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2
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94 views

From a Japanese PoV, what's the explanation of 「に」 particle corresponding to both western concepts of "to" and "in"

自由に歩いて。 人の中に心臓がある。 学校に行きます。 If I'm correct: Walk freely. (Walk in freedom) Inside a person there's a heart. I go to school. So, I'd want to understand why 「に」 covers both "to" and "...
2
votes
1answer
278 views

Correct grammar? 「僕は20歳大学生。」

僕は20歳大学生。 I feel that 20歳 is used as an adjective here. Is there any special conjugation?
2
votes
1answer
250 views

Difference between the following phrases

I was coming up with a phrase that means "don't look at me too much." in a very formal tone. I thought of many sentences but I don't know which one is the most correct one. 1) あまり見ないでくれ 2) ...
2
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0answers
103 views

Mixing 〜し and 〜ので in an explanation

In the Genki Chapter 13 reading section, an exchange student describes going to a restaurant with her host family and unwittingly eating turtle for the first time. Her host-father insists it is tasty. ...
2
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0answers
82 views

Mixing of non-past/past in narratives

In the ASK Graded Readers, which present beginner-appropriate short stories, there is a frequently occurring pattern of writing with ~ます during the 'setup' of the story, and then switching to 〜ました ...
2
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0answers
89 views

Interpreting the past tense of 形容動詞 / 形容詞 / adjectives

In Japanese 形容動詞 can be used as part of a noun phrase in the past tense (contrary to adjectives in English), e.g: 「綺麗だった花」 → "the beautifulpast flower" → "the flower that was beautiful" We can ...
2
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0answers
168 views

I'd like to say "We are as flowers" as in 'similar to' for a dorama title. Is 私たちは花のようです acceptable?

So I'm looking to make up some sort of J-dorama and am looking for a proper title. The story is irrelevant, just that the title is supposed to mean that 'we are like flowers', as in 'similar to', but ...
2
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0answers
55 views

Meaning of 果たせることが出来たなら

I'm looking for some assistance in understanding the second line in the below as I am not quite sure what 果たせる is referring to (I know what 果たす means in e.g. 目的を果たす). I am not sure if there is ...
2
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0answers
99 views

Does 外公役 mean public servant?

I am just translating the Japanese wikipedia chart of the servants in the Ooku of Edo Castle. I have been doing okay until I got to the omote-dzukai part. This is the original: 表使 (おもてづかい) 外公役。...
2
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0answers
120 views

Does 逆さまにする ever mean rotation on the Y-axis? a twist?

I've thought さかさま to mean to rotate 180" over the X-axis. In dictionaries, I see the definition "to invert, upside down; to flip" ok. But "to reverse, back to front" is also included in some ...
2
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0answers
208 views

を好き instead of が好き

I saw this dialogue in an anime; 柑菜{かんな} is a girl in love with 海{かい}, and a short before this happened visited 海's house. A knows of 柑菜 feelings, since there was a dialogue in which she kinda ...
2
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0answers
81 views

Using について with しつもんする

In my japanese textbook, for the word しつもんする it has the note "(s.t.について)" where s.t. means something. I tried creating a sentence based off of this note and I want to know if it makes sense: ...
2
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0answers
222 views

Difference between conjunctive forms: ~ます stem and ~て form

What's the difference between: 朝起きたら、まず顔を洗い、コーヒーを飲み、新聞を読みます。(ます-form) and 朝起きたら、まず顔を洗って、コーヒーを飲んで、新聞を読みます。(て-form) Both have the same meaning, but can I use this conjunctive ます stem with a ...
2
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0answers
123 views

Use of ございます to describe existence

Why in this dialog is「ございません」the appropriate answer? 「兄弟がありますか。」「いいえ。私は兄弟が(___)。 I understand that ございません would parallel あります in the first sentence, but shouldn't I use the polite form of iru to ...
2
votes
1answer
251 views

What is AはBにCに?

