21 votes
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Conjunctive form (e.g. 書き) vs Conj + mono (e.g. 書き物)

Verb stem (masu-stem) as a noun can have various meanings depending on the original verb, and you may not be able to determine its meaning without referring to a dictionary. I generally recommend you ...
naruto's user avatar
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16 votes
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「捨ててしまう」Why are there two て’s used here?

The verb is 捨てる, so its て-form is 捨てて, hence the compound form Vて+しまう becomes 捨ててしまう. If it were the casual ちゃう instead of しまう that you were using, that starts from the て-form too, but also ...
henreetee's user avatar
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Can verbs/i-adjectives be indefinitely conjugated, or is there a limit?

Let's talk about something practical first. Something like 食べさせられたくなかったです, beautifully explained in this article, is probably the longest natural verb "form" that may appear in ordinary ...
naruto's user avatar
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15 votes
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Proper form of なさる - なさります or なさいます

There are five honorific (subsidiary) verbs of almost r-consonant (type I) conjugation that have very peculiar style of irregularity, ending in い in 命令形 (command form) and before ます. plain form   ...
broccoli forest's user avatar
15 votes
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Conjugated word + んだ vs nonconjugated word + conjugated んだ

無理だったんだ is straightforward, it's a combination of 無理だった ("was impossible") and the explanatory-の. "So it is that it was impossible", "Because it was not possible", "(I failed but) it was impossible (...
naruto's user avatar
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Why does 「もう待てないよ!」 mean "I can't wait any longer"?

待って is indeed the te-form, but 待て is not. It is the potential form. Remember that the final う sound becomes an え sound for the potential form of godan verbs? I guess this verb is a little more ...
user3856370's user avatar
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14 votes
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Ai oboete imasu ka, what does "imasu" add here?

A note on translation Expressing the same ideas in different languages inevitably results in all kinds of things that don't fit very well, if we try to look only at the individual words used in those ...
Eiríkr Útlendi's user avatar
14 votes

What conjugation of what word is 出なく?

なって is indeed the te form of なる. 出なく is the morphing of 出ない (the negative form of 出る) to allow it to be connected to another verb. so 出ない + なる becomes 出なくなる (to start not coming out) Adding the te ...
Amy's user avatar
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What is the verb ending of われん mean?

救われん is made of 救われる and the archaic suffix ん, which came out of む. む・ん had similar roles to よう・おう today; that is to say, 救われん in modern style would be 救われよう or 救われるだろう. It is not related to the ん ...
Angelos's user avatar
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Break down the phrase "[失礼]{しつれい}しなければならないんです"

失礼{しつれい}しなければならない 失礼 (shitsurei) is "rudeness". 失礼する (shitsurei suru) is "to be rude" 失礼しない (shitsurei shinai) is the negation "to not be rude". 失礼しなければ (shitsurei shinakereba) is a conditional ...
user3856370's user avatar
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How to understand みんなしてお出かけですか?

What you're seeing is not お出かけする written in a strange order, but a fixed adverbial phrase みんなして ("get together and (do ~)", "with many others", 一緒になって, 集まって). 大好評 is not a suru-verb in the first place....
naruto's user avatar
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Meaning of 寒くなる vs. 寒くなっています

Actually, because なる is a change of state verb,「寒くなっています」does not mean "it is getting cold", but rather "it is cold"- or more specifically, that it got cold and remains in that state. Any verb that ...
Blavius's user avatar
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12 votes

Break down the phrase "[失礼]{しつれい}しなければならないんです"

① Grammar pattern The grammar pattern used here is: V(ない form, and drop the い) + なければならない which means "must V", where V is any verb in the plain negative form (ending in ない) . First drop ...
jarmanso7's user avatar
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12 votes
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What is the meaning of "できたれば"?

This たれ is the realis-form (已然形) of たり, which is an auxiliary in classical/archaic Japanese. This たり is like ている in modern Japanese, and 已然形 + ば means "because". So できたれば translates to ...
naruto's user avatar
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11 votes
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What conjugation of 願う is 願わくば, and what does it mean here?

