All Questions

4
votes
1answer
81 views

Is the adjective インディペンデント actually used as an adjective?

I saw a movie labeled インディペンデント作品 The adjective インディペンデント does not end in i and is followed by neither na nor no here. Is this meant as a strange compound noun (katakana + kanji)? Or is this a ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

The meaning of けど [duplicate]

お金があったら、車を買うんですけど。 If I had money, I would buy a car. I know that けど means "but," "however" or "although". Why is it used in the sentence above? How is the sentence different from the one ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

Why is the State of the Union Address Called 一般教書演説?

The President of the United States gives a speech referred to in English as the "State of the Union". Why is this speech called 一般教書演説{いっぱんきょうしょえんぜつ} in Japanese?
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Confusion on use of だった with sentence that uses nominalized verb

I'm reading a book and have come across this sentence アニーが指さしているのは、一本のなわばしごだった。 I know this sentence translates to something like Annie was pointing to a long rope ladder. But what I truly don'...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Japanese grammar "てある” [duplicate]

So I just encountered the grammar "te aru" and according to Japanesetest4you it means that something has been done. They provide the following sentence as an example: 君の靴下も全部洗濯してある。 Kimi no ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Do 最愛の人 and ダーリン mean the same thing?

I looked up for the word "darling" and got two different answers and I just want to know if they both mean the same thing.
4
votes
3answers
97 views

Meaning of フレンチでは in 知る人ぞ知るシェフ

This is from a review for a restaurant:https://www.tripadvisor.jp/ShowUserReviews-g298110-d7405583-r439370408-Salle_a_Manger_F-Fukui_Fukui_Prefecture_Hokuriku_Chubu.html フレンチでは知る人ぞ知るシェフ Does it ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Confusion about 大したこと(で)(は)ない

There are three variations on this phrase that I can find in Google, and I'm not sure whether all three are really used, or how frequently. But I am confused about the differences between them. ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

What is the meaning of なのか in this sentence?

テナントで入っているショップのBGMなのか、トランスが大音量で響いている。 The background music played by the tenants in the shops (なのか), the loud volume of the transformer could be heard far away. Any help in getting a better ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Difference between おじいさん and おじさん

I'm wondering if there is much difference in the pronunciation of the words or intonation of them. Is it just the long vowel?
0
votes
1answer
98 views

「元気をなくすとは」meaning?

Does anyone have insight into what 「元気をなくすとは」means? I am aware that 元気 is "energy" and なくす is "to lose". So "to lose energy" makes sense? However I am not altogether sure what とは means in this ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it acceptable to use あなた when referring to a superior indirectly?

I know that generally あなた shouldn't be used when referring to superiors. However, I find it difficult to rephrase the following sentences which refer to a superior using あなた in an indirect manner: ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

expressing opinion adding し at the end of adjective

I have two dialogues: かわい : 沖縄料理は 食べましたか。 ホセ : ええ、もちろんです。おいしいし、ヘルシーだし、つまも 私も 気に いりまた。 かわい : ホテルは よかったですか。 ホセ : ええ。へやは ひろくてあかるいし、へやから 海が みえたし、さいこうでした。 かわいさんの おすすめの ホテルに ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

Difference between 禁 and 禁止 (and 禁じる/禁止する)

Both nouns mean 'ban, prohibition​' and both verbs 'forbid'. I expect that in set combinations, such as 禁煙 for 'no smoking', there is only one correct possibility. But, otherwise, what's the ...
5
votes
1answer
126 views

Why are there very few non-する gairaigo verbs in Japanese?

I can think of many gairaigo noun + する verbs in Japanese, like ゴルフする, but I can think of only a handful of non-する verbs in Japanese, such as ググる (mentioned in Are there words which consist of katakana ...
5
votes
1answer
105 views

What's the difference between 運用 and 操作?

As i am learning Japanese,there are many words which have same meaning but still different usage,links to understand these differences would be appreciated.thanks!
4
votes
2answers
94 views

Use of から rather than に in 真っ昼間から

真っ昼間からふくろうが空を飛び交うのを、ダーズリー氏は見ないですんだが、... Mr Dursley didn't see the owls flying around in broad daylight but ... I don't understand why から is used in this sentence. What is the difference from ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Can I use English in place of katakana?

