YOU
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2 answers
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44k views
When Japanese say KY on the Internet, what does it mean exactly?
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29 votes

KY is short form of 空気読めない (Kuuki Yomenai) KY means being unable to read the situation or being unable to pick up on the mood of a conversation.

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5 answers
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6k views
When do you use 下さい as opposed to ください
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27 votes

There is a usage difference when writing. "下さい" is supposed to used when you request an item (Please give me the apple) "ください" is supposed to used when you ask to do something (Please help/teach me, ...

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3 answers
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35k views
The many ways to say "and" in Japanese
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26 votes

と and や are used to connect two or more nouns. Most of the time, と can only be used for a fixed number of items like: キーボードとマウスがいる。 We need a keyboard and a mouse. But や is used when there is a ...

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2 answers
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32k views
Words/characters for fast food meal sizes: 並, 大, 特
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24 votes

Although 並(nami), 大(dai) will work in most of the places, others would depend on each restaurant. For Small - 小 (shou), ミニ (mini), 半分 (hanbun), 少なめ (sukuname), S (エス)... For Normal - 並 (nami), 普通 (...

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4 answers
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20k views
What is the Japanese word or phrase for "to post on the internet"?
24 votes

投稿する (toukou suru) can be use for those cases, like ブログに投稿する (post on the blog) コメント投稿する (post a comment) 写真/画像を投稿する (upload or post a photo) 動画を投稿する (upload or post a video) and for ...

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1 answers
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2k views
Difference between 重い and 重たい
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19 votes

重たい is supposed to be used when talking about personal opinions (subjective), while 重い is for general usage (objective). But that said, when someone uses 重たい in a situation, another person may use ...

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3 answers
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45k views
What to say after someone dies
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19 votes

There is a common phrase for that. ご愁傷さまです - go shuushou sama desu For example お母上が亡くなられご愁傷さまです  I'm very sorry about your mother's death Regarding sending something, there is a special custom ...

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6 answers
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48k views
Differences among -たら、なら、-んだったら、-えば, etc
18 votes

I would translate those as 行ったら - If you went (there), ... 行くなら - If you going to go (there), ... 行けば - If you go (there), (you will) .... 行くんだったら - If you are about to go (there), .....

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3 answers
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9k views
About writing numbers using Japanese numerals vs using Arabic numerals
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17 votes

What I can think of is Japanese numbers are using when registration of house, family registrations, and some contracts. But they used 壱 弐 参 拾 萬 instead of ー 二 三 十 万 on those kinds of registrations, ...

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4 answers
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36k views
What's the difference between "さけ" (sake) and "しゃけ" (shake)?
17 votes

This answer from another site claims that しゃけ is an accent difference in Saitama, Chiba, Shizuoka (basically Kantou). http://oshiete.goo.ne.jp/qa/11481.html But, when I did a part-time job at an 居酒屋(...

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2 answers
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12k views
ありがとうございます vs. ありがとうございました
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17 votes

In my opinion, You can use ありがとうございます most of the time, but ありがとうございました cannot used when the request is not finished yet. For example., Aさん: この報告の確認を頼んでもよろしいでしょうか? (Could you please check the ...

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2 answers
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606 views
Is the title ~[殿]{どの} used in modern day japanese?
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15 votes

You may use it in emails, especially when you contact another company or another department which you have never contacted before. 関係者各位殿 To whom it may concerned 〇〇社〇〇殿 To (someone) in company   (...

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2 answers
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826 views
Where does the word ダイヤ come from that means "train schedule"?
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15 votes

Original word is from "Diagram" ダイヤグラム, which is a 外来語.

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3 answers
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3k views
Rules for slang of Japanese numbers
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15 votes

That's called 語呂合わせ and you could find full article at Wikipedia. Quoted from Wikepedia 1 : いち、い、ひとつ、ひと 2 : に、ふたつ、ふた、ふ、つ(英語から)、じ 3 : さん、さ、みっつ、みつ、み 4 : よん、よ、よっつ、し、ふぉ(英語から)、ほ 5 :...

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2 answers
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1k views
Why is 五右衛門 read "goemon"?
14 votes

Some people say that goemon (五右衛門) and iemon (伊右衛門) are pronounced like that since it's hard to pronounce 2 or 3 continuous vowel sounds, as are supposed to be read as gouemon (ごうゑもん) / iuemon (いうゑもん) ...