This 願わくば is a fixed expression fossilized long ago, and you just have to memorize it without thinking about it too much. It's a literary expression that corresponds to "Hopefully, ..." used as a ...
naruto's user avatar
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Differentiate a cause from a succession of terms in a sentence using ~くて / で

How do you know in English? The degree to which て/で represent causality versus things being simply sequential is ambiguous in nearly the same way that and is ambiguous in the same role in English. ...
Mindful's user avatar
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Where do 覚悟なさい、我慢なさい come from?

意味は同じになるのですが、「我慢しなさい」の「なさい」と「我慢なさい」の「なさい」は、文法的にちょっと異なるもので、 「しなさい」= 動詞「する」の連用形「し」+ やわらかな命令を表す補助動詞「なさい」 「なさい」= 動詞「なす・する」の尊敬語「なさる」の命令形 なので、 「我慢しなさい」は、サ変動詞「我慢する」の連用形「我慢し」+ やわらかな命令を表す補助動詞「なさい」 「我慢なさい」は、...
chocolate's user avatar
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10 votes

Why is intentional form used in 「カラオケに行こうと誘われました」?

You should parse it this way: 近所のひとに『カラオケに行こう』と誘われました。 (lit.) I was invited by my neighbor, (saying) "Let's go to Karaoke." ⇒ My neighbor invited me out to Karaoke. / suggested we go to Karaoke. ...
chocolate's user avatar
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10 votes

What's the progressive form of 来る, 帰る and 行く

I'm going to answer only about how to express someone/something is in a continuing action in Japanese. To tell you the truth, how to express it in Japanese is very difficult. I once thought we had ...
user20624's user avatar
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Why 入った and not 入た past tense

tl;dr 入る hairu is a consonant-stem verb, i.e. hair·u. Long version Besides a handful of exceptions, there are two type of verbs vowel-stem verbs (-e·ru, -i·ru) consonant-stem verbs (-k·u, -g·u, -s·u, ...
Earthliŋ's user avatar
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Two questions about "can"

First of all, it should be 食べられる rather than 食べれる, although the latter form is used. See this link. Once you have conjugated a verb into the potential form it behaves just like any other iru-eru/...
user3856370's user avatar
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10 votes

Why is the potential form of 滑る 滑れる and not 滑られる?

滑る{すべる} is not a 'る' (ichidan) verb, but a godan verb. While it is true that all ichidan verbs end in いる or える, the reverse is not true; 入る{はいる} for example is a godan verb. 滑る conjugates as normal ...
Angelos's user avatar
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10 votes

How are conjugation endings called by Japanese linguists?

You have answered your own question, but (食べ)たい, (食べ)ない, (食べ)た, (食べ)ます and so on are almost always called 助動詞 in traditional 国文法 studied by 国語学者/日本語学者* and taught by Japanese middle/high school ...
naruto's user avatar
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言っていた Conjugation

"verb te form + いた" ~ていた has several meanings/usages, which include: A continuous action in the past (Past progressive tense) -- for action verbs 彼が来たとき、私はテレビを見ていた。I was watching TV when ...
chocolate's user avatar
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9 votes
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Does てれり mean "blush" in this gif file?

This is a kind of 擬態語 (phenomime) that refers to the act of becoming shy. So "てれり" can mean "blush." This kind of onomatopoeia is often freely created, especially in comics. てれり is one of those ...
Faily Feely's user avatar
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9 votes
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-ています / present continuous form not used in habitual action

Using ている form for habitual actions, compared with the one without it, implies that the speaker is to some extent conscious of period that the habitual action continues for. In other words, ...
user4092's user avatar
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9 votes
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Origin of 〜かった?

Is it by any chance the case that, historically, the い-adjective ending 〜かった is a contraction originating from 〜くあった, where あった is the past inflection of ある? That's exactly what you're seeing. For ~...
Eiríkr Útlendi's user avatar
8 votes
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ない in つまらない and similar adjectives and their conjugation with すぎる

Dictionaries say すぎる in this meaning is placed: after the 連用形 of a verb, like 動きすぎる after the stem of an i-adjective, like やさしすぎる and after the stem of a na-adjective, like しずかすぎる. つまらない is an ...
Yuuichi Tam's user avatar
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