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12 votes

Why Chinese "h" often corresponds to Sino-Japanese "k"?

h in romanization of Mandarin language is [x] (and e.g. in Cantonese it is [h]). [h] is recently developed consonant in Japanese language itself: Old Japanese (8th century) and some earlier part of ...
Arfrever's user avatar
  • 1,701
10 votes

Does kanji have meaning on their own, or they inherit their meaning(s) from the words they used in?

Just to add to @A.Ellett's fine answer post, I must emphasize that the Reddit poster is off base. Copying what I just replied to them a moment ago: Kanji don't actually have a meaning on their own ...
Eiríkr Útlendi's user avatar
10 votes
Accepted

Are 神 and 神 the same?

Yes, 神 and 神 are basically the same kanji with the same meaning. More precisely, 神 is a kyūjitai (historical form), and 神 is the shinjitai (modern form). 神 must be used almost everywhere now, but the ...
naruto's user avatar
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9 votes
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Why is 嘘 used to represent the word うそ?

It looks like it was a common misuse, rather than a (more officially accepted) variant, and the misuse became the dominant way to write the word eventually. 誤用便覧, a Meiji-period reference book, says ...
Yusuke Matsubara's user avatar
9 votes
Accepted

How do Zen students learn the readings for jakugo?

I am not a native speaker, however I am familiar with these texts. My impression is that even native speakers do not necessarily know how to read these texts. It's not that they couldn't come up with ...
A.Ellett's user avatar
  • 10.4k
9 votes
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「とらわれた くつじょく は はんげき の こうし だ」Would a Japanese person understand こうし in this spoken line WITHOUT kanji? [Attack on Titan]

嚆矢 is a rare word, but it's not exceedingly rare. Along with terms like 狼煙 and 鬨の声, it's a word you might find in fantasy or historical fiction, and even in journalists' news commentary, to symbolize ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 321k
6 votes

Ambiguous stroke order/count for 離?

I didn't know this, but this "Radial 114" seems to have a complicated history, making it difficult to definitively say 禸 is either 4 or 5 strokes. The 禸 component is rendered differently ...
naruto's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

Shorthand way of writing 人間?

It is a common shorthand for 間. Actually, 冂 with the vertical stroke is the shorthand for writing 門 as mentioned in this Wikipedia article. As such any character with 門 radical can be abbreviated that ...
sundowner's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

Is this sentence correctly spelled in Japanese Kanji using plural suffix

We don't provide bulk proofreading service, so allow me to give an answer only with respect to the "plural suffix". Here, you shouldn't use 達 or any other such suffix. Many languages, ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 321k
5 votes

Why is「北人」pronounced 「hokuto」?

Hi and welcome on JPStackexchange! As you may know, Kanji usually have multiple chinese and japanese readings. But when it comes to Japanese names, even highly unusual readings are allowed. In this ...
Jan Lügering's user avatar
5 votes

Is there an "opposite"/"inverse" of 当て字・熟字訓?

I am a little confused by your question, since 当て字 is already the opposite of 熟字訓, the former is reading Kanji by its sounds regardless of meaning, e.g. 寿司, the latter is the opposite, by its meaning ...
dvx2718's user avatar
  • 3,477
5 votes

「とらわれた くつじょく は はんげき の こうし だ」Would a Japanese person understand こうし in this spoken line WITHOUT kanji? [Attack on Titan]

日本人です。嚆矢という単語は知りませんでしたが、それを不安には思いません。 理由を説明しますと、JIS漢字コードに登録されている漢字は11,233字あるらしいのですが、常用漢字の数は2,000字前後なので、知らない漢字に出会うことは珍しくありませんし、日本人は自分のその後の人生に関わってこないであろう漢字は無視することが多いのです。 調べて漢字の意味を知ることがあったとしても、その反応は「...
login_64's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Reading of 氷円弾 and other similar made up words

This is almost certainly read as ひょうえんだん, in on'yomi. Simply, most neologisms today (both in fiction and in real business fields) are read with on'yomi, and it is usually not necessary to consider the ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 321k
4 votes
Accepted

What are the 漢字 that aren't jouyou or jinmeiyou for?

Maybe it makes sense to look at the question from a different angle. That is to say, what are the purposes of the classification of kanji as [常用]{jouyou} and [人名用]{jinmeiyou} (and possibly others)? ...
jarmanso7's user avatar
  • 6,683
4 votes

Which one is correct between 侘び寂び and 侘寂

The appropriate spelling is 侘び寂び, even though 侘寂 is also understood by Japanese people, according to the discussion provided in this subreddit thread, (emphasis mine): 訓読み requires okurigana, so a ...
jarmanso7's user avatar
  • 6,683
4 votes

Does kanji have meaning on their own, or they inherit their meaning(s) from the words they used in?

