14

Yes, it must be, because it appears (or has appeared) in various inflected forms such as あかへん. There are multiple theories about where exactly it comes from, but according to 日本国語大辞典 it's derived from らち(埒)があかぬ: 「らち(埒)があかぬ」の上を略した表現「あかぬ」の変化した語 Martin's Reference Grammar of Japanese (1975) is slightly dated but has some interesting discussion on page 385, ...


10

That statement basically only applies for おる as a simple existence verb. Non-humble おる is very common in Kansai. As a subsidiary verb, various forms including とる/ちょる/よる are commonly used instead of standard (~て)いる, but there are considerable regional variations even inside Kansai. See this discussion. 太郎はおる。 There is Taro. / Taro is here. (≒太郎はいる) ...


8

Yes we do! :D Here in Kyoto we use both わからん and わからへん. I think Osakan women rather use わからん. As for ならん, I think it's あかん in Kansai. Yes, we Kansai women use it daily, too. We talk like: あかんって。(=だめだって。) あかんやん。 あかんやろ。 (=だめだろう。) 知らん。(=知らない。) 知らんで。(=知らないよ。) 知らんわ。 知らんし。 あらへん。(=ない。) あらへんで。(=ないよ。) いらんわ~。(=要らないわ~。) ありえへん。(=ありえない。) こうてへん。(...


8

来なんだ = 来なかった. The negative past. You often hear this form in 時代劇 and from old people in fiction (think [波平]{なみへい} in Sazaesan, Dumbledore in Harry Potter...) デジタル大辞泉の解説 なんだ[助動] [助動][なんだら|なんで(なんだり)|なんだ|なんだ(なんだる)|なんだれ|○]動詞型活用語の未然形に付く。過去の打消しの意を表す。なかった。 [補説]語源は未詳。打消しの助動詞「ぬ」に「あった」の付いた「ぬあった」の音変化とみる説や、打消しの「なん」に過去の「た」が付いた助動詞からとする説など、諸説がある。...


8

As you have already picked up on, the intonation (change in pitch) of words is vastly different. A common example is the pronunciation of the word 日本. Osaka: Starts high, and pitch lowers にほん【HLL】 Standard: Starts low, and pitch raises and then lowers にほん【LHL】 However this is not the only difference between Kansai-ben and Standard Japanese, here are some ...


8

はん is a name-suffix used almost exclusively by people from Osaka/Kyoto. The level of politeness はん has depends on the speaker. Manzai comedians, geisha, or stereotyped heavy Kansai-/Kyoto-ben speakers in fiction may use はん everywhere, even when they're being very polite (e.g. お客はん, 社長はん). But I believe most real Kansai-ben speakers consider it as a ...


8

「ほな前座はこれにて」 → "Well then, that's it for the opening act." 「閉店ガラガラ」 is one of the signature shticks of the comedian 岡田圭右, of the Kansai comedy duo ますだおかだ, typically used at the end of their comedy sessions. (「閉店」 means the closing of a shop and 「ガラガラ」 is here an onomatopoeia for the shutter being pulled down.) The extra 「ガラ」 in the manga could be a ...


7

Edit. (Thanks to naruto for pointing out the correct translation.) 大丈夫!バンパー外すよりまし!笑 No problem! Better than missing the bumper! lol よりまし is より ("than") + まし ("better"). I don't quite know why, but you seem to get the opposite meaning.


7

Never seen よーちぇん before but it must be a lazy pronunciation of 幼稚園{ようちえん} So: "I haven't forgotten it since kindergarten" And no context in the question but おらん will most likely be the negative of おる, yes.


7

It is the negative て form of the verb する. This is common in many dialects and not just Kansai. It is the standard way of speaking on Kyushu. Note that the conjugation in question can be used for two different conjugations in standard Japanese, both of which are applicable but with different nuance: せんで = しなくて せんで = しないで The former means that you do not ...


6

There are some significant differences between Kansai-ben and what you see in textbooks, I'm not sure where you would get the idea that the only difference was in pitch emphasis. There are some very significant pitch-differences, but that's not the only change. (Personally, I felt the pitch changes were much easier to notice in Kyoto, but that might have ...


