19 votes

How do attendance checklists in Japan deal with multiple possible name readings?

It's like this: Teacher: 「野田{のだ} 努{つとむ}さん。」 野田: 「はい。」 T: 「いわい 隆{たかし}さんですかね?しゅくさんですか?」(the surname reads 祝) 祝: 「はふりです。」 T: 「はふりって読むんですか。珍しい名前ですね。はふり たかしさん。」 祝: 「はい。」 This conversation has ...
19 votes
Accepted

How does the particle を relate to the verb 行く in the structure「A を + B に行く」?

The verb is 行{おこな}う not 行く。 They both conjugate to 行った in the past tense so it can look confusing, but as you have just experienced, the context can make it clear which one it is. ...
  • 4,145
17 votes

Do we really need to remember the kunyomi and onyomi reading of each kanji?

Adding to what others said, in my opinion you shouldn't think of it as memorizing all the readings for every kanji, abstractly. You should think of it as learning Japanese words (which you have to ...
15 votes
Accepted

How to read 死神界?

That kind of furigana is not for telling the reader the reading of the kanji, but what the character actually said. The kanji tell the reader what they meant. It would be incorrect to read it ここ every ...
  • 4,145
15 votes
Accepted

What is the origin of 場所?

Not a real answer, but some facts to think about. According to the 日本国語大辞典, the word 場所 is attested in Japanese since the 17th century, and the first appearance ever (the 甲陽軍鑑 of 1616) actually reads ...
  • 2,164
12 votes

How do attendance checklists in Japan deal with multiple possible name readings?

Well I don't know about school per se, but every form I've seen so far (Foreign registration, tax, social security, subscription to various utilities...) asks you to not only write your name, but ...
  • 2,658
12 votes
Accepted

Kanji that don't use their specified readings

First of all, be aware that 一日 is usually read ichinichi, to count one day, or tsuitachi, when it refers to the first day of a month (as in "April the 1st"). But the phenomenon you spotted in ippi ...
12 votes

Can 々 stand for a duplicated kanji with a different reading?

I wouldn't necessarily say 々 is used to avoid having to write the same kanji again, but rather to make it clear that the word is obtained by duplication of a character — moreover the reading should be ...
  • 47.4k
10 votes
Accepted

How do attendance checklists in Japan deal with multiple possible name readings?

First, even native Japanese adults can correctly guess the reading of the kanji names of, say, only 90% of students, at most. Quite a few people have names (either first names or surnames) with really ...
  • 273k
9 votes

Why are there multiple katakana readings for a single kanji?

I don't exactly know what you mean by "translations", but kanji have different readings, on'yomi readings (which are adapted from the original Chinese) and kun'yomi readings (which have nothing to do ...
  • 47.4k
9 votes
Accepted

Apparently unrelated 音読み?

Taking up the chance to talk about "Unrelated readings" because I get the chance to talk about both Japan and China's phonologies in the past. It's well known that even amongst 音読み, there are the ...
  • 3,303
9 votes
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Do we really need to remember the kunyomi and onyomi reading of each kanji?

Studying Kanji can easily become one of the most overwhelming challenges of studying Japanese. Even people who speak the language decently have difficulty reading and writing Kanji. As you have no ...
  • 6,951
9 votes
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頭【かぶり】を振る and 頭【かしら】を横に振る, why the change in pronunciation?

かぶり is an archaic word, and it's used almost exclusively in this idiom in modern Japanese. It's probably an example of a fossil word (an obsolete word that remains only in a certain idiom). かぶりをふる is ...
  • 273k
8 votes

Why are there multiple katakana readings for a single kanji?

Hiragana are used for native Japanese words, but also very commonly for kanji, even for onyomi. Readings of kanji can be split up into 3 broad types: On'yomi These are readings taken from the ...
  • 3,303
8 votes

人 - on'yomi ニン or ジン rule of thumb

人 following a place name is read as じん: 関西人, 韓国人, 宇宙人 人 following the name of a field or a social group is read as じん: 芸能人, 業界人, 社会人 人 following a number is read as にん: 三人, 五人 人 following a suru-verb ...
  • 273k
8 votes

Do we really need to remember the kunyomi and onyomi reading of each kanji?

I believe the best way to remember kanji is by seeing how they are used in words because this is how you will have to read them. I use Wanikani by Tofugu myself, and have found that the readings, ...
7 votes
Accepted

How are made up words for anime/manga formed (reading and kanji)?

Made-up words are generally based on the existing Japanese naming convention. I generally recommend that you familiarize yourself with a lot of Japanese existing compounds before wondering about this ...
  • 273k
7 votes

Help with monomorphic, polyphonic verbs

Although you may hate this, after all 'context' is the only clue. Generally there are cases where ambiguity remains. That said, really ambiguous cases are not so frequent and 脅かす(おどかす・おびやかす) is one of ...
  • 16.8k
6 votes

1日 reading, yet again

Okay. So we have: ついたち, いちじつ, and いちにち. [ひとひ and ひとえ are both indicated as being obsolete] ついたち is pretty well shown to be used for the 'first day of the month', so this usage is unambiguous. This ...
  • 7,110
6 votes
Accepted

o'clock kanji pronunciation 時

When following a number 時 is read 'ji'. It is pronounced 'toki' when it refers to a point in time, in which case it will often take a relative clause that simply means 'when...' (literally 'the time ...
6 votes

Pronunciation of 年

I think it might be much more helpful for you to think of "words" having "writings" rather than "characters" having "readings". For instance, as a speaker or learner or Japanese you know the "word" ...
  • 7,261
6 votes
Accepted

Transitive-intransitive pairs with different readings

There are many possible ways to demarcate your question's scope, but if we focus on pairs whose morae until the shorter kanji coverage ends are different (based on the current orthography), the number ...
6 votes

Can 々 stand for a duplicated kanji with a different reading?

Yes. For example, here are two places in Chiba: 酒々井 (しすい) 行々林 (おどろばやし) You could also make arguments for 神々廻 (ししば), too.
6 votes
Accepted

When is 事業 read as じぎょう and when as ことわざ

I'd like to add onto samhana's answer. Background about the term and reading The ことわざ reading for 事業 is valid, but it is also ancient. This reading is not used in modern Japanese. The ancient ことわざ ...
6 votes
Accepted

角【かく】?角【かど】?角【つの】?

You are right, かど is the only correct reading in this context. かく: angle つの: (animal) horn かど: corner
  • 273k
5 votes
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How should I read 早々? As そうそう or はやばや?

There is a good explanation about the two readings at 例文.jp. To sum it up: 早々{はやばや} Nowadays generally used as an adverb with the particle と Means "early", "immediately", "quickly" 金曜日は早々{はやばや}...
  • 3,069
5 votes
Accepted

Pronunciation of 世論

Practically, Eddie Kal's comment is right: you can use both (no change for nuance) and よろん is more common (see 5. 言葉の発音). Historically, 世論 was せろん and 輿論 was よろん. Since 輿 was not included in 当用漢字 (...
  • 16.8k
4 votes

Apparently unrelated 音読み?

In fact, it is perfectly normal that the 音{おん}読{よ}み of a 漢{かん}字{じ} seem to be unrelated. Indeed, the 音{おん}読{よ}み of the 漢{かん}字{じ} were imported from China at different period and from different regions....
  • 6,953

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