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6

To form the past progressive form (was ~ing), just change the います/いる to the past tense. 食べています。 / 食べている。 I am eating (now). [present progressive] 食べていました。 / 食べていた。 I was eating (at that time in the past). [past progressive] Japanese ている/ていた is indeed tricky because it can express both the progressive form (is/was ~ing) and the perfect aspect ((...


5

Unfortunately your first example doesn't tell the same meaning as your English. You have to say: ビールを飲んでみたことがあるんだけど、味が全然好きじゃなかった。 Plainly speaking, ~しかける has only one meaning: aborting before the action reaches the "effective" stage. What means by "effective" is different according to verb (see Aktionsart), and often to each situation i.e. the moment you ...


5

Your usage of ずっと is just fine, but there are some other errors. A minimally corrected version is: 若い時から私は日本語をずっと勉強したかったです。 に refers to one time point in the past. But your desire is a longstanding one that have remained even after you were no longer 若い. So you should use から ("from") instead. Your desire basically belongs to the past, so you need to use ...


2

It's correct to express what happened as "happened". Past tense doesn't necessarily guarantee that something ceased. In this example, it continues to 日本ユニセフは…考えた, which implies that the former is a trigger to the latter. So, using past tense is more cohesive to the next line.


2

The difference is like the difference between "they have been washed" and "(someone) washed them". 君{きみ}の靴下{くつした}も全部{ぜんぶ}洗濯{せんたく}してある All of your socks have also been washed Your socks have all been washed as well 君の靴下も全部洗濯した (I have) washed all of your socks as well (She has) washed all of your socks as well (He has) washed all of your socks as well


2

まま and ておく play different roles, and ておく in your example has an important meaning. See: What's the meaning of 〜ておきます? Also note that つける/つく and する/なる are transitive/intransitive pairs. テレビをつけた。 I turned on the TV. テレビをつけたままにした。 I left the TV on. [maybe without purpose in particular; maybe you were just sleepy] テレビをつけておいた。 I turned on the TV and left it ...


2

0) From a young age: 若いときから私は日本語をずっと勉強したいです。 1) You should drop the 私は, since you can't say ~たい on behalf of someone else. If there's a volition and it's not a question, it's strongly implied you're talking about yourself. (If it is indeed a question, that means you're asking someone about what they want, in a very direct manner. This should be avoided, ...


2

You can say まだ~しない instead of まだ~して(い)ない for some verbs: 注文がまだ来ないよ。 = 注文がまだ来ていないよ。 My order has not arrived yet. 手紙がまだ届きません。 = 手紙がまだ届いていません。 The letter has not come yet. 彼女の気持ちがまだ分からないんだ。 = 彼女の気持ちがまだ分かってないんだ。 I haven't understood her feelings yet. But this is not true for many other verbs: この本はまだ買わない。 I'm still not going to buy this book. この本はまだ買っていない。 I ...


2

It's true that oftentimes we Japanese use the simple form to talk about the future, but the form is the basic form and it basically refers to the present. Japanese expresses temporal-where very much by adverbs and by the context instead of verb forms. In your case, very much because of まだ, we want だろう to mean the future. まだ部屋が暖まらないだろう。 But it might ...


1

This is easy to misunderstand because the Vている form can mean a few things. Here are two that you're probably aware of: Doing something or a continuous activity i.e.: running 走っている, eating 食べている, walking 歩いている, thinking 考えている A state i.e.: the door is open ドアが開いている, the cup is broken コップが割れている(われている) It might be easier to think of 知っている as a verb that falls ...


1

「宿題をやらなかった。」means not only "I didn't do my homework",but also "I didn't have the intention to do my homework".And it also means "I'm saying just the fact that I didn't do my homework yesterday".So that words are used when you wanna say "I didn't do my homework,but I"ll do it today". 「しゅくだいをやりませんでした。」is polite version of 「宿題をやらなかった。」. 「しゅくだいをやっていない。」means "...


1

I think the wall that you might be hitting when trying to incorporate ように in your translation of たしか、殴られて気を失ったように思う。 is that you are incorrectly interpreting ように with a 目的(結果)meaning instead of a 推量 meaning. The phrasing you used in your second translation, "in order to remember," hints that you might be interpreting ように with a 目的(結果)meaning like it is ...


1

First of all, こんなに大変な仕事だとわかっていたら、断っただろう。 is a natural sentence. And, 断っていた/断った do not make much difference, in this particular case at least. That said, more microscopic analysis would show us some difference in nuance. 断った is focusing on the action of 断る, while 断っていた targets more on to the consequence of the action. If the core interest of the speaker ...


1

財布が落ちている refers to the current state of the wallet. The wallet fell in the past, and you are seeing its result now. 財布が落ちていた is relatively more complicated because it involves two different time points in the past. 財布が落ちていた refers to the state of the wallet in the past. It describes what the wallet was like at the time of a certain event in the past. When ...


1

The difference is the current state of the wallet. If the wallet is currently falling or in a certain location (on the floor, etc..) as a direct result of having fallen, you use 落ちている. If the wallet was falling in the past and has already been picked up/removed from the state that resulted from falling (or was removed from the state of falling by being ...


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