Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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Explaining different flavors of じゃない

For a long time, I have trouble telling apart whether sentences ending with じゃない are affirmative or negative, especially when it is combined with particles の and か. From the top of my head, here are ...
John Davies's user avatar
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What is the difference between のう and な/なあ/ね/ねえ?

I have been reading a comic book limited series titled 『妖艶くのいち~濡れた花弁』 (English: "Voluptuous Female Ninja: Wet Petals"). It seems to take place in the Japanese Warring States Period (1467-...
Micheal Gignac's user avatar
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2 answers
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Rate/ratio: What are the differences between 「一年一万円」,「一年に一万円」,「一年で一万円」?

When describing a rate or ratio, what are the differences between no particle, に, and で? Also related: In a JLPT N5 sample test booklet, I came across the sentence below. Why is で used in the second ...
Hikonyan's user avatar
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How to tell when を means with?

I've seen the "with" use of を in the phrases (song lyrics) 未体験の怒りをごちゃまぜに (Mistranslation? "I'll mess you up with an anger you've never experienced before"), and the expression ...
Star Peep's user avatar
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What is the function of the particle ~の in this sentence? [duplicate]

I came across this sentence while I was studying: 人間は話すことのできる唯一の動物だ。 I understand the meaning of the whole sentence, but I don't know why both 〜こと and 〜の are present. From my understanding, both have ...
bbyshzm's user avatar
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What does "好きなだけ" mean here?

Is な used to connect 好き and だけ. Does it mean that she only likes reading books? わたしは本を読むのが好きなだけの極々虚弱な女の子だ。
shawntarou's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
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The construct of いつの間にか

In Japanese, we can add か to question words to make it mean "some-xxx." Example: 何 what 何か something 誰 who 誰か somebody 何人 how many people 何人か some amount of people (何人かの友達きた some friends ...
dvx2718's user avatar
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Noun as prefix/adjective without any particle after it?

I couldn't shake off this question for a while now. I've seen some example sentences from WordNet for 標準 such as: 標準手続き。 非標準テキスト。 標準室温でワインを出す。 All these sentences effectively present 標準 as an ...
agrastiOs's user avatar
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使役形の助詞は「に」か「を」か

教科書から学んだ動詞の使役形は、命令者は使役動詞の主語で「が」で表し、実際の動作者は助詞「に」で表す。例えば、僕が友達へ「ご飯を食べて」と言うと、僕が友達にご飯を食べさせる。「を」で表す部分は動作の実際の対象でありそうです。 なのに、気付いたのは、「に」の代わりに「を」で実際の動作者を表す場合もあります。例えば、back numberさんの歌詞の一句:「冬がそっと雪を降らせて」。ここ、「...
dvx2718's user avatar
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What does the に represents in 楽しみにしていました

To breakdown this line which is: 楽しみに + する+ ている- looking forward to it. I'm aware that N+にする could mean 決定,変化 But this doesn't fit the translation of looking forward to it. or does it mean 目的 which ...
KK118's user avatar
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Can you imply your location without using personal pronoun?

I want to say something like "I'm enjoying your music from Sendai", which can be read ambiguously even in English. The meaning I want to get across is I am in Sendai and enjoying the ...
gator's user avatar
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What does 「に」 mean at the end of the 「侘しさに」?

The full sentence is 「寄る辺ない侘しさに」. I did some research and found out that「に」is used with na-adjectives to basically turn them into adverbs, but「侘しい」is an i-adjective, so it doesn't make much sense.
Renat's user avatar
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Can you use が instead of は in sentences like this? 一番好きな食べ物がりんごです

I am currently trying to understand the difference between は and が in Japanese. As far as I have learnt, が and は can both be used after subjects, but は can shed a spotlight on the topic of the ...
Ruo Su's user avatar
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1 answer
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The difference between 学校に勉強します and 学校で勉強します

I'm trying to understand the difference between に and で as particles in the following example: 学校に勉強します。 学校で勉強します。 What are the nuances between these two expressions? Any help or explanation is very ...
Ruo Su's user avatar
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1 answer
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Confused about っていうのが and っていうのも

So far, my understanding is that these two expressions are a contracted form of というのは, whose common application is to explain the meaning of something. In a JLPT listening video, I heard this: M: ...
statsnoobj101's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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How to make the “〜でも” form of normal verbs and i-adjectives?

There's something that irks me. The particle “〜でも” can be inserted after many parts of speech such as: 駅にでも行った? In this sense it occupies much the same grammatical place as “〜は” or “〜も" in that ...
Zorf's user avatar
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2 answers
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Can this be a valid sentence?

