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5

As pointed out in the comment section, くださる and なさる are irregular verbs in Japanese. The regular imperative form くだされ/なされ somehow changed to ください/なさい long ago, making them look identical to the pre-masu form. The れ version still exists, but sounds fairly old. You can hear samurai and old sage say 見なされ or 見てくだされ in fictional works. See also: Proper form of ...


2

降って【ふって】きて is the te-form of 降る followed by the subsidiary verb (-て)くる in its te-form. くる as a subsidiary verb is very common in Japanese, so you have to get used to it. 降る: "to fall; to move down" 降って: te-form of 降る 降ってくる: "to fall (toward me); to come down" 降ってきて: te-form of 降ってくる "to fall (toward me) (and...)" が is not &...


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