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I was hoping someone would find what I haven't been able to find: namely a duplicate of this question. But the only questions/answers I can find are related to various particular scenarios. There are various constructions similar to ...しか...ない in Japanese. Some call these negative polarity items. The linked answer gives some other examples in both ...


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how is the nai form of a verb related to the verb masu stem It isn't. The "nai form" of a verb is entirely dependent on the "Mizenkei base", whilst the "masu form" of a verb is entirely dependent on the "Ren'yōkei base". Incidentally, the mizenkei base and the ren'yōkei base have the same pattern for ichidan verbs, ...


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