All Questions

11
votes
0answers
764 views

Iterative / repetitive る evolving from classical 連体形【れんたいけい】

This is somewhat related to the discussion of classical auxiliary verb ふ, mentioned in the answer to snailboat's question, What is the わ in 忌まわしい and 嘆かわしい?. Another apparent iterative / repetitive ...
8
votes
0answers
271 views

Understanding difficult handwriting/calligraphy

I'm having trouble deciphering this handwriting. So far, I can definitely tell that the first column says 参拾弐 in 大事, and the fourth column says 手本. Really struggling with column two and some of column ...
6
votes
0answers
94 views

Are there more terms similar to 上京 or 来阪 for going to Japanese cities?

I've seen that 上京する "going to Tokyo", 来阪する "going to Osaka" are used to refer to visiting these cities. What other terms are in use for visiting other cities? Which of them are commonly understood?
5
votes
0answers
66 views

I need help with those sentences: 「~と思われる」「~ように思われる」

日本語を習う時はローマ字を使わない方が良いと思われる。 日本の将来の見込みは暗いように思われる。 彼は金持ちであるように思われる。 Why does the first one use と and the second and third one use ように?
5
votes
0answers
173 views

Long & complicated verb forms? ( Vstem-causitive-passive-aspect-desiderative-NEG-tense ) 行かせられ続け得たくなかった (?)

Many of the Jp-related posts in the [Lingustics] SE are very advanced. For example ---- https://linguistics.stackexchange.com/questions/2319/what-is-the-maximum-number-of-forms-a-modern-...
4
votes
0answers
116 views

How to politely and indirectly tell someone they forgot to do something?

Let's say someone who's above me, like a teacher or a boss, forgot to do something. How would I notify them without being rude? I only know the basic "~するのを忘れました"(though I'm not even sure if that's ...
4
votes
0answers
74 views

How did the on-readings with -チ appear?

This is what I know. 1) Unlike, say, -p, the final -t of Chinese readings was maintained in careful speech at least as long as the Christian resources of the XVIth century (Frellesvig 2010: 316-7). ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

What does には mean in this case?

The sentence in question: 休日の繁華街は平和な賑わいに満ちていた。道行く人々の笑顔は眩しく、街灯はどこまでも明るく、一足早いクリスマス模様のショウウィンドウには、まるで世界中の幸せを寄せ集めて詰め込んだように華やかだった。 I would normally think of には following after something like ショウウィンドウ to ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

Translating “(action X) as (event Y)” - what grammatical structure fits best?

I'm a relative beginner to Japanese. I was trying to translate some song lyrics, and I got stuck badly on "shows fear as he turns to hide". If you don't know the song, we are told of one man on a ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Trouble ないで vs なくて

In this answer it is said that the usage of なくて is narrower than ないで(ないで can always replace なくて according to the logic explained and is ambiguous because of that) But in this question, the answer ...
3
votes
0answers
227 views

Word lists/sources for pitch accent in Middle Japanese

Is there anywhere I can find a list of words and what their reconstructed pitches were in Middle Japanese? Or especially what words we have tone dot information on (with a preference for the oldest ...
3
votes
0answers
208 views

The て form, the と and もの constructions: gerund, participle, transgressive, or verbal noun?

As far as I understand, among the constructions (て-form verb), (て-form verb)いる, (finite verb)こと, (finite verb)の, (verb phrase)と, (finite verb)もの the form (2) unambiguously functions as a finite verb ...
3
votes
0answers
110 views

Phonetic Mapping of the Hiragana System Used in the Okinawan Omoro Sōshi

The classical Okinawan poetry collection the Omoro Sōshi is written (mostly) in Hiragana, but the phonetic mapping of the characters to sounds seems to be different to their standard mapping. For ...
3
votes
0answers
119 views

What does conditional たら add to 未然形+う+とする?

Do the following sentences differ in meaning? I understand that conditional たら adds the meaning of simultaneous action, but does the meaning of the sentence really change without たら? 寝ようとした、...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

X (affirmative) より仕方がない and alternatives

I know that the usage of 仕方がない has been discussed here, but I had an additional question. If you say: X (affirmative) より仕方がない The translation as I understand it is that you have no other choice ...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

Why is “でしょう” the norm in weather forecasts?

