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12 votes
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Adding つき to the end of nouns

「つき」is a suffix to a noun, meaning "attached, accompanied with, affected," for example: ひも付き - a string attached 条件付き - condition attached, conditional 期限付き - with a time-limit ...
Yoichi Oishi's user avatar
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12 votes

meaning of さ after noun?

I know さ as a way to nominalize a noun. I'm assuming you mean a way to nominalise an adjective. And that's what we have here. [煙]{けむ}い is an adjective meaning 'smoky'. So [煙]{けむ}さ is the nominalised ...
user3856370's user avatar
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12 votes
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Use of 物 as a noun suffix, specifically 配達物

This is simply an English confusion. When you look up delivery: Delivery or a delivery is the bringing of letters, parcels, or other goods to someone's house or to another place where they want them. ...
broccoli forest's user avatar
10 votes

Doesn't ~ニン(人)as a suffix imply that it is a counter of people

Yes, 人【にん】 is a counter "agrees" with person, but no, it cannot play the role of a noun. Counters only makes a number able to modify a noun, but grammar prohibits it from having noun meaning. Thus, if ...
broccoli forest's user avatar
9 votes
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What is the difference between 会社 and 社 when referring to a company?

会社【かいしゃ】 kaisha is an independent word meaning "company" or "corporation". In compounds it describes a type of company (and is always pronounced がいしゃ gaisha) 航空会社【くうこうがいしゃ】 kūkō gaisha airline ...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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9 votes
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Naming suffix -氏 (-し) used by an otaku character in anime

Is it otaku version of -さん? Yes...sort of. Originally, -氏【し】 is a honorific and highly formal name suffix used to refer to someone with high social status. There are several existing questions ...
naruto's user avatar
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8 votes

What is the purpose of 中 in ダウンロード中?

The kanji 中 on the end as a kind of suffix generally has two different meanings, depending on context and how it's read. When read as ちゅう: "in the middle of doing; in the state of being", as in l'...
Eiríkr Útlendi's user avatar
8 votes
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How to pronounce 上 with the meaning of "when"?

We pronounce it じょう like in Example 1 because we have 上 without any particle between it and the previous word, and it simply means 'on'. In Example 1, it kind of works if we call it when, but in ...
Collapsed PLUG's user avatar
8 votes

What does "め" mean in this case?

め can be a pejorative suffix attached to nouns. It adds a negative meaning or emphasis of insult to that word. This site shows a couple examples: 馬鹿め! (Bakame!/You idiot!) Hence you could translate ...
SevenOclock's user avatar
7 votes
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アメッシュ etymology

アメッシュ (a registered trademark Tokyo Metropolitan Government), refers to the system which tells us how much rainfall is observed at each location in the metropolitan area. The data is given in the ...
Yosh's user avatar
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7 votes
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Is 可能 a productive suffix?

Yes, you can attach 可能 to all suru-verbs (i.e., kango/gairaigo) as long as doing so makes sense. 施錠可能(な) lockable 検索可能(な) searchable 死亡可能(な) die-able(?) (e.g., 死亡可能回数 in life-based games such as ...
naruto's user avatar
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6 votes
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What is the Equivalent of Adding -er to a verb to make it "One who does x"?

Some kanji suffixes can be used for this. Probably the most generic and closest to -er is -者{しゃ}: 医{い}者{しゃ} (doctor, physician) 歯{は}医{い}者{しゃ} (dentist) 忍{にん}者{じゃ} (ninja) 責任者{せきにんしゃ} (person ...
Igor Skochinsky's user avatar
6 votes

What is the difference between 会社 and 社 when referring to a company?

