hisao m
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Please help me explain the kanji in [出]{だ}した and [出]{で}た
1 votes

出す(dasu): to take something out. 出る(deru): to go out of someplace. 私はゴミを出した。watashi wa gomi wo dashita. I took the garbage out. 私は家を出た。watashi wa ie wo deta. I left the house.

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3 answers
10 votes
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How ~てある and ~ておいた differs?
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According to "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar", page76: ある: Something has been done to something, and the resultant state of that action remains. Examples: それはもうジョンに話してある。 It has ...

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2 answers
5 votes
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About the Meaning of 〜ことに〜
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In the book 日本語能力試験対応 文法問題集 written by 白寄まゆみ and 入内島一美しい, page 26: A ことに/ことには B B なので、とても A A expresses some emotion. B is the reason for that emotion. You can either say ことに or ことには ...

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2 answers
7 votes
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と's role in 「それは触ると柔らかい」
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According to "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar", page 480: と: a subordinate conjunction which marks a condition that brings about an uncontrollable event or state. It can be translated as "...

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3 answers
3 votes
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Baggu vs Kaban - Is there any difference
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According to the dictionary バッグ is pretty much the same as "bag", anything that you can put things inside and carry with you. かばん means "briefcase", a special type of bag, usually made of leather, ...

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2 answers
1 votes
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The usage of な to make an entire clause modify a noun, and "Alice is a desirable person" versus "Person that likes Alice"
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Question 1: "is this grammar really correct?" Yes, it is correct. According to "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar", page 376, there are 3 ways of forming the relative clause: Verb/i-...

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3 answers
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274 views
help me understand a few elements in this sentence
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1 votes

According to the dictionary, とらえる and つかまえる have the same meaning. とらえる is not much used in spoken language. とらえる can also be used for abstract things: 相手の心を捕らえる: catch the person's heart. 真相を捕らえる: ...

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3 answers
4 votes
279 views
Literal meaning of 打ってあります in this sentence
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打つ is also used in expression like キーボードを打つ, "to type on a keyboard". Examples from the dictionary: 6 〔キーをたたく〕 この書類をワープロで打ってくれ Please type this document on a word processor. 彼に祝電を打った I ...

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1 answers
2 votes
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ロボットは人間に怪我をさせてはいけない=robot must not make human do harm?
1 votes

According to the dictionary 怪我する means "to get hurt", "to be hurt" 怪我するの英語・英訳 - goo辞書 英和和英 So 怪我させる means "to hurt someone". So the translation becomes: ロボットは人間に怪我をさせてはいけない。 Robots must not hurt ...

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2 answers
3 votes
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Meaning of 逃げ出した 先に in this sentence
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I am not 100% sure but I think the past tense here is to indicate a counterfactual condition. It is similar to English: If you ran away, you would find no paradise, no matter where you go. "If you ...

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2 answers
3 votes
193 views
How is 中 read in 「昨日寝る中で電話がありました。」?
1 votes

Since it is an individual word, it should be pronounced as なか. じゅう(or ちゅう) is used only when 中 is an affix (attached to a noun).

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2 answers
4 votes
128 views
「~もの、それは…」 Atypical sentence structure?
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1.Does this paragraph looks natural for a native to write? Yes. There is nothing wrong with this sentence. 2.What does もの mean in 憧れていたもの? Is it talking about a physical thing? Yes. もの can be ...

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1 answers
3 votes
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Who's going what in 「溺愛する一人息子」
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Japanese relative clauses can be ambiguous and both interpretations are possible. From the context I would say it is お婆は息子を溺愛する, because she loves the son so much, she is willing to make sacrifices ...

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1 answers
2 votes
111 views
Twitter post.Particles し、との、なれました
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1 votes

What's the し doing? We thought it might be just a numeration particle? し is a conjunction to indicate "and" in an emphatic way. Why are there two particles after another in との and what does it do? Has ...