The claim that kanji don't have meaning on their own seems outlandish. It sounds like the opinion of someone who doesn't have much familiarity or facility with how printed Japanese is used. Look at ...
A.Ellett's user avatar
  • 10.4k
4 votes
Accepted

Given harakiri was once pronounced farakiri and, even earlier, parakiri, how do I write those two older forms, using kanjis?

If you asked this question knowing almost nothing about the Japanese writing system, you should read a bit about it first. 腹切り is a perfectly valid Japanese word, but it's written using a type of ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 321k
4 votes
Accepted

Pronouncing kanji numbers

In this context, 一四二 obviously means one-hundred-and-forty-two, so it's read ひゃくよんじゅうに. You can read it as いちよんに when it's a room number, zip code, etc. The kan-sūji style is much more preferred in ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 321k
4 votes
Accepted

Why is 正 used for tallying instead of 五?

You have effectively answered your own question---五 only has 4 strokes. What you have drawn as stroke 3 and 4, only exists as one stroke in Chinese calligraphy, and this applies to Japanese and Korean ...
N. Hunt's user avatar
  • 875
4 votes

Did I create a good name for my character?

First of all, I think creating natural names is virtually impossible unless you are VERY fluent in Japanese, whatever 'natural' means. There are no strict rules (legal or otherwise) on how to read ...
sundowner's user avatar
  • 37.5k
4 votes

Why is 嘘 used to represent the word うそ?

This is speculation, as I have not yet found a source that states this. I suspect the key semantic connection between the Chinese and Japanese uses of this kanji might lie in the Chinese sense of &...
Eiríkr Útlendi's user avatar
4 votes

Ambiguous stroke order/count for 離?

Stroke numbers is a convention, much like stroke orders. In the case of the letter 禸, it is usually written in 4 strokes but the dictionaries conventionally will list it as a 5 strokes letter, as seen ...
Gui Imamura's user avatar
  • 1,271
4 votes
Accepted

Sometimes author uses kanji and hiragana for the same word

Easy words that can be written in kanji are always written in kanji. No one will write 学校 or 電車 in kana unless there is some special reason. In your case, かしげる is a little uncommon kun-reading. It's ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 321k
4 votes
Accepted

Is it always legal to replace the kanji iteration mark 々 by the kanji it represents? If not, when is such a replacement okay?

my question is about the other direction: whether K々 can always legally be replaced by KK. If that's what you're asking, the answer is "No". Although this is an outdated convention, a ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 321k
3 votes

How to read this name "番藤茶太郎"?

Practically speaking, this kanji only has one reading, namely "ばんどう ちゃたろう" (or Bandō Chatarō in Hepburn romanization). In theory, the author could assign a tricky reading to this kanji, but ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 321k
3 votes

Why is 嘘 used to represent the word うそ?

The meaning you cite accords well with what my 角川漢和辞典, presents: ①ふく(吹く)。うそぶく。はく。息を長く吐く。 ②ああ。ため息のことば <国訓>うそ。いつわり。 Note how the dictionary is indicating that this meaning of "lie" is ...
A.Ellett's user avatar
  • 10.4k
3 votes
Accepted

Do we need to learn N4 and N3 kanji for JPLT N5? Most of recommended verbs using more advanced kanji than N5 ones

Have you tried sample questions on the official site to get a sense of what the vocabulary is like? (Warning: the test applet plays very loud correct/incorrect sounds when you choose an answer!) From ...
Karl Knechtel's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

What does 亜字形図象 mean?

In standard usage, 象 and 像 are distinct kanji with different meanings. In particular, they are rarely confused in the following contexts: 象 (ぞう; elephant): 象牙 (ivory) 像 (ぞう; statue): 銅像 (bronze ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 321k
3 votes

Are 神 and 神 the same?

These are alternative forms of each other. It's a bit hard to tease out the details due to the layout of the information, but the Wiktionary entry at https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E7%A5%9E shows us ...
Eiríkr Útlendi's user avatar
3 votes

Reading of 氷円弾 and other similar made up words

Ultimately, to a certain extent, it is true that 'the correct reading is left to the imagination of the gamer'. That said, certain readings are more plausible than others. I'm not sure how familiar ...
sundowner's user avatar
  • 37.5k

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