6

I believe so. I can't find an explicit affirmation (I provided sources which I've read before, but I could have forgotten or missed such a statement), but for present tense adjectives in the Kyoto-Osaka dialect, it seems the accent falls on the antepenultimate mora (third to last) for trimoraic words or longer, otherwise it falls on the penultimate mora for ...


6

I'm not sure due to lack of context, but there's a high likelihood that it's in Kansai-ben/Kansai dialect. What's written is Kansai-ben negation. The Hyojungo/standard version would be あなたも なかなか やるじゃないの〜 Here are some links that should be helpful: List of Hyojungo to Osaka-ben suffix conversions. Please refer to the 8th listing. (in Japanese) Wikipedia ...


6

やるやないの This is a Japanese dialect used mainly the Kansai region (Hyogo, Osaka, etc.). Perhaps you have misunderstood which words are being used in the sentence: ≠ 「やる」 + 「やらない」 ≒ 「やるじゃない(の)」


6

The different pitch accent patterns is easily the most noticeable phonetic difference when you look at the Kansaiben dialects (and it's important to mention that this is a group of dialects rather than a single dialect with no internal regional variation), so it's easy to conclude that this is the only real different in pronunciation between standard ...


6

The なはった is the past tense form of なはる, which is the Kansai version of honorific なさる. So [起]{お}きなはった would be like 起きなさった in standard Japanese. そら見い いよいよおきなはったあ ≂ そら見ろ、いよいよ(≂とうとう)起きなさった。(≂ 起きられた / 起きてしまわれた) Is the 「はったあ」 the past form of 「はる」 or 'to do' in Kansai dialect? The meaning is the same, just your example uses なはった/なはる. Actually we more ...


6

やろ (or やろう) is a Kansai equivalent of だろ(う) which means "I wonder" or "I think." This の is a nominalizer which nominalizes everything before it (日本人にとっても~腹立つ). ~の(は)なんでやろ = ~の(は)なぜだろう = I wonder why ~.


5

There are four main parts to consider: な (the form of the copula before のだ) のだ (which has a wide range of uses and is highly context-dependent) よ (an interactional particle) さ (another interactional particle) The last three are all highly context dependent. But the character ends all of their sentences with them, right? They just pile them all on with no ...


5

I'm a Japanese from Niigata Prefecture, but I've came across a lot of people from Kansai. 「疲れまんねん」is just a way of saying「疲れますねん」. 「ねん」is almost added to any Kansaiben phrase. Such as: 「違います」is「ちゃうねん」in Kansaiben. 「なんですか?」is「なんやねん?」in Kansaiben. Sometimes it is 'embedded' inside phrases. 「そうとは違います」is「そうとちゃうねんな」in Kansaiben. 「ねん」is basically「だよ」「なの」「なのだ。...


5

~のだった means "should have", and んやった is just a colloquial dialectal form of that. So pretty much your number 2.


5

In Kansai we say 「~~んといて(よ)」 to mean 「~~しないで(よ)」, "(Please) Don't do~~." So いきなりはじめんといてよ means いきなりはじめないでよ, "Don't start all of a sudden." or "Don't start so abruptly". I would parse it as:「いきなり(suddenly) + はじめ(verb 始める) + ん(negative auxiliary verb) + と(conjunctive particle) + いて(subsidiary verb いる -- (maybe the といて is derived from て+おいて?)) + よ(sentence ...


5

I am fairly certain that what you encountered is actually part of 関西弁{かんさいべん}, or the regional dialect in Kansai. Sometimes Kansai dialect is used to add a different feeling to a character. Sometimes it is to add humor (especially when foreigners use it), but it really depends on the context in which it is used. や is an element of 関西弁 that will replace だ ...


5

ほな、ひと足先に壕に行かしてもらうからね。 I think it's Kansai dialect. 「ほな」 is Kansai dialect, too. Here in Kyoto (and in Osaka and probably in Kobe as well), we often say: 行かせてもらう (in Standard Japanese) ⇒ 行かしてもらう (in Kansai-ben) 食べさせてもらう ⇒ 食べさしてもらう 言わせてもらう ⇒ 言わしてもらう 飲ませてもらう ⇒ 飲ましてもらう 見せて ⇒ 見して させて ⇒ さして やらせて ⇒ やらして etc. In Kansai dialect we often use the ...


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