Chocolate
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What does the highlighted portion of this handwritten Kanji say?
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42 votes

It says 聞いてるし. is 略字 (the handwritten simplified/abbreviated kanji) of 聞. Other kanji with 門, such as 問、間、開、閉 etc., can also be simplified the same way: Other examples of 略字: For more about 略字, ...

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How do you respond when someone knocks on the toilet door?
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39 votes

I think the most common phrase is... [入]{はい}ってます。 ^.^

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Would it be odd to refer to English-style tea as お茶?
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29 votes

Black tea is usually referred to as [紅茶]{こうちゃ}. a friend asked me, 「何飲んでる?」, would it be odd to reply, 「お茶だよ」? お茶 might be understood as Japanese tea (like, 麦茶{むぎちゃ} or 煎茶{せんちゃ}). Would ...

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I think that she thinks that I think she is dumb
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28 votes

How about... I think she is dumb. 彼女のことをバカだと僕は思っている。 ↓ She thinks that I think she is dumb. 彼女のことをバカだと僕が思っていると彼女は思っている。 ↓ I think that she thinks that I think she is dumb. ...

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Five different verbs meaning "to close" with the same kanji (閉)
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26 votes

[閉]{し}まる is intransitive, [閉]{し}める, [閉]{と}ざす, [閉]{た}てる are transitive, and [閉]{と}じる can be transitive and intransitive. [閉]{し}まる -- intransitive. Something (physically) closes. 「ドアが閉まる」 a door ...

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Meaning and usage of やっぱり (矢っ張り)
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21 votes

やっぱり is a colloquial/casual version of やはり. やっぱり/やはり has several meanings/usages. For example... "as expected; as (one) would expect" やはりそれは本当だった。It was true, just as I thought/expected/...

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このとおりよ as an expression
20 votes

I think the この通り means (or, comes from) something like 「この通り、謝ります(だから許してください)。」 "I'm apologizing like this / as you see (so please forgive me)" or 「この通り、お願いします(だから頼みを聞いてください)。」 "I am begging you like ...

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What's the difference between なさい and てください / でください?
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19 votes

Grammatically speaking: 「continuative form (連用形) + なさい」 is for telling / ordering someone to do something. なさい is the honorific form of the imperative "しろ (or せよ)". (In other words, なさい is the ...

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What is the opposite of 初心者?
17 votes

I think it's [熟練者]{じゅくれんしゃ}... Source

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新しい古いうち. What does this mean?
15 votes

新しい古いうち This is from 「となりのトトロ」. サツキ, メイ and their father move into a very old house. So the house is new to them (新しい[家]{うち}, new place, new home), though the house/building itself is actually very ...

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Understand the difference between [dictionary/ない + ようとする] and [volitional + にする]
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15 votes

The (よ)う in ~(よ)うとする is volitional. ~(よ)うとする means "try to do ~~" "be about to do ~~", and is attached to the 未然形 (imperfective form) of verbs, as in 「[走]{はし}ろ+うとする」「[歩]{ある}こ+うとする」「[見]{み}+ようとする」etc. ...

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Is it acceptable to use あなた when referring to a superior indirectly?
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14 votes

That's exactly what 敬語(尊敬語・謙譲語) is for... ^^ 日本語を教えていらっしゃるそうですね。 日本語の先生をなさっているそうですね。 日本語の先生でいらっしゃるとうかがいました or お聞きしました。 日本語の先生をしていらっしゃると、XXさんからうかがいました or お聞きしました。 「あなた」などの人称代名詞の代わりに、尊敬語・...

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Difference in meaning between ようとする and ようにする?Meaning of のか in this question?
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14 votes

1) I'm very confused about ようとする and ようにする. I do understand they have different nuance in meaning, but I still can't differentiate them, for example in the above question. よう in (静め)ようとする is the ...

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Correct phrase for "I'm just browsing" in a store
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14 votes

The most common phrase would be: 見てるだけです。(Literally: "I'm just looking.") I think you could also reply like this: 店員:何かお探しですか?(Are you looking for anything in particular?)    客:いえ、だいじょうぶです。(...

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What does たら do at the end of a sentence?
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14 votes

I think it's definition #8 of the 助動詞(auxiliary verb) "た" in デジタル大辞泉: 8 (「…たらどうか」「…たらいかがでしょうか」などの形で)助言したり提案したり勧誘したりする場合に用いられる。「この件は継続審議ということにしたらいかがでしょうか」 [補説]... 仮定形「たら」は、多く「ば」を伴わないで「雨が降ったら中止だ」...

