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1
vote
1answer
113 views

が vs は for intransitive verbs

In my textbook it says that to say: There is a good restaurant in this building. the translation is: このたてものにいいレストランがあります。 However, why is が used and not は? Would は be indicating a contrast (...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

What is the purpose of the が particle in this sentence?

友だちがきれいな花をくれました。 I have translated this as: Friend gave (me) beautiful flowers. I did not understand the usage of が , couldn't we have used は ? And in this case is my translation correct?
3
votes
3answers
139 views

Is there a rule for deciding if we should write こんばんは or 今晩は?

I always have problems deciding if I must write a word in hiragana or in kanji. For example, should I write こんばんは or 今晩は ? I know children would rather write in hiragana but what about for adults ? ...
6
votes
1answer
130 views

Can object in a compound sentence be ommited in order to avoid repetition?

ナイフでお肉を切ります、それからフォークで(お肉を)食べます。 Cut the meat with a knife, then eat the meat with a fork. I wondered whether the second (お肉を) could be omitted in order to avoid repetition. Is it totally acceptable ...
5
votes
1answer
346 views

How to ask if a connection/relationship exists between two things

I would like to ask if there is a connection or relationship between two different parts. For example, would this be an appropriate way of asking "Is there any connection between the two compilations/...
0
votes
0answers
134 views

Why is `お一人様の際は、こちらのテーブルをお使いいただけます` wrong?

In 新完全{しんかんぜん}マスター文法{ぶんぽう}N2 there is an exercise to choose the correct phrase to make the full sentence correct. (...)際{さい}は、こちらのテーブルをお使{つか}いいただけます。 a) お食事{しょくじ}の b) ご飯{はん}を食{た}べる c) お一人様{...
-4
votes
1answer
103 views

Opposite of 座ります [closed]

Is there an "opposite" of 座ります?
1
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1answer
107 views

Meaning and etymology of phrase or interjection いよっしゃあ?

Lately I have been watching a lot of streams and videos of Persona 5 The Royal, which has only released in Japanese. One character in that game very frequently exclaims "いよっしゃあ{LLHHHH}", "iyosshaa", ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Comparison of two Japanese Bible translations of Genesis 1:1

Japanese Contemporary Bible: まだ何もなかった時、神は天と地を造りました。 Shinkaiyaku Bible: はじめに神が天と地を創造された (The 2017 ed. of the Shinkaiyaku is not in the public domain, so the following is a screenshot from my ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Meaning of 万々が一

しかし、万々が一ポッターたちが関わっていたにせよ、あの連中が自分たちの近くにやってくるはずがない。 However, ??? even if it did concern the Potters, there was no reason to expect that that lot would turn up in their own neighbourhood. I haven't ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

Different stroke order in two similar kanji 戚 and 歴

According to some databases, (see 戚 vs 歴), the order of strokes of the upper part (厂) of the kanji 戚 is different from the same part in 歴. They may have been some historical reasons, but as they look ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

What is the meaning of kai/かい? [duplicate]

Here is the context it was used in: "また来たのかい?" What does かい mean here? Is it a suffix? Thank you in advance!
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Differences between 若者 and 若手

I just found the word 若手, and I'm not sure about its differences with 若者: according to these two answers, the former means "beginner", while the latter means "young people", but I found an example (...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

Does the sentence 『ボブは魚は好きだ』 make sense?

This question is essentially about the particle 「が」. I saw the example sentence 「ボブは魚が好きだ」 from the textbook. This is how I understand it: "As for Bob, Fish that is likable is. ---> Likebale fish ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Meaning of のもののこと

In the story I'm reading right now I found this sentence: 近年入社してくれる若い人間たちなどは、私の姿が自分たちとずいぶん違うことにも気がつかないようだ。異形のもののことを、あえて忖度しない、というよりも、気に留めようともしない、らしい I'm not sure about the meaning if のもののこと: should ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

How to type small hiragana/katakana, general 'keyboard tips' [migrated]

I recently picked up japanese and I struggle with the japanese typesetting. I can swith the keyboard from japanese to english, and I am new to that. How can I type a small つ for example? Or how can ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Earliest Examples of Literature Written with Katakana and Hiragana Online

So it turns out that the Kojiki was (at least to my findings) written in 100% Chinese script, no Japanese. This is because it was written around 700CE, around the time when Japanese script is thought ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Adopting a Japanese Name

すみません, I am trying to adopt a Japanese name. I have a Chinese name written as 吳虎威。 In modern standard Japanese orthography, it would be written as 呉 虎威. I understand that typically, Chinese names are ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

How can I say “even today” or “even now”?

