Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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3
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2answers
266 views

Why is に used in this sentence? 彼は彼女に見覚えがある。

Why is に used in this sentence? 彼は彼女に見覚えがある。 Also, why is 見覚え marked by が?
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1answer
77 views

Meaning and usage of のみか (vs. のみならず etc.)

I came across のみか in this sentence in 日本語パワードリル, N2文法: ネットショップの開設により、国内のみか海外からも注文が来た。 I've not come across のみか before, but it seems to just mean 'not only'. Is a specific meaning/nuance or usage for ...
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0answers
37 views

What is the meaning of は in this context? [duplicate]

Context: A car approaches ルパン, 次元 asks over the radio who is in driving it 次元「ルパン、スコーピオンか?」 ルパン「いやぁ、違う。我が宿命のライバル。ご存じ警視庁は銭形警部さ」 I can't tell what は is supposed to mean in this context, is it the same ...
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1answer
48 views

What does a noun + に mean? How does the particle に work here?

I found the next sentence: 魔物が防御に徹するかのように動く。 And when I searched the word 防御 I found out that this word works only as a noun and as a のadjective, hence my doubt regarding the use and meaning of に in ...
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1answer
53 views

How to parse 彼は甲殻のように固い背中を下にして横たわり

I am (still) reading Metamorphosis(from Kafka) and can't figure out how to parse 彼は甲殻のように固い背中を下にして横たわり Translated as He lay on his armour-hard back I suppose the japanese version litteraly looks ...
2
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1answer
108 views

What does particle を mid sentence without a verb mean?

I'm reading a magazine article and I've come across a sentence that I'm not too sure about. そんな濃密な5年間を、記事担当のコラムを交えつつ振り返る。 I think the sentence means something like "These rich 5 years will be ...
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1answer
47 views

What does に mean as in 川沿いに歩く?

I found the following example sentence in my dictionary. 川沿いに歩く。Walk along a river. I looked it up and found out that 川沿い is a noun. Then に should be a particle. But here clearly it doesn’t indicate ...
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1answer
376 views

Why 鍵を開ける instead of 鍵で開ける

So I am a beginner when it comes to japanese and today I stumbled upon the phrase "鍵を開ける". As I understand, one of the usages of the particle で is, how something or where something is done. ...
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1answer
378 views

Do certain particles behave like nouns? Case in point:「かも」

これもしかしたら最後のスタック・エクスチェンジの投稿になるかもなのです。 その質問はちょっとムズイかもだから、パスします。 Everywhere I looked「かも」is listed as 助詞. Does this mean some particles behave like nouns? It's also interesting to note that 「かも」comes ...
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34 views

Ending a sentence with っと [duplicate]

Something I saw recently was the following (a NPC tutorial message from a video game): バトルチップって、ゲットしただけじゃ使えないんだよ。サブ画面で「チップフォルダ」を選んで、チップフォルダの中に入れないとだめなんだって。忘れないように変えて復習しようっと。 What is confusing me is ...
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2answers
137 views

Understanding 前世で因縁でもあった

なぜか彼女の体格ーーというか主に胸部ーーを見ていると、遥か昔に受けた耐えがたい屈辱を思い出すかのような感覚に囚われた。......前世で因縁でもあったのだろうか。 (Date a live, novel) 前世で因縁のある相手に求婚されました。 https://www.alphapolis.co.jp/novel/386289103/512357378/episode/2752663 ...
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1answer
69 views

Interpretation of an unusual use of three particles in succession: “ (…) ライバル、とか、とも、とか (…)”

Below is an excerpt from the "I'm a spider, so what" webnovel:   魔物にしろ、人間にしろ、今の私には等しく強敵だ。 (*)強敵と書いて、ライバル、とか、とも、とか読まない。  正真正銘命の危険が危ないってやつだ。 The starred sentence contains the unusual phrase &...
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2answers
224 views

Should I use the particle に for 学校_行きます?

学校_行きます。 がっこう_いきます。 I assume that it does, because で or を doesn't really makes sense. Since で indicates that I'm going in school, and 学校 isn't really a direct object. Or is it?
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3answers
144 views

Particle Use with 注射する

(1) 人に薬を注射する。 (2) 人を薬で注射する。 (3) 人に薬で注射する。 A survey of sentences tells me that (1) is certainly grammatical, but (2) & (3) do not occur (At least in the ones I looked at). Both in English and ...
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1answer
57 views

Does より mean から in the following context?

