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4

初{はつ} is actually used in a completely different way from 乙{おつ}, 丙{へい}, etc: 初 初 means first, but only first in the temporal sense of a first occurence. Therefore, it isn't used as an ordinal to number/rank items in a list. Instead, it's used as a part of various compound words, where it signifies the 1st occurence of that thing; often as a prefix, such as ...


3

This が is a plain subject marker, and it's not interchangeable with の. This 〇が1人 is a contracted version of 〇が1人いる. いる has been omitted because it's redundant when counting things. In English, you count sheep like "One sheep, two sheep" (but not "There is one sheep, there are two sheep", which is too cumbersome). In Japanese, we say "...


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