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2 votes
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Does と mean "with" or "for", here?

The original sentence suggests that "my school" and "your school" are swapped (for fun). The Japanese language doesn't have grammatical plural forms, but read it like "why not ...
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1 vote

Does と mean "with" or "for", here?

Short answer is yes, technically the sentence may be interpreted in two ways. Imagine you are playing a multi player version of Sim City. You built a school, and your friend built a school as well. ...
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2 votes

I'm confused about when to use で vs を in this sentence

で denotes the means by which the verb is performed: ペンで書{か}きました。  I wrote with a pen. を marks the object of the verb i.e. the thing the verb acts on. ペンを使{つか}ってもいいですか。 Is it okay to use a pen. ...
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1 vote

Why is it 4分で売り切りだった and not 4分に売り切りだった?

で means a range of time while に does not.
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3 votes
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Usage of か after 出向く

There isn't enough context and the line could be ambiguous. But let's just assume this is a thought of someone who is talking about themself planning to do the action described here. This sentence ...
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1 vote

What is the funciton of the particle ぞ, and does it have any other uses?

Nobody uses it now, because it is a piece of grammar from classical Japanese. The final particle ぞ is a descendant of it, and otherwise only remains in sporadic idioms: ~のみぞ知る, どうぞ, これぞ, よくぞ, 何するものぞ ...
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3 votes
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Role of は when following phrases ending in particles

in situations like those above (phrase + particle + は), can は take the thematic meaning or is it restricted to the contrastive meaning? Yes, the two fundamental meanings are preserved even when は is ...
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3 votes
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How is そこを used in this sentence?

そこを is literally "at that" or "there" as you guess. It is the object of 殲滅した, and refers to those beasts(?) appearing above the ground, or to be precise, the place as the location ...
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3 votes
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Why 広がる前 isn't 広がった前 in this sentence

First, let's check the meaning of the sentence. 1年に3000万人以上が来ていた modifies ウイルスが広まる前のとき as a whole, not just ウイルス or ウイルスが広まる. I understand this relative clause is tricky; see this. You took the ...
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3 votes
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What does 前かmean?

What does 前+か mean here? In this case, "か" means "or". Examples 黒 か 白 = black or white はい か いいえ = yes or no 家を出る前 か ホームルーム前 = before leaving house or before ホームルーム starts ...
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3 votes

When does は imply contrast when describing something

Two rules of thumb: When there are two は in one main clause, one of them are typically contrastive. When there is a は in a subordinate clause (e.g., a relative clause), it's contrastive. 目がきれいな人 ...
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2 votes

のなら: emphasis or hearsay?

The biggest difference for me is that の makes it a bit harder to pronounce when I speak and sticks out a bit in my head when I hear it. This difference goes away when の is reduced to ん. I would say ...
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2 votes
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のなら: emphasis or hearsay?

This の is an explanatory-の. Roughly speaking, it adds the nuance of "(if) ... is the case" or "(if) it's that ...". This の is usually optional, but it indicates the conditional is ...
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