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Is で in 「...でおねがいします」 the "te form" of だ, or "circumstances" で particle?

For orders & requests, I notice Japanese natives often add で after the thing they want. Here's a real-life example: 客:「この桜抹茶ラッテをひとつ、お願いします。」 (Customer: I'll have one of these sakura maccha lattes ...
Hikonyan's user avatar
  • 2,108
1 vote
2 answers
99 views

Usage of だろうと in this sentence?

その態度を見ると分かってるみたいだけど彼の許可なくあんな言ったら当事者だろうとアウティング同然だぞ So I understand the sentence is akin to "it looks like, after you saw the current state, you understand it, however if you say those things ...
Bluegate's user avatar
  • 1,061
3 votes
1 answer
214 views

Parsing usage of 方

The following is from a scholarly book describing old Jerusalem in the context of the modern geo-political world. The bolded part stands out for me. 市街は、古い巨大な城壁にかこまれています。城壁は[方千]{ほうせん}メートルたらず。 ...
A.Ellett's user avatar
  • 9,940
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

回{まわ}り as a counter for 12 years?

In Ryuu ga Gotoku 8 (aka Like a Dragon Infinite Wealth), when asked about getting with a younger lady, a character says the line "[彼女{かのじょ}]下手{へた}すりゃふた回{まわ}りも年下{としした}だぞ" ("at worst, [...
chausies's user avatar
  • 1,701
1 vote
2 answers
174 views

Understanding そりゃ起きてはいるだろうけど

A guy plans to invite a girl to a date but she is busy at work. He texted her, asking when she will be back. She replied that she will be back around 11pm. He thought 23...結構遅いな、...
John Davies's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
76 views

Is 「してはならないとさしとめる」 a double negative?

In a Japanese dictionary entry for 禁止, I recently came across: してはならないとさしとめること してはならない: Literally this means "as little as (は) doing (して), doesn't become (ならない)". More idiomatically: &...
George's user avatar
  • 2,782
3 votes
1 answer
162 views

Sentence parsing problem

A sentence describing a troll from Harry Potter: 背が四メーテルもあり、墓石のような鈍い灰色の肌、岩石のようにゴツゴツのずんぐりした巨体、ハゲた頭は小さく、ココナッツがちょこんと載っているようだ。(Japanese TL) Twelve feet tall, its skin was a dull, granite grey, its great ...
user3856370's user avatar
  • 29.9k
1 vote
1 answer
73 views

Kanji radical positioning

I have a tea cup with kanjis of sea creatures printed on them, mostly fish. Each of those around 50 names has the kanji for fish on the left, and then other radicals on the right. Except for one (). ...
Volker Gröller 's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
200 views

Meaning of the expression るわけ

I stumbled upon the following sentence: ねてるわけなんですけども As I understand it, ねて means the fact/means of sleeping, and the ending ~なんですけども is short for ~なんですけれども and here is a polite way of making an ...
Simon Pauget's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
117 views

When we say "Ms. Ono is married to Mr. Mori", which sentence is correct?

When we say "Ms. Ono is married to Mr. Mori", which sentence is correct? "小野さんは森さんと結婚した" or "小野さんと森さんは結婚した"? How to say "Ono and Mori are both married"?
デイジー's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
328 views

How does one pronounce "11.53 cups"?

I am uncertain how to handle the combination of the fraction, counter, and rendaku. Is it じゅういっぱいてんごじゅうさん or maybe じゅういちてんごじゅうさんばい? It occurred in this sentence here: 全日本【ぜんにほん】コーヒー協会【きょうかい】の2020年【...
Ned Reif's user avatar
  • 1,926
0 votes
1 answer
95 views

Kanji with rearranged components but with different meaning

There are numerous 異体字 where the relation between the two characters is just a different arrangement of all the parts. For instance 裏/裡, 群/羣, 胸/胷, 棋/棊... Are there instances where a simple re-...
epistularum's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
130 views

Can you use が instead of は in sentences like this? 一番好きな食べ物がりんごです

I am currently trying to understand the difference between は and が in Japanese. As far as I have learnt, が and は can both be used after subjects, but は can shed a spotlight on the topic of the ...
Ruo Su's user avatar
  • 59
0 votes
4 answers
201 views

お疲れー: What are the actual nuances of it?

