12

(I know what "から" and the sentence-ending "か" mean, but not this) Yes, it's this から followed by this か. から here is a reason/cause marker. か is a question marker but is used like "presumably" or "probably" here. And 興奮 is "excitement", not "doubtful interest". 興奮: excitement 興奮から: due to his excitement, ... 興奮からか: presumably due to his excitement, ...; ...


10

Your translation is not correct. It seems that there are a few misunderstandings involved here. First, “AとB” here means “B if A.” 仕事が成立しない means “I cannot do my job.” 新聞に目を通していないと、仕事が成立しない。 I cannot do my job without skimming the newspaper. Next, ~から means “because ….” Therefore, your sentence is 新聞に目を通していないと、仕事が成立しないからです。 It is because I cannot do ...


9

And more importantly, when is it appropriate to use, Almost always, although it may sound a little bit informal. When asked "なぜ" or "どうして", you'd answer with からです。 なぜ遅れていますか? なぜなら、目覚まし時計が壊れていたからです。 (Why are you late? Because my alarm clock is broken) and how does it differ from ですから and んです? ですから is a connective, not a final part. &...


8

Here are the original lyrics: 夜が明けたら一番早い汽車に乗るから 切符を用意してちょうだい 私のために一枚でいいからさ 今夜でこの街とはさよならね わりといい街だったけどね The から in the first line simply means "because", and the first line works as the reason for the second line. "Because I will ride the first train when dawn breaks, please arrange a ticket (for me)." or "I will ride the first train when dawn ...


7

時間がなかったからパーティーに行きませんでした。 時間がありませんでしたからパーティーに行きませんでした。 While the second one is relatively a bit politer than the first, neither of these are very casual nor polite. If you said these directly to the host of the party, the host would probably feel offended. If you said these to your close friend, he/she would feel that the "~でした" part is unnaturally ...


7

In a sense, yes, but に is the correct choice here. 受ける takes two objects, a "direct" and an "indirect" object. を marks the direct object, i.e. what is being received に marks the indirect object, i.e. from whom the direct object is being received を will not be translated at all, and に will be translated as "from". から, too, ...


7

You should think of this like から+か. If there wasn't a か, the following would just be a statement of a fact. The から is used to give the reason for the unusual fluency of the foreigner (in this case it is because the foreigner was excited/agitated). 興奮から銀髪の外国人の口調は、いつになく流暢だった。 With the か, the speaker is no longer certain for the reason. The speaker is now ...


7

Is it に indicating time? No. ~にする has several meanings, and here it means "to choose~~" or "to decide on~~", not "to do at [point in time]". The に here cannot be "at (point of time)", since the に for "at [point in time]" cannot be used with から; you don't say 「~てからに + Verb」「*大学を出てからに働く」 to mean "Verb + ...


6

独身{どくしん} で ハンサム だから ね Without further context it's hard to tell who is the subject/object of this phrase, but it shall be read: It's because だから someone is single and... どくしんで handsome ハンサム


6

を is always an object marker in modern Japanese. It never replaces personal pronouns. Where did you see such a rule? noun + を at the end of a sentence is a fairly common device found in lyrics, slogans, posters and such. In general, it often means "I/We want/need ~" or "Give ~". 彼女にお茶を。 (lit. "(we need) Tea to her") Serve her a cup of tea. 犯罪者に死を! ...


6

のじゃから is the exact same as のだから; in certain dialects, the plain copula is じゃ rather than だ. This is also used in fictional 'role language' to mark a character as elderly or rural.


6

According to 明鏡国語辞典: から 🈔〘接続助詞〙 ❻《文末に用いて》注意・警告・慰めなどの気持ちを表す。 「先生に言いつけてやるから。」「私もう帰るから。」「心配しなくていいから。」 The conjunctive particle から at the end of a sentence can express a feeling of 注意・警告・慰め (cautioning, warning, comforting/cheering up). Here in your context the から is not "because" or "so", but expresses soft/mild 注意 or 警告, adding a nuance of "~~, ...


6

When a series of actions is listed with the verbs in the ~て conjunctive form, the list can parse out to "[VERB], then [VERB], then [VERB]..." Years ago, a friend of mine at work laughed after getting off the phone with his wife, when he realized that she'd explained her day using almost entirely ~て-form verbs. My memory is fuzzy, but it was something like, ...


5

That use of と should be conceptualized as “with”[1], and not “from”. “Xと離れる” is “to separate[2] with X”. Since you can both separate with and separate from something, both と and から work here (albeit with the subtle difference between “separating with” and “separating from” something[3]). “Xから聞く” is “to hear from X”. Replacing this with と would change the ...


5

In the sentence ◯◯に電話がかかった に indicates the recipient of the phone call. It would be very confusing if you suddenly tried to indicate the caller with に as well. に and から are not both viable options to indicate the caller, because に is already used to indicate the recipient. If you used に to indicate the caller, it would be like trying to say "I got a ...


5

I'm going take a different tack on this from everyone else. If you go back to earlier Indo-European languages such as Latin, but more so like Sanskrit, you see a very similar use of the ablative case to express both the idea of "from" and "because". There are still vestiges of this in English when we say something along the lines of From what I've seen,....


5

This から is the same から that indicates origin or source, which often translates to the English word from. Here 私から means 私 is the initiator of the action of "talking to her properly". In this case, on the surface level it may not be that much different from the subject marker が, and so the sentence can justly be translated to "I'll have a proper talk with ...


5

Many usage examples of 真っ昼間 involve drinking alcohol during the daytime. According to this page, it is stated that it is typically used to describe an action or occurrence that is not normally done during the daytime, often with a judgmental (or surprised) tone. This definition is more in accordance with the use of から than に, as in 'from such a time as would ...


5

Both ~に始まる and ~から始まる are possible; it's just that they emphasize different things. Xに始まる emphasizes the precise time that something begins, with the focus being on that specific point. The particle に pinpoints that exact moment as a temporal identifier of the stated event X. Xから始まる emphasizes the fact that there is a span of time which started from a ...


4

I think you need to look at the nature and type of verb. かかる is an intransitive verb of direction ("virtual motion" in cyber space) and the sentence describes the direction of the subject, the telephone call: It is natural to describe the starting and finishing points with から and に. It would be different if this were a transitive verb, or an action being ...


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