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1 answers
3 votes
230 views
How to say "mix speech styles"?
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1 votes

じょうたい【常体】 Plain. Informal. けいたい【敬体】 Polite. Formal. ぶんたい【文体】 style 文体を混ぜる。 常体と敬体を混ぜる。

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2 answers
3 votes
1k views
What does 五月雨式 means in this sentence?
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さみだれしきに【五月雨式に】: intermittently; off and on http://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/edc/16001990401/meaning/m0u/%E4%BA%94%E6%9C%88%E9%9B%A8%E5%BC%8F/

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5 answers
10 votes
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Does トイレ refer to the British "toilet" or the American "toilet"?
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トイレ refers to the bathroom. The toilet seat is called 便座 or 便器.

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1 answers
5 votes
174 views
When a word is both a な and の adjective?
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1 votes

According to the dictionary 色々(いろいろ) can be used as a noun (名詞), as a na-adjective (形容動詞), and even as an adverb (副詞). But the meaning is basically the same. http://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/jn/15710/...

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2 answers
4 votes
173 views
Can ここ be used to present a list? Or is it only used for locations?
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Can ここ be used to present a list? I don't think so. According to the dictionary, ここ can be used to express location or time: http://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/je/26097/meaning/m1u/%E6%AD%A4%E5%87%A6/ "Here ...

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2 answers
3 votes
234 views
Do story/literature need to be written politely?
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I don't think so. If you look at news in Japanese, most articles don't use polite speech. You can search for です and ます, and the results will be almost always minimum. Example: http://www.asahi.com/...

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3 answers
9 votes
2k views
Correct way to use ばかりか・ばかりでなく
1 votes

According to "A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar", page 8: ばかりか...(さえ): a compound particle/conjunction which is used to connect two nouns or two sentences, the first of which is normally ...

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2 answers
9 votes
750 views
Meaning of や in this sentence
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や is short for やいなや which means "as soon as", "no sooner than". http://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/je/4173/meaning/m0u/%E5%90%A6%E3%82%84/ So the translation becomes: 美人だときくや As soon as they heard that she ...

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2 answers
1 votes
10k views
How to translate "tonight" meaning "this evening" and "this night"?
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1 votes

The weather report uses the following words: 夜遅く: from 9pm to midnight 未明: from midnight to 3am 明け方: from 3am to 6am So you could say 今夜未明 to mean "this night after midnight". http://dictionary.goo....

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3 answers
2 votes
355 views
What are the negating-suffixes in Japanese?
1 votes

You can add the following, but they are considered archaic: ざる http://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/jn/89724/meaning/m0u/%E3%81%96%E3%82%8B/ まじ http://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/jn/207942/meaning/m1u/%E3%81%BE%E3%...

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4 answers
10 votes
3k views
Difference between [休日]{きゅうじつ}, [休暇]{きゅうか} and 休{やす}み
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休み: a rest 休暇: a day (or days) off work when it is not a holiday. 休日: a day off or a holiday http://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/jn/221894/meaning/m0u/%E4%BC%91%E3%81%BF/ http://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/jn/54761/...

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3 answers
4 votes
1k views
What is the meaning of それで in this sentence?
1 votes

I think それで means "then". 彼女が好きだから、 You like her, 僕に嫌がらせをしたんだ? that is why you are harassing me? 僕が彼女を取ったように見えたの? It looks like I took her from you? それで彼女を巻き込んでたら、意味ないだろう。 Then, if she gets ...

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1 answers
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kimasu, shimasu, imasu, and mashite, and deshita
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1 votes

It is the formal (or polite) way of conjugating verbs. 書く (kaku) write (dictionary form) 書きます (kakimasu) write 書きました (kakimashita) wrote 書きません (kakimasen) don't write 書きませんでした (kakimasen deshita) ...

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4 answers
2 votes
585 views
~ているところ used with continuing verbs
1 votes

The word ところ has several meanings: http://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/je/54376/meaning/m1u/%E6%89%80/ ところ is not just "place". It may also indicate the time or occasion or moment of the action. Most people ...

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2 answers
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Direct Object as Topic
1 votes

本は持って来ました。 I brought the book.

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2 answers
4 votes
613 views
Indirect question marked with かが
1 votes

寒いか。 Is it cold? どんなに寒いか。 How cold is it? どんなに寒いかが分かる。 I know how cold it is. 分かる To know ことが分かる。 To know things. どんなに寒いかということが分かる。 I know such a thing as how cold it is. The か is a question ...

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