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12 votes
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Long O — when is it OU and when OO?

Really, all I can say is 'it depends on the word'. Generally on'yomi (Chinese-derived) readings use おう, while kun'yomi (native Japanese) readings use おお, but there may be exceptions. A note: if う is a ...
Angelos's user avatar
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11 votes
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Long vowel AND extension?

It would just be pronounced as if any of those two were removed No, that's not true. Japanese people will pronounce ルナラ, ルナーラ and ルナアーラ very differently. ルナラ is 3 morae long, ルナーラ is 4 morae long, ...
naruto's user avatar
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9 votes
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Do native speakers learn consonant and vowel length easily, or is it difficult?

I assume that you are asking whether native speakers can detect, as a child, whether a vowel is long (マーナ) or short (マナ). The answer is yes, infants can detect it by age 9.5 months according to the ...
Ben's user avatar
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8 votes
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What is the function of 一 in バスルーム and コンピュータ?

It's very surprising to me that this hasn't been answered somewhere on the site before, but after quite a bit of searching I can't find anything. This may just be so basic that it has slipped between ...
Mindful's user avatar
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8 votes
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Romaji for long vowel: 通り vs 東リ

Responding to the extended discussion in the comments -- Terminology The second vowel is //o// in both 通【とお】り and 東【とう】. (東【とう】り is not a word, so I won't repeat that here.) When you're talking ...
Eiríkr Útlendi's user avatar
8 votes

Long O — when is it OU and when OO?

As @Nothing at all notes, this depends on the word. On'yomi always use -OU for long O sound and kun'yomi almost always -OO.1 However, the real problem here is that you are being asked to reconstruct ...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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8 votes
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Are there many occurrences of elongated syllables throughout the language?

Are there a multitude of instances where this elongation of syllables occurs forming new words? Yes, there are thousands of word pairs whose only difference is the length of a vowel. Is it ...
naruto's user avatar
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7 votes
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Do native speakers pronounce long vowels えい or おう as one long vowel, or two different vowels?

I can offer a little bit of insight on this. I teach English to young Japanese kids, and in a recent lesson, we were comparing the sounds of the names of different English letters and grouping them ...
ericfromabeno's user avatar
6 votes
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Why are う and い used to prolong ~O and ~E, instead of お and え?

Historically えい and おう were pronounced differently from ええ and おお, the first two as diphthongs and the second as long vowels. Sound changes resulted in a merger, but despite spelling reforms, the ...
Angelos's user avatar
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5 votes
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Pronunciation of long o (e.g. in Street Fighter)—"oo" or "ou"?

After some repeated listening I think I hear the difference you are pointing out, but it’s basically unnoticeable/unnotable to Japanese speakers, because both the ハドーケン (ō) and ハドウケン (ou) ...
Darius Jahandarie's user avatar
5 votes
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Why is "boyfriend" transliterated as 「ボーイフレンド 」 instead of 「ボイフレンド」?

There are not strict correspondences of phoneme between the original English words and Katakana in Japanese. You can often see these examples as below. - joy -> ジョイ (not *ジョーイ) - toy -> トイ (not *...
Toshihiko's user avatar
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5 votes
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How to write long sound to emphasize words?

Yes, writing it as しいいいらない is okay, but is relatively uncommon. More common ways to write this are: しーらない! しーーーらない! し~らない! し~~~らない! しいぃぃらない! (with small ぃ) Needless to say, don't use these in ...
naruto's user avatar
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4 votes
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What is the most appropriate way to indicate a long vowel in Katakana?

What I was taught ages ago, and what seems to be borne out by the things I've read and pored over through the years, modern katakana uses the 長音符【ちょうおんぷ】 (literally, "long sound mark") or 伸【...
Eiríkr Útlendi's user avatar
3 votes
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Understanding how macrons work in romaji

It depends on the romanization system which your writing or the words you encounter are based on. In nihon shiki and kunrei shiki, for example, the macron is not used and in its place a circumflex ...
Eddie Kal's user avatar
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3 votes

Pronouncing ない as ねい / ねえ (also ~oi to ~ei)

Re: the name of this kind of transformation, in English, this might be called "monophthongization", or more generally as "vowel shift". It's not uncommon in human languages in general. It happened ...
Eiríkr Útlendi's user avatar
3 votes
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Pronouncing ない as ねい / ねえ (also ~oi to ~ei)

I see it most often spelled out as ねー as in 使わねー etc. For me it has a rough, slightly negative, rude connotation (e.g. used by ruffians and ヤンキー, or the older generation that speak their opinions ...
ishikun's user avatar
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3 votes
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Long vowel followed by っ

Yes, it happens word-internally in Japanese, but it's quite rare. As you probably know, Old Japanese had neither geminate consonants nor long vowels (as far as the best contemporary reconstructions ...
Matt's user avatar
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3 votes
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Kanji with long あー sound

First, it'll be very marginal, at least the long あ is impossible to appear in classic onyomi (漢音, 呉音, 唐宋音) series and "regular" native words. 母さん is like "mom" as opposed to "mother", and you can see ...
broccoli forest's user avatar
3 votes
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Can the last い in かわいい be dropped?

The vowel drop described in your textbook happens between consonants. However, even though the vowel is dropped, the rhythm of the word isn't changed. [[s.ki.de.s]] ↔ [[su.ki.de.su]] (the dot . ...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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3 votes

Long O — when is it OU and when OO?

Most of the time it is おう In rare cases, it is おお examples 遠く、通る おお also used for the kanji 大 or 多 , so 大きい、多い
Yuelin Chen's user avatar
2 votes

How is the long O sound pronounced when followed by を?

There are two things you should try to pay attention to when trying to listen to or pronouncing a long O. Rhythm The language is modelled on morae (sing. mora) creating a rhythm. For example こんにちは ...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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2 votes

Can the last い in かわいい be dropped?

The vowels aren't "dropped"; they simply become voiceless, which is explained (poorly) to English speakers as being "dropped" because the concept of voiceless vowels doesn't exist in English. In these ...
Kurausukun's user avatar
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2 votes

Katakana Long Vowel Marking (Pokemon Related)

This is ultimately up to the creator's preference. As far as proper nouns like character names are concerned, you will find lots of inconsistencies. シィ is not the most common way of elongating シ, but ...
naruto's user avatar
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2 votes

A grammar issue?

This 'long hyphen' is the elongation mark. It makes the vowel before it long. In English what we call 'long vowels' are qualitatively different from 'short vowels', but in Japanese the sole difference ...
Angelos's user avatar
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2 votes

Do native speakers learn consonant and vowel length easily, or is it difficult?

I wouldn't worry too much about it, the more you listen to Japanese the more it will naturally come to you. In any case, Long vowels are not something you'll be struggling with in the long run, ...
Seishin Kan's user avatar
2 votes
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pronunciation of ている

The rule you mentioned does not apply across word boundaries. For example, 海外へ行きます is pronounced like 海外エイキマス, not like 海外エーキマス, because へ is a particle and 行く is a verb. Likewise, 知っている is made of ...
naruto's user avatar
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1 vote

pronunciation of ている

Your けいじどうしゃ example is right, but this one is definitely te-i-ru. I have never heard of anyone pronouncing te-e-ru, unless there's a part of Japan with rare dialect that I never been to.
koyamashinji's user avatar
1 vote

A grammar issue?

In addition to Aeon Akechi's answer, notice too that the long-vowel mark is written as a horizontal stroke ー when the text is horizontal, and as a vertical stroke | when the text is vertical. (...
Eiríkr Útlendi's user avatar

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