8

Please read this first: Standard mathematical operations, expressed in Japanese As described in the question above, there are several approaches to read this. The most simple approach is to read each symbol one by one. This ^ symbol can be read ハット, キャレット or 累乗【るいじょう】. かっこ エックス たす ワイ かっことじ るいじょう ゼット More naturally, the expression xn can be read as "xのn乗"...


3

It's not odds but the order of horse racing. 4-5 means that the horse of the number 4 finished first and the horse of the number 5 finished second.


1

This question is a little more interesting than it seems because convention vs pronunciation is always an issue when discussing the choice for transliteration of foreign words. "Equals", as in A+B equals C, is pronounced with voiced s, so it should probably transliterated as イコールズ. However plain イコール is sometimes used in Japanese language too, both in ...


1

From an etymological standpoint, the character 素 itself originates from China. In about the 5th century AD, Japan started using Chinese characters. Before this point, there was no Japanese writing system, and modern hiragana and katakana are derived from the Kanji that was first introduced to Japan around this time period. From what I understand the ...


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