In weather forecasts on the radio or on TV, I frequently notice the announcers suddenly starting to add "でしょう" to almost all their sentences. Now I know this is used to indicate uncertainty, which ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Usage of だけ and しか

I've been wondering about the different usages of しか and だけ. I understand that the first one emphasizes the feelings of the speaker, negatively or positively. だけ is usually used with a positive verb (...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

How do I determine if an indefinite pronoun requires a particle?

I've been trying to determine if there is a rule for when indefinite pronouns (何か, だれでも、 etc.) require a particle. It seems like if the required particle is を or が, it gets "absorbed" into the ...
2
votes
0answers
97 views

How would you describe both “XX is the furthest I have traveled” and “XX is my favorite place?”

Now actually I already wrote both of these lines as so: カナダは私の家族が一番遠い場所でした。 and マクドナルドは私の場所一番好きです。 I want to say Canada is the furthest my family has traveled and McDonalds is my favorite ...
2
votes
0answers
76 views

I dont know what “old” to use

Consider these sentences: とし を とっている toshi wo totteiru means 'old', and その だんせい は おとしより です。 sono dansei wa otoshiyori desu. means 'The man is old.' The website I'm learning Japanese on gave ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Usage of the Particle で alone and with は

I understand what the particle で does as far as describing how or where an action took place. But I notice that I run into で many other times where it seems to have a different function. Could ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Meaning of とし in this sentence

Aが出たとし、B。 (This is what the speaker is telling to another person on the phone) Where A is an event that already happend (let's say an accident), and B means something like "I'll send you more info on ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Adjective-Nominalization さの vs normal usage with な

I try reading a Japanese book for the first time and I have some trouble with the sentence: たったひとりとはいえ、その自分を惨めさの道連れにした。 I think I somewhat get the meaning of it, but I am confused why 惨め is ...
2
votes
0answers
87 views

What common words are written one way - but almost always pronounced a different way? (eg. 言う is generally spoken as 「ゆう」)

I am aware that [行く]{いく} is sometimes read 「ゆく」 but I do not think it is mostly read as 「ゆく」except in combinations. 例えば、行く手・行く先・行く春. Whereas I almost never hear 言う as いう. These are the only two ...
2
votes
0answers
110 views

Why are the South China Sea and East China Sea still referred to as “南シナ海 ” and “東シナ海” when “シナ” is considered derogatory when referring to China?

If China is usually referred to as [中国]{ちゅうごく}, then why do the names for the seas still use the old Japanese name? Is there a reason?
2
votes
0answers
95 views

Grammar correction: Death Note theme deconstruction

I'm currently watching Death Note and decided to interpret the opening theme. However, I'm unsure about my interpretation. I don't know what I don't know, so please either correct my mistakes or tell ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

What type of space should be before 第?

When writing the title of a book name together with the volume number, what type of space (if any) is usually used? (The context is the listing on a website.) \u20: そらのおとしもの 第01巻 or \u3000: ...
2
votes
0answers
120 views

Allophones: /e/ as [j] , /kj/ as [k͡xj]?

I noticed a few pronounciations which surprised me. https://youtu.be/MQmJYGBpBXM?t=20m8s In this clip, and in a lot of other movies, 返して, /kaeɕ.te/ sounds like [kaɪ̯ɕ.te] to me. Is there a rule?: /e/...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Searching for idiom frequency list

I am looking for a list of the most common idioms in Japanese, and ideally I want the list to be frequency-based. In other words, it should be based on a large corpus.
2
votes
0answers
146 views

Use of なら in this context - Concerning?

I was trying to translate this song but the first couple of lines didn't make much sense to me. There seem to be a lot of inferred particles or something, because there seem to be a bunch of ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

What is the archaic version of the verb conjugation しても?

What is the archaic version of the verb conjugation しても?
2
votes
0answers
270 views

Meaning of やら in this sentence

I'm not sure how to interpret やら in this line: そしてランディ・オートン、ジョン・シナと、同じ時代を戦ってきた人間としてやらなきゃいけないなと思ってますけど   From this paragraph: 「真っ先にAJというのもありますし。お互い新しい成長もあるだろうし。そしてランディ・オートン、ジョン・シナと、...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Why can「うんざり」be used directly preceding「だ」/「です」?

