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47 votes
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Why is Katakana not pronounced Katagana?

This phenomenon is called 連濁 (rendaku). The basic rules for rendaku can be found in the following question, so please take a look at it first: Rules or criteria for 連濁: Voiced or unvoiced syllables ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 319k
11 votes
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Is 三角 pronounced "sangaku" in any dialects?

Weblio's hits for さんがく don't include 三角, which would suggest that this isn't standard. Google searches for "よこさんがく" and "あしさんがく" also return zero hits, while searches for "よこさんかく" and "あしさんかく" with ...
Eiríkr Útlendi's user avatar
10 votes
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Deriving the "p" and "b" sound from "h"

/h/ is from original *p The Japanese fricative /h/ is reconstructed as coming from earlier *p (a voiceless labial stop; "labial" is a phonetic term for consonants pronounced with the lips). ...
solute's user avatar
  • 276
7 votes
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etymology of 冬ごもり

It is normally a good idea to have a few different dictionaries you can refer to. In this case, however, it would be difficult without first removing the 濁点 (dakuten) and changing こもり to the standard ...
BJCUAI's user avatar
  • 7,220
6 votes
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Is there rendaku with consecutive counters?

いっそくぶん is correct. 分 for this meaning is always pronounced as "ぶん" like "じゅうねんぶん"(10年分), "ふつかぶん"(2日分).
Chance's user avatar
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6 votes
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Rendaku (連濁) in graffiti?

This is くそしゃかい. Rendaku is never applied to 社会. 社会 is a kango (Chinese-origin on-reading word), which normally resists rendaku. See: Rules or criteria for 連濁: Voiced or unvoiced syllables in compound ...
naruto's user avatar
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6 votes
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Why does this unvoiced ほ sound become a voiced ぼ sound?

From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rendaku Rendaku (連濁?, lit. "sequential voicing") is a phenomenon in Japanese morphophonology that governs the voicing of the initial consonant of the non-initial ...
SSTTLL's user avatar
  • 463
5 votes

Why is there no rendaku occurring in the word ふかふか?

As the other answers point out, rendaku doesn't occur in mimetic or onomatopoeic words. The basis is always a particular sound (usually two morae), e.g. ふわ with a particular quality. From this ...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
  • 48.2k
5 votes

Why is Katakana not pronounced Katagana?

Unfortunately I think there is no logical explanation. Even a pair of 2 identical kanjis may have "both versions" eg when used in names. One example is 大島 ("big island"), with the "大島" that island ...
Tuomo's user avatar
  • 947
5 votes
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Bridging tsu ("つ") when joining two kanji

There's a page here on the 9 different changes that can occur in Japanese when words or syllables are joined. https://jn1et.com/hennonngennshou/ The insertion of a つ is 促音化 sokuonka (gemination in ...
brownsardine's user avatar
4 votes

Why 一番星 read as Ichibanboshi instead of Ichibanhoshi?

It's been explained a bit in the comment replies already, but... Why do they read as Ichibanboshi? Isn't the Kunyomi of 星 is hoshi? As mentioned, this is "rendaku" in action. In compound words (...
Nicolas Louis Guillemot's user avatar
4 votes
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Why is there no rendaku occurring in the word ふかふか?

It is impossible to explain exactly when [連濁]{れんだく} happens and when it doesn't. The linked Wikipedia article also explains: In modern Japanese, rendaku is common but at times unpredictable, with ...
Rathony's user avatar
  • 2,098
3 votes
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How does one pronounce "11.53 cups"?

Usually it's じゅういち てん ご さんばい or じゅういち てん ご さんはい The digits in the fractional part are pronounced one by one, and rendaku with the counter at the end concerns the one digit before it immediately, ...
Yusuke Matsubara's user avatar
3 votes
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Why does 本仕込 contain rendaku but 本絞り does not?

Rendaku usually doesn't happen when the second component already contains a voiced syllable. しぼり already has ぼ, and this is why it won't become じぼり. See: Rules or criteria for 連濁: Voiced or unvoiced ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 319k
3 votes

How do you pronounce 電報船? Is is でんぽうふね、でんぽうぶね or でんぽうせん?

