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Questions tagged [aspect]

相(アスペクト). A verbal category mainly indicating the speaker's view of the temporal structure of the situation the clause describes, such as whether it is habitual or complete.

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Confused with verb form ( I am eating vs I was eating, vs I haven’t eaten (yet))

So i came across this question and I can’t seem to get my head around it! Sorry if it’s obvious. I learned that the progressive form for a verb (-ing ) is the ーて form + (-いる/-います) . So I am eating ...
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Usage of the verb 続く in past tense

From this article 日本では、スポーツの選手がコーチなどから暴力やパワーハラスメントを受ける問題が続きました。 The problem of sportsmen receiving violence and harassment from coaches in Japan continued. I don't understand why 続く is written ...
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Does the use of ていたら in the first clause require it in the second?

From my JLPT N1 grammar text, explaining special uses of the ている form, in describing 事実に反すること; the text explains that ている marks the sentence more emphatically as non-reality, than the use of 過去形. ...
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Question about ている ていた for explaining state for something

What is difference between 財布が落ちていた and 財布が落ちている? Both refer to the state of 財布, right? So, what is the difference? (My main question is I want to know the difference between (が/は)~ていた and (が/は)~ている ...
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perfective aspect vs resultative present progressive vs resultative past progressive

Firstly, I am not a linguist and will probably use linguistic terminology inappropriately. よろしくお願いします。 What is the difference in meaning between verbs in the perfective aspect (~た), present ...
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What is the conjugation form, grammar of もうすぐ込んできそう ?

アナウンス:皆様、本日はご来場ありがとうございます。午前十時現在の各館の 混雑状況と催しものの お知らせをいたします。まず、ロボット館はただいま、 一時間待ちとなっております。ロボット館のレ ストランではロボットがランチ をお席までお運びをするサービスをしております。お昼近くになります と、さ らに混雑が見込まれます。次に、未来館は現在すぐにお入りいただけます。なお、 ...
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Motion verbs in ている form?

I've heard that when a motion verb is seen in ている form, such as 来ている, it is translated as "I came and am now here." If someone were to ask "What are you doing?" and I wanted to respond with "I'm ...
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Why do people say 分からない and not 分かっていない?

Based on what I've been learning, it seems that by saying 分からない, your suggesting that you just don't do "the act of understanding," but if you say 分かっていない, you are saying that "right now, I don't ...
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Question regarding Zutto and Datta in the same clause

I'm still just learning Japanese,so forgive me if this is a silly question. I'm confused... How can something be "zutto" and "datta" at the same time? (A) ずっと好きだった (zutto suki datta) Which I ...
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A consistent explanation about the various forms of ていくand てくる?

I don't know if my question will be well received but I searched a pretty long time and didn't found a good answer so I try. I was trying to read this NHK article and I found this form: 「いや、実はそもそも、...
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褒めてねえぞ sounds defensive?

I'm trying to write "this is not a praise/compliment." I consulted my friend about it and he said I wrote "I'm not praising you!" Like I'm being defensive... what do you think?
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Difference between 溺れた人, 溺れている人 and 溺れる人

そのとき海岸の近くでは、州の職員などがドローンを使って溺れた人を助ける練習をしていました。 At that time, near the coast, some people were practicing rescuing people who have drowned using a drone. 男の子たちが溺れたことを知った人たちは、ドローンを沖に飛ばしました。 The ...
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Stative verbs treatment

I'm currently going through a review-all Japanese Linguistics reading. Now I've got to the part where verb types are described and it's been bothering me how this particular topic has been addressed. ...
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思っています・思います・思いました

Q.この日記を書いた人は、数学のテストについてどう思いましたか。 A.この日記を書いた人は、数学のテストはとてもむずかしかったと思いました。 This is a test question and a sample of a student response to it. I am wondering if the form 思いました used with この日記を書いた人 clearly ...
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Can you explain この建物は築100年以上たっている to me?

I was studying the word 以上 and I found some examples with them. The meaning of 以上 in my textbook is "or more" and they put an example: 30度以上の日 = A day of 30 degrees or more. Then I was searching ...
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Difference between 好きだった and 好きになった

In this sentences I am referring to a book: 1年前に読んで、本が好きだった。 1年前に読んで、本が好きになった。 Are both of them correct? What's the difference between だった and になった in this case? I would like to say "I read it one ...
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Why is it 入っている not 入れてある [duplicate]

I was wondering about this expression 入っている for something being inside. I always wondered about it, since it literally should mean being in the process of entering.. It would make more sense to me if ...
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How does one say “It was probably enough”?

