New answers tagged

3 votes

Differences between grammar points きる and ぬく seems same

Did you read this? ぬく will almost always be used in relation to human actions. A washing machine is not a human, and that's why you cannot use 洗い抜く in that example sentence. ぬく is an expression that ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k
0 votes

Differences between grammar points きる and ぬく seems same

some laundry machines cannot do that much so it is adversity right? I suppose no, as for the intention of the explanation. A large quantity can be a challenge, but what the explanation suggests is ...
sundowner's user avatar
  • 37k
1 vote

Question about には and は

First, if you want to start the sentence with "In Hayashi-sensei's class", the correct particle that corresponds to this "in" is で(は), not に(は). If you have forgotten the ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k
2 votes
Accepted

Analysis of する間も与えずに

This 間 is pronounced ま and means "time". If you know the phrase 間もなく, it's the same 間 here. The literal meaning of ~する間も与えずに is "without even giving time to do ~". In this sentence,...
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k
3 votes
Accepted

How to use past tense in these cases?

You should use the past tense simply because you're describing your past experience. You have to use "It was beautiful" when you say this in English, too. If you are trying to introduce the ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k
0 votes

Differences/Similarities Between そうすると and そうしたら

It is more or less the difference between と and たら. You can look at the following, for example: Differences among -たら, なら, -と, -んだったら, -ば, etc What is the difference between と, たら and 時【とき】? A ...
sundowner's user avatar
  • 37k
2 votes
Accepted

Parsing of 置いてあったってしょうがない

しょうがない is a reduced form of しようがない, where しよう is synonymous to し[方]{かた}, “way of doing.” The underpinning imagery is that the situation at hand is such that there is nothing you can’t do about it, or ...
aguijonazo's user avatar
  • 20.8k
3 votes

Meaning of 出来 in 妥協することは出来かねます。

でき is the masu-stem of verb できる, followed by かねる which means 4 他の動詞の連用形に付いて用いる。 ㋐…しようとして、できない。…することがむずかしい。「納得し—・ねる」「何とも言い—・ねる」 So, for example, 納得しかねる=unable to understand/accept. I guess, you are ...
sundowner's user avatar
  • 37k
0 votes

~すまいて after a verb

Angelos explained well. I just wanted to add some references for て (kindly provided by reddit). 明鏡国語辞典 助動詞「だ」「じゃ」「ぬ」「まい」「だろう」などに付いて》自分や相手に言い聞かせる気持ちを表す。「大変なことじゃて」「そんなことはあるまいて」 新選国語辞典 第十版 〘古語〙...
Axe's user avatar
  • 3,366
3 votes
Accepted

Use of を followed by に without a verb

You should think of this particular combination as "with ... as ...", with を corresponding to "with", and に corresponding to "as". [口べたで料理好きの父親を][主人公に] with the ...
jogloran's user avatar
  • 6,812
2 votes

Difference between ~だの~だの and other structures

If you say: 田中だの山下だの The speaker is referring to the fact that somebody is suggesting names (usually implying there were more suggestions than the two named), in a dismissing manner. E.g. 「...
Enno Shioji's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Adverb position before object / before verb

Both are correct and practically you don't have to worry too much. That said, as you thought, the second one may be heard slightly more often. The basic word order is, Subject-Adverb-Object-Verb, ...
sundowner's user avatar
  • 37k
2 votes
Accepted

Why is が used instead of を when wanting something?

I think the problem comes from the translation of ほしい as 'want'. Although this is the most common translation, as you have pointed out, it breaks the grammar. ほしい is an adjective in Japanese and, as ...
user3856370's user avatar
  • 30.2k
1 vote

Question about Japanese past tense and て form

I think you might have misunderstood something somewhere. The ~くて ending is the conjunctive ("[this adjective] and [something else]") for so-called ~い adjectives. However, 乾【かわ】く is a verb, ...
Eiríkr Útlendi's user avatar
0 votes

にでもなって and にもなって

Here the sentence may be considered as an alternative of "社会人になっても朝一人で起きられない".
陈文志's user avatar
2 votes

What does こちらとしても mean?

You'd better think it is として as a word on its own. The usage in question is the same as the example: 私としては賛成でも反対でもない As for me, I am neither for nor against it. Here it is も instead of は, so こちらとしても ...
sundowner's user avatar
  • 37k
3 votes

Usage/meaning of ~の半分 vs 半分の~

半分のサンドイッチ, which is a noun phrase in itself, sounds to me like a sandwich prepared in half from the beginning, like a half-size sandwich. If you want to say you eat half a sandwich, the most natural ...
aguijonazo's user avatar
  • 20.8k
1 vote
Accepted

Usage/meaning of ~の半分 vs 半分の~

I'd say it is mostly interchangeable. It depends on contexts whether 半分 refers to a half of one thing or of a collection. In particular, 半分のサンドイッチ can mean 6 sandwiches out of a dozen and 半分のリンゴ can ...
sundowner's user avatar
  • 37k
3 votes
Accepted

How to understand この犬は何という名前ですか

Think of 何 as an "unknown", suposed to be replaced with some other information. It's a placeholder to ask a question. この犬はポチという名前です。 (almost the same sentence as the question's title) This ...
Gui Imamura's user avatar
1 vote

Which part is ではない negating?