Looks like 電報船 is a made-up term that is unique to this manga, but since 電報 is an on-on compound (i.e., a kango), people usually expect 船 to be read せん, too. As this answer explains, せん is an on-...
naruto's user avatar
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3 votes
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How do I read 係?

係 as a noun on its own is read かかり, but 係 in a compound noun is read がかり due to rendaku. So yes, 新聞係 is read しんぶんがかり. 運ぶ係 is a fairly ordinary phrase made of a noun and a relative clause modifying it,...
naruto's user avatar
  • 319k
3 votes

Why is there no rendaku occurring in the word ふかふか?

ふかふか is more like an onomatopoeia (the formation of a word form a sound associated with what is named) instead of connecting two words. More examples are: きらきら (shining) [e.g. このダイヤはキラキラしている] ...
kabichan's user avatar
  • 851
3 votes
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History and etymology of Japanese onomatopoeia

These adverb classes are all related. At their root is the singular form, usually two morae in length, such as the にこ in にこにこ and にっこり, or the ぎゅう in ぎゅっと and ぎゅうぎゅう, or the ほそ in ほそぼそ and ほっそり. ...
Eiríkr Útlendi's user avatar
3 votes
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Why does "Rendaku" not apply in 少々 お待ちください?

{{pad}}There are many exceptions, but the general rule is that the second component of an on-yomi compound is not voiced. This includes on-yomi reduplicative words like 少々【しょうしょう】, 多々【たた】, 点々【てんてん】, ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 319k
2 votes

Bridging tsu ("つ") when joining two kanji

You're describing what's known as sandhi, specifically rendaku and gemination. It happens a bunch in Japanese, but the rules are notoriously complex. For example it's unclear to me why 学祭{がくさい} couldn'...
Ringil's user avatar
  • 8,524
2 votes

Bridging tsu ("つ") when joining two kanji

I believe the name for this process is rendaku. More here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rendaku
knowledge_is_power's user avatar
2 votes
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Is it Amekakure or Amegakure?

I'm not sure why you are downvoted, because I think this is an excellent question! Sometimes, when two words in Japanese combines, the beginning of the second word changes and gets ゛ (濁点.) 雨 (あめ) 隠れ (...
Kohsuke Kawaguchi's user avatar
2 votes
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連濁 in proper nouns

Rendaku in proper nouns are basically random and unpredictable. Native speakers read new proper nouns purely based on their previous experiences, and ordinary people are not explicitly aware of any ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 319k
2 votes
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Rendaku in 一本気 but not in 本気

Rendaku occurs when two independent words come together to form a compound. I think 一本気 is a compound, while 本気 and 元気 are not. (Just because they are analyzable as 本+気 and 元+気 doesn't mean they are ...
afukada's user avatar
  • 46
2 votes
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Trying to figure out the Japanese tale's sentence

how and why the verb ひたす became びたし The ひ → び sound change is [連濁]{れんだく}. みず + ひたし → みずびたし (水浸し) あさ + かお → あさがお (朝顔) ひら + かな → ひらがな (平仮名) さん + ひき → さんびき (3匹) For more on 連濁, see: Why does this ...
chocolate's user avatar
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1 vote
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Is there rendaku in 感動話?

It's かんどうばなし because it refers to touching stories in general. Rendaku is necessary. (感動話 is read かんどうわ when if refers to an episode of a serial drama, manga, anime, etc. Example)
naruto's user avatar
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1 vote
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Is どこ住み ever pronounced どこずみ?

I think ずみ is the more common pronunciation. Since it is a very colloquial word, it can deviate from ordinary rules, but it seems reasonable to assume 連濁 happens just as in a proper word 部屋住み.
sundowner's user avatar
  • 37.4k
1 vote

How does one know when to use ~ふん or ~ぷん when telling time in Japanese?

Well, all the Japanese counters have some irregularities. In this case, the standard counter for minutes is ふん, but in some numbers it changes. 1: いっぷん 2: にふん 3: さんぷん 4: よんぷん 5: ごふん 6: ろっぷん 7: ななふん ...
Haury's user avatar
  • 121
1 vote

Why is the た in 手伝う voiced?

I think this is not due to a shifted rendaku, but rather due to a change in pitch accent that occurs in all compound verbs (つたう{LHH} → てつだう{LHHL}). It’s difficult to say てつたう{LHHL} without the た ...
Darius Jahandarie's user avatar

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