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How can I distinguish the particle で from the て form of です?

Trying to look at it from a mechanical perspective: The reason there's potential for ambiguity is that だ (forget です for a moment, because we aren't at the end of the main clause) is a contraction of ...
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What is this ~れ verb form used in the middle of the sentence? Is it ~られて/~れて without the て?

It is a te-form of 包まれる = 包む + れる. To me, it is the same as 包まれて, but using 包まれ is more literary. Using te-form alone is called 連用中止法 (see this for example). Generally it gives a succinct impression. ...
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How can I distinguish the particle で from the て form of です?

In this simple sentence, this で is a particle, not the te-form of だ. There is no reason to parse it as a compound sentence that has two main clauses. To interpret it as the te-form of だ, you need to ...
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