That ない directly negates わけ, indirectly negating "そういう感情が特別のものとして取り上げて強い" as a whole. ~わけではない。 It's not that ~. / It does not mean ~. そういう感情が強いわけではない。 It's not that such emotions are strong....
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k
1 vote
Accepted

Explain the gramatical structure of this sentence + use of あまり and より

This あまり is a "formal noun" (形式名詞) that works like a conjunctive. Grammatically, it belongs to the same word class as とき ("when ~"), ため ("for ~'s sake; due to ~"), とおり (&...
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k
3 votes
Accepted

What is the meaning of にならない in this sentence?

それは「大阪のおばちゃんは除く」にならない? Doesn't it (=your statement) come with "Excluding Osakan obachan"? Don't you say "Except for Osakan obachan" too? それ refers to her previous statement. Here ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k
3 votes
Accepted

Use of か in this sentence

It is just or. Presumably you are holding a game pad and seeing a screen. It says you press START or touch the menu on the screen.
sundowner's user avatar
  • 37k
2 votes

Does ろくに~ない grammar change negative sentence into positive?

You have the right idea that Japanese is generally logical about negation: it treats two negatives as cancelling out to a positive whenever that makes sense for the grammatical structure, and doesn't ...
Karl Knechtel's user avatar
6 votes

Can you replace ただちに with word すぐに in order to convey the same meaning?

In addition to what naruto said, IMO ただちに emphasises how there is nothing in between, whereas with すぐ the emphasis is on how close in time it is. E.g. if one says ただちに離陸します it means there is nothing ...
Enno Shioji's user avatar
2 votes

Can you replace ただちに with word すぐに in order to convey the same meaning?

Both sentences are correct, and they mean roughly the same thing. However, there are two differences: ただちに sounds more urgent. ただちに is much more formal. Small kids are unlikely to use it. So you can ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k
4 votes
Accepted

What is the grammatical function of はしたが?

It is 手にした with は inserted. は puts focus/emphasis to the whole verb phrase 手にした, so it sounds like The commander did take the sword... whereas 手にした=took the sword.
sundowner's user avatar
  • 37k
0 votes

Is it possible to use のが twice in a sentence?

Rather than cascading のが onto the same clause, we can think about relativizing two clauses, each of which have a が subject marker: AがBがC, such that both of the が are applied to some verb phrase ...
Kaz's user avatar
  • 1,934
3 votes
Accepted

Meaning and purpose of なくはある

ku-form + はある is a way to apply a contrastive-wa to an i-adjective. For example, 面白くはある is translated as "it's true that it's interesting (but...)", "it is interesting" or "it'...
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k
0 votes

What is the difference between Something(Or Verb Dictionary form) + が できます and Something(Or Verb Dictionary form) + ことが できます?

In your first example sentence, 「母は すこし 日本語が できます。」日本語 is a noun and the subject of the sentence, so it is marked by が. In your second example sentence, 「母は すこし 日本語 ことが できます。」because 日本語 is a noun, it ...
NattoYum's user avatar
  • 408
0 votes

What age range is a girl called 少女?

I guess it will depend on who you ask, but that said up until and including 18 it's definitely reasonable. 19 and 20 probably, too. After that until 25 I think it's uncommon. From 26 on it would be ...
Enno Shioji's user avatar
1 vote
Accepted

difference between 理解しなかった and 理解していなかった?

The latter (理解していなかった私が悪い) is usually more natural. I assume something bad happened recently, and it was because of your failure to understand something, which happened even before that. Let me reuse ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k
2 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between Something(Or Verb Dictionary form) + が できます and Something(Or Verb Dictionary form) + ことが できます?

Verb Dictionary form + が できます Something(=Noun) + ことが できます are ungrammatical. So 母は すこし 日本語 (Noun) ことが できます。 かんじを よむ (Verb) が できますか。 are ungrammatical. The following are the (only) correct forms 母は ...
sundowner's user avatar
  • 37k
2 votes
Accepted

What is the meaning of とか in this sentence

This とか adds a sense of "among others" or "in particular". It's used in place of the topic marker to highlight one entity among similar things. なんて also has the same meaning. ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k
3 votes

Is it possible to use のが twice in a sentence?

