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2

The answer to the first question is yes, て can be used to combine the conditions. As for the second, it does sound like a sequence, but it is by no means strict and "if AしてBしたら" is understood simply as "if A and B, then...". Two exapmles (with unnatural literal translation): お風呂に入って歯を磨いたら寝なさい If you take a bath and brush your teeth, then ...


6

I was wondering why there is a を there. I thought that if the first verb is intransitive, and if the second one is transitive you could put a を? Right. Here 土日 is the object of transitive 過ごす. Please refer to: How can verb て become an adverb? Can the を in ~を通して be replaced with は? From @naruto's answers in the pages above: the first verb before て ...


4

The core verb here is 過ごす【すごす】, which means "to pass or spend [a period of time]; to pass over something". This is the transitive form of 過ぎる【すぎる】, which means "to pass by; to surpass; to be excessive". As a transitive verb, 過ごす【すごす】 can take a direct object. In your sample sentence, this is 土日【どにち】 ("Saturday and Sunday"): ...


3

The た-form would be correct if the sentence ended there. 日本語をずっと前から勉強してきた。結局はやめた。 The compound verb 勉強してくる is used in its て-form to connect these two sentences into one, in one of the most basic functions of the て-form. 日本語をずっと前から勉強してきて、結局はやめた。 The sentence sounds a bit unnatural to me, though. I would probably use an adversative conjunction. ...


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