42 votes
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Is [mathematical] 'analysis' in Japanese the same word as 'fine cuisine' in Japanese?

No. Japanese "haute cuisine" is called 懐石(料理). Mathematical analysis is 解析(学). What is true is that 懐石 and 解析 are homophones, both pronounced かいせき and, in context, both may be referred to as かいせき. ...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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23 votes

Is [mathematical] 'analysis' in Japanese the same word as 'fine cuisine' in Japanese?

While the pronunciation is the same, the words' etymologies are unrelated. Mathematical analysis is 解析(kaiseki かいせき) while (Japanese) fine cuisine is 懐石(kaiseki かいせき). Both 解 and 析 roughly ...
Enno Shioji's user avatar
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18 votes
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Is there a particular name for the rows and columns of the hiragana/katakana charts?

The columns (or rows) that have the same initial consonant are labeled as the first item in that column (consonant + a) followed by [行]{ぎょう}. Examples of such are あ行, か行, さ行, た行, etc. The rows (or ...
Blavius's user avatar
  • 8,075
18 votes
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What is the difference between 外科 and 手術?

I think I can see how you are confused about these two words, but I feel like the confusion might have stemmed from the English Japanese dictionary definitions, or rather the confusing nature of the ...
Eddie Kal's user avatar
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16 votes
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What is the correct term for cash?

現金 is the word that corresponds to cash as opposed to money in a bank account, etc. 紙幣 means paper money or banknotes as opposed to 硬貨 (coins).
naruto's user avatar
  • 312k
10 votes
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Difference between furigana and rubi

ルビ (rubi) is jargon which mainly refers to the characters' appearance (small annotative characters placed on top of or to the right of main text), and is preferred in the publishing industry. Even ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 312k
9 votes
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Expressing difference between "fluent" and "native speaker" in Japanese

I think you have a couple choices. For "fluent": ペラペラ。 This is a slightly colloquial word (due to being an onomatopoeia sounding like quick speech), which can mean "fluent", both in the sense of (a) ...
Darius Jahandarie's user avatar
9 votes
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Is 土方 a common term for a "construction worker"?

土方 is a common word, but if you want a neutral term that is usable in news articles, essays and such, (建築/土木)作業員 is better. 土方 tends to have a negative/derogatory undertone, and we never see it used ...
naruto's user avatar
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9 votes
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Could a translation error lead to squares to not be considered as rectangles?

In Japanese, there are two sets of words we learn to describe various kinds of quadrilaterals. Mathematical terms are 四角形【しかっけい】 quadrilaterals, 台形【だいけい】 trapezoid, 平行四辺形【へいこうしへんけい】 parallelogram, ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 312k
8 votes

What does 研がず mean in cooking?

Before cooking rice, many people wash the rice by "grinding" (hence 研ぐ) the individual grains against one another under flowing water until the water runs more or less clear. (In the olden days the ...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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8 votes
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Is ドットマトリクス valid Japanese?

ドットマトリクス is an established word, but unfortunately only among mechanical engineers. I'm not very sure how common the word is in English, but I can confirm that it's anything but what you'd hear from ...
broccoli forest's user avatar
8 votes

What is a grammatical terminology to describe the group of the refrain of two syllable words like pera-pera, don-don, iki-iki?

擬声語{ぎせいご}・擬音語{ぎおんご} and 擬態語{ぎたいご}・擬情語{ぎじょうご} In general: Onomatopoeia (Ideophone). Specifically, in order, words that mimic: voices, sounds, states, and feelings. See the wiki article.
Brandon's user avatar
  • 2,361
7 votes
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Is it pronounced 柄【え】? 柄【から】?柄【つか】?

I'd read it as え. ひしゃくの[柄]{え}、フライパンの[柄]{え}、[柄]{え}の長い[箒]{ほうき}... [柄]{え} means "handle, grip" (≈ [取]{と}っ[手]{て}). [柄]{がら} means "pattern, design" (≈ [模様]{もよう}). [桜]{さくら}の[柄]{がら}...
chocolate's user avatar
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7 votes

Am I using the word "Hajimari" correctly in judo?

I am not particularly knowledgeable about judo, but the usual phrases used in Japanese sports or military contexts are: 整列! Sēretsu! ("Line up!") pronunciation 集合! Shūgō! ("Gather!&...
naruto's user avatar
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7 votes

Am I using the word "Hajimari" correctly in judo?