It is possible, but "I enjoy learning about Japan." is 私は日本について学ぶのがするのが楽しいです It has really nothing to do with using のが twice. As pointed out in the comment, 学ぶ is a verb, which is ...
sundowner's user avatar
  • 37k
3 votes
Accepted

Meaning of い adjective + までの + noun

what's supposed to be the difference in meaning here compared to just い adjective + noun. Practically, there's not much difference and I think, in terms of translation, you can forget までの: tremendous ...
sundowner's user avatar
  • 37k
3 votes

Japanese readers/speakers, does the term Bishojo have a specific age range?

When used in a serious novel or news article, the word 少女 usually refers to a girl roughly between 8 and 17. However, the word 美少女 (with 美) in the context of anime/manga/idol is a genre name that ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k
1 vote

The logic and literal meaning of 実感もくそもある (How does it mean what it means?)

In terms of meaning, Xもくそもない is emphatic Xがない, that is, absolutely no X (exists) or to have no X whatsoever. I don't think there is much point to seek logic in this kind of expressions, but literally ...
sundowner's user avatar
  • 37k
2 votes
Accepted

Confusing use of あきれる in past-progressive passive

呆れる ("to be amazed/disappointed", see this for the nuance) is an intransitive verb, so you're correct that this 呆れられる is an indirect passive (aka "suffering passive") expression. ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k
3 votes

Can shonen 少年 ever be used to refer to young adults 20-21?

Can shonen 少年 ever be used to refer to young adults 20-21? I'd say basically no, just because of my tacit knowledge and experience as of today. If others referred to 21 as a 少年 I wouldn't argue. I'd ...
dungarian's user avatar
  • 1,763
2 votes

Can shonen 少年 ever be used to refer to young adults 20-21?

For some reason I don't really think that this 少年 here describes any specific person. Just a generic "boy", I am not sure if it is used to describe that person you have in mind. That being ...
Yosh's user avatar
  • 3,651
5 votes

The logic and literal meaning of 実感もくそもある (How does it mean what it means?)

First of all, to parse this sentence correctly, you should split the sentence into two at the point of that で. This で is the "te-form of だ", and it's used to mark a reason. 卒業式から即入学式だ。 An ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k
1 vote
Accepted

What does 筋肉要塞(キンニクヨウサイ)mean?

筋肉要塞 is not a set phrase or anything. It's just a one-off joke meaning "muscle fortress" or "fortress of muscle". There is nothing more than the literal meaning. (By the way, 脳筋 is ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k
2 votes
Accepted

Why is の used here instead of こと?

In this particular example, replacing の with こと doesn't change the meaning much. 彼が出席しなかったということは、よほどのことがあったんだろうね。 Because of という, however, this sounds like the speaker is trying to logically draw ...
aguijonazo's user avatar
  • 20.8k
0 votes

Is the sentence, "あなたはこれを望んでいた。" grammatically correct?

Strictly speaking, I see no grammatical faults here. You should try to gain a general familiarity with は and understand that it is not a grammatical subject marker, but a topic marker, even if it is ...
Karl Knechtel's user avatar
2 votes

What does であったとされ mean in this sentence

であった is the past tense of である, a form of the copula. So it means "was". とされ is the masu-stem of the passive form of とする, which means something like "assume" or "decide". ...
Axe's user avatar
  • 3,366
2 votes
Accepted

How do I use 出来る in a sentence?

日本語の話すを出来ます。 Sentence above is grammatically incorrect. Correct will be as below. 日本語を話すことができます。 Check when to use を and when to use の. https://linguapsych.com/japanese-particles/ The particle が ...
M14's user avatar
  • 391
2 votes
Accepted

また、「たなら」と「るなら」についての質問です

AとBどちらも使えます。ただ、個人的にはAのほうが自然です。 「なら」に限った話ではないですが、下記が原則になると思います(ソース)。 P=従属節のイベント、Q=主節のイベント 現在の例の場合「貸してやっていい」は現在形なので、7b, 8b(右側の2つ)それぞれを見る形になり、 Aの場合、P(約束) ≧Q(貸す/貸してもよい) ≧ 現在 Bの場合 P < Q ≧ 現在 ...
sundowner's user avatar
  • 37k
1 vote

Differences and meanings of のを, のに, のは, のが, のこと

のを, のに, のは, のが In these cases, の is a nominalizer following a verb phrase, and the other part is a perfectly ordinary particle following a noun, which works the same way that it would following any ...
Karl Knechtel's user avatar
3 votes

Regarding the state verbs ある or いる in the grammar pattern さえ~ば

The ある/いる distinction for animate things is applied when these are used as verbs of existence (i.e., "There is ~"). ✅猫がいます。 ❌猫があります。 There is a cat. ✅机があります。 ❌机がいます。 There is a desk. When ...
naruto's user avatar
  • 315k

Top 50 recent answers are included