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Questions tagged [pronunciation]

発音. How the Japanese language i​s pronounced. For questions about which readings to use for particular kanji, use the "readings" tag instead.

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Adding emphasis to "was"

I know (at least I think I do) that you can add contrast to verbs by adding は e.g. 食べてはいる = "I'm eating it (not drinking it/rubbing it on my skin etc)". I'm wondering, specifically, how you ...
user3856370's user avatar
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浸る as 「ひたる」or 「つかる」

As the title says, I was wondering the difference between the two pronunciations: I encounter them in the first case as 「その思い出に浸る{ひたる}」 and the second is 「水に浸かる{つかる}」 but I do not know when one ...
Evangeline A. K. McDowell's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
311 views

How does the "jidaigeki Japanese" used in Shogun differ from actual speech in the 1600s?

The dialog in the Shōgun series (2024) is supposedly in "old" Japanese, but here on Japanese.SE we know better: it's actually "jidaigeki Japanese" as spoken in Japanese period ...
lambshaanxy's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
114 views

のは, ので, のか with stress on の?

In a Youtube video, I came across various instances of の being stressed where I wouldn't have expected it to be. As far as I am aware, downsteps in pitch don't (ever?) occur directly after nominalizer ...
Kaskade's user avatar
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How would you say the name Shireen Durrani in japanese?

My name is Shireen Durrani and my name is Pakistani. Would it be 『シリーン・ドゥラニ』? Or 『シリーン・ヅラニ』? Would the last name come first? I am not very experienced in japanese so please explain
Shireen Durrani's user avatar
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2k views

Why do Japanese people pronouce the word "Mach" as マッハ instead of マッカ?

Why do Japanese people pronouce the word "Mach" as マッハ instead of マッカ?
Mạnh Toàn's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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江戸 ... is it pronounced Edo or Yeddo or both?

I had always heard it as "Yeddo", but then the other night the Japanese actors in the new Shōgun series seem to favor the un-glided "Edo," and looking it up on jisho.org I find ...
Robusto's user avatar
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1 answer
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Kuru past tense conjugation

While doing DuoLingo today, I came across a section where the app pronounced 来なかった as kinakatta. When I selected that in the dictionary on my iPhone and had it pronouce it, it also said kinakatta. ...
James's user avatar
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Is there a pitch accent difference between the two 〜たって derivations?

In particular say: “東京に行ったって言ったの?” => “He said he went to Tokyo?” “東京に行ったって何も変わらない” => “Going to Tokyo won't change anything.” Are these two “〜たって” coming from different sources, one ...
Zorf's user avatar
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Why Chinese "h" often corresponds to Sino-Japanese "k"? [closed]

Shanghai is Shanhai in Japanese / しゃんはい However, 深海 is shinkai (shēnhǎi in Chinese). Why does it seem like the Japanese switched the letter "h" to "k"? I know the kana, and "h&...
watashinopiza's user avatar
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1 answer
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Why does 本仕込 contain rendaku but 本絞り does not?

Both words 本仕込 (ほんじこみ)and 本絞り(ほんしぼり contain the prefix ほん - the root words are しこみ and しぼり. They are morphologically similar nouns, so I am wondering whether this specific instance of rendaku is ...
kandyman's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Advice on how to learn the pronunciation of new words and understanding pitch

I taught myself hiragana and katakana and I am starting to learn some grammar, and vocabulary in context for the grammar.Just some phrases, loose words and maybe some very simple sentences with those ...
some_math_guy's user avatar
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152 views

Why is「北人」pronounced 「hokuto」?

My idol's name written in kanji is 北人 (ほくと). He once said that instead of 北斗, his parent changed 斗 into 人 because its meaning is much more deeper. But since I thought「北人」should be pronounced as「...
みかん's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
230 views

Do people skip the y in contracted hiragana like in kya kyu kyo?

Im trying to learn the contracted hiragana pronunciation and I'm having a problem with the y part.for example きゃ is supposed to be pronounced kya but i feel like some people pronounce it like Ka . ...
Ellhba Oussama's user avatar
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1 answer
190 views

Is there some rule for when one should pronounce 'te' as 'ta' in a song?

At 0:37 in the OP of the anime Gotoubun no Hanayome, Miku pronounces her lyrics 'kizuite' as 'kizuita'. I wonder if there's some singing rule for when this should be done.
Michael's user avatar
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2 answers
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Correct pronunciation for 「シドニー支社に」

I heard two different pronunciations for「シドニー支社に」 A: shidoni issha ni (しどに いっしゃ に) B: shidonii shisha ni (しどにい ししゃ に) Which one is correct?
Hadi Karimi's user avatar
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2 answers
177 views

Do you pronounce the "い" sound in yakisoba [やきそば]?

