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16 votes

ことができる versus V~える form

I'm a native speaker. The expressions of ことができる and ~られる are almost the same meaning. Don't think so difficult. You can use the expression you prefer. Examples: 雨が止んだら、テニスに行くことができるよ! 雨が止んだら、...
S61's user avatar
  • 161
14 votes
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Potential form of non-volitional verbs

凍れる is (almost always) invalid not because it's syntactically prohibited as a rule but because it's (almost always) nonsense. The use of the れる form is limited to one's ability, potential or right; ...
naruto's user avatar
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10 votes

The difference between が and を with the potential form of a verb

According to Hamano and Tsujioka (2011), the difference between を and が with the potential form is that を has a slightly stronger sense of volition than が does. They give the examples A: ...
kandyman's user avatar
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10 votes
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Two questions about "can"

First of all, it should be 食べられる rather than 食べれる, although the latter form is used. See this link. Once you have conjugated a verb into the potential form it behaves just like any other iru-eru/...
user3856370's user avatar
  • 30.4k
10 votes

Why is the potential form of 滑る 滑れる and not 滑られる?

滑る{すべる} is not a 'る' (ichidan) verb, but a godan verb. While it is true that all ichidan verbs end in いる or える, the reverse is not true; 入る{はいる} for example is a godan verb. 滑る conjugates as normal ...
Angelos's user avatar
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8 votes
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Can you add です after a plain form of a verb?

The short answer: You can think of です as performing several funcitons. Being a polite form of the copula だ, or being an auxiliary polite helper verb. です as a politeness helper verb: No you cannot ...
Flaw's user avatar
  • 20k
7 votes

Potential form of non-volitional verbs

光れる and 凍れる for example are not valid conjugations? Is this invalidity strictly a structural limitation or is it semantic? I think it is more natural to say they are not idiomatic. Structurally, ...
sundowner's user avatar
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6 votes
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How do these negations differ? (Plain negative vs. potential negative)

[帰]{かえ}れる is the potential form of 帰る. So this means "It's true, Hibiki. It's not that we just didn't come [or go] back, it's that we couldn't come back". Presumably the speaker is explaining to ...
Graham Healey's user avatar
6 votes
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Potential form vs Intransitive Verbs

Short answer: Verbs like 切れる can have two meanings, the potential one or the intransitive one. You determine by context. 上司が切れた In this case, it is clear the boss got mad. It could also be written ...
Locksleyu's user avatar
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6 votes
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Is there a reason why the passive and the potential form are identical (at least for える/いる verbs)?

Etymologically, various usages of れる/られる derived from one base meaning, "without someone's will". In modern Japanese, れる/られる is still sometimes used in this sense (known as 自発【じはつ】 or "...
naruto's user avatar
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6 votes

Meaning of もてり and use of が

This is not the potential form of 持つ, but the 已然形 of 持つ plus the 終止形 of the 助動詞 り. In this case, the combination corresponds to modern Japanese 持っている.
Nanigashi's user avatar
  • 1,565
6 votes

Potential forms of verbs that have gained a spontaneous meaning (e.g., 泣ける)

「笑える」は多分学校で習うと思います。早速それで検索して見ると「教えてgoo」にも類似の質問があった様です。 「難しくて泣ける」「思わず笑える」の文法的説明 以下回答No2.からの抜粋です。 自発か可能かは、前後の関係で決まると認識しています。 自発 = 自然とそういう状況になる 可能 = 意思を持ってすればそういう状況になる 1.「数学の授業が難しくて泣ける」: 泣きたい意思はないはず・・・...
kimi Tanaka's user avatar
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6 votes
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気が合う人 is correct but why can't I say 気が合える人? Why is using the potential form wrong?

(According to web searches,) there is a distinction called 意志動詞 and 無意志動詞. The former denotes the verbs that express voluntary actions. The rule is that there is no potential form for 無意志動詞, which 合う ...
sundowner's user avatar
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5 votes

Why doesn't 分かる have a potential form?

If you look in a Japanese-Japanese dictionary, the primary definition of 分かる is 明白になる (Sanseido) "become clear" or something equivalent. It gets translated in English as "understand" not because that ...
Cure Dolly's user avatar
5 votes
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What is the difference between 見る and 見える?

見る and 見える are separate verbs in the present Japanese language. You know, 見る is to look at. 見える has a couple of meanings; they also apply to other verbs like 聞こえる, 思える, etc. possibility. ...
Faily Feely's user avatar
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5 votes
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How can I conjugate a past-potential verb?

It's not conjugated like that, but it's an easy mistake to make :) The mistake you made was trying to convert a past tense word into a past potential word, when you have to do the reverse to make it ...
Amerain's user avatar
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5 votes
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A question about the particle used with potential form

when the potential form of a verb is being used, direct object particle "を" should not be used. Instead, が or は should be used. That's not really correct; you can still use を naturally in many cases. ...
naruto's user avatar
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5 votes

「たら〜のに」Grammar help!

It's not the hypothetical 「~たら~のに」 "If ~~, ~~ would ~~" structure. I think you should parse it this way... [ミーティング終わったら、一緒に食える]のに... "Even though [we can eat together when the meeting is over / ...
chocolate's user avatar
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5 votes
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Why would you use 見えます instead of 見ます?

The verb you are seeing is 見える, which means either "to be visible" or "to seem/appear/look". te-form + 見える usually means the latter, "to appear to (have) ~" or "to appear as if ~". 彼が若返って見える。 ...
naruto's user avatar
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5 votes
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~ていられる - present progressive and potential?

You are correct that していられる is the potential form of the している. However, you cannot replace it with できる. できる removes the progressive tense that している expresses. For example: 平気な顔ができる。 To be able to ...
Shurim's user avatar
  • 3,774
5 votes

Is 売られる the potential form of 売る?

For godan verbs like 売る, its potential form and passive form look different. 売る: dictionary form, "to sell (something)" 売られる: passive form, "(something) is sold" 売れる: potential ...
naruto's user avatar
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5 votes
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Do all verbs become Ichidan once in their Potential Form?

Every verb that has the /e/ vowel sound immediately before ます in its ます-form is an ichidan (or Group-II) verb, and every potential verb, with the only exception of the irregular できる, meets this ...
aguijonazo's user avatar
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5 votes
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Why is 扱う in the potential form?

この本で扱えるのは現代日本の東京の言葉だけです I think the potential form pairs up nicely with だけ. Literally, "In this book, what we are able to handle is only the language of modern day Tokyo Japanese", or more ...
user3856370's user avatar
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4 votes
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What is this 連用形+ゆる grammar? How is it different from the potential form?

見ゆ is an archaic ヤ行 verb meaning 見える in modern Japanese. 見ゆる is the attributive form (連体形) of 見ゆ. 古文単語「みゆ/見ゆ」の意味・解説【ヤ行下二段活用】 In modern Japanese, there is no verb that ends with ゆ, but in archaic ...
naruto's user avatar
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4 votes

What's the difference between 勝つ可能性 and 勝てる可能性?

Methinks you think too much. Each of the phrases means what it says, no more or no less: "a possibility [we] will win" and "a possibility [we] can win", respectively (just like you said). I think it's ...
goldbrick's user avatar
  • 6,174
4 votes

If 日本語する is not ok, why is 日本語できる ok?

The heart of your confusion lies in the fact that できる can serve in other roles in which it is not the potential form of する。It's better to think of 出来る as its own completely separate word, which also ...
weirdalsuperfan's user avatar

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