I've seen this construction a few times but couldn't find it in my textbooks, so I'd like to know how it's called and, if possible, how it works. Since it was pretty much unclear, here I add some ...
2
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0answers
71 views

Nuances and context of linking without 〜て / dropped 「て」in linked constructions

(Taken from ジョジョの奇妙な冒険6部: When Jotaro talks to Jolyne about who got her into prison.../ for those who do not know the series: The persons speaking to each other are father and daughter but have a ...
2
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0answers
182 views

What are the differences between うちに、間に、同時に, ながら & ついでに

These all generally mean whilst & during but I still (after ages of trying) make mistakes on where to use which one. For anyone who knows the ins-and-outs of these grammar points, please explain ...
2
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0answers
113 views

about the translation of this sentence

** 単語検索で聴取できる男声サンプルは,ます形など,共通語では無声化されるところを無声化せずに読んでいます。また,男女ともに,名詞の音声サンプルは提供していません。 ** My translation is :As for the the male sample that could be heard by the word search, masu form and common ...
2
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0answers
130 views

「生かんとする」 in a relative clause

These are part of the lyrics of the fifth ending theme of Hunter x Hunter (the 2011 animation). 朝{あさ}をむさぼり 夜{よる}を吐{は}き出{だ}し 生{い}かんとする 我{わ}が性{さが} It seems 「生かんとする」 means 「生きようとする」: 生く(archaic form of ...
2
votes
1answer
378 views

Does わかる carry more implication of assent or agreement than the English equivalents?

The dictionary definition of わかる is usually "to understand" or "to know." But in everyday life it's sometimes used by service staff in some of the same situations as the more ...
2
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0answers
115 views

Is 〜であるものか construction allowable?

In 新完全{しんかんぜん}マスター文法{ぶんぽう}N2 page xi the formation rules for 〜ものか are 普通形{ふつうけい}(ナ形{けい}だ-な・名{めい}だ-な)+ものか These rules seem to preclude the form 〜であるものか. There is also this note at the bottom of ...
2
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0answers
145 views

「~について説明する」と「~を説明する」は どう違いますか?

「~について説明する」と「~を説明する」は どう違いますか? 私はベトナム人ですので日本語で説明したら良かったです。英語で説明したらちょっと難しいですが頑張ります。よろしくお願いします。
2
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0answers
108 views

な vs の classes of nouns

Based on my understanding, it seems that "な-adjectives" and "nouns" both function as nouns in the grammatical sense with the exception that "な-adjectives" are linked to other nouns with な and "nouns" ...
2
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0answers
112 views

Reading of 大: だい or たい?

The おお reading is out of the scope of this question - it might be involved in the answer though I'm learning some vocabulary, and noticed that 大 was sometimes read だい, sometimes たい. The instance that ...
2
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0answers
171 views

Can someone explain to me how "としまして" is formed?

Could someone help me by explaining how this is formed? The question here refers to an answer to my question (second comment on answer), but I don't understand it: Could someone help with the ...
2
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0answers
94 views

Using ていく to express doing something deeply/longer/strongly and tense agreement with ていくうちに

While trying to understand how to use ていくうちに in this sentence: (from https://japanese.stackexchange.com/a/55251/17515) 子どもの頃から使っていくうちに、身についてきたものだからです。 (The て form) is something we master after ...
2
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0answers
174 views

Passive voice + ようにする

I came across with this problem: 彼女はその場を離れようとしなかった。 母親に手を引かれるようにしても、 何故かパイプ椅子から立ち上がろうとしなかった。? what would be the meaning of "ようにする"? My dictionary says: "ようにする. try to, make sure to" so with that ...
2
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0answers
109 views

Expressing “huh” tag?

How would you express this type of tag? For example: Lovers, huh? That’s what you think they are? Would って work? 恋人って?そうと思う?
2
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0answers
110 views

Particle を with てある

Which particle, が(は)or を、 is correct to use with てある? According to my textbook, が(は)should be used. For example, ヒーターがつけてあります。 But a native Japanese speaker has told me that he'd use を instead of ...
2
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0answers
131 views

explanation verbs form 座る 座って 座り

Hi may I ask for explanation of the following, I read here form verb 座る (sit) and polite form 掛ける for form Please sit down there is this forms 座る -> 座れ (very rude) -> 座って (better form) -> 座ってください (...
2
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0answers
87 views

Delimiting prenominal relative clauses

I encountered this sentence: 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・発展的に拡大する戦略を立案する Is there any way of knowing if this is 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・発展的に拡大する戦略を立案する or 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・...
2
votes
0answers
169 views

Why was I called 君?

I’m talking with someone on Tandem who I’ve never spoken to before and he immediately called me 君. He’s only 2 years older than me and I thought きみ was for relationships where there is a bigger age ...
2
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0answers
98 views

に or で in the sentence pattern "ニュース(に/で)、...という報道があった"

I made the following sentence: テレビ東京は、政治に関するニュースに、(中略)という報道があった However, a Japanese friend of mine advised that I should replace the particle に with で. I googled and found a similar sentence, and ...
2
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0answers
92 views

Is there a rule to determine whether or not 「に」 should be attached after 「まま 」?