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Past tense and ~と思う
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13 votes

このような書き方では(わかってもらえない) 「(こんな/このようなetc.)XXでは」 is usually used with a negative word or a phrase with a negative meaning. ◎このような書き方では、わからない。 ◎このような書き方では、わかりにくい。 ◎このような書き方では、わかってもらえない。 ✖このような書き方では、わかりやすい/...

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Confused about って in this sentence
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13 votes

生きてて良かったって、心の底から思える瞬間って、どんな感じかしら? These two って's are not the same. The first って is a quotative particle. From デジタル大辞泉: って 🈩[格助] 1 引用する語、または文の下に付いて、次に来る動作・作用の内容を表す。…と。「金を貸してくれって頼まれた」「...

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Meaning of 過ぎ in 20日過ぎに海行くんだ
13 votes

「~~過ぎ」 can mean "past~~" "after~~". Examples from プログレッシブ和英中辞典: 20日過ぎに (sometime) after the twentieth 8時過ぎに電話してね Call me after eight.

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How to say "one of ten people ..." in Japanese?
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13 votes

You can say [10人]{じゅうにん}に[1人]{ひとり} (「X人にY人」= "Y out of X people" / "Y in every X people") so One of ten people in the world suffers mental disorder. would be like 世界では10人に1人が精神障害に苦しんでいます。...

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Comparison of two Japanese Bible translations of Genesis 1:1
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12 votes

された in your example is the past form of される, which is an honorific form of する. The auxiliary れる/られる can express 受け身 (passive), 尊敬 (honorific), 可能 (potential), and 自発 (spontaneous). For more on these ...

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Meaning of じゃないんじゃない?
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12 votes

でも うちで売ってるアイスじゃないんじゃないかしら 「~じゃないかしら。」「~じゃないかな。」 can mean "I suspect..." "I think..." "Isn't it...?" うちで売ってるアイス means "ice cream that's sold in our shop". (うちで売ってる is a relative clause that modifies ...

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Is there a subtle difference between 少なくても and 少なくとも?
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12 votes

According to 明鏡国語辞典: すくなくとも【少なくとも】〘副〙 ❶ 少なく見積もっても。最低限でも。少なくも。「経費は少なくとも百万円かかる」 ❷ ほかのことはさておき、せめて。「少なくともこれだけは実行してほしい」 ◈(表現) 副詞の「少なくとも」の意で「少なくても」というのは慣用になじまない。 「×少なくても/○少なくとも5人は必要だ(副詞の例)」 「...

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What is the counter for languages
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12 votes

You can also use 2か国語, 3か国語 etc. to talk about how many languages one speaks, as in... 「私は、3か国語が話せます。」 「彼は、フランス語とドイツ語と英語の3か国語が話せます。」 You can also use 言語, as in... 「僕は、フランス語とドイツ語と英語の3つの言語が話せます。...

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Do all verbs have an honorific and humble form?
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12 votes

As a general rule, almost all verbs can be transformed into an honorific form, and many, but not all, can be transformed into a humble form*. The chart you pasted lists special/irregular forms. So, ...

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How to say "I want to rub my face on your cat's fluffy fur" in Japanese
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12 votes

Use the auxiliary ~たい for "I want to ~~". For example: 擦{こす}りたい -- I want to rub 食{た}べたい -- I want to eat 言{い}いたい -- I want to say So I think your sentence could literally ...

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と's role in 「それは触ると柔らかい」
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12 votes

と has quite a few meanings. To name a few... The case particle (格助詞) と can mean "and" or "with". It attaches to 体言, such as nouns and pronouns. eg: 「りんごとみかん」(apples and oranges) 「...

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What does "兄者など" mean?
12 votes

The など is used as a belittling / derogatory suffix. (≂なんか) e.g: 「お[兄]{にい}ちゃんなんか!」 (≂ 「[兄者]{あにじゃ}など!」← sounds literary/archaic) 「お前なんか!」"The heck with you!" It's definition #2 in デジタル大辞泉:...

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"仕事は大変だけど元気だよー" Missing adjective or is it correct?
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12 votes

Here 大変 is used as a na-adjective. It's definition #3 in 研究社新和英中辞典: たいへん = "〈労力を要すること〉 a hard task; a difficult job." 仕事は大変だけど元気だよー She's saying her job is hard/tough and/or busy, but she's fine/...

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いい versus よい? When do you use which?
12 votes

(Please see this as an appendix to the first poster's answer.) As the other post says, when they can be used interchangeably, いい sounds more informal/colloquial and よい sounds more formal/literary. ...

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How to read this kanji?
12 votes

It looks to me like [舞]{まい} (dance)...

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