I recently came across 「うんざり」(which dictionaries describe as an "adverb" and "する-verb"), and cannot figure out why it works in sentences where it directly precedes 「だ」/「です」. An example is: 「...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

How to express future times?

I'm a little confused on how exactly I would say "I'm going to Japan in 2 months." I don't want to make it seem like I'm saying "I'm going to Japan for 2 months" What would be the difference between ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

なんてね interpretation

So we have the following situation. There is persons A, B and C. Long ago A and B were friends when according to A B suddenly betrayed her. Now A has been using C for a long while pretending to be a ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Meaning of 首を傾げてしまいたくなる

Evernoteにはかつての輝きが薄れ始め、100年企業を謳っているけど、それは本当に可能なのか??と首を傾げてしまいたくなるような停滞ぶりです is it I want this to leave me confused? It doesn't make sense It's from this text: 情報管理LOGの@yoshinonです。 私が、...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Nominalisation with の and こと and listing with の中で

の and こと are used to transform verbs (or sentences ended in verbs) in nouns (e.g. 氷菓をたべるのが好きです). However, I cannot understand what are the differences between the two, if any. Example -> ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

Is wrapping punctuation to a new line ok?

I am adding support for Japanese to a PDF generation tool and I noticed that punctuation is sometimes wrapped to a new line. I don't know enough about the Japanese language to know if this is okay or ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Difference between また今度 and 今度また

I've seen this while studying japanese from the JALUP method, is there a concrete difference between また今度 and 今度また Thank you!!!
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Blue Hearts song - 英雄にあこがれ - underlying meanings?

Hi japanese language enthusiasts and Blue hearts fans! 英雄にあこがれ seems to have another quite obviously dark urban theme "惜しまれながら死んでゆく…月曜の朝の朝礼で手首をかき切った"... , so it seems some kind of irony and ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Questions about possession phrases

I'm asking here since I didn't manage to find a definitive answer to my questions. 1. When should I use には and when は? The only thing I managed to find online is that は is used when a quantity is ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

What is the difference between 愛しい【いとしい】 and 愛おしい【いとおしい】?

What is the difference between 愛しい and 愛おしい? If possible, can you give me some example sentences? Thank you.
1
vote
0answers
82 views

I need help with a Japanese Haiku

I need to know if this follows the rules of a traditional Japanese haiku as well as if it's any good. My Japanese is still very much at a beginning level but it's very important to me that this haiku ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Difference between 防衛相, 防衛大臣 and 国防相

Reading a NHK NEWS article, I stumbled over three different expressions for minister of defence. Is there a difference between 防衛相, 防衛大臣 and 国防相?
1
vote
0answers
60 views

How do you say 'sentence'.

I searched jisho and they gave me 句 and 文. Bun seems way too generic and has so many other meanings that I'm not sure people will understand it. So is 句, a one-worded syllabus which also seems to mean ...
1
vote
0answers
90 views

始める vs 出す vs になる

Elementary grammar books cover the difference between '赤ちゃんは歩き始めた' and '赤ちゃんは歩き出した'. However, there seem to be one more grammatically correct way to say 'to begin doing something', namely Vstem+になる. I ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

What purpose does に serve in set phrases that go after verbs?

~するに決まっている ~するに留まった ~するにして・にしろ・にしては,etc other than this usage you don't see に after verbs. The entire に___ is explained as grammar point as a whole. Thank you
1
vote
0answers
94 views

What is the meaning of はった when modifying a noun?

I found the following sample sentence in an Anki deck: 食い意地のはった少年は料理を全部たいらげた。 The greedy little child ate all the food. I am wondering what the function of はった is here. The meaning of the ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

Is にとって often shortened to に in spoken, colloquial Japanese?

For example, 「昼ごはんに寄せ鍋を食べた」or 「私に(は)辛すぎる」, in both cases meaning "for".
1
vote
0answers
88 views

How to learn proper Japanese handwriting

I know the stroke order of kanji and the kana, I can write them. But Japanese handwriting is a lot different from our templates or RTK kanji. They look different (like the special "そ"), but also with ...

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