No, they are not interchangeable at all. 会社{かいしゃ} This is a word, meaning "company", large or small 社{しゃ} This is a single character, which as so often happens corresponds to about half of a word. ...
Brian Chandler's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

か as a suffix to mean "a few": Why is 何__かがVERB not allowed

This is simply because we don't usually use が to express the number of something. I think you already know (子供が)3人いる, (リンゴが)5個ある, (本を)3冊買う and so on are grammatical. Number + counter can work as a ...
naruto's user avatar
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6 votes

What are the rules of using 系 式 型 for kinds of things and methods

系 is used to emphasize a product belongs to a certain large "family" or "series". For example, a modern CPU belongs to either ARM系 or x86系. Your smartphone is probably either iPhone系 or Android系. ...
naruto's user avatar
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6 votes
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Suffix まい in this context

まい is a negative inference/volition marker, and あるまい is interchangeable with ないだろう/なかろう. 犬ではあるまい。 = 犬ではないだろう。 = 犬ではなかろう。 = It's probably not a dog. But when they are followed by か, the ...
naruto's user avatar
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6 votes

When can か振り and 振り be used?

It seems to me that 知った振り and 知ったか振り are basically interchangeable, but 知ったか振り is a little more frequently used in everyday conversation or daily situations than 知った振り. These are the examples found on ...
samhana's user avatar
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6 votes
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Examples with suffix 完 (かん)

完 is used to indicate the end of an entire work (similarly to "Fin"), but the same kanji is also used to indicate the end of a part/chapter. For example, on the last page of a volume of a ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k
5 votes

What is the Equivalent of Adding -er to a verb to make it "One who does x"?

For sino-Japanese nouns that can also be used as verbs (aka suru-verbs), adding 者 will work, as other answers explain. For native Japanese verbs (aka yamato kotoba verbs), using masu-stem alone will ...
naruto's user avatar
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5 votes
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入り and 付き in these sentences

砂糖[入り]{いり}のお茶 = 砂糖が入っているお茶 胡椒付きのサラダ = 胡椒が付いているサラダ 入り and 付き are suffixes derived from the verbs 入る and 付く. The forms 入り and 付き are the 連用形 renyōkei (masu-stem) of the verbs and behave much like nouns....
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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5 votes
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~かえす and ~なおす as suffixes

As Brandon says the suffix, なおす means “to redo” as its Kanji writing “直す” means “to redress, correct” and かえす means “to repeat” as its Kanji writing “返す” means “to return.” Your example (1) ...
Yoichi Oishi's user avatar
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5 votes
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"め" in "五匹め" implies some sort of "ordering"? Where it makes sense, the default is "time"?

Among these scenarios, 5匹目が好きです makes sense only in Scenario 3. 5匹目が好きです never means "the fifth smallest cat" in any of these situations. "The fifth smallest cat" is translated as 5番目に小さな猫 in ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k
5 votes

What does the Japanese diminutive suffix "chan" indicate?

The suffix -chan is not inherently gendered (Japanese has no grammatical gender), but by the quality of the diminutive, it is primarily used by and for females. For example, -chan is often used as a ...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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5 votes
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っぱち suffix - meaning and addition of さ suffix

There is no special meaning. As one of the linked entries says: ※「~ぱち」は語感に勢いをつけたり、意味を強調するもので、これ自体に意味はない。また、これを付けることで、特に意味が変わるものでもない。 I guess these might be originally coined as a wordplay so that ...
naruto's user avatar
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5 votes
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How to use わめかれた?

To reply to this comment by @A.Ellett, 泣きわめかれた is Suffering Passive (迷惑の受身), a kind of Indirect Passive (間接受身). 泣きわめく is a compound verb (複合動詞) made of 泣く "cry" + わめく "yell", as the other poster ...
chocolate's user avatar
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5 votes
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Use of ママ as suffix to a name?

Can I add ママ after any name and that will mean I'm referring to their mom? Generally speaking, no. But people often drop の between nouns when it's an important and/or recurring concept to them. For ...
naruto's user avatar
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5 votes

pitch accent for suffixes

The NHK Accent Dictionary contains a section on compound words, which has entries such as 〜体、〜生、〜力 etc. that explains the pattern they use for connecting to the previous word. It also has a very ...
Darius Jahandarie's user avatar

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