私はたくさんのパンを食べますとたくさんの水を飲むます Yes, we can omit the 私は but the rest just sounds weird to me. This is what it should mean: I eat a lot of bread and drink a lot of water. Thank you!
quix's user avatar
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How to use the addition particle も on a whole sentence?

A: 先週の試験で一人だけ悪い成績だったのは、Cさんだそうだ。On last week's exam, (I heard) only one person had bad results: Mr.C. B: そうか。Cさんといえば、彼女と別れたらしい。Really. Talking about Mr.C, (I heard he) broke up with (his) girlfriend. B:...
82474070449770901951's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
351 views

What is the で part in ではありません?

Ok, this might be more complicated or less complicated than I'm making it out to be but I'm assuming this question will be made up of two unrelated components but I can't figure it out so I'm shooting ...
Ethir's user avatar
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What is the function of では in this context?

I was trying to translate this text and I didn't understand the use of the では particle. I thought it might be something like “with this body without feet, hands and wings I am the serpent of the world”...
menta sugar's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
100 views

Can adjectives follow the に particle?

https://guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/verbparticles lead me to believe that the に particle should be used with a verb. However I have been reading some sentences that have noun + に + adjective. ...
Dio's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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How can I tell how much って is quoting?

When you use って, how do you differentiate who is part of the quote from who made the quote? For example: 彼女はかわいいって/She said かわいい or 彼女はかわいいって/someone said she's cute
menta sugar's user avatar
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1 answer
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What does き stand for in 招き猫?

As question suggests: what does き stands for in 招き猫? Is it some sort of particle, that "connects" 招(invitation) and 猫(cat) or something else?
dmyTRUEk's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
265 views

Why use に instead of を in 彼に会います/連絡します

Please explain to me why に is used instead of を in these sentences 彼に会います 彼に連絡します Is that because 会います is a transitive verb? Please give me more detail.
Lemon Tolemonade's user avatar
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1 answer
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Verb て-form + もない meaning

Example sentence, which is a response to someone who is talking like they were already invited to a party: まだ誘ってもないのに。 I'm not able to wrap my head around the grammar used in what looks like a pretty ...
Cassius Bright's user avatar
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1 answer
131 views

Can a sentence-ending particle like よ be used to express multiple nuances at once?

Example: 知らないよ in response to someone thinking you know, even though you don’t. Using wikitionary for particle lookup, I found these 2 uses of よ that could fit the context: indicating statement of ...
Cassius Bright's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
104 views

can で particle be used to say "and"

I saw some example sentences where the で particle was used to say "and", can't you just use "と" or "し"? Why was で used?
Koll's user avatar
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3 votes
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から vs. を in: あちらから出て or あちらを出て? 東から昇る or 東を昇る?

I've learned that when you want to express "to come out of something without obvious boundary" , it's better to replace を with から. For examples: あちらから出てきた人は誰ですか。 (を should not be used here, ...
Sheepeagle's user avatar
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1 answer
71 views

Understanding たは: [closed]

I'm sure this has been covered, but searching for something as vague as たは has it's complications given た's usage as a verb ending. My question comes from the たは use in the following. あなたがたは世の光です。 (...
写真家's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
124 views

How does this ending particle じ work?

I've seen this particle used before multiple times but have chosen to ignore it each time. Though here's an example where I can find this particle being used. 冬来りなば春遠からじ - (from what I guess it might ...
blinchiki's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
134 views

Tense of sentences ending with のだ such as 楽しかったんだ

From what I can find, 楽しかったんだ is considered to be in the past tense, which confuses me. I would have thought that の nominalized the preceding phrase, and the sentences as a whole was then placed in ...
Magnus Lidbom's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
73 views

Pitch accent for 〜ごろ(に)

I can't find any source for how the pitch accent of 〜ごろ(ni) works. Does it function like any other particle, carrying the pitch of the previous word, or does it act more like a suffix like 〜人 or 〜語; ...
Tosaku's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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What does 上 without a particle means?

幽霊事件はその特異性上どうしても捜査が後手に回ってしまう My understanding of the sentence is that she's saying that due to the 特異性 nature of the case in the end the investigation falls behind/stalls 後手に回ってしまう. However I'm curios ...
Kawase_K's user avatar
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1 answer
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Prepositional phrase with に and verb 感じられる

"界王神界にまでエネルギーが感じられるほど強大な力を開放し" In this phrase, would it to be correct to say the prepositional phrase "界王神界に" connects to the object of the verb "エネルギー" or the subject of ...
eren_my_beloved's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
151 views

What does のと mean in this context?

I was reading a children's book in Japanese and found this sentence: 明日になったら、町へ行って、木の実の干したのと、便せんを交換できないか聞いてみよう。 I understand most of it, except the part that says "木の実の干したのと". I know 木の実 ...
221victoria's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
105 views

What does it mean when the kana を is at the end of the sentence?