To say it will probably be enough, one might say 「十分でしょう」. But what if you wanted to refer to something in the past? でしょう or だろう cannot be inflected to indicate any temporal information, can it? How ...
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An additional て for some reason [duplicate]

I've heard this: ありがとう お腹すいてたんだ Why "-te" form? And is て there at all? It looks to me ungrammatical. Why not this? ありがとう お腹すいたんだ
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Is it possible ~ておく in continuous state (~ている)?

I'm curious now since I read in Tae Kim's Guide that ておく means to prepare/do something for the future. So for example, if one is currently in the progress of studying for the future would it be this? ...
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行っています versus 行きました

The 1993 4級 test had this vocabulary question: ちちは いま、しんぶんを ____ いって います。 1 ぬぎに  2 よびに  3 ききに  4 かいに Am I right to say that the answer is 4, かいに, with the sentence as My dad went to buy a ...
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the logic behind “te” in “chotto matte te”

When someone says: chotto matte te, why does the te mean "... and I'll be back shortly". What's the logic behind it? Why aren't there special expressions such as chotto matte X, where X could mean "...
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The aspect of the verb 窺う

What is the aspect in the following example for the word 窺う? to await (one's chance)​ usually written using kana alone 彼は発言の機会をうかがった。 He watched for an opportunity to speak. Does ...
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Why is it wrong to say 覚えていきます?

if you conjugate a て形動詞 with いく does it mean "I'll do this from here on"? I understand that it's natural to say 覚えておきます because of the meaning you get when you conjugate with おく (doing in preparation,...
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Why does 疲れた translate to the present tense

疲れた= I’m tired 1) Why is 疲れた used to indicate a present state? (Is there a logic behind these types of verbs or is it easier to remember these verbs?) 2) What is the difference between 疲れたand 疲れている? ...
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Motion verbs and ところ

As I understand it, something like 帰るところだ usually means you are in the process of going home, say on the train. But ところ often has the meaning of "just about to do something." Does something like ...
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Why does 音を表したことば use the past tense?

In the sentence オノマトペとは、ものの様子や音を表したことばです。 why is it 音を表したことば rather than 音を表していることば? I'm reading https://japanese.stackexchange.com/a/11976 but I'm not sure if this sentence produces a ...
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In the phrase 「褒められたものではない」, why is 「褒められた」 in past tense (as opposed to present tense 「褒められる」)? [duplicate]

For reference, there's an entry in 実用日本語表現辞典: 褒められたものではない
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Progressive tense used as adjective

Progressive tense verbs are usually simple and straight forward. 食べる -> 食べている Eat -> Eating But in some cases, when translated into English, it can be interpreted as an "adjective" rather ...
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Difference between 付く and 付いている

I read this sentence and got confused: この曲には「昔のほうがよかったと言っても何の意味もありません。今を大切にしましょう」と、市民を元気にするような歌詞がついていました The song had lyrics to cheer up the people which said "Even though we say the old days ...
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Are Japanese “tenses” aspects in disguise?

I read a lot of posts here saying that Japanese has this thing called "aspects". e.g. Must I use past tense before 後? ありがとうございます vs. ありがとうございました I am confused with Japanese tense Since Japanese ...
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How to choose the aspect of 困る?

I've just started learning Japanese, and I'm very confused by how 困る is used. For example, we had a sample dialogue that went (in response to some bad news): A:「全然良くないですねえ。」 B:「ええ、困りましたねえ。」 I'...
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Why is a verb in the past (た形) contradicted with ~ていない?

In the episode of the anime Sora no Otoshimono linked below, the following exchange occurs several times (beginning at 3:06): A: 呼んだ? You called? B: 呼んでねええ No I didn't! Could someone please ...
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Understanding tense in 見たまんまだ

だが、藤木{ふじき}はぼーっと空中を見たまんまだ。 However, Fujiki vacantly looked at the sky. Literally "...in a state where he looked at the sky". I'm struggling to understand the difference between this sentence and ...
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What does ていた mean?

