23 votes
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Why is a verb in the past (た形) contradicted with ~ていない?

@snailplane introduced this interesting article to me! 山下 好孝. テンスの「た」とアスペクトの「た」 (PDF) 初級日本語教科書では「~ましたか」の質問に対して,「~ていません」と答えるのを初級の学習者に導入する時は、「もう」と「まだ」を教える時である。(略) しかし、実際は、去年のことやもっと昔のことを開いても、「~ていません」「...
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17 votes
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What is it about ~まして?

Yes, it is the -て form of ます. But it's a little more restricted, so you need to be a bit careful. To be polite, you normally only need to use the です/ます form for the final verb. Any other verbs can be ...
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16 votes
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「捨ててしまう」Why are there two て’s used here?

The verb is 捨てる, so its て-form is 捨てて, hence the compound form Vて+しまう becomes 捨ててしまう. If it were the casual ちゃう instead of しまう that you were using, that starts from the て-form too, but also ...
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16 votes
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How do you join たる-adjectives?

Overview: Modern Japanese There is some brief discussion of these in the English Wikipedia, in the "taru adjectives" section of the "Adjectival noun" article here, and a bit more ...
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14 votes
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"Te-form" versus "masu-stem + して" (消しているうちに versus 消ししているうちに)

A (te-form) + は + B (masu-form) is a common pattern that describes someone repeatedly/habitually does B right after A as a paired action. See: 〜しては is this a grammar pattern? This set is often ...
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11 votes

て versus combining-form for joining clauses

The conjunctive form (aka pre-ます form) sounds more dry/learned/erudite/scholarly/formal. I hate all of those adjectives to describe it, but I think you know what I mean. It's of a higher register than ...
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  • 520
11 votes

して行{い}かない versus しないで行{い}く

The sentence A: A: 宿題をして行かない生徒が多いです。 This almost always means "There are many students who go to school without doing their homework." (ie, they go to school anyway) In English, "Don'...
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11 votes
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Why is there て form at the end of the sentence? 先生もいっしょにいらっしゃらないかなと思いまして

According to 明鏡国語辞典: て ㊁〘終助〙 ❷ 《「…でして」「…まして」「…してしまって」の形で》原因や理由、状況を示して釈明を表す。「お子様限定のサービスでして。」「電車が遅れまして。」「遅くなりまして。」「つい忘れちゃって。」 The て in your example is used to express a cause, reason or ...
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11 votes
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Differentiate a cause from a succession of terms in a sentence using ~くて / で

How do you know in English? The degree to which て/で represent causality versus things being simply sequential is ambiguous in nearly the same way that and is ambiguous in the same role in English. ...
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The meaning of a て-form verb at the end of this sentence

The te-form of the verb やる is やって. やれって is not a te-form but やれ (the imperative form of やる, which can conclude a sentence on its own) followed by って. This って is a colloquial version of quotative-と, ...
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9 votes
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て form and adverbial meaning

Yes it's adverbial in relation to the verb (predicate), but you can't say it's simply an adverb (you can't use a te-form verb alone as an adverb). The word 付帯状況 literally means "collateral ...
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9 votes
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-ています / present continuous form not used in habitual action

Using ている form for habitual actions, compared with the one without it, implies that the speaker is to some extent conscious of period that the habitual action continues for. In other words, ...
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9 votes
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Do I have a good grasp on the basics of what the continuative form is?

連用形 (usually translated as "continuative form") is one of "the basic 6 conjugation forms" of Japanese verbs/adjectives. For the ichidan verb 食べる, its 連用形 is 食べ. For godan verbs, many of them have two ...
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9 votes
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Connection between 〜い adjectives and 〜く verbs?

there is perhaps some historical connection between the く sound and い sound, either phonologically or semantically. I think the answer from blutorange addresses this. Maybe these two classes of ...
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9 votes
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Absence of て in お気をつけください

お気をつけください is a politer/more respectful way of saying 気をつけてください. It's the honorific 「お + noun form/連用形 + ください」 form. Examples: 「待ってください。」 "Please wait" (noun form/連用形 of 待つ is 待ち) → 「お+待ち+ください。」 「...
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8 votes
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Adverb followed by って

The standard form is おもしろくて仕方ない, where おもしろくて is used as an adjective (not adverb) in the て-form for connecting predicates. (て-form adjective) + 仕方ない or (たい-form verb in て-form) + 仕方ない is a ...
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8 votes
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して行{い}かない versus しないで行{い}く

If sentence A has a comma like: A: 宿題をして、行かない生徒が多いです。 B: 宿題をしないで行く生徒が多いです。 then Sjiveru is right. However, it doesn't have a comma, so they have the same meaning. They mean "There are many ...
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8 votes
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Confusing use of 減る

What decreases is the stock on hand. In other words, Maruko's mother is saying that, since people eat nori on so many occasions, one's supply runs out very quickly, and so one is happy to receive it. ...
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8 votes
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Verb te form + くれて

Why's she using the adverb 正しく instead of the verb 正す? does it comes from something like 正しいする? I think it's not just a simple use of adverb. I.e. you would not in this case parse 正しく+する to mean "...
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8 votes
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What does ワインを買っていくよ mean?

ワインを買っていく literally means "I'll buy wine and go". You'd say this to mean "I'll buy wine on my way to the place where you are (≂ I'll buy wine and bring it to the place where you are)&...
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8 votes
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What is this て-form at the end of a sentence: 「まったく可愛くねー起こし方しやがって!」

まったく可愛くねー 起こし方しやがって! In colloquial speech, the te-form of a verb at the end of a sentence can express 非難 (reproach/criticism/condemnation) or 不満 (complaint/dissatisfaction). Examples: 「太郎ったら、...
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What is the difference between ~してる and ~している?

してる is simply a colloquial contracted form of している, similarly one has してない contracted from していない. It is very common in spoken language, but ungrammatical in "proper" (school) grammar. This ...
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8 votes
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Possible explanation for the ている-form also being used as past tense?

There are a couple of things going on here, so let's try and tease them apart. "I haven't eaten yet" is not past tense in English. Past tense in English would be "I didn't eat." There is overlap ...
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  • 2,967
8 votes

て form of past negative sentence with ちゃう

ちゃう can be used in several completely different ways. Since you mentioned negation, I am certain you are entering the wild and wonderful world of the Osakan dialect. As standard Japanese: [Verb] + &...
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