The dish yakisoba is clearly written as やきそば or 焼きそば. When I hear native speakers speak it, it sounds to me like the "い" sound in "き" is silent. I've heard it pronounced like &...
Kyle Williamson's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
205 views

Term for "Letter"/Symbol name vs. pronunciation

I was trying to explain to someone why spelling & reading in Japanese (at least with kana) is easy because the name of the letter is its pronuncation. (Yes, I realize kana are not strictly "...
istrasci's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
405 views

What's the rule behind the change of the pronunciation of '薬' in '目薬'? [duplicate]

目薬 is pronounced 'めぐすり' while 薬 'くすり'. The pronunciation of '薬' change from 'くすり' to 'ぐすり'. What's the rule behind this change?
Ibrahim's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
462 views

KAMIOKANDE - Are there any hidden (semantic or phonetic) associations for native speakers?

KAMIOKANDE is a neutrino detector experiment located near Kamioka and stands for "Kamioka Nucleon Decay Experiment". Now, many scientific facilities but also processes or methods are named ...
Quit007's user avatar
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1 answer
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Are there rules for 濁音化?

As far as I know, 濁音化 happens a lot when words are combined together. The following are some examples I know. 三(サン)+ 階(カイ)-> 三階(サンガイ) 一(イチ)+ 匹(ヒキ)-> 一匹(イッピキ) 猫(ネコ)+ 好き(スキ)-> 猫好き(ネコズキ) 興味(...
Sophiefy's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
128 views

Are there any general rules for guessing the pitch accent of 1- or 2- mora nouns in compounds?

I've already looked up here but so far most are only concerned with 3 or 4 mora suffixes or are overly specific. I'm looking for a generic rule I can apply for compound suffixes made up of 1 to 2 ...
Elohim_Gadol's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
95 views

From JSL Part 1, Introduction: Consonant before "i", pronounced with a "y" sound?

After a few years away from study, I was re-reading JSL (Japanese: The Spoken Language) Part 1, Introduction, Pronunciation, and for several consonants, call them X, it suggests pronouncing "Xy&...
michael's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
119 views

Is す devoiced in おすそわけ?

At 29s of this video, it sounds to me like おすそわけ is being said like oS_SOWAKE instead of oSUSOWAKE. Both OJAD and Wiktionary don't indicate that there's any devoicing going on with this word though, ...
George's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
235 views

おねいちゃん vs おねえちゃん

In this frame from 3月のライオン, Akari, the eldest of the Kawamoto sisters is being referred to as おねいちゃん rather than おねえちゃん. https://gyazo.com/e039edc3be657a4f1082dd9d152c0ae7 In this separate scene, it ...
SpikedHelmet's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
86 views

Pronouncing kanji numbers

ホグワーツには一四二もの階段があった。 There were as many as 142 staircases at Hogwarts. This is probably a daft question but I'd like to be sure. When you see a number written in kanji like 一四二 do you read it as ...
user3856370's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
111 views

Different pronunciations of 等

When 等 comes after a word, how can I know when to pronounce it as など or とう? According to a colleague of mine, it's usually pronounced とう when read and など when spoken.
mattmir777's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
203 views

Removing the く when pronouncing 洗濯機(せんたくき)

At 2m34s, the speaker seems to pronounce 洗濯機 not with a devoiced く, but a complete removal of it. That is, it sounds to me like she's saying せんたき{LHHL} instead of seNTAK_ki. Question: Is this a ...
George's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
112 views

Sometimes its difficult to pronounce the R sound [duplicate]

I've been practicing for months now, I have still have difficulty with r. For example, when saying something like 忘れられる. Is it supposed to be difficult? Like when I say it fast it sounds really mushy, ...
Infernoboy's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
99 views

Can one pronounce an ん with closed lips (as in がんばろう)?

I know that when pronouncing the Japanese ん: There should be nasal air flow. You should not be touching your tongue to the roof of your mouth (i.e. so it's not like the English "n"). Tongue ...
George's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
93 views

Reading/Pronunciation of 呼吸 in the song 「デスペレート」"desperate"

My question is how to read these 呼吸 kanji in this line この呼吸も所詮退屈凌ぎ from this song. I looked it up and as far as I found out it should be read こきゅう but in the song all I hear is just いきい. Why is that ...
Jakub's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
132 views

Is いう supposed to sound a little like ゆ

when hearing いう, it sounds a little like ゆ, like the う sounds like it said a little y before is. Am I hearing it correct. I feel like is sounds like いyう or something like that
Infernoboy's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
190 views

ですね and ですよ regarding the silent u (silent vowels)

So, I'm not sure how to word it, but I hear majority of people say des-ne and des-yo. But following this: What are the rules regarding "mute vowels" ("u" after "s" and &...
Infernoboy's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
96 views

