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22 votes
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What does it mean when multiple 々 marks follow a 、?

「々」is called「同{どう}の字{じ}点{てん}」it is used to repeat 1 previous character. 人人 = 人々 When there are multiple 同の字点 it means to repeat 'n' previous characters. 已及深更、深更後... = 已及深更、々々後... & 令召右大辨、...
sazarando's user avatar
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15 votes
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Is Japanese em dash equal to Latin em dash?

This kind of long dash is sometimes called 2倍ダッシュ, 倍角ダッシュ or ダブルダッシュ when there is a technical reason to distinguish. But untrained Japanese people call this simply as ダッシュ. Some punctuation marks ...
naruto's user avatar
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14 votes

What do ー, 「, and 」 mean?

The latter are quotation marks, equivalent to " " in English. For example, the sentence: Mr Tanaka said "Good morning". could be written as something like: たなかさんは「おはよう」といいました。 The former may ...
ConMan's user avatar
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14 votes
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What does 「/\」 mean in this sentence?

This is supposed to be an iteration mark. This type of iteration mark is usually only used in vertical writing (the traditional layout for Japanese writing). It looks like a big く but is twice as ...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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14 votes
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What do these symbols in manga mean?

This seems to be an encoding/typesetting issue and the "symbols" are indeed Greek letters Ψ, Π, π that seem to be displayed instead of !, ?, 〜. There is another typographical oddity that suggests ...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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11 votes

Is Japanese em dash equal to Latin em dash?

There is a unicode character for the two-em dash: It is possible to represent any unicode character in HTML Using character escapes in markup. For the two-em dash, it would be ⸺ You ...
martin's user avatar
  • 265
11 votes

What is the Japanese equivalent of English editorial brackets?

There is no special symbol for this, but simple brackets () can be used in most cases. They are especially common in interview articles, where the editor has to fix or supplement what was actually ...
naruto's user avatar
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10 votes

What is the meaning of the dot (.) in Japanese dictionaries?

This is the first dictionary I've seen use this particular notation, but it appears to be a delimiter between the part of the word composed by the kanji reading and the okurigana. See how for both ...
Mindful's user avatar
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9 votes
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Are there means (formal rules or conventions) of use-mention distinction in Japanese writing?

「鉤【かぎ】括弧【かっこ】」 is probably what you're looking for. Example: 「は」は係助詞です。 These are used like quotes in English. There's also a doubled-up form that can be used if the text is already quoted. ...
Eiríkr Útlendi's user avatar
9 votes
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Is there a reason why the 濁点【だくてん】( ゙)are placed below the stroke at ぐ and で as opposed to the other hiragana characters?

The position of a dakuten is not as strict as you think. It has to be placed near the top right corner, but it may be moved or rotated according to the font designer's choice. Here are some examples ...
naruto's user avatar
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8 votes

Is there any Japanese language reason why Google Maps hyphenates some names and not others?

Seeing Ikeno-Ue I'll venture a guess and say that there is no reason why Google Maps hyphenates some place names and not others. Here ノ is the particle の and I would say that hyphenation of 池ノ上 ike ...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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7 votes
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Why does some manga have dots above some of the words?

This is the Japanese version of [underlining]{LLLLLLLLLLL}. It's a way of marking a word for emphasis. Update The Japanese name for this is variously 圏点{けんてん} (literally "enclosing mark"), 傍点{ぼうてん} ...
Eiríkr Útlendi's user avatar
7 votes
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What does ▲ mean in a newspaper?

段落(paragraph)の区切りです・・・ 毎日新聞のコラム「余禄」では、▲ 朝日新聞のコラム「天声人語」では、▼ を使って、 「ここで段落が変わる」ことを示しています。 (段落が変わるので本来は改行するところを、スペースが限られているため、代わりに記号で表している) 産経新聞のコラム「産経抄」は ▼ で、こんな感じです: また、このページによると、 読売新聞のコラム「編集手帳」では、◆ ...
chocolate's user avatar
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6 votes
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What is the meaning of dots and dashes in kunyomi readings?

The upshot is that you should try to look at the explanatory notes of the dictionary you use and try not to get too attached to a particular notation. Knowing that kanji have a main reading, possibly ...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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6 votes
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How many syllables does くの字点 affect?

It is a matter of memorization. You must already be familiar with the word or phrase to read it properly the first time. However, because other marks for single character repetition already exist, ...
sazarando's user avatar
  • 7,421
6 votes
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Spaces and end of sentences in まんが

Translated from NAVERまとめ: With most manga publishers other than Shogakukan (which uses more standard punctuation markers), it is an implicit rule to use spaces instead of the reading and ...
BJCUAI's user avatar
  • 7,220
6 votes
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Is a sentence ending with "か……。" a question or a questionative statement?

The correct term is rhetorical question, and yes, in this case it is a rhetorical question. Also there is no "why" in the Japanese sentence. Japanese people often use か like that, especially ...
Tchang's user avatar
  • 2,000
6 votes

What are these vertical lines called in Japanese?

This is a double hyphen (=), rendered vertically because the text is written vertically. The mark is called a ダブルハイフン in Japanese. The double hyphen in Japanese is typically usually used to separate ...
henreetee's user avatar
  • 3,727
6 votes
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Addressing someone without punctuation?

The answer is nothing. Japanese does not have a special form for vocative other than nominative (not many languages have), and before the introduction of punctuation, you can just guess it from the ...
broccoli forest's user avatar
5 votes
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What does the hyphen in this dictionary entry mean?

It's just a hyphen to split the word stem from the suffix 家. It's not written that way in normal text, but you do see it in dictionaries or word lists.
kandyman's user avatar
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5 votes
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Usage of interrobang (?!) in Japanese

!? is much more common than ?! in Japanese literature (see !? in nicopedia), although many laypeople do not care about the order. It is not very common in serious novels, but some old novels like 蟹工船 ...
naruto's user avatar
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5 votes
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What is this dash-like punctuation at the beginning of lines, seeming to indicate rapid-fire thoughts?

It's indeed a (long) dash. See: Is Japanese em dash equal to Latin em dash? Meaning of long horizontal bar in Japanese What does ー mean in this context? It has several uses, but here, it is similar ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 321k
5 votes
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Questions about punctuation in a light novel

Both methods are for emphasizing something, but they are used a little differently. Brackets are used to emphasize important keywords and words with non-standard meanings. Their role partly overlaps ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 321k
4 votes

Is Japanese em dash equal to Latin em dash?

That's a mark that isn't a standard character. According to the wiki page below, it's basically the same as the em-dash, but often two are written together ―― to make it long enough. https://ja....
AJFB's user avatar
  • 71
4 votes
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Interrupted Dialogue

Either a 3点リーダー or a dash is used for this purpose. Note that a Japanese dash is usually longer than an English em-dash. The last example (leaving a Latin consonant) is fairly unconventional, but it ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 321k
4 votes
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In terms of comma placement, does the following rough translation match the Japanese?

However I want to know if there is another way to translate the Japanese so that the comma is also used in the English translation. Sure, if you don't mind an unnatural English, you could translate ...
Tchang's user avatar
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4 votes
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How to express “X (and parenthetically Y)”?

This kind of interrupting parentheses are a common practice in Japanese too. Beware that, however, the linguistic and cultural difference between these two languages might make literal translations ...
broccoli forest's user avatar
4 votes
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Using an asterisk to indicate a disclaimer

This is a common practice also in Japanese (called 脚注 "footnotes"). But Japanese people tend to use superscript kome-jirushi (※) instead of the asterisk. When there are many footnotes, ...
naruto's user avatar
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