All Questions

2
votes
0answers
46 views

け as a contraction of 来い [duplicate]

I’d like to confirm my theory that 来い at the end of a sentence can be colloquially contracted to け. I met this sentence in a comics: 置いてけ。 A meaning “Leave it here!” would be very appropriate ...
4
votes
3answers
811 views

What does なら mean in this sentence? I don't understand

I just got genki 2 and I don't understand what it means about なら. I heard it meant "if" from Tae Kim but it says A statement of the form "noun A なら predicate X" says that the predicate X applies ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

When using a -te form in keigo, does one change both the verb and the auxiliary?

For instance, does one use 召し上がって いらっしゃる and いただいて おる? With iku and kuru, does it matter whether they retain their movement meaning (written in kanji) or not (written in hiragana)?
5
votes
1answer
174 views

What is the etymology of Honshū (本州)?

Honshū is the main island in Japan (so it could be called something like 大州 or 広州). But it is also common in cosmogonies to say the gods created our land first and foremost, and the rest of the planet ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

しか[subject]がない meaning

I got the following sentence from Atashin'chi manga: それだけしかオカズがない, meaning "there's only this on the okazu" (Literally: "Without this, the okazu doesn't exist) Can I create a similar sentence trying ...
7
votes
2answers
285 views

Kanji of そそっかしい

I am wondering about the way to write そそっかしい in kanji, and if this is possible. I've found that the な-adjective 粗忽{そこつ}, a word with very similar if not identical meaning, can in less common cases be ...
7
votes
2answers
156 views

“Normal” handwritten Japanese

What do you call "normal" handwritten Japanese? I mean this as opposed to calligraphic style or handwriting in block letters? What would be a cursive Japanese writing? Something that you would find ...
3
votes
2answers
101 views

もう and けど in one sentence

How do もう and けど work in the bold sentence? ー日本のガイド・ブックはありませんか。 ーはい、こちらです。 ーもう少しくわしい本の方がいいんですけど。 ーそうですか。それでは、こちらがいかがですか。 ーじゃ、これをおねがいします。 I think it means something like "but a ...
4
votes
2answers
480 views

What is ふつ here?

In the following sentence: ふつ~怒られるんじゃないかぁ~? For context, the speaker has been beaten and is responding to the victory interview of the one who defeated him, which contains a lot of heartwarming ...
4
votes
2answers
113 views

How to translate nominalised adjectives from Japanese to English (e.g. スイスがきれいなこと)

I am currently struggling with wrapping my head around こと and how it nominalises adjectives/sentences with adjectives to turn them into noun phrases. With verbs, it's easy: べんとうを食べる (I eat bento/...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Particles after に [duplicate]

I've been given two examples: Niwa ni ki ga arimasu and Kono heya ni wa nani ga arimasu ka? Why is wa required in the second sentence, but not in the first one? Thank you in advance!
3
votes
0answers
69 views

“と” plus a clause — but what is it doing? [duplicate]

I have a question about a passage in an article I'm reading. For context, here's the passage: 仕事はご縁。もちろん求められていることができる能力がなければ元も子もないが、そこさえクリアしていれば、あとは相性だったりタイミングだったりする。そんなご縁が転がっているかもしれないと、...
3
votes
0answers
83 views

Statistics of on-yomi phonemes/syllables

On-yomi of kanji feel a bit like they all sound alike. For instance, vowels /o/ and /u/ are over-represented. Are there statistics of phoneme counts or syllable counts for on-yomi compared to kun-yomi?...
13
votes
2answers
189 views

What is the etymology of shamisen (三味線)?

The instrument clearly has 3 (三) strings (線), but where does 味 exactly fit in?
2
votes
2answers
144 views

What's で's meaning in this sentence

最後の質問が解けたところで、試験終了のチャイムが鳴ったんだ。 What does で after ところ mean ?
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Variations in polite negations: ありません, ないです, -ません

Negations that consistently take -ない in the plain form show differences in the polite version: 食べない -> 食べません で(は)ない -> で(は)ありません but 大きくない -> 大きくないです Why the inconsistency? Is it due to history?
6
votes
1answer
79 views

Uncertain event + ならissue

I'm studying なら conditional form now and cannot understand the following: In a "Dictionary of basic japanese grammar" there is a note that s1ならs2 (s=sentence) could not be used when: 1) s1 never fails ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

What are the differences between 芸術 (geijutsu) and 美術 (bijutsu)?

