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1

You can use が and けど. You may know their basic meaning is "but", but they can also be used to give introductory/background information before diving into your main point. これはゲームですが、おもしろいですよ。 これはゲームですけど、おもしろいですよ。 This is a game, and it's fun. 明日【あした】は日曜日【にちようび】ですが、どこに行きたい【いきたい】ですか? 明日は日曜日ですけど、どこにいきたいですか? It's Sunday tomorrow, so where do you want ...


2

Yes it is possible. Perhaps it's not clear to you because you are using the formal form, ではありません, and that form cannot be used to modify nouns. If you were to change to the informal ではない or じゃない then things start to look rather like the i-adjective case, right? これは簡単{かんたん}じゃない問題{もんだい}です。 This is a problem which is not simple.


4

For: それ は おそくない くるま です。 the basic sentence is それは くるま です That is a car. But おそくない modifies くるま to give "that is a car which is not slow". For: それ は おそい くるま じゃ ありません。 the basic sentence is それは くるま じゃありません That is not a car But おそい modifies くるま to give "that is not a car which is slow". So the main difference is that in the first ...


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