I could not understand ていた right after 晴れ in the sentence below. 海岸に行った時、とてもよく晴れていたんです。
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why they used -ていれば instead of -ば?

Why they used -ていれば instead of -ば in this context ?
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Must I use past tense before 後?

From this page, I see this sentence: Note: Be careful of the tense of the verb that comes before 「前」 and 「後」. 「前」 is non-past while 「後」 is always past tense. I am confused because it is quite ...
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相対テンス — ①ハワイへ行く時、帽子を買う。 ②ハワイへ行く時、帽子を買った。 ③ハワイへ行った時、帽子を買う。 ④ハワイへ行った時、帽子を買った。

http://blog.livedoor.jp/robinsonrobin/archives/8036910.html ハワイへ行く時、帽子を買う。  ハワイへ行く時、帽子を買った。  ハワイへ行った時、帽子を買う。 ハワイへ行った時、帽子を買った。 If I completely understand these, will I have undertood half of all ...
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A question regarding Japanese sentences with present tense clauses but a past tense main verb [duplicate]

Japanese tenses seem very different from English. Please look at this sentence: 考えている最中,電話がかけられました If translated in English, it should be: When I was thinking, the telephone rang I think the ...
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Grammar and aspect of 「コーヒー飲んでき!」

I have some questions about 「コーヒー飲んでき!」 What is it a contraction of ? Is it inchoative ? In all of the examples i've found, it's an invitation to come in. But i think 「コーヒー飲んでき」can mean [ Why don'...
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Why 来ています rather than 来ました [duplicate]

This is the first sentence of an NHK article published today (September 2, 2016) discussing the high number of typhoons in waters near Japan. 気象庁によると、ことし6月から8月までに7つの台風が日本の近くに来ています。 According ...
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Ai oboete imasu ka, what does “imasu” add here?

"Ai oboete imasu ka" is translated as "Do you remember love?", now Ai is love, oboete is remember and ka is the question marker, why do you need to add "imasu" to this phrase?
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Why this is written using past form?

This is the text: ああ 僕 まだ 名乗ってませんね。 あした お会いしたときに。 It is referring to tomorrow, so I would naturally say: お会いするときに instead. Why does he use a past form? Thanks!
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Usage of Verb て-form あります [duplicate]

Q: かばんはかいましたか。 A: 1. はい、もうかいました。  2. はい、もうかってあります。 Both answers also correct, but when should I use the second answer?
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For 知る what is the difference between the simple present (知る) and 知っている forms?

あなたは電話番号を知りますか (anata wa denwa bangou wo shirimasu ka)? あなたは電話番号を知っていますか (anata wa denwa bangou wo shitte imasu ka)? In my book "あなたは電話番号を知っていますか" (anata wa denwa bangou wo shitte imasu ka) is ...
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238 views

Using -ている form in the past tense

What's the difference between きのう、いちじかんほんをよみました。 and きのう、いちじかんほんをよんでいました。 ? What would be the equivalent English translations for the two sentences?
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What is the difference between Vてはじめる and はじめてV meaning?

例えば: 1.子供のとき、コーヒーをはじめて飲みました。 2.子供のとき、コーヒーを飲んではじめました。 I think both mean "When I was a child, I started/tried to drink coffee." And how do I say "I drink coffee for the first time"?
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What does ゴミが落ちていない mean when replying the question 日本に来て、驚いたことは何ですか?

There is a dialogue as follows, A: 日本に来て、驚いたことは何ですか。What struck you when you arrived in Japan? B: ゴミが落ちていない。The trash is not falling down. I am confused in translating ゴミが落ちていない。. My attempt ...
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What does かけ mean in こわれかけのオルゴール?

If こわれかけのオルゴール was 壊れかけのオルゴール, 壊れ would be the stem of 壊れる, and かけ would probably be a noun. Since I'm just learning Japanese, I don't understand where かけ comes from. What meaning does かけ have in ...
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まだ with verb ending ~ません and ~ていません

In response to the question 「もう昼ご飯を食べましたか。」how do the following replies differ in meaning? いいえ、まだ食べていません。 いいえ、まだ食べません。 I tried to understand the differences through this website where it's ...