I came across the following sentence 春秋社より楽譜出版。 I think it means “music scores published by 春秋社. But what usage of より is this? Does it mean から (from) here
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1answer
342 views

Usage of で in 〜時で

In the following sentence, what is the usage of the particle で? 彼は、先生と話すときと友達と話すときで、ことばや話し方をうまく使い分けている。 Can で indicate time?
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1answer
378 views

Presence of の in 蜘蛛巣城

I have a question regarding original title of Akira Kurosawa's Throne of Blood movie. This title is pronounced "Kumonosu-jō" but written as 蜘蛛巣城. Why is possessive の particle missing here ...
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41 views

What is the exact difference between the particles が and は? [duplicate]

I understand that が is meant to mark the subject and that は is the particle placed after the topic, but still after a heck ton of research, I haven't been able to truly comprehend the meaning of both ...
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48 views

Ending a sentence with かの [duplicate]

I recently came upon the following sentence (for a character thinking to themselves): ここは和にまかせるかの What I assume is the loose translation "I think I will leave this to Nodoka" The かの ...
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1answer
84 views

Adding よor ね after つもりです

For sentences ending in つもりです, is it normal to also add よor ね at the end? For example, if you were talking about how fantastic Comiket would be this year, and I wanted to respond, "You're ...
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1answer
42 views

Any differences between ~に志願する and ~を志願する?

I thought に was the universal particle with 志願, but I have seen を used quite commonly too and I wonder if there are some nuances in meaning. 死刑を志願した男 大学に志願する 大学を志願する 大学に入学を志願する. 軍隊に志願する 兵役を志願する ...
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山には多く雪があります。 what does ”は” after ”に” mean? [duplicate]

Why can't I say ”山に多い雪があります”? What does ”は” after ”に” mean?
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1answer
101 views

Particle に and は

In Kanji in Context book, there's this one sentence: 人間に上下はないと考えるアメリカ人にとって、日本の目上と目下の関係は面倒だろう ? I'm not sure why に and は and not が。 The second part of the sentence is understandable, but the first one ...
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2answers
167 views

Why is においをして used instead of においがして?

先ほどまでとは打って変わって礼儀正しくなったオオカミに戸惑いつつも、返す。するとオオカミは、ドン、と胸を叩くようにして続けてきた。 『ならば、僕の鼻が役に立つかもしれません。この世界においてあなた方はいわば異物、特徴的なにおいをしてらっしゃいます。似たようなにおいを辿っていけば、あるいは』 Source: Date A Live, novel Why is においをして used instead ...
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50 views

I have such sentence 「いつ果てぬとも分からぬーすぐに壊れて消えてしまいそうな名前でしょう?」I can not get grammatical role of “と” and “も”

I have such sentence 「いつ果てぬとも分からぬーすぐに壊れて消えてしまいそうな名前でしょう?」I can not get grammatical role of "と" and "も" Maybe "と" is like a citing and "も" as particle which ...
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33 views

Meaning of の in this sentence [duplicate]

The sentence is それがいかなる彼女の琴線に触れたのかはわからない I believe that かは is embedding the question (as seen here) but I'm a little confused at what role の is playing here. Is it simply nominalizing the previous ...
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1answer
181 views

What is the function of から in 昼間から?

I found a phrase that contains 昼間から but I am not sure if I understand the から function correctly: またこの子は昼間からゴロゴロして I believe that it should roughly translate to "This child is being lazy all day ...
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1answer
144 views

に迷う vs で迷う, に悩む vs で悩む

I have seen a lot of older posts about the differences between the particles に and で. But I am surprised that neither pair in this question seems to have been asked before. 道に迷う 進路に悩む セックスレスに悩む主婦 ...
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79 views

Problems with から, て form and で (because)

Well, searching around the web I came across this post (Difference between から and で in context of because) that had a similar problem, but it did not resolve mine. I found these three sentences: ...
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39 views

what does the と particle indicate or mean used before a verb? [duplicate]

We're taught that と particle is used as and & with connecting nouns. 1. But in this sentence 上司が「一杯、飲もう」と言った the verb 言った is followed by と. And the sentence means [My boss said: "Let's have ...
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1answer
76 views

Degrees of implied success with ~ようにする

Pardon my wordiness here, but I'm trying to wrap my head around the exact nuances of ~ようにする, together with the many other questions about it on this site (such as this, this, and this). 日本語文法ハンドブック (...
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1answer
97 views

Understanding これで体験版ってんだから

『はー……すっごいなぁ、最近のゲームって。これで体験版ってんだから、こりゃ製品版出たら買うしかないなあ』 How should I understand the bold で grammatically? I understand the これで as conveying a nuance of “although the the game is well designed”. But I am ...
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1answer
156 views

Use cases of particle の

I know that の shows possession, but I've also seen translations such as "Frog on stairs" from 「階段の蛙」 to say "on" or "at" When is it actually used, and what other ...
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2answers
81 views