I understand お疲れー is something you say in a JP company when you leave for work, etc. However, I'm confused because I saw it used in other context? When someone get home which I think means "...
Bluegate's user avatar
  • 1,061
0 votes
2 answers
101 views

Usage of ずつ片す in this sentence

7時半 各方面に連絡も済ませたし 見積書も作り直した あとは返事来たやつから1個ずつ片すだけ Context: an office worker just finished setting his business and it's early in the morning, after he pulled an all-nighter. This dialog is all said ...
Kawase_K's user avatar
  • 789
1 vote
1 answer
94 views

This particular usage of くらい

サービスはフルコースだから、時間が足りないくらいだけど What is the function of this “〜くらい” here? Is it similar to “〜だけ” in the same place and does the sentence mean “There just isn't enough time though.” or is there something ...
Zorf's user avatar
  • 911
0 votes
1 answer
86 views

Regarding the tense of the verbs in the ついでに grammar

I have a doubt regarding the tense of the verbs in the ついでに grammar pattern for the two clauses. Consider the following sentences- 一時帰国したついでに、アメリカでは買えない物を買います。 N3のテキストを買うついでに、漫画も買ってしまった。 I saw a rule ...
Ananya's user avatar
  • 31
0 votes
1 answer
106 views

The difference between 学校に勉強します and 学校で勉強します

I'm trying to understand the difference between に and で as particles in the following example: 学校に勉強します。 学校で勉強します。 What are the nuances between these two expressions? Any help or explanation is very ...
Ruo Su's user avatar
  • 59
6 votes
1 answer
184 views

動作の完成を表す言葉について、

この質問はこちらからの追加質問です。 日本語を勉強し始めた頃から、たくさんの文章を読んだり動画を見たりしまして、若干の動作の終わりを表現する語を知ってますが、その使い分け、特に、日本人が脳内で感じれる単語の違いは分かりません。 例えば、水などの液体を全て飲んだら、いくつかの表現があります: 飲み切った 飲み果たした 飲み尽くした 飲んでしまった 飲み終わった ...
dvx2718's user avatar
  • 3,094
1 vote
0 answers
126 views

How to use the たり form? [closed]

Does たり have any other meanings or translations than "I do things like…and …"?
Dee's user avatar
  • 103
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

What sibling terms do twins use towards each other?

If two Japanese siblings are twins, do they still use the standard "older-then or younger-than" sibling terms for each other (お兄さん/弟, お姉さん/妹), basing it on whichever twin came into existence ...
Hikonyan's user avatar
  • 2,108
2 votes
2 answers
149 views

Why is ちゃう used in this sentence?

The character is meeting his friend's boyfriend and says this どんな子か気になっていたけれど、かおりの事本当に大好きなんだね Then he also thinks 守っちゃって可愛い My reading would be "his protectiveness (of her) is cute. But why is ...
Bluegate's user avatar
  • 1,061
0 votes
1 answer
175 views

What's the difference between 尽くす and 果たす

What's the difference between 尽くす and 果たす? I thought that both meant "to do something until the very end" or "to use until exhaustion" but when would you use one over the other?
SIREN's user avatar
  • 305
4 votes
1 answer
401 views

What is the reading of "toy store"?

There seem to be various readings for toy store. Do they have different meanings? Are they regionalisms? 玩具店【おもちゃてん】 玩具店【おもちゃみせ】 玩具屋【おもちゃや】 玩具屋【がんぐや】 玩具店【がんぐてん】 I came across it in this sentence in ...
Ned Reif's user avatar
  • 1,926
0 votes
1 answer
198 views

JLPT kanji font? [closed]

What is the font used in the JLPT? This is particularly helpful for the 100,000s of students who write the JLPT every year as different fonts can have wide variation, and as kanji font has been shown ...
arturomp's user avatar
  • 123
2 votes
2 answers
317 views

大葉 vs 紫蘇 for shiso leaf

What is the difference in usage between 大葉(おおば) and 紫蘇(しそ)? Are there any implications or nuances in the usage of either? I've seen more 大葉 in the supermarket.
arturomp's user avatar
  • 123
1 vote
1 answer
176 views

Why is the kunyomi reading commonly used for 4 and 7, but not other numbers?

It's interesting that the numbers 4 and 7 are often read using with kunyomi (よん, なな), even in many cases where the other numbers (1,2,3,5,6,8,9,10) would be read with onyomi. For example, 34 is read ...
Aqualone's user avatar
  • 209
4 votes
1 answer
215 views

Difference between 口にする and 言う

Both of them means "to say" but when is the best time to use each of them?
phoenixWright's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
1k views

Writing a Japanese name: Hiragana or Katakana

I'm writing to my Japanese friend, but I don't know the Kanji for her name. Should I use hiragana or katakana for her name when writing to her?
ロバート's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
215 views

Why is のにと used here?

あんなに思い合ったのにと悲しくて、 何度も約束したのにと悔しくて、 込み上げてきた涙で視界がじわりと滲んだ。 I understand the use of "のに" as "despite" however what function does と add in this sentence?
Bluegate's user avatar
  • 1,061
0 votes
1 answer
120 views

で particle following い-adjective

A sentence from 「ぼっち・ざ・らじお!」episode 19, where the host 青山吉能さん thanks the audience for nominating their show in four categories for a radio show awards show. She then says: ...
whatyouexpect's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
196 views

How does the negative work in this sentence: 家は綺麗じゃないではありません。

I tried to use several language translation websites and they all gave me different results. Some say "家は綺麗じゃないではありません” means 'the house is not clean', but some say "家は綺麗じゃないではありません” means ...
Ruo Su's user avatar
  • 59
0 votes
1 answer
69 views

Particle selection

I’m learning a Japanese and one of tasks was to pick a particle to the following question: 彼女___泣かれて 、 私は困ってしまった The translation given in the app is “She cried and I worried”. The app says the ...
user1767312's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
40 views

How can I accurately convey conditional statements using the various conditional forms like 〜たら, 〜なら, and 〜えば? [duplicate]

I often find myself hesitating when choosing between these forms in conversations or when writing. I've noticed that native speakers use these forms differently based on the context, and I'd like to ...
Carol Wong's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
651 views

Can 男の子 refer to an 18-year-old?