With all due respect, this seems to be one of those cases where learners can tell what is grammatical but only native (or near-native) speakers can tell what is really idiomatic. Grammatically ...
aguijonazo's user avatar
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6 votes

What is a grammatical terminology to describe the group of the refrain of two syllable words like pera-pera, don-don, iki-iki?

So-called 擬{ぎ}態{たい}語{ご} like ギラギラ, クルクル are often referred to in English as mimetic words, mimesis, or mimetics. These identifiers seem to be more popular than ideophones on this site. See the search ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 312k
6 votes

Which is correct for the bushido code, 誠 or 真?

You may or may not know that the so-called "Bushido code" was popularized (and somewhat canonized) by Inazo Nitobé [sic] in Bushido: The Soul of Japan (1900) and first published in English. One could ...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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6 votes

Why do English speaking learners of Japanese use term "volitional" to refer to 未然形+う?

I would say probably because such a piece of grammar doesn't exist in English in the exact same way it does in Japanese, therefore there is no one word to describe it perfectly. You could explain it ...
rgolden's user avatar
  • 739
6 votes
Accepted

Grammatically, is a 体言止めの文 a "Japanese sentence"?

When I went to school (K12 in the US during the 70's and early 80's), I was taught that a sentence had to have a subject and a predicate (usually they said verb instead of predicate). But then what ...
A.Ellett's user avatar
  • 10k
6 votes
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How do you tell your parents and siblings you love them?

How do you tell your parents and siblings you love them? I've never heard that someone especially tells their own parents and siblings they love them in my country and culture, which is Japanese. In ...
karlalou's user avatar
  • 3,370
6 votes

How do you say 町 (in addresses) in English?

_都/道/府/県 _市 _区 _町 町 is just part of the name of an area in 市/区, so it can be written as (-)cho or (-)machi depending on its actual name. An area name does not always contain 町. 東京都町田市小山町(Oyamacho / ...
kaboc's user avatar
  • 390
6 votes
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Is there a term for the rhetorical rephrasing of e.g. "良子はエビ天にかぶりつく。" into "エビ天にかぶりつく良子。”?

山田孝雄, a Japanese linguist, called this type of phrase/sentence 喚体句. This is used to make a sentence sound dramatic and vivid. It is especially common in poetry (haiku, lyrics, ...), but this pattern ...
naruto's user avatar
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6 votes
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Terminology: Does the term 美化語 include all ご・お・etc. prefixes, or only ones outside of a 敬語 context?

In short: 敬語 consists of 尊敬語, 謙譲語 and 美化語. お/ご as a prefix can form either 尊敬語 or 美化語, or neither. The concepts of 尊敬語 and 美化語 are mutually exclusive, but お/ご can be found in both. You have to ...
naruto's user avatar
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6 votes
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What is the difference between 買い溜め, 買い込む and 買い占める

買い込む is the most neutral of the three. It simply refers to the act of buying something in large quantities for future use. It may be for normal consumption and the stock may last only for a few days. ...
aguijonazo's user avatar
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6 votes
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How exactly are 準体助詞 and 形式名詞 different? In what regard? And where does の stand?

Let me use these labels in this answer: A: あれは彼のだよ。(の as のもの) B: 赤いのが欲しい。こんなのが欲しい。(の as もの) C: 絵を描くのが好きだ。(の as a nominalizer) D: 彼女は学生なのだ。彼は知っているのだ。(explanatory-の) 準体助詞 is not really a widely used ...
naruto's user avatar
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6 votes

Is there an "opposite"/"inverse" of 当て字・熟字訓?

I am a little confused by your question, since 当て字 is already the opposite of 熟字訓, the former is reading Kanji by its sounds regardless of meaning, e.g. 寿司, the latter is the opposite, by its meaning ...
dvx2718's user avatar
  • 3,204
5 votes
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What are the small kana words put above kanji called?

Those are called 振り仮名 ふりがな (furi-gana)
Enno Shioji's user avatar
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5 votes
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How Are Verbs Taught to Native Japanese Speakers?

I'm from Japan and received Japanese education for 14 years. Yes. I think I remember being taught godan katsuyo as basic Japanese grammar class in elementary school -- around 5th or 6th grade. I don't ...
Mari's user avatar
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