Usage of the に particle in this sentence

The sentence reads 俺は派手にハッキリと命の順序を決めている I understand the sentence as meaning "I'll establish a clear gaudy life priority" however I am confused as the the exact role に is playing. I would ...
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1answer
57 views

Does に go before or after こそ

I know that for emphasis, the construction is N + こそ, such as この本こそ私が探していた本です。 I also looked up examples that has に before こそ, such as ここにこそ真の人生があった。 I'd like to know which of the following is/are ...
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0answers
47 views

What is the difference between べき and べきだ

Are べき and べきだ one and same thing? I found many grammars where べき is defined, but examples with べきだ are provided. 知るべき。 両親には従うべきだ。 Or is だ a copula? But then why do we use a copula in such case?
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1answer
296 views

Clarification on the particle following 今年

In an assignment I wrote「今年にローラースケートを習いたいです。」 which was corrected to 「今年はローラースケートを習いたいです。」My guess is that it was corrected because in this sentence, "this year" is the ~topic~. Is that ...
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0answers
52 views

Particle omission in embedded questions [duplicate]

Are there any rules or conventions on when to omit を (as in 1) or が (as in 2) when it comes to embedded questions? この生物は何か教えてください。 どれがおいしいかまずいかさっぱりわかりません。 My gut feeling would be to generalize and ...
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1answer
106 views

Can someone with intimate knowledge of the language break down this phrase “何食べたら大きくれるの” [closed]

I know the meaning of this, but I want to understand the structure of it like the grammar/or conjugation used to get that meaning.
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0answers
57 views

Please help explain the use of particle を in this sentence [duplicate]

厳しい寒さの影響で西日本を中心に暖房用の電力の需要が高まり、 I’m quite confuse on the usage of particle を in this sentence. From my understanding, this を is marking the object which i think is 西日本 but i can’t find the verb that ...
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0answers
27 views

An unexpected に [duplicate]

From ノーゲーム・ノーライフ Context: In the prologue, various urban legends are being listed ──『都市伝説』。 世に囁かれる星の数にも届くそれらは、一種の『願望』である。  ──例えばそれは、『人類は月に行っていない』という都市伝説。  ──例えばそれは、ドル紙幣に隠されたフリーメーソンの陰謀。  ──例えばそれは、...
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1answer
95 views

すべて見る目 vs すべてを見る目 vs すべての見る目

So to say "all seeing eye" in Japanese, すべて見る目 is all good as far as I know, but I've occasionally run into it with wo「を」 and no「の」. What are the nuances of saying it with these particles, ...
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1answer
88 views

「が」(ga) vs 「は」(wa) when it comes to specifically “this” object / referring to self

Learning particles and looking at wa vs ga. From what I have seen wa is the topic/general and ga is for the subject/specific. I was watching this video which had the following example: I like Van ...
2
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1answer
94 views

Why is there only one の in 牧師から信徒への手紙?

牧師から信徒への手紙 "a letter from a pastor to the congregation" - weblio example shouldn't it be 牧師からの信徒への手紙 ? It seems to me that 牧師から and 信徒へ are modifying 手紙 independently. Is this some kind ...
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1answer
31 views

目の前にたかだ usage in a sentence [closed]

目の前にたかだパフェが置かれただけなのにキャッキヤツとはしゃいでいる。彼女に言わせれば「何がたかがよ!」という感じなのだろうが。 The part that confused me is: 目の前にたかだパフェ... I took it as 目の前 似た 佳だ パフェ (An excellent parfait like the one before her now). However, ...
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1answer
86 views

When is に needed and when can it be omitted in がある constructions?

Someone asked me about the meanings of two English phrases. I replied: 両方はたくさんの意味がありますから、文がないと具体的な説明が難しいです。 Almost instantly it hit me that I might've made some mistakes in that reponse. I know the ...
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1answer
91 views

Punctuation troubles in fiction

Started reading Sword Art Online, and since it's my first time reading novels in Japanese, the first paragraph is already making me ask questions on Stack :P 職人クラスの酔狂な一団がひと月がかりで測量したところ、...
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1answer
143 views

can't understand how で particle works with ~ばいいのに

I am having trouble interpreting this sentence in a manga, the text was split in two bubbles which is why I separated them. 「日之出ん家でしてくればいいのに」 「そうすりゃもっと長く一緒に居られる」 from other threads, ~ばいいのに seems to ...
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1answer
103 views

まで or までに in 「道が混んでいて、バスが駅に着く__とても時間がかかった」?

The question above is an exercise in the usage of まで vs までに. I thought that because the action 時間がかかる continued until the bus arrived at the station, the answer should be まで. However, the answer given ...
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0answers
44 views

What is the difference between Japanese は and を as a particle?

so for topic markers I usually use は but what about を? I assume its used for verbs? if its not then correct me.

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