I would like to say "even today" or "even now". I want to talk about Japanese culture and customs. Would it be something like: 今日まで日本の中でたくさんしゅうかんで、文化があります。 I want it so say something like "even ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

Meaning for 昔から大好きな親戚の姉さん

I sometimes hear 姉さん used as just another way of addressing an older woman but I don't understand the usage of 親戚の姉さん. 親戚(shinseki) is relative so does Shinseki no Nesan mean the literal older sister ...
2
votes
0answers
111 views

about the translation of this sentence

** 単語検索で聴取できる男声サンプルは,ます形など,共通語では無声化されるところを無声化せずに読んでいます。また,男女ともに,名詞の音声サンプルは提供していません。 ** My translation is :As for the the male sample that could be heard by the word search, masu form and common ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

What is the meaning of 何をどう?

Context: the narrative character is attempting to find a reason explaining his past behavior. あの時、何をどう考えて行動したんだろう? I understand the gist of the above sentence (as seen with my translation attempt ...
2
votes
1answer
236 views

Kanji identification (low res)

I am trying to read the text from a Nintendo DS game, but have encountered a kanji that's (at least for me) difficult to recognise because of the very low resolution of the screen: I have tried to ...
1
vote
2answers
114 views

What is the translation of this sentence?

ややきつめの目つきをしているものの根は奥手で純情な性格。 Is this right My translation is: even though here appearance looks serious she is still undeveloped at the core thus having an innocent personality ** ややきつめの目つき ** ...
0
votes
3answers
203 views

The redundance of 経緯

The following is from this article. 関電は日本の原子力事業の旗振り役となってきた経緯があり、この問題がもたらす影響は計り知れない。 I am not sure what value となってきた経緯があり brings to this sentence. Is it simply a more formal or poetic alternative ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

に usage in 「定めに抗う…」

I am having trouble understanding the usage of に in this particular context. I've attached a picture of the sentence「定めに抗い、変革を望む者…」. Here's another sentence where I think に is acting in the same way ...
4
votes
1answer
208 views

How was the Pacific Ocean named in Japan before Magellan?

The word 太平洋{たいへいよう} can be translated literally as "peaceful ocean" as somebody noticed in the question Oceans ー Thick or Big?. But, as far as I know, the name was invented by Ferdinand Magellan: ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

The meaning of 飲み友か或いはもっとより良い関係を結べるか

飲み友か或いはもっとより良い関係を結べるか That sentence is difficult. This is my interpretation: I wonder if being drinking friends is better or if it's better to have another (better) kind of relationship ... Am ...
9
votes
2answers
294 views

How do you thank somebody for doing two things in Keigo?

I often run into situations where I have to thank somebody for doing two things in business emails. The sentence would essentially be: “Thank for doing A and B.” I am thinking something around ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

「生かんとする」 in a relative clause

These are part of the lyrics of the fifth ending theme of Hunter x Hunter (the 2011 animation). 朝{あさ}をむさぼり 夜{よる}を吐{は}き出{だ}し 生{い}かんとする 我{わ}が性{さが} It seems 「生かんとする」 means 「生きようとする」: 生く(...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Why is the なら conditional being used here?

In one section of the JLPT N3 practice test the next is written 妹:「今日は友達と晩ご飯を食べてくるね。」 兄:「わかった。九時過ぎるようなら、迎えに行くから、電話しろよ。」 Why is a conditional being used here?
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Last Minute + Studying/Questions etc

In English "last minute" is a pretty common phrase, but I am having a hard time finding a parallel in Japanese. I want to say things like Any last minute questions? I am doing some last minute ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

pronunciation of 拗音

I have difficulty to pronounce (あ段, お段) 拗音, e.g., きゃ, きょ, ひゃ, ひょ correctly. My Japanese language teacher is a native Japanese. What she taught me is the same that I can find on the Internet. For ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

“On that note” in Japanese?

I was wondering if anyone knew what the equivalent of "on that note" in Japanese would be.
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Who is the object and subject in this passive sentence?

