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4

Question 1 ~ますまい is grammatical, but it's already fairly uncommon. It's mainly heard in role languages for stereotypical samurai and pompous/noble elderly people. ~ですまい is ungrammatical, although ~ではありますまい is okay. Question 2 Basically if you used ある for a person, it would sound more or less archaic. ~くありましょう is grammatical, but it's fairly uncommon and ...


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彼{かれ}はオフィスで働いています{はたらいています}。 In this sentence, the bolded part splits into two pieces: 「働いて{はたらいて}」(て-form of the verb 働く{はたらく}) 「います」(ます-form of the verb いる) The て-form of a verb has many uses, and in this case can be thought of as applying a progressive aspect to the verb 働く (similar to "-ing" in English). The grammar construction of 「て-form」+「いる・います」...


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They are irregular conjugations. Copying from Wikipedia: ござる・為さる(なさる)・下さる(くださる)・いらっしゃる・おっしゃるの5語は助動詞「ます」に続く時の連用形が「〜い」となる点が通常の五段活用動詞と異なる。「ござる」以外は命令形も「〜い」となる。規則どおりの「ござります」「なさります」などは、古風な響きとなる。 There is a sound shift to using い for both the 連用形 (masu-form) as well for the imperative form. As Wikipedia mentions, using the "correct" form sounds very old ...


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その白い比いない裸体は、薄暮の背景の前に置かれて輝やいていた。 I'm assuming that 輝やいて is a typo for 輝いて. (Maybe it's a variant spelling, I don't know). This て is simply 'and'. So 置かれて輝やいていた is nothing more mysterious than "was set and was shining". You ask about whether one action modifies the other. Many times a clause in て-form can adverbially modify the following clause, e.g. ...


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I know this question is a bit old, but since I came across this as a prominent Google hit when searching for help on the same thing, I figured I'd post a more complete answer for anybody else who comes along.. For context, the line in question appears to be from the "よつばと!" ("Yotsuba&!") manga, in the first volume, page 8 (3rd panel). Yotsuba and her ...


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