Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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What's the nuance of ...ましょう to express intent?

十万円あげましょう。 I'll give you 100,000 yen. 手伝いましょう。 I'll help you. I've seen sentences of intent like this, but I don't understand the nuance of the speaker using ...ましょう instead of structures like 「...
Hikonyan's user avatar
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使役形の助詞は「に」か「を」か

教科書から学んだ動詞の使役形は、命令者は使役動詞の主語で「が」で表し、実際の動作者は助詞「に」で表す。例えば、僕が友達へ「ご飯を食べて」と言うと、僕が友達にご飯を食べさせる。「を」で表す部分は動作の実際の対象でありそうです。 なのに、気付いたのは、「に」の代わりに「を」で実際の動作者を表す場合もあります。例えば、back numberさんの歌詞の一句:「冬がそっと雪を降らせて」。ここ、「...
dvx2718's user avatar
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1 answer
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Verb ending in いでし

In Gosick episode 19, a character says this line: ああ罪なる者よ‌汚れし血の泉より生まれいでしお前に嘆きの祝福を which is translated "Oh, sinner. To you, born from a spring of foul blood. I offer lamentable blessings". ...
Mauro's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
215 views

Difference between 口にする and 言う

Both of them means "to say" but when is the best time to use each of them?
phoenixWright's user avatar
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1 answer
86 views

Is the tense and conjugation in my sentence understandable?

田中は私が花瓶を壊したと言う、が私ではなかった。 Tanaka says that I broke the vase, but it wasn't me. I'm figuring out how to make complex sentences so I'll be prepared to write short stories! I want to see if this means ...
Eden's user avatar
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Looking for correction on my sentences made using the ます conjugation! [closed]

田中さんは言いません。Tanaka didn't say anything. 田中さんは私を語ません。Tanaka doesn't speak of me. 明さんは笑いました。 Akira laughed. 明さんは家を作ました。 Akira built a house. 中校に学びませんでした。 I didn't learn in middle school. 田中さんは明さんが見ませんでした。...
Eden's user avatar
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Can なくす be written as 亡くす here?

Would it be wrong to use 亡くす in the following sentence? (The wwwjdic lists 亡くす as a transitive verb.) 去年【きょねん】とても多【おお】かった熊【くま】の被害【ひがい】 どうやってなくすか国【くに】も考【かんが】える The number of bear attacks was very high ...
Ned Reif's user avatar
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Difference between the verbs used in the main clause of 間 and 間に

I saw these two sentences in a Youtube video- 私は冬休みの間韓国へ行きました。 私は冬休みの間に韓国へ行きました。 Shouldn't the first sentence be- 私は冬休みの間韓国へ行っていました。 My question is that shouldn't we use ています form of verbs with 間?( to ...
Ananya's user avatar
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2 answers
134 views

What's the idiomatic tense of verb to use in a TODO list?

Suppose I have a TODO list with items meant to be read by myself in the future. Items include things like Buy milk Get groceries and so forth. If this TODO list were translated to Japanese, what ...
George's user avatar
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1 answer
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Meaning of 抜ける in this Song

So a song from Taiko-no-Tatsujin, おにぎりはどこかしら, is about a [girl] that needs more food, so she goes to a convenience store, and then comes back home and forgets the entire ordeal. She first wakes up: ...
BigRigz's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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N1 を N2 に見る structure

四畳半神話大系 EP6, I encountered this sentence: 「ラブドールを性欲処理の道具にしか見ていない輩には分からないだろうが これは高尚な趣味である。」 In which the protagonist is introducing a love doll he has been engaging with romantically for some time. I ...
Siena's user avatar
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What is the で part in ではありません?

Ok, this might be more complicated or less complicated than I'm making it out to be but I'm assuming this question will be made up of two unrelated components but I can't figure it out so I'm shooting ...
Ethir's user avatar
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1 answer
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Can adjectives follow the に particle?

https://guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/verbparticles lead me to believe that the に particle should be used with a verb. However I have been reading some sentences that have noun + に + adjective. ...
Dio's user avatar
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1 answer
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What does いけると mean?

泊まってもいいですか? まだ離れたくなくて。。 "It's ok if I stay over? I don't want to be separated yet..." To which the other character thinks (そう言えばいけると思ってるな いいけど。。。) I don't understand how いける is being used ...
Bluegate's user avatar
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Clarifications on using ていく with verbs - using 着る as example verb

I'm finding the application of ていく (and by extension てくる) difficult to understand, so I want to use an example with the verb 着る to ask some questions on it: If someone wore their jacket and left me (...
Cassius Bright's user avatar
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1 answer
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past verb + ところだった= Major difference from るところだった?