I came along a conversation between two characters that have a sort of rivals-to-lovers relationship. There's only two lines of dialogue, but I can't place the meaning. Person 1: 僕に愛される気あんの? ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

里でもコイツに言う事を聞かせられるヤツ grammar

とにかくやたら気の強い女でしてね、里でもコイツに言う事を聞かせられるヤツは誰もいないぐらいの跳ねっ返りで lost the context for this but, i almost feel like 事を聞かせられる is potential rather than causative passive, "no one can make her do what is told" ...
0
votes
1answer
133 views

Compound word ending with an adjective stem (形容詞語幹) and used as a noun or a na-adjective

The word 大忙{おおいそが}し is classified as a noun or a na-adjective. If I analyze it correctly, the word 大忙し consists of the prefix (接頭語) "大" and the i-adjective stem of "忙しい." In addition, there is no ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

How do I remember a Kanji with more than two readings and when to use them [duplicate]

I'm currently studying Kanji using a flashcard app on my computer. I do know that there are two readings for each character, On and Kun. What I don't understand, is when a Kanji has more than two ...
2
votes
2answers
288 views

What is the etymology of 迷信?

I was curious to see that the word for "superstition", 迷信{めいしん} contains a character meaning lost, perplexed, or astray. Given that Japan and China both have a history of religious belief, I found the ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

Does わかる carry more implication of assent or agreement than the English equivalents?

The dictionary definition of わかる is usually "to understand" or "to know." But in everyday life it's sometimes used by service staff in some of the same situations as the more formal かしこまる, e.g. "to ...
3
votes
2answers
243 views

Does 日本茶 ''mean'' green tea?

I was having a discussion with a Japanese friend and she said that the word 日本茶 ''means'' green tea. I have put the word ''means'' in brackets for emphasis. I replied that surely 日本茶 means Japanese ...
0
votes
3answers
228 views

If it's okay to remove the punctuation in a modern text format of Kojiki (古事記)

The original version of the Kojiki looks like it has no punctuation whatsoever. I found a more recent text version of Kojiki online though, which has all kinds of punctuation and formatting. It has ...
6
votes
2answers
237 views

Should I include my step-siblings as 兄弟?

If I'm asked, "兄弟がいますか。" and my only siblings are a younger step brother and younger step sister, should/can I respond "はい、いもうととおとうとがいます。"? Do I need to specify but still answer in the affirmative? Or ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Help understanding this sentence about why some shrines remove their bells at busy times e.g. 正月

The character is explaining why some shrines remove their bell at times where many people gather at the shrine e.g. 正月. However I do not understand what he is saying. 大人数で引っ張ると、落としちゃうやつとか出てきて危ないからな ...
15
votes
3answers
4k views

Does the on'yomi of 輪 (リン) have any relation to the English “ring”, or is it a coincidence?

Is there an etymological connection between 輪{リン} as in 車輪{しゃりん} and "ring" in English? Or is this a false cognate?
1
vote
2answers
176 views

how can I say ''I post about Japanese history, mythology and culture'' properly?

I have been learning Japanese for almost a year. However, I still have some hardship on writing something in Japanese... Would it be okay If I put it like this: 日本の歴史,文化と神話について投稿する. It doesn't ...
0
votes
1answer
184 views

What is the difference between 描【か】く and 描【えが】く?

I believe the two forms of to draw are 描{か}く and 描{えが}き. What are the differences between them? Which one is used more commonly?
0
votes
1answer
120 views

How does がんだとわかった work in this sentence?

I grabbed this sentence off NHK news easy, https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10012139481000/k10012139481000.html . The sentence is, 国立成育医療研究センターと国立がん研究センターは、2016年と2017年,...
3
votes
2answers
623 views

What is mostly used on signs in Tokyo: Katakana, Hiragana or Kanji?

I am going to travel to japan the next spring and I just want to be able to read most of the signs (and of course speak some Japanese). Any answers on what is the most common to use on signs: Katakana,...
2
votes
0answers
90 views

Why do the names of some Japanese prefectures contain 『しま』when, clearly, they are not island prefectures? [duplicate]

Why do the names of some Japanese prefectures contain 『しま』when, clearly, they are not island prefectures? For example, 広島 means "spacious/vast island," doesn't it? However, Hiroshima is not an island....

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