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14 votes
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What would be the closest native Japanese word to エラー in the context of IT?

エラー is a very common word and I don't think you need to avoid it in IT contexts. That said, some errors can be safely translated using non-katakana words. 不正 (na-adjective) is commonly used in the ...
naruto's user avatar
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12 votes

How would I know whether a word existed and was commonly used N years ago?

BCCWJ is a corpus of written Japanese and you can search it here. Type the word in the search box and you can see the published year of the texts in which the word was used. However, it focuses on ...
legogo's user avatar
  • 340
11 votes
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What is the thing written in grey that sometimes shows up in the macOS Sierra dictionary app?

It is archaic form of writing called 歴史的仮名遣い. It was not until November 16, 1946 that Japan began using modern writing form(現代仮名遣い). For that reason 歴史的仮名遣い was widely used those days, and today in ...
Dim's user avatar
  • 602
11 votes
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What does 動ラ下二 means? And how to pronounce it?

動{どう}ラ下二{しもに}, an abbreviation of 動詞{どうし}、ラ行{ぎょう}下二段{しもにだん}活用{かつよう}. That is, a Classical Japanese (文語{ぶんこ}) verb of the “lower bigrade” conjugation, with a root ending in -r. To really understand ...
melissa_boiko's user avatar
10 votes

Why is 登録した the past tense of 登録?

登録 does not have a past tense because it is a noun (meaning registration). It can be made into a verb by adding する. 登録する means 'to register', so naturally the past form would be 登録した. Many nouns can ...
user3856370's user avatar
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8 votes

How would I know whether a word existed and was commonly used N years ago?

青空文庫 is a library of public-domain literary works, and it mainly consists of novels written between 1870 and 1950. I often use this full-text search to check how a certain word was used around the ...
naruto's user avatar
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8 votes
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また usage in a dictionary

It means or/also. It's commonly seen in Japanese dictionaries in the form of また、そのさま。when talking about suru-verbs (among other things) to describe both the action (verb) and the state (noun). You ...
Ringil's user avatar
  • 8,524
7 votes

What is the order of the full list of kana?

The dictionaries I have use the following order. (From the publishers 小学館, 三省堂 and 学研.) The usual lexicographic order by gojūon, mostly ignoring whether a kana has (han)dakuten or is a small kana. (...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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7 votes
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Different JLPT level for the same word, in hiragana or in kanji

Yes, I'd say this rating is more or less accurate. 何 is usually read as なに・なん, and is one of the most basic words. Therefore, it's not a surprise for it to be N5. 方, read as かた or ほう, means a few ...
dvx2718's user avatar
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6 votes
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Is there an official Japanese dictionary?

There does not seem to be an 'official' dictionary. However, there are some dictionaries regarded as more comprehensive than others, and dictionary publishing in Japan remains, to this day, as a ...
dROOOze's user avatar
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6 votes
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Is there a fundamental difference between homonyms with close meaning and words with multiple possible kanji?

The short answer is no. The semantic "distance" between two homophones is determined at the discretion of the authors of each dictionary, and it is impossible to draw an official line. Some ...
naruto's user avatar
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6 votes
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About ancient pronunciation on dictionaries

There are at least two ways that the difference between "voiceless" and "voiced"¹ pronunciation can be ascertained. First, through the 日葡辞書, the Japanese-Portuguese dictionary of ...
Alexander Z.'s user avatar
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5 votes

出来る{できる}: kun'yomi from Takoboto dictionary do not correspond

While this answer doesn't readily address the issue of で vs で.る until the end, I believe it is important that the OP approach the subject of kanji rather differently than s/he appears to be doing. ...
A.Ellett's user avatar
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5 votes
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How was the first Japanese-English dictionary made?

To the best of my knowledge, and the knowledge of the dictionary's creator, the first Japanese-English dictionary is the one published by by James Curtis Hepburn in 1867. Hepburn was a physician and ...
BraveFoot's user avatar
  • 242
5 votes
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What is the meaning of 副助?

Dictionaries usually list abbreviations. 副助 stands for 副助詞 "adverbial particle", i.e. [副助] = [adv. part.]. The suffix 詞 is added to all parts of speech and is omitted in the abbreviations. There are ...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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5 votes
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What does the hyphen in this dictionary entry mean?

It's just a hyphen to split the word stem from the suffix 家. It's not written that way in normal text, but you do see it in dictionaries or word lists.
kandyman's user avatar
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5 votes
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What are the katakana in the definition headers of jp-jp dictionaries?

These characters show the spelling of the word according to the old spelling rules (歴史的仮名遣い). In this specific case, it means that the word was originally spelled as イチヰン/いちゐん in kana. I do not know ...
A. Coder K.'s user avatar
5 votes
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Where is verb transitivity listed in japanese dictionaries?

Your question Where is verb transitivity listed in japanese dictionaries? It depends. 😄 Not your ideal answer, I'm sure, but it's true. Some examples My preferred monolingual Japanese dictionary ...
Eiríkr Útlendi's user avatar
4 votes
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What does "きゅうにゅう" means?

This should be ぎゅうにゅう meaning "milk", although ミルク is much more common.
istrasci's user avatar
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4 votes
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To think kanji: 思う (おもう): シ (shi) versus (shitau)

To answer your specific question, of " why does Google Translate..." -- it is a machine program, and thus it is only as good as the data fed into it, combined with the cleverness of its algorithms. ...
Eiríkr Útlendi's user avatar
4 votes
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Japanese word for "savage" (modern usage)

As you suspect, none of the more literal "savage" words you listed would be a good fit for the more figurative usage. To call someone "savage" in the figurative sense, something along the lines of 「...
Ben Roffey's user avatar
  • 6,711
4 votes
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How to figuratively express something that has been lost/disappeared as in "where did (something) go"?

For objects you can use 行く どっか行っちゃった 靴とかあったんだけど、どこ行ったんだろう To some extent this also works for abstract concepts: 夫婦の絆はどこに行った 親子ゲンカはどこ行ったんだろ A similar expression is 〜はどうした "what happened to&...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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4 votes

What is the meaning of ー・

This dictionary definition, which you quoted, looks a bit half-baked. Have a look at 大辞泉 for 話す. It first defines the root (constant) part: はな・す And then uses it in examples: 「電話で―・す」 「父に―・...
macraf's user avatar
  • 6,537
4 votes

Why the word 宣材 is not in the dictionary?

It's a common abbreviation in the marketing or showbiz field, but it's still jargon, and simply not common enough to be listed in generic dictionaries. You should be able to find this in a テレビ業界用語集, ...
naruto's user avatar
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4 votes
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What is the meaning of 起こし in this sentence?

It's a conjugation formed by taking a verb in ます form, then removing the ます. Example conjugation: 起こす:起こします=起こし 生まれる:生まれます=生まれ Combining sentences with that conjugation basically means "and&...
Nicolas Louis Guillemot's user avatar
4 votes
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さま after a verb

さま (様) just means "state" or "appearance", the same as 状態 or 様子. See the first definition in デジタル大辞泉: さま【様/▽方】 の解説 [名] 1 物事や人のありさま。ようす。状態。「雲のたなびく―が美しい」「物慣れた―に振る舞う」 It's used heavily in ...
sbkgs4686's user avatar
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4 votes
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How to understand the pronunciation as listed in Wiktionary

The Wiktionary entry as I found it looks as follows: Pronunciation (Tokyo) わ[たし]【HH】 [wàtáshí] (Heiban – [0]) IPA: [[ɰᵝa̠ta̠ɕi]] Let's take a look what this means: (Tokyo) means the listed ...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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