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留守番電話に伝言入れたのに、それを 聞かなかったそうです

So, the problem I have is the following:

In my textbook, I learned that ます-stem + そうです means "to seem", like "雨が降りそうです。"

Then, dictionary form + そうです means hearsay, like:

田中さんは出張するそうです。

In this sentence we're talking about, strictly speaking we have neither dictionary form nor masu-stem. We simply have non-polite past.
So, does this construction even express one of the two things I explained, or is そうです in another function here?

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Inference vs. Hearsay

Inference:

Words and their forms that must directly precede 「そう(だ/です/である, etc.)」 are:

・Verbs in 連用形{れんようけい} (continuative form)

・Subsidiary Verbs (れる、られる、せる、させる) in 連用形

・Adjective Stems with the exceptions of 「ない」 and 「よい」, where you must say 「なそう」 and 「よそう」 with an extra さ thrown in. ← Important!

・Stems of Subsidiary Verbs ない and たい

Examples:

「雨{あめ}が降{ふ}りそうだ。」

「また先生{せんせい}に[怒]{おこ}られそうです。」

「明日{あした}も寒{さむ}そうだよね。」

「この映画{えいが}はよそうだな。」 よい used as an adjective

「あの人は眠{ねむ}たそうだ。」

「誰{だれ}も知{し}らなそうだ。」 ない used as a subsidiary verb

(If you could turn all these inference sentences into hearsay ones, you probably know the subject matter well. I do encounter many mistakes with this made by J-learners if I may be honest here.)

Hearsay:

Words and their forms that must directly precede 「そう(だ/です/である, etc.)」 are:

・Dictionary forms and their past-tense forms of Verbs and Adjectives.

・Vast majority of subsidiary verbs in their dictionary forms and the past tense-forms. The most famous exception would be 「です」. You cannot say 「ですそうだ」, 「でしたそうです」, etc.

Examples:

・「留守番電話{るすばんでんわ}に伝言{でんごん}入{い}れたのに、それを聞{き}かなかったそうです。」

・「タローは6時{じ}までには帰{かえ}れるそうよ。ジローは無理{むり}みたい。」  

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  • また先生におこられそうです => looks like honorific form of くる? I don't know, what is it? :D If its passive I have problems with it as well, whats it supposed to mean then, "to be visited"?
    – Narktor
    Mar 31, 2017 at 10:48
  • @Narktor It's [怒]{おこ}られそうです. 怒られる is the passive form of 怒る, "to be mad at", "to scold" (≂ [叱]{しか}る).
    – Chocolate
    Jun 6, 2017 at 4:40

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