Pronunciation of 出入り

In the context of people entering and leaving a room how is 出入り(する) pronounced? Is it でいり, ではいり or しゅつにゅう? In what situations would the other readings be used?
user3856370's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
123 views

Is dropping u in ですね/ですよ a special case? [duplicate]

So I never though about it, but ですね and ですよ don't follow the silent vowel rules, but I don't think I've ever heard (desu ne) or (desu yo). It's always (des ne) and (des yo). Unless I'm imagining ...
Infernoboy's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
74 views

Hiragana phonetic fusions in Japanese - 学校 example [duplicate]

The word 学校 has two kanji, 学 and 校 that respectively are read がく and こう. Does this "hiragana fusion" bewteen the last く and the first こ, have a name? I know it occurs in many many other ...
Jacopo Ziroli's user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
220 views

How does ッ pronounce before b, d, g (バッグ, ベッド)?

For ッ before p, t, k, such as バック, it sounds to be voiceless. But what happens if it is before b, d, g? This situation rarely occurs in Japanese, but sometimes exists in loanwords. Examples would be ...
Tianyi Hao's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
191 views

Name pronunciation

Are the following two words (last name "translated" to Japanese for context) pronounced the same? ミイヨ In this case the second syllable is the katakana equivalent of I. ミーヨ In this case it ...
maximusboscus's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
149 views

Does it matter if I say g as [g] or [ŋ] [duplicate]

I've seen that seen that the g can be pronounced as ŋ. But I have no idea how to replicate that, all I've seen is the it sounds like the ending of sing, but I still don't really know, so my questions ...
Infernoboy's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
160 views

Is there any reason why I sometimes hear masU and desU?

I don't hear real life japanese that often, (I watch some podcasts and stuff) but when listening to anime, I hear ます and です said very often with the u being fully pronounced. I was wondering, is this ...
Infernoboy's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
290 views

What is the pronunciation difference between ち and ぢ

While several people have asked about the pronunciation difference between じ and ぢ(there is none), the difference between ち and ぢ has not been talked about much. Yet, they seem the same to me, even ...
timtam's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
297 views

Is the japanese あ ever [ɐ] instead of [a]?

So, both those vowels are very similar, the only difference being that [a] is made when the mouth is fully open while [ɐ] is near-open. Both those sounds exist in my language (Brazilian Portuguese), ...
Gabriel Coelho's user avatar
-3 votes
2 answers
250 views

Pitch: Why for mom and dad is the 2nd syllable stressed but for aunt and uncle is the 1st syllable stressed?

I notice in the pitch / stress or whatever it's oKAA-san and oTOU-san but then it's Oba-san and Oji-san. Why? I'm not so familiar with this LH HL thing but I think it's: お母【LH】, お父【LH】 おじ【HL】, おば【HL】
BCLC's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
139 views

ちゃんと帯付きだ! meaning

This is translated as "in original cover" Is this a common saying? and how is the kanji combo read?
L. L.'s user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
125 views

Written lyrics different from the song - Listening issue

I just listened to the new Tani Yuuki song 燦々たるや. All the lyrics I found online say: 固く締め過ぎないように 緩んで解けてしまわぬように 心と心の奥の方に そっと愛の錠をかける行為 However... what I hear is: 固く締め過ぎないように 緩んでを解けてしまるように 心と心の僕の方に ...
Kokorochan16's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

How is 店員 *actually* written and pronounced?

I'm confused about this word. It seems like it is written in kana as 「てんいん」 but when I hear it actually pronounced it sounds more like 「ていん」, as in 「ていんさん」.
Tim Lovell-Smith's user avatar
-4 votes
2 answers
320 views

Bobby Fischer & Haruhi Suzumiya - Do you have to say consecutive vowels together?

Eg 'Koizumi'...and generally koi, ai, mai, etc Bobby Fischer, mentally ill world chess champion and creator of 9LX, calls Junichiro 'Koizumi' mentally ill. The pronunciation of the 'こい' part is split ...
BCLC's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
124 views

Is it possible to make a Japanese name from my Chinese name?

my name is 陳銘聲 in Chinese but i'm not sure how to convert that into a Japanese name. I know there are probably a lot of variations. But I'm just interested in the way Japanese names are created.
Clarence Chan's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
141 views

重用 - Reading Preference

Reading some 読解 Material I stumbled upon the word 重用. I read it as じゅうよう without much attention, only to notice that the furigana on top read "ちょうよう". Searching a bit on dictionaries I saw ...
悪戯猫's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
541 views

When is 意外 ever read as 頭高?

I have always heard いがい{LHH}, いがいに{LHHH}, いがいと{LHHH}, but NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 seems to list いがい{HLL} too, and the same goes for Wiktionary. I wonder if 意外 is really pronounced that way. What about the ...
Eddie Kal's user avatar
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