference between 以外と、案外 and 割と

I've been having a bit of trouble differentiating between these 3 grammatical points as their usage is quite similar and can be interchanged at times. Can someone explain the difference with some ...
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2answers
318 views

Is たらと some form of conditional?

in a book I found this sentences, which I can't quite understand: この熱意を勉強に向けてくれたらとため息をつくこともしばしばだが、自分でも覚えのあることだから、滑稽と笑うことはもちろんできない The part which puzzles me the most is たらと, which seems like two ...
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0answers
85 views

How would I say, “It sounds the same” [closed]

I'm writing a script and i'm trying to say that "I haven't tried tennis yet, but I can play badminton. they seem to be about the same." And I need to use 「~そう」and 「なら」 so this is the first sentence ...
3
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1answer
93 views

Difference between ~によって and ~を通じて (through, by means of)

It seems that both ~によって and ~を通じて (sometimes ~を通して) can be used to mean "through", "by means of", "via". Both seem moderately but not very formal. Are there any differences in nuance that dictate ...
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0answers
60 views

な vs の classes of nouns

Based on my understanding, it seems that "な-adjectives" and "nouns" both function as nouns in the grammatical sense with the exception that "な-adjectives" are linked to other nouns with な and "nouns" ...
6
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1answer
99 views

what doesかどうかという mean in this sentence?

I've been watching anime and came across this sentence: 全員足しても15人いるかどうかという寒村ぶりだ I can't understand the meaning of かどうかという in this sentence. The context is that the village is isolated, and it ...
4
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3answers
677 views

Why is there a が in 深淵に臨むが如し?

In the sentence 深淵に臨むが如し why is there a particle が after the verb 臨む? Shouldn't it be 深淵に臨むよう?
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1answer
58 views

Does "朝か晩に” as an expression exist?

I am currently studying for JLPT N5 using Nihongo So-Matome, and one of the practice questions requires me to choose a sentence with a similar meaning to the one that is given, which is ...
3
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1answer
532 views

How is this sentence “working” after として?

I came across the following sentence in a manga I was reading, 急いでるみたいだけど間に合ったとして赤点回避なんてできると思ってるの. A boy is being accompanied by a group of girls and they are hurrying to school so they can make it ...
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1answer
86 views

~てからでなければ vs ~なければ

I'm learning the ~てからでなければ... grammar pattern, which my textbook defines as: Until/unless ~ happens or is done, ... cannot happen or be done either. Used in negating or negative statements. One of ...
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1answer
141 views

What does 「ような 」mean in the following sentence?

What is the difference between 以下の条件を満たすような日本語スピーカーを探しています and 以下の条件を満たす日本語スピーカーを探しています ?
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1answer
149 views

Can you help me understand this sentence please?

I just came across a sentence about the National Flag of Japan. I don't think I fully understood it. So here it is: 話題の旭日旗です。長野県1滋野村2(現3ー東御市4、小諸市5)にあった軍6の後援7組織8「滋野軍友会」の旗9。戦前、...
3
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1answer
86 views

「その+名詞」vs「この+名詞」

I am currently working through the N1 grammar preparation book 「新完全マスター 文法」and one of the later chapters of the book deals with the difference between 「その+名詞」and「この+名詞」. There are two examples given: ...
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3answers
287 views
+100

に vs. が in the ~てほしい construction

I know there are already a few questions about this topic on this website, however none of them seemed to really help me with the issue. The ~てほしい contruction is used to express that someone wants ...
3
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1answer
101 views

ならでは (uniquely applying to, special to)

I am studying Japanese grammar and believe that ならでは generally translates to "uniquely applying to" or "special to" the noun that proceeds it. I can translate most example sentences but had difficulty ...
0
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1answer
63 views

What’s なく after a verb for?

Given the following text: 東京都のある女性が、2017年10月23日から連絡が取れ[なく]{LL}なり、[行方]{«ゆくえ»}[不明]{ふ・めい}になっていた。 What’s the grammar for 「なく」after「取れ」? (e.g passive form or negate form, for further googling) Also, ...
2
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1answer
43 views

〜を限りに/で (Full range of meanings)

I wanted to double-check the translation of the below sentence: "山本さんは今月限りで退職します" I believe it means Ms. Yamamoto will retire starting this month. However, I have seen others translate a sentence ...
3
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1answer
57 views

What is the meaning of 置いてっちゃいますよ?

I have the sentence 早くしないと置いてっちゃいますよ. I think this sentence means "Don't act quickly and you'll be left behind but I'm not sure why ちゃいますよ, which I believe to be ちゃう, is used with the て form. I ...
3
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0answers
151 views

Understanding of をだけを

In a comment on this question it was pointed out that the combination "をだけ" appears a lot in a Google search, despite my thought that it was ungrammatical. On closer inspection it seems that many of ...
5
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2answers
125 views

だけ + two questions

A Does だけ replaces any particles or do I have to combine every particle with だけ? e.g. だけを、だけが、だけに ... B How does the meaning of a sentence change when I put dake behind a noun or before a verb? だけ ...
3
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1answer
144 views

Couldn't “ni” particle be used in this example?

I'm a total newbie learning japanese as you will see, so please be patient with me. I have this sentence from my textbook: Shiken no toki jisho o minai de kudasai! Because it was a new lesson, I ...
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1answer
107 views

How would a Japanese woman hyphenate her last name?

Women frequently hyphenate their last names like Sarah Huckabee-Sanders. How would a Japanese woman with a Japanese maiden and married name added, hyphenate her last name?
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1answer
105 views

Can someone explain to me how “としまして” is formed?

Could someone help me by explaining how this is formed? The question here refers to an answer to my question (second comment on answer), but I don't understand it: Could someone help with the ...
0
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1answer
62 views

Understanding ~きて in おいてきて

A:「おいしかったね、あの店。また行こうね。」 B: 「あ!店にけいたい電話おいてきてしまったからとりにもどらないと。」 I don't really understand the function or meaning of ~きて here. Could someone help me parse this part grammatically? Why おいてきてしまった instead ...
5
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1answer
118 views

Potential forms of verbs that have gained a spontaneous meaning (e.g., 泣ける)

English I was thinking about the word 泣ける and how it has a usage where it's not really a potential — in particular its usage where it gets used to mean something was moving and caused the speaker to ...