A habit that I have is replacing certain words with how I'd say them in English. For instance I'd write something like this: 私はイングランド人。 私はイーストアングリアに住んでいます, but say something like this: 私はEngland人。 ...
5
votes
2answers
113 views

What's the word regularly used to describe “working from home”?

I've seen a few words in a cursory search: [在宅勤務]{ざいたくきんむ} テレワーク [在宅]{ざいたく}ワーク but I'm interested in the situation where your usual place of work requires commuting, but you are temporarily working ...
3
votes
2answers
132 views

“Robust Software” in Japanese

I'm struggling with how to say "robust software" in Japanese. From Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robustness_(computer_science): In computer science, robustness is the ability of a ...
4
votes
1answer
110 views

The difference between 'no naka' and 'no naka ni'

I understand that 'no naka' means 'in' or 'inside', but how does the meaning change when 'ni' is placed after it? For example: Hako no naka - inside the box. Hako no naka ni - ???
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Why can には here ONLY mean にとっては?

日本人には________かもしれないが、私たち外国人にとっては、_________はとても大変なことです。 So I answered the first blank with 漢字が簡単に書ける and the second one with 漢字を書くの. My Japanese teacher, who is a native, told me that it should be ...
7
votes
3answers
154 views

鶴の一声 — Origin and context?

So, I understand what the idiom actually means, roughly -- "the final word," "the word from on high." But where does it come from? Is there a story or a history that gives it context?
9
votes
1answer
959 views

Why is ostracism called 村八分【むらはちぶ】?

While doing some reading of old questions, I stumbled upon the term 村八分【むらはちぶ】, which is apparently means ostracism. I'm curious what the 8 parts (八分) are and how this relates to ostracism.
2
votes
1answer
82 views

What does ドジしたな mean?

In a manga, there was this conversation, 「ギャハハー今度はまたすげードジしたな」 and I would like to know what the last part means, specifically ドジしたな. Summarising, this is what I would like to have answered: I ...
6
votes
2answers
125 views

What is the difference between はみ出す and はみ出る?

They are both intransitive: シャツがズボンからはみ出していますよ。 Your shirt is coming out of your pants. 足が 線からはみ出ています。 Your foot is over the line.
2
votes
1answer
63 views

か after short forms

In the Genki textbook, it is said that "In the casual conversational use of short forms, question sentences do not end with the question particle か, but with rising intonation alone." Nonetheless, in ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Can anyone help me understand ’箱物’ in this sentence?

近年の中国経済の牽引役は固定資本投資であるが、箱物に大きく 依存した成長には歪みが生じ易い。 The first half makes sense but I am really struggling with the second part, particularly the meaning of ’箱物’。In general it seems that in this case ’箱物’ ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

What's the exact meaning of とする in this sentence?

I'm trying to understand the construction もうろうとしてる in this line from Mob Psycho 100 Episode 12: もうろうとしてるようだけど。 It's translated as "he looks like he's about to pass out"。 I found a usage of ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

-くて, -なくて forms of adjectives

I got confused by these forms. The book says that -くて(pos) and -なくて(neg) have to be connected with stem of an adjective, e.g. 安い: 安 + くて = 安くて. The positive form is pretty easy to understand and ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

What is the difference between 旅する and 旅行する?

旅{たび}する and 旅行{りょこう}する both mean "to travel". What is the difference between these verbs ?
3
votes
1answer
90 views

What does てくる mean when used with 選ぶ?

I don't understand what the difference is between this sentence: おいしそうなカップ麺を選んできます。 and this sentence: おいしそうなカップ麺を選ぶ。
7
votes
1answer
195 views

Grammar vs. politeness: a tale of two evils

In "The structure of the Japanese language", Susumo Kuno uses the example (p. 130) John wa sensei ni kono hon o {moratta / itadaita}. Both have a problem: itadaku should be used only in the first ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

is there a hidden meaning to それとなく?

