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0

/group 1-1 / (-aる,-uる,-oる→て) 止まる(tomaru)+しまう=止まってしまう 売る(uru)+しまう=売ってしまう 取る(toru)+しまう=取ってしまう /group 1-2/ (-iる,-eる→て or って) 着る(kiru)+しまう=着てしまう 経る(heru)+しまう=経てしまう 止める(tomeru)+しまう=止めてしまう 切る(kiru)+しまう=切ってしまう 減る(heru)+しまう=減ってしまう /group 2/ -す→して 殺す(korosu)+しまう=殺してしまう 刺す(sasu)+しまう=刺してしまう /group 3/ -く,-ぐ→いて 書く(kaku)+しまう=書いてしまう 研ぐ(togu)+しまう=...


13

The verb is 捨てる, so its て-form is 捨てて, hence the compound form Vて+しまう becomes 捨ててしまう. If it were the casual ちゃう instead of しまう that you were using, that starts from the て-form too, but also contracts the て, so it would instead be 捨てちゃう, with just the one て. Perhaps that is where the confusion arose? Hope that helps!


1

辞書形, in fact, is part of 普通形, which consists of four different forms, including the 〜た form (past affirmative), the 〜なかった form (past negative), the ~ない form (nonpast negative) and finally the root form, a.k.a. 辞書形 (nonpast affirmative). For example, what the root form, 辞書形, is for a verb is much like what "be" is for "is", "are", "was", etc. You can find ...


6

In Standard Japanese, the negative particle (auxiliary) has been totally conflated with the adjective ない "not exist" in form. And in older language, the form corresponds to ない was なき (naki), so it was sharing the last -k with other forms. It seems somewhat irregular only after the k-sound dropped before i. Some dialects drop k before other vowels, which ...


1

That's how the form is. い-Adjectives in Japanese are a bit like verbs - they have many (but not all) of the same inflections that verbs do, and often those inflections mean the い gets replaced with something else. This is just like the final -う or -る of verbs getting replaced when they get inflected. Here are some examples with 食{た}べ (eat) and 美味{おい}しい (...


0

今日/三条くん/の/会社/から/なかった/こと/に/してくれ/って/連絡/あった/らしくて。 Apparently, we have been contacted today by Sanjo's company, and they told us to act as if it didn't happen


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It's important to recognize a few things about the purported 未然形 of ~い adjectives. All of the ~か~ forms are derived by contraction of ~く as the basic adverbial form + あ~ from あり (modern ある). This is sometimes called the カリ活用 (kari conjugation) pattern. よく + あった → よかった As such, any 未然形 of an ~い adjective is actually the 未然形 of あり, which is あら. Looking more ...


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