おや もう到着ですか 空想を楽しんでいたところだったのに How does たところだった here work? I understand るところだった is "I almost did x" but how does it work with the past version then? https://nihongonosensei.net/?p=12827 This ...
Bluegate's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
108 views

What is the actual nuance of the verb に映る

この通路の先で行われてることを考えると楽しいとは言えないけど Which is about "If I think of what happens ahead of this passage, I can't say it's "fun"." To which then the other character replies おっしゃる通り むしろ ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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How does やがる work with なる?

"もう1ヶ月が経ってんだぞ!?" "一人でしたって変な感じになりやがるし" The character friend has not been playing with him for a month. From context I can gather that "Even if I try to do things alone, it ...
Bluegate's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
163 views

Why does Bunpro call ないか incorrect here?

It is recommended to use the (いき)ませんか version, as (いか)ないか would be a bit too casual to use with someone that you are not very close with (and is also technically not correct Japanese). Given ませんか is ...
murshad's user avatar
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1 answer
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What does にだけにはなるか (vulgar text warning/nsfw) mean?

I am stumbled on the second to left of this sentence. The character mentioned his revenge failed, and in the last line he mentions he at least attempted to sleep with a girl. The character is a ...
Bluegate's user avatar
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0 answers
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決める +としよう = plan verb + volitional [duplicate]

2人に一緒にかっこよく決めるとしようや The characters are at the end of a challenge and they are about to face the last room, when one of them says this. After that, they do an athletic c trick to pass the challenge. ...
Bluegate's user avatar
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What does this use of まいな mean?

忘れちゃおるまいな From context he seems to be asking "You didn't forget how much I apologize to the dude"? But I'm not sure about this specific use.
Kawase_K's user avatar
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Conjugating Vされる, Vさせる form: just treat as ichidan?

Is it gramatically correct to treat causative, passive, and causative-passive forms of verbs as ichidan る ending verbs when negating them or creating their past tense?
Cassius Bright's user avatar
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1 answer
99 views

Does はやく give the sentence the nuance of a order?

はやく もう入れる。。。から The character is standing in front of a wardrobe with something in his hands and the other character tells him this. From context the only thing I can gather is "Hurry up and put ...
Bluegate's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Particle を without a verb [duplicate]

In the sentence それぞれの心の中にあるそれぞれの思い出を胸に日常が始まるのだ。 translated as And in each heart there are different memories held inside each chest as we turn back to our daily lives. Where is the verb for を胸に? ...
Ares Monteiro's user avatar
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1 answer
110 views

行けます vs 行きます potential form

I've got the following sentence: Everyone but my older brother is going on next week's trip. which, in Japanese, is supposedly 来週の旅行は兄以外みんな行けます。 But since it's got 行けます as opposed to 行きます, which, ...
Zubo's user avatar
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1 answer
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What are the differences in usage? - ~あげる and ~あがる?

~あげる and ~あがる mean "finish." But what are the differences in usage? Should あげる strictly follow 他動詞? For example, この本を読みあげた。 Should あがる strictly follow 自動詞? For example, さっき走りあがった。
vincentlin's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
152 views

訪問する vs 見学する in meaning 'to visit'

I have heard both 訪問する and 見学する both being used to mean 'to visit' What is the difference between these two verbs?
SpikedHelmet's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
394 views

What verb was cut off here (implied verb)?

I would like some more context on what is being said in cooking instructions for Takoyaki. On the ingredients list, サラダ油 is listed, and it has this footnote: ごま油を一割混ぜると香ばしい風味に! To provide some ...
BigRigz's user avatar
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1 answer
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Trying to translate a more complex sentence, Instrumentives

I am having difficulty translating something (I am translating as an excerise), how would one translate a more instrumental sentence, like: "Charlie sweetens the cake with sugar" "...
DanceroftheStars's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
95 views

Causative + Potential and the verb 合わせる

What exactly is the use of 合わせる here? Causative + potential?
Bluegate's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
113 views

演じる for performing in tv/movies/anime

I know the verb 演じる is used for performing on stage, but can it be used for tv shows/movies/anime as well? For example, can I say 3月のライオンというTVアニメで花澤香菜さんは演じました。
SpikedHelmet's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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What does “~をあてに~” mean?