I got bumped in the term それとなく in these two sentences 1. だから今はそれとなく散々淡々と暮らしていて 2. 思い出して魚の眼 Oh Oh! それとなくキルミーして!Oh Oh! Jisho said indirectly; obliquely, but feels like it is not fit well to the ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

後に【あとに】or【のちに】?

In the sentence その事は又後に相談しましょう。 I was wondering whether it is 【あとに】or【のちに】, that is to say... その こと は また のちに そうだん しましょう。 or perhaps その こと は また あとに そうだん しましょう。 We will talk about it another time. ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

こんな、そんな、あんな、どんな + na-adjectives

How do they interact with each other? I know that depending on the part of speech these words may have/have no particle after them, but what about na-adjectives? Do these pronouns have any particle in ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Explanation for 'noun + な + ので', is 'ので' still a 接続助詞 here?

I saw the following statement in a grammar book: 接続助詞 'ので' can only be placed after 用言 and 助動詞 in form of 連体形. But in another text book it says that ので can also be placed after a noun, and then ...
-3
votes
0answers
80 views

だがそれが何だというのだ meaning and more

Full paragraph is 人は弱い その弱さ故時に矜持を捨てた行動をとる事もあるだろう だがそれが何だというのだご老体 例え千の挫折を突きつけられようとも私が生き方を曲げる理由にはならない I can't decide what 3rd sentence exactly mean and in 4th sentence 挫折 means "setback" ...
3
votes
0answers
77 views

Why is a verb before a 格助詞 called 連体形?

As I have known, 格助詞 is not 体言.That is what I cannot understand.
1
vote
1answer
128 views

What does してて mean?

I was watching an Easy Japanese video on YouTube. At 1:37, the interviewer says: 素敵。やっぱり普段生活してても感じる?あ、優しいって。 What does してて mean? Or is it a typo? して makes sense here, but I don't understand してて. It'...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

私には versus 私は - difference in nuance?

Can anyone help explaining the nuance in difference between: 私はまったく分かりません。 私にはまったく分かりません。 With expressions such as ヨーロッパには行く (versus は) I can see what affect including the に particle within the ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

When to use te form and past tense

Was going through my Genki book and saw an example sentence of te form verb but it ended in past tense. (言う いってた) Why use the te form at all and not just past tense 「あきらさんは何て言ってた?」 「...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

What is the difference between 検事 and 検察官?

I found the same translation for 検察官 and 検事 : "public prosecutor". But I guess there is a reason for the two words to exist. Is one of them more formal ?
0
votes
1answer
83 views

How to say “Hybrid” in Japanese. Or is there a word for it? [closed]

Is there a word for "hybrid" in Japanese? Hybrid as in for animals or any and all Japanese words for cross species animals or two animals joined together. Preferable if all words for such is given ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Grammar explanation for '…ことができなくなります'

Is 'できなく' converted from 'できない'? I've learned adj. '..い' can convert to '..く' in this case. Does verb's 'ない' form also have such transformation?
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Meaning of 様になる [duplicate]

I was reading a story on Hukumusume. In this story, there is the following sentence: 怒ったネコは、それからずっと、ネズミを見ると追いかける様になりました。 Denshi Jisho says that 様になる means "to look good". Here clearly it seems to ...
5
votes
1answer
174 views

Meaning of 言うではありませんか

I was reading a story on Hukumusume. In this story, there is the following section: すると神さまは、 「遅かったね。残念だけど、昨日決まったよ」 と、言うではありませんか。 くやしいのなんの。 I am guessing 言うではありませんか means something like "There was ...
3
votes
2answers
381 views

What is the etymology of 料理?

料 can mean 'ingredient', which is clearly relevant to cooking. But 理 seems abstract -- 'the logic/theory of ingredients', almost like the name of a science (ingredientology'?).
6
votes
1answer
1k views

What does ふぬぬぬぬ mean?

負っけないぞ~! ふぬぬぬぬ…… Is it the same as "ぬぬぬ…" onomatopoeia which uses when you're in a tight spot?
3
votes
2answers
140 views

Help understanding the use of あります

I understand that あります is used for presenting or describing the location of things but I was unsure of how it is being applied in these two sentences: あなたの学校に何がありますか。 Am I right in assuming that ...

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