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How to properly use とまる/とめる/やむ/やめる/とどまる/とどめる/よす/さす

Broadly speaking, the words can be broken up as follows: 止まる{とまる} and 止める{とめる} 止む{やむ} and 止める{やめる} 止まる{とどまる} and 止める{とどめる} Exceptions: 止す{よす} and 止す{さす} The first three groups are made up of pairs ...
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8 votes
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Does "彼は昼過ぎに来ます" mean "He'll come after lunch." or "He'll come in the afternoon."?

昼過ぎ means early afternoon. I would say between a few minutes past noon and around two at the latest. Whether you have had lunch is not important. If I wanted to say "after lunch," I wouldn't ...
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7 votes
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た particle usage in のど乾いた

The verb 乾く describes a change of state (to get dry) rather than a lasting state (to be dry). Therefore, when used in the present tense, it means such a change either happens usually, as opposed to at ...
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6 votes

ドアのカギを外してください meaning

ドアの鍵を外す is natural only when you are dealing with a lock like this: In this situation, all the three translations DeepL gave would work the same way, don't they? The normal translation of "to ...
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What's the usage of かっていうので?

か and っていうの are different topics. The sentence in question is roughly the same as the following: ⸨日本人はなぜマスクをしているのか⸩を聞いている。 I'm asking ⸨why Japanese people wear masks⸩. This か is a question marker, ...
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Can 遅く mean 'slowly'?

遅く can mean slowly, but ゆっくり is almost always preferred in non-technical contexts. もっと遅く食べた方がいいよ and 彼は遅く走る are not completely wrong but do sound fairly unnatural to me. 遅く meaning slowly may be ...
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Use of まま in Japanese

まま literally means "condition" or "state", or if you want to go fancy, "state of affairs." Thus, このまま = things being how they are このままで = keeping things how they are/...
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~といわず、~といわず with 否定文

I don't think there are any requirement in X of 'AといわずBといわずX'. My feeling is that acceptability depends only on the meaning. The pattern means literally regardless of A or B, X. For example, both of ...
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What does よく do when used with ~のほうが?

さあ、妻のほうがよく知っています。 would mean Well (I don't know), my wife knows it better (than I do). 「さあ」 can mean "now (let's...)", but it can also mean/imply "I don't know", eg 「これ何?」「さあね。」(...
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Nested conditions

The first sentence sounds natural enough in everyday conversation. 困ったら食べれば何とかなるってわかった。 The second not so much. 困れば食べたら何とかなるってわかった。 The reason is that the first part with 困る supposes a specific ...
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Why can't I say してますよって感を出す?

You can't say the last two sentences because 感【かん】 is not an independent word but a suffix meaning -ness. You cannot use ness as an independent word in English, either. For the last two sentences to ...
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4 votes

What’s the difference between 始まっている最中に and 始まろうとしているとき in this context?

始まっている最中 itself sounds strange. The verb 始まる refers to an instantaneous change of state, not a durable action. Therefore, 始まっている usually describes a state where something has already begun. 最中, on the ...
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4 votes

Can 訂正 be used like this? 訂正しろ、今すぐ。

A dictionary entry has the example : 発言を訂正する. So it can be used in the situation like the question. But I would use 取り消せ to mean take that back. Possibly, if you have in mind how it should be ...
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I do not understand how 世間 works with 一般 in this sentence

一般 is general as opposed to special, and can also be a translation of ordinary, average (in the sense of non-special). 世間 originally meant secular world (as opposed to the world of Buddhist monks), ...
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How do I know if 「何でいきますか」 means "Why did you go?" or "In what means did you go?"

The short answer is that both meanings are applicable and the only way to know is from context. The problem here is that in spoken language, なに tends to be shortened into なん, such that the two ...
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Difference between「なんか」and「なんだか」?

なんだか is three words なん + だ + か but it's become a set phrase and is used as a word itself pretty much to express an idea like somehow, somewhat, or rather. 今日はなんだかさむい It's rather cold today. なんか is ...
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Difference between「なんか」and「なんだか」?

なにか can mean something as well as somehow while なんだか is always the adverb somehow. なんか is a less formal, more colloquial version of なにか with its に changed to ん (cf. 撥音便) Although だ should be ...
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ドアのカギを外してください meaning

If I have no context and both 鍵 and ドア are new information to me, I would understand it as a request to remove a lock from a door. If I already know from context that no screwdriver is involved, I ...
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て助かる with inanimate subject

One way to understand is to think the subject of 消えて is ピーマンぽさ, and that of 助かる is the speaker. So literally the sentence means I am saved by the hotness added (to the food) and the pepper-ishness ...
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Do you have to use the kanji 何 for nani (なに 'what' ) ? And kanji vs hiragana in general

No, we don't use Kanji just to distinguish homophones. In fact, Japanese used Kanji before Hiragana and Katakana were invented. Honestly, once you master Kanji, it will be much easier to read a text ...
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Positive use of “だめ”?

This type of だめ implies some stimuli, desire, temptation, etc., is irresistible. It may be most common in sexual contexts, but when someone says "ダメだ、コンビニでお菓子買ってくる", this ダメ means he has ...
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Is にする always a voluntary action taken by the speaker (or target person)?

私は明日と来週の火曜日を休みにする will always mean "I decided to take tomorrow next Tuesday off." If you wanted to imply that someone else made that decision, then you would say 私は明日と来週の火曜日が休みになった
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The reading of 灯

First note that officially 灯 has only ひ as kun-reading (とう as on-reading). Officially means other readings are not listed in 常用漢字. ともし is equal to ともしび. I don't think this reading is used today (as ...
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Understanding the subject and object when using 満足/満足できない

To say "He can't be satisfied by/with her anymore", you use the particle に, as in: 「彼はもう彼女に満足できない。」 To say "He can't satisfy her anymore", you'd say: 「彼はもう彼女を満足させられない。」 using ...
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Difference between 原因 and 理由

原因 is cause, whereas 理由 is reason. They are similar, but the former assumes there was an observable but unexpected "event". When you are describing the reason for something that is always ...
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の(代名詞) after の adjectives

Such の is called 体言の代用 in school grammar, and it is usually taught that it can be replaced with (の)もの/(の)こと. According to a dictionary: 体言(practically a synonym for noun) + の = <体言>のもの 活用語 (...
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Should I use -Sensei (先生) to refer to a teacher if they aren't my teacher?

As long as you are interacting with the said person in its role of teacher, you should use 先生. Meaning that you won't if the person is your friend, family member, partner or any other relationship ...
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What are the differences between 賠 and 償?

As a standalone word, 償 is used to write a Japanese word つぐなう (償う) that means "pay for (a crime or damage)". 賠 could also be read つぐなう, but virtually unused outside reading Classical Chinese ...
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Usage of 方(ほう) in these sentences

I guess the dictionary definition of the usage is the following: どちらかというとその傾向であることをいう語。たぐい。 (#4 精選版 日本国語大辞典) So the sentences in the question literally mean: Mr Sato, do you tend to be good at ...
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Is there a difference between ます and ません for sentences carrying an exclusive connotation(しか)?

There are good linked questions, but I think I'll try my hand at an answer. There exist constructs and words in Japanese that either take on a different meaning, or can only be used with a negative ...
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