What are the differences between 芸術 (geijutsu) and 美術 (bijutsu)? My native tongue has both of these Sino-Xenic terms too, although in it, the geijutsu-word is clearly "art form; art in general; the ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

What does “なぜって‥‥‥ それは おかあさんには ないしょなの” mean?

I've been learning Japanese through phone apps and am now trying to read a Japanese children's book called ふんふん なんだかいいにおい. The first page is: さっちゃんは おおいそぎで あさごはんを たべました。 おかあさんは いつも 「ゆっくり たべなさい」 ...
1
vote
0answers
90 views

Would a japanese say “このジョルノジョバーナには夢がある”?

This sentence has become famous lately as the catchphrase of Giorno Giovanna in the JoJo: Golden Wind anime series. Literally, it's translated as "in this Giorno Giovanna there is a dream", but ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Equivalent of saying Bruh, man, dude, etc. in Japanese?

In English a lot of people informally call their friends these terms in conversations. Like "Dude, what are you doing?" "Bro, what's up!" My question is how do you informally speak to friends in ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

How do I ask my friend to recommend me a manga? [closed]

I know manga is 漫画 and recommend is 勧める. Do I just... 漫画を進める?
1
vote
1answer
85 views

What's the difference between “doko ga … desu ka” and “… doko ni arimasu ka”?

I'm reading a textbook and I have this example: Takashi-san no ie wa doko ni arimasu ka? Trying to understand why is arimasu used instead of desu I rephrased it like so: Doko ga Takashi-san no ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Japanese grammar question regarding そちら and あちら? [duplicate]

I have just started learning the Japanese language and got stumbled upon the usage of these two words: そちら and あちら。I understand their meaning and how they are to be used, but the question that I have ...
5
votes
1answer
70 views

What is the difference between “をいかがですか” and “はいかがですか”?

I saw both are in use. What's the different here? Based on knownledge from primary textbooks, "は" seems better.
2
votes
0answers
60 views

What is the standard size of a kanji as written by a standard caligraphy brush

I recently acquired some brush pens meant for calligraphy, one of size 'standard', and one of size 'beginner'. While I cannot find the site where they were labeled as such, the lineup is here with ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

A verb ちがう and its indicators

I came across a task in which I had to complete different sentences by putting correct case indicators. Everything seemed to be fine until I reached a sentence which made me think a lot about what ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

ここからさきにはゆかせぬ sentence breakdown

In Castlevania Rondo of Blood, Death fight starts with him saying those words. Now I'm trying to figure out exactly what that means and grammar rules used in this sentence. Here's where I'm at: ここ|から|...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Kanji size and proportions

When I'm practicing writting kanji, the proportions between each of the strokes always seem to be a little off. Are there known exercises to help with this? At the moment, I'm only trying to "copy" it ...
3
votes
0answers
83 views

~ば vs ~ていれば in counterfactual conditionals

In l'électeur's answer here, he claims (with such confidence that he bolds the belief) that the correct way to say the English sentence "If I had turned right back then, I wonder what would have ...
6
votes
1answer
169 views

okay to use 男/女 as opposed to 男/女の人 to refer to yourself?

A friend of mine is practicing Japanese and created the sentence 私は女の人ではありません。私も男の人ではありません intending to say "I am not a woman, I am also not a man" I offered to improve the sentence as 私は男でも女でもありません, ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

Are there many occurances of elongated syllables throughout the language?

