っての is not short for というのか but short for というの or といっているの. ("っての?" can still be a question with a rising intonation.)
The first ての (=というの) is used to seeking clarification. The second ての is just "I say", and it's a way of emphasizing something with an irritated overtone.
Meaning of ってのも/というのも
How would one parse "金ってのは金のある[…]...
This ～でねえ is a contraction of ～でない, which is an old-fashioned negative imperative expression. ない changed to ねえ (/ai/-to-/ee/ contraction).
何も言うでない ! meaning and origin
What is じゃねぇか? What is its original form?
Both ～でない and ～でねえ are used as part of stereotypical old-fashioned speech, but their typical users are quite different. ～でない is used by pompous ...