Context: 今日は午後からまつ毛パーマをあてに行きました。 What is the difference between "まつ毛パーマをしに行きました" and "まつ毛パーマをあてに行きました"?
Theseus's user avatar
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ある before nouns [duplicate]

I was wondering what is the nuance with ある before nouns, like in this sentence. 夏のある暑い日の午後、彼はその運転手に再会した. I don't quite understand if the addition of ある before nouns can convey a certain feeling, or ...
Jacopo Ziroli's user avatar
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1 answer
95 views

Meaning and reading of 益し加える

Reading in a book by 落合淳思 I wonder about (what looks like) the compound verb 益し加える in the sentence 「自は鼻の象形であり、それに声符を益し加えた繁文である。」 (繁文 is used by Ochiai as a technical term for the modern shape of a ...
hurdsean's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
458 views

Pitch accent of ~ざる

What is the resulting pitch accent when one appends ~ざる to 平板 (する, 言う, 寝る) and 起伏 (来る, 持つ, 食べる) verbs? Intuitively, I would have assumed that the resulting word falls in the same class (平板/起伏) as the ...
dekinai's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Use of んじゃないんだ in this sentence

何で高校の制服。。? Why I got to wear a high school uniform? 最高に似合ってる It fits you the best! And the answer is 感想を求めたんじゃないんだよな What is the purpose of んじゃないんだin this sentence? I guess he saying he didn't ask ...
Bluegate's user avatar
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0 answers
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Nominalization of verbs in japanese [duplicate]

What is the purpose of verb nominalization in Japanese? How do I know when to nominalize a verb and when not to? Still, knowing there are different ways of nominalizing i.e using the i form of the ...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
179 views

When are える words 他動詞 and when are they 自動詞?

When I started using WaniKani I was always wondering why 上がる is intransitive (to rise by your-/itself) and 上げる is transitive (to raise something). Over time I learned that there are patterns defining ...
Merlin Nestler's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
121 views

とどく; 届く meaning in this sentence

と…とても信じられん…こ…この聖域にまでパワーがとどくなんて Unbelievable! That the power would reach even this sanctuary...! Looking for an in depth explanation of the usage of とどく; 届く here, because I've read that it means reach ...
eren_my_beloved's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
232 views

The tense of osagashi

In the sentence "nanika osagashi desu ka?" (Are you looking for something), in which tense is "osagashi"? Why is it not osagashimasu?
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0 answers
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Verbs that cannot be taken as nouns in their い-stem (ます-stem)

I know that one of the ways of getting a noun from a verb is by taking the い-stem (or the ます-stem as some call it) of the verb. However I came across this: Taken from here, where it says that there ...
Uri Greenberg's user avatar
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1 answer
144 views

ます-stem + もしない with 歌う and 書く

After getting an answer to this question I came across this article which states (without giving an alternative) that you can't say: 1.「歌い もしない」- "Can't even sing" 2.「書き もしない」- "Can't ...
Uri Greenberg's user avatar
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0 answers
117 views

"shitaku suru", "junbi suru" and "youi suru"? [duplicate]

What is the difference between "shitaku suru", "junbi suru" and "youi suru"?
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2 votes
1 answer
199 views

How do the "Godan verb with u ending (special class)" verbs differ from regular u ending verbs?

I came across a new word for me, 問{と}う (to ask, to inquire). I looked it up in the dictionary and it appears to be of a special class according to jisho.org. Other verbs listed under this category are ...
jarmanso7's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
464 views

Understanding a passage from 銀河鉄道の夜

I was reading the short novel 銀河鉄道の夜 by 宮沢賢治 and, although it's not super hard, I stumble upon on this sentence (as usual I post the whole paragraph for context): ...
Jacopo Ziroli's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
237 views

Interpretation of dotted verbs like 検査・判別する

When you see verbs connected by a dot in a text, such as "検査・判別する," what is the best way to interpret this? Normally when I come across examples like this I assume that the meaning is 'or', ...
Tzadeck's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
129 views

底上げする - why do we need it?

Can you please help me understand the title giving verb? According to dictionaries it means "rasing the bottom" or "raising the standard". I found it in the fourth episode of ...
Merlin Nestler's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
162 views

"I can drive a car": 車 を うんてん できる vs. 車 を うんてん することができる

This is my first post here, so thanks for reading this. I have looked through other threads, and there doesn't seem to be an answer to my specific case, so please let me give this a shot: I am trying ...
Richard's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
151 views

What verb means "create a problem"?

When creating japanese languages packages for computer languages, we have to translate the words "raise" or "throw" from computer programming jargon into everyday japanese. What ...
Samuel Muldoon's user avatar

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