I've been studying Japanese through Duolingo and I wouldn't say I've progressed very far. I've learned some of the basics of Hiragana and it's beginning to transition into Kanji. While learning ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Clarification of -たら context [duplicate]

I read the following sentence on the BBC Japanese site: 「そうしたら温かいものに触れて、直感的に下を見たら、小さな赤ちゃんの頭と両腕が見えた」 Until now I understood the -たら form only to mean "if", but the 見たら in this sentence indicates that ...
9
votes
3answers
350 views

What are the stereotypical qualities of a gaijin trying to speak/write Japanese to a Japanese person?

There are plenty of stereotypical qualities of a Japanese speaking person trying to speak English, so, would I be correct in assuming the reverse is also the case, and if so, what would the most ...
3
votes
1answer
639 views

What do all the different たすける's mean?

Today I noticed during practicing kanji that lately I've been going through a lot of kanji that all mean help / save / assist : 助ける 扶ける 救ける 援ける 輔ける and I found two more that I had yet to learn (...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

How can I write things like “Does this dictionary use a different database from Jisho.org's?”

Sorry if that question is too specific. I don't know if I'm allowed to ask it. I don't know how to say that part: use a different database from Jisho.org's? I tried to write like this: ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Using 言う and ても to mean “even if you say”

I was trying to say something similar to "even if you tell me to not look, I will look", so my initial guess was something along those lines: 「見ないで」と言っても見る。 I was under the impression that Xて-form + ...
4
votes
1answer
99 views

Understanding of 働かせ in the sentence below

I came across the following sentence: 4000万円までは借金を膨らませて働かせ、5000万円になると自殺するのでそれ以上の借金はさせない How 働かせ is understood in this context? It looks like an imperative form of 働かす, but the imperative form over ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

の and のです. What’s their semantic purpose and meaning?

So, I've reached a spoken language topic and encountered difficulties with understanding those particles that are used in spoken language. Particularly with の. My book says that, for example, の ...
-1
votes
0answers
28 views

Understanding やっぱり [duplicate]

Please, can someone explain in any sentence how to use やっぱり, everything would be helpful!
6
votes
0answers
69 views

How to wear clothes? [duplicate]

There are several Japanese verbs for 'to wear', depending on the kind of clothes. What if one wears several? What is 'wear' if 'I wear a shirt, pants, glasses and a hat'? Does one of かぶる, 着る, 履く and ...
5
votes
1answer
125 views

The particle へ in 山へ面している

tl;dr: Should へ be replaced with に here? I was reading Imabi and found the following example: 小屋は山へ面している。 As far as I know, へ is used with motion verbs especially when transition from one (...
4
votes
1answer
170 views

What is the meaning of カックン in the following sentence?

Context: before a boxing match begins, a boxer named Kamishiro says this referring to his opponent: 勘だけど あのカックン野郎… 刺せるヤツだ What is the meaning of カックン? The opponent was a thug in the past and he ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

Use of 当たる in this sentence

Character A and B (A's coach) discuss C (A's opponent), who is known for having an amazing defense. Then C joins in and positively talks with B about A's potential. Then C drops this line: ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Adverb modifying ありたい

So I know that when an i-adjective like 速い becomes an adverb to modify a verb you have to change the い to く, like 速く走る (to run quickly). I'm having trouble understanding the grammar in 強くありたい. I ...
-1
votes
2answers
140 views

what does「デカいヤマをあてること」mean?

As someone with little to no knowledge on japanese, I've cracked my brain as to unfurl this passage's meaning. Here's the full sentence: 夢は「デカいヤマをあてること」 夢は roughly being "What's your dream?" or ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

What does (name) でした mean? [duplicate]

During one of Yui's concerts I heard her say, ありがとうございました。Yuiでした。 https://clyp.it/0lsklv1i What does it mean here? I only know りんごでした = it was an apple. So it doesn't make sense for her to be ...
8
votes
1answer
222 views

Why using です in katakana?

This question might sound stupid but it got me thinking for some hours. A friend bought me this gel pen from a Japanese store in my country, and it is written in the pen: かわいいデス instead of かわいいです ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

さむいのはきらい vs さむいがきらい

I always thought that with construcions I like/I hate I should use noun +が + adjective +です, for example: ねこがすきです。 But lately I have heard in some japanese podcast above sentence with that のは ...

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