Can 男の子 be used to refer to a young adult male? The character they are referring to is 18-19 years old. Two others characters, who are 18, are also referred to as 男 (adult male). Does it just ...
Zain Alleck's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
147 views

Why does 本仕込 contain rendaku but 本絞り does not?

Both words 本仕込 (ほんじこみ)and 本絞り(ほんしぼり contain the prefix ほん - the root words are しこみ and しぼり. They are morphologically similar nouns, so I am wondering whether this specific instance of rendaku is ...
kandyman's user avatar
  • 11.6k
4 votes
2 answers
605 views

Why is たい used here?

赤の見出し語の右上の赤色の数字 身につけたい学年 It's the explanation for the red numbers used in my dictionary. Who wants? Why isn't it just 身につける学年?
Haragurodanshi's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
134 views

The Meaning of "百万ボルト" in Doraemon Comic Strip

I was trying to translate something, and I came across this phrase: 幼女の瞳は百万ボルト ..."A young girl's pupils are 1,000,000 volts"? (That is right, correct? 100*10,000...) Anyways, this made no ...
BigRigz's user avatar
  • 363
1 vote
1 answer
92 views

Understanding 尺換算15秒

From Oshi no ko. ch. 137, a movie director gives thought about what happened in a brief 15 second ad lib scene: I am not sure what meaning the prefix 尺換算 add to 15秒. I understand that 尺 is a unit of ...
John Davies's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
189 views

Advice on how to learn the pronunciation of new words and understanding pitch

I taught myself hiragana and katakana and I am starting to learn some grammar, and vocabulary in context for the grammar.Just some phrases, loose words and maybe some very simple sentences with those ...
some_math_guy's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
173 views

Japanese usage or context of the word hakarigoto 謀 [はかりごと] ? Does it have a negative connotation?

what is the Japanese usage or context of the word hakarigoto 謀 [はかりごと] ? Does it have a negative connotation ? Thank you.
keikaku's user avatar
  • 23
3 votes
1 answer
234 views

するとしても・したとしても difference

For now, I think するとしても implies that even if you do... or will do (the actions have not been performed yet) and したとしても implies even if you did... (actions that already occurred and something in the ...
Kyuu's user avatar
  • 555
5 votes
1 answer
419 views

What meaning does 覚え have in ~る覚えはない?

In a novel, this character speaking feels as if she's been betrayed by someone. The protagonist then tries to calm her down by coming up with a possible reason for why the person who betrayed her ...
chanmida's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
199 views

Difference between 上旬 and 初旬

According to the dictionary, both 上旬 and 初旬 mean "the first ten days of the month approximately". I was wondering if there was some kind of nuance between the two or if there were strictly ...
Agam Wakas's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
94 views

Confused about っていうのが and っていうのも

So far, my understanding is that these two expressions are a contracted form of というのは, whose common application is to explain the meaning of something. In a JLPT listening video, I heard this: M: ...
statsnoobj101's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
541 views

Does 買える imply affordability or availability of supply?

For example, 車が買えると思います。 Does it imply that “[I] can afford a car”, or “there are cars available on the market”, or is this context dependent (as many things are in Japanese). If it is context ...
Meowmere's user avatar
  • 123
1 vote
1 answer
155 views

What's the reason for 一歩 changing pitch in this sentence?

So the word 一歩 is Atamadaka but becomes Heiban in the sentence 「一歩も動けず」 Is there anybody with experience and study into pitch accent that can explain what's going on here? I'm also in Dogen's Patreon, ...
ItsCheif's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
285 views

Can 財布を無くしました be interpreted as 無くする instead of 無くす?

There's a flashcard from Japanese Level Up for 無くする that I believe has an error: 無くする どこかで財布を無くしました。 I think the key word should be 無くす and not 無くする, because it's the much more common variant and ...
landonepps's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
141 views

What is the meaning of たくない ?

食べない is I don't eat, 食べたくない is I don't want to eat. So, たくない is don't want to where たく is the 連用形/Conjunctive of たい (the desire) + ない? Is this correct?
KK118's user avatar
  • 11
4 votes
1 answer
499 views

Meaning of てやる in 忘れてやらない

Yes this the title of a song from Bocchi the Rock ("Never Forget"). Before learning about what てやる meant (I now do) it confused me, but even now the title still confuses me. I assume this ...
whatyouexpect's user avatar

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