In the example sentences of my textbook for the grammar 〜まま, it is used either with 「に」 (①) or without 「に」 (②,③): In the case of ②, I understand that 「に」 is not necessary as まま is not acting as an ...
2
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0answers
724 views

What's the difference between 限り(は) and 限りでは?

I understand that 限り(は) means that "as long as ", as in : 親である限り子供を第一に考えるべきです。 Moreover, I get that 限りでは means "from that area/information" the speaker draws a conclusion, as in this sentence: ...
2
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0answers
105 views

What does と言わんばかりの mean here?

I checked out the other と言わんばかり stuff here, but I don't understand this still. The translation I have is: "Wide step, and slower steps than at competitions. Both are movements that push you to the ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Why are voiced and unvoiced consonants both acceptable for the same word?

It's common enough to see two possible pronunciations of a word in Japanese. For example, take the word 容態 (meaning 'condition' or 'state'). According to 三省堂 スーパー大辞林, both ようたい and ようだい are ...
2
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0answers
143 views

How is では used under these contexts?

I'm trying to understand a specific uses of で + は particle, and I would like a more detailed explanation of how it's used. I referred to these 3 resources: デジタル大辞泉 Weblio コトバンク Namely, there are 2 ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

っていうことになったんですけど - meaning?

I had just received a somewhat rushed 'transliteration' of a 1 minute video. To me, Shigeru Miyamoto speaks in a way which is extremely difficult to understand. I am adding the full transcript just ...
2
votes
0answers
212 views

Difference でない and ではない

What's the difference between でない and ではない. I've read some websites. Some websites say that if I use only でない (in some case) it will be awkward. I currently know that this is a combination between ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

着 vs 衣 to refer to gi?

When would I use 着(ki) as opposed to 衣 (i) to refer to a karate gi (空手着 or 空手衣)? As I understand it, 着 refers to something you wear, literally being used as a noun for "suit of clothes" and being ...
2
votes
0answers
90 views

Does using the past tense make the conversation more polite?

I am wondering if the past tense is used sometimes to increase the level of politeness in a conversation which occurs in present form. For example: お待たせしました In that case, under which circumstances ...
2
votes
0answers
172 views

が in the expression "耳が聞こえない"

I tried to translate this phrase literally and came up with "(My) ears can't hear". Since the expression means "(I'm) deaf", this makes sense. However, I can't really get it to work grammatically, ...
2
votes
0answers
119 views

Is there an actual difference in meaning or nuance between 私達の世話をする and 私達を世話する?

I have seen this pattern where を is replaced by の in many sentences that use a する verb. I got used to this construction by exposure and it has started to look less clunky and more natural to me, but ...
2
votes
0answers
113 views

Word Order - は and が Particles

Today I learn that word order is not very strict in Japanese. You could change the order of noun phrases with no loss of meaning, as long as the correct particles are used. I've learned this with the ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

expressing opinion adding し at the end of adjective

I have two dialogues: かわい : 沖縄料理は 食べましたか。 ホセ : ええ、もちろんです。おいしいし、ヘルシーだし、つまも 私も 気に いりまた。 かわい : ホテルは よかったですか。 ホセ : ええ。へやは ひろくてあかるいし、へやから 海が みえたし、さいこうでした。 かわいさんの おすすめの ホテルに ...
2
votes
0answers
78 views

is there a hidden meaning to それとなく?

I got bumped in the term それとなく in these two sentences 1. だから今はそれとなく散々淡々と暮らしていて 2. 思い出して魚の眼 Oh Oh! それとなくキルミーして!Oh Oh! Jisho said indirectly; obliquely, but feels like it is not fit well to the ...
2
votes
0answers
95 views

Why is a verb before a 格助詞 called 連体形?

As I have known, 格助詞 is not 体言.That is what I cannot understand.
2
votes
0answers
278 views

What is the standard size of a kanji as written by a standard caligraphy brush

I recently acquired some brush pens meant for calligraphy, one of size 'standard', and one of size 'beginner'. While I cannot find the site where they were labeled as such, the lineup is here with ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

X (affirmative) より仕方がない and alternatives

I know that the usage of 仕方がない has been discussed here, but I had an additional question. If you say: X (affirmative) より仕方がない The translation as I understand it is that you have no other choice but ...

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