I have seen a couple of instances of を being used at the end of sentence. From my limited knowledge, を is supposed to be used to indicate the direct object of a verb, but I have seen it following a ...
sunwu's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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How can I determine what particle (∅, に or は) should I use with temporal nouns?

I’m a bit confused with the choice of particle with temporal nouns. For example, which is the difference between the following sentences? 夏休旅行したいと思っています。 夏休に旅行したいと思っています。 夏休は旅行したいと思っています。 And ...
Poulp's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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How to say "For me it’s hard to speak Japanese"?

Just a quick question: If I wanted to say "For me it’s hard to speak Japanese." would it be correct to say 私は日本語を話しにくいです。or would that be unnatural? And do I have to use を or で after 日本語 (...
Dee's user avatar
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1 answer
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Can the direct object (with を) appear before the instrumental (with で)?

I apologize if this question is too basic, but I was doing some beginner exercises on an app (no, not that app), and it marked this as incorrect: あのアメリカ人はラーメンをフオークで食べていますね。 The correct order, it ...
cmw's user avatar
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0 answers
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What is pitch accent for ではありません?

I hear it like: ではありません{HHLHHHL} Is it correct? Could not find answer in OJAD. PRAAT: Sound sample: https://voca.ro/1iCkbzE4w7HT
Newbie in Japanese's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
51 views

"を奪{うば}われた" used incorrectly instead of "が奪{うば}われた"? (Bleach) [duplicate]

In Bleach Sennen Kessen-hen (S01,E04), (slight spoilers) captains have an ability called Bankai. They thought that the enemy could seal this ability. But as KB realizes, the enemy actually steals this ...
chausies's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
153 views

Does へ in 東京へ何しに行くの? mean "to"?

So I have this sentence: [東京]{とうきょう}へ[何]{なに}しに[行]{い}くの? The translation for this is "What are you going to Tokyo for?" But as I understand it へ means "to", and 何しに行く means "...
Rommel Bagasina's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
148 views

Is たべにいっている in the sentence 「かれはすしをたべにいっている」 correct?

I've got this sentence: かれはすしをたべにいっている。 Why is たべ which is たべる followed after by に and then by another verb? Is this correct? Apparently it means "He is going to eat the sushi."
Rommel Bagasina's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
49 views

Compound particles: ni wa [duplicate]

So I have this sentence: Sotsugyou paatii ni wa sanka shinai yotei desu. Now if I take wa from the sentence, it should still mean the same. What is the purpose of wa in this sentence?
Rommel Bagasina's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
594 views

Why is に{ni} used instead of を{wo} in ~に{ni}[当たる]{ataru}?

In this sentence: [父]{chichi}[親]{oya} [が]{ga} [昔]{mukashi} [宝くじ]{takarakuji} [に]{ni} [当たった]{atatta} [こと]{koto} [を]{wo} [話した]{hanashita}。 [当たった]{atatta} is a verb taking the object [宝くじ]{takarakuji}. ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
247 views

Why is が{ga} used instead of を{wo} in ~が{ga}[聞ける]{kikeru}?

Why is が{ga} used instead of を{wo} in ~が{ga}[聞ける]{kikeru} in the following sentence? [日本]{nihon} [に]{ni} [いながら]{inagara}、[フランス語]{furansugo} [の]{no} [ラジオ]{rajio} [番組]{bangumi} [が]{ga} [聞ける]{kikeru}。 ...
Rommel Bagasina's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
47 views

Why is the particle を used without a verb in the following context? [duplicate]

First of all, this question shares the same context with another Q&A asking for the meaning of 手{て}かがり. What follows is an excerpt from N2新完全マスター, in particular the section 問題紹介 where they are ...
jarmanso7's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
74 views

「noun」は、「noun」でも代用かのうです。 - What is the role of でも here? [duplicate]

For example if you have the sentence "ストッキングは、靴下でも代用かのうです。" Is でも a single word or is it the で-particle followed by the も-particle? If the latter one is the case, then も can be left off ...
Celestial Dragon's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
94 views

"Ningen ga kurushindeiru" vs "ningen wa tsuyoi" [duplicate]

Ningen ga kurushindeiru means Humans are suffering while ningen wa tsuyoi means Humans are strong. My question is can't we just say Ningen wa kurushindeiru? My reason for asking this is because "...
Rommel Bagasina's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
40 views

What is the meaning of と in 足りないからとキスして? [duplicate]

This is part of a song called マリーゴールド. アイラブユーの言葉じゃ 足りないからとキスして 雲がまだ二人の影を残すから いつまでもいつまでもこのまま I'm quite confused to understand what と is doing in 足りないからとキスして. Maybe it's just an emphasis and the ...
xiver77's user avatar
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