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10 answers
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38k views
What to say after someone sneezes
13 votes

In my understanding, Japanese normally does not interfere with other's personal stuff most of time. So, they don't use those after sneeze. But if influenza is hot during that time, they may ask "Are ...

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1 answers
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2k views
Why "社会の窓" (shakai no mado)?
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12 votes

俗語辞書(ぞくごじしょ) (slang dictionary) says that that word was formed because of the radio program called 社会の窓(しゃかいのまど) around 1948-1960, which tried expose anything about society/community. And people ...

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3 answers
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2k views
Does the (USA) English metaphor "Unable to see the forest for the trees" keep its meaning if translated verbatim into Japanese?
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12 votes

In my 故事ことわざ辞典、「木を見て森を見ず」 is from English phrase "You cannot see the woods for the trees". And regarding plural form, 「木」 can mean many trees in Japanese, since Japanese grammar does not always have ...

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1 answers
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5k views
What are the differences between 帰る and 戻る?
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12 votes

Examples would be 仕事に戻る。(go back to work from appointment or something) 家に帰る。(go back to home, (when there is no plan in mind to go back to same place for today)) 財布忘れたので家に一旦戻る。(Forgot the wallet and ...

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9 answers
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3k views
Are there any common Japanese words which were borrowed from Ainu or other indigenous languages?
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11 votes

What I think common from them is トナカイ、ラッコ、シシャモ、ノンノ ref: 日本語に溶け込んだアイヌ語

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1 answers
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16k views
Is there a difference between ほんとう (hontō) and ほんとうに (hontō-ni) when used alone as interjection or question?
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11 votes

There is no difference in utterances for both words, if you speak those alone. But if you add some words after that, you might need to use "本当に~" to get correct grammar.

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3 answers
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8k views
Why is 「昨夜」 pronounced as 「ゆうべ」 {yuube} and 「今日」 as 「きょう」 {kyou}?
10 votes

The real pronunciation of 昨夜 is sakuya 「さくや」. ゆうべ is supposed to be written as 夕べ, but since they have same meaning, people just use the same. 今日 is read as きょう for normal everyday usage, but it ...

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4 answers
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4k views
とっても versus とても
10 votes

とっても is just a strong form of とても according to 大辞泉, so both are correct. It has similar pronunciation (may be a bit different intonation) with 取っても, so may be it could confuse some. But usage of ...

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2 answers
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1k views
Significance of the kanji 茶 in the set phrase 滅茶滅茶{めちゃめちゃ} / 目茶目茶{めちゃめちゃ}
Accepted answer
10 votes

That's just ateji「当て字」, but they used like that because 滅茶滅茶 related with 滅茶苦茶/無茶苦茶 (muchakucha) and base word is 無茶, There is some saying that 無茶 supposed to mean お客さんにお茶を出さない。 (No o-cha?) (Don't ...

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1 answers
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613 views
Difference between 創立、設立、樹立
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10 votes

そうりつ「創立」 is used for foundation/establishment of buildings (refer to physical items, have some sense about first time establishment one's life or pioneer alike) この学校は1970年に創立された This school was ...

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2 answers
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3k views
What's the difference in usage and nuance between やはり and やっぱり?
Accepted answer
9 votes

やっぱり「矢っ張り」 is a bit stronger in sense than やはり「矢張り」, but most of the time, it is a personal preference. There are some more versions of やはり like やっぱし、やっぺし、やっぴし、and also やっぱ is widely used.

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2 answers
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21k views
How to differentiate ~られる conjugation between passive form and potential form?
9 votes

I don't think there is way to decide that without looking at context. And there is another meaning for ~られる, which is used as polite form (keigo), which means 食べられる can be used as similar meaning ...

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7 answers
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15k views
How important is one's pitch when speaking Japanese?
9 votes

It's still understandable without correct accents, most of the time, but if you were able to use the correct intonation, then you would gain better fluency in Japanese obviously. I sometimes check at ...

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5 answers
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1k views
Can I say なるほど when talking with customers?
9 votes

You can use なるほど in business if you are agreeing with their ideas/understandings. Especially in the middle of the conversations, like お客様:年度末にリスク高い工事は避けた方がいいじゃないですかね。 (I think we better not do ...

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3 answers
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4k views
Stroke order for left and right
9 votes

Left side of those two words are different originally There is some meaning that shorter stroke mean 手のひら "Palm", longer one is 腕 "arm". Normally, shorter stroke which mean "手のひら" write first most ...

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