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書き言葉. Words and language generally used in writing rather than speech.

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1answer
71 views

Japanese reports

I have a question about Japanese reports. I am studying at a university in Japan. And when I came here, I found out that Japanese people use ~だ instead ~です, ~たinstead ~ます and so on. And it seems rude ...
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1answer
136 views

Presumptive form and 居ろう

I have a couple of questions about the presumptive form. 「それは誰が定めたの?」 「フュシィアに決まって居ろう。」 Above are some lines from a game that got me pondering about this: Am I correct in that the V+おう form could ...
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2answers
1k views

Is it acceptable to use kanji and hiragana in the same word if a kanji character is unknown?

I have come across this issue a number of times. I am studying Japanese at High School, so I only know about 200 kanji. When I write words that consist of more than two kanji characters, I am unsure ...
3
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2answers
672 views

Is there any difference between vertical and horizontal writing?

This might be a fairly easy question. But I am new in learning Japanese and I didn't see this question anywhere (although there are some about writing vertically). Is there any difference between ...
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1answer
101 views

How do you use comparatives for Japanese adjectives?

I am currently writing a section about the Japanese writing system. I have previously stated that Japanese was originally written completely in Kanji. However, people found it very difficult. ...
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5answers
8k views

If Kanji are necessary to disambiguate homophones, how come it's still used, being that Japanese people seem to know the difference when speaking?

I'm a beginner. People argue for Kanji being that it helps disambiguate homophones in written Japanese, but in spoken Japanese, kanji (or any other visual aid) are not available, yet people seem to ...
2
votes
1answer
695 views

How to say that a proposed date/time is OK without sounding condescending?

In a very formal context, how to answer properly when an unknown person who is hugely higher than you in the hierarchy (a recruiter, an N+3, an official, etc.) invites you to some unexpected event/...
5
votes
3answers
296 views

Does Okinawan have syllables Japanese doesn't?

I know Okinawan is usually (nowadays) written in katakana. However, katakana only has a limited number of different syllables, fewer than can be produced in, say, English (e.g. th). Does Okinawan have ...
5
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1answer
707 views

また as moreover?

I was trying to read this wikipedia page a little while ago and came across this sentence : またその娘であるイラストレーターの藤森玲子はいとこにあたる。 Here is the link for more context, it's at the end of the first paragraph ...
1
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1answer
1k views

How to address a family?

I am sending a gift to a Japanese family (friends of ours). Rather than address the gift to one individual I want to address it to the entire family. How do I write The Tanaka Family in Japanese?...
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2answers
455 views

Difference in ambiguity between written and spoken Japanese?

Beginner here. I understand that Japanese has a large number of homophones, and that kanji help readers distinguish between them. Of course, kanji are not available in spoken Japanese. On the other ...
3
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1answer
167 views

ひとつでもいいからだめな例が当てはまらないものさえほとんどない。— Deciphering — triple-negative?

私は仕事柄、米国系企業のプレスリリースやプレゼンテーション資料の翻訳をよくするのだが、 ひとつでもいいからだめな例が当てはまらないものさえほとんどない。 When you read this part (above) and nothing else, does it sound like he (the author 私) is saying that the American ...
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2answers
241 views

Why use kana rather than kanji (and vice versa)

I hope this question actually has an answer and is topical to this site. I was wondering if anyone could explain why (in general) an author might choose to use kana/kanji in circumstances where kanji/...
2
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1answer
186 views

General rule for writing simple kanji as hiragana in newspaper articles sometimes?

The second line of LINEのメッセージで“株”暴落! reads: ハンドルネーム「やさ夫」さんが、テレビをみながらうたた寝をしていたときのことです。 why wasn't is written as: ハンドルネーム「やさ夫」さんが、テレビを見ながらうたた寝をしていた時のことです。 The later helps with readability. In ...
3
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2answers
110 views

Can「箱の中を手で探った」be shortened to 「箱を探った」?

By using default meanings, couldn't the title be shortened to: 箱を探った。 Isn't の中 so obvious, it is assumed to be the location you searched? If I were to search under the box, then I would write の下?...
3
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1answer
353 views

Deciphering Kawaii Writing

I was wondering if anyone knew how to read Kawaii writing and if there is any guide to help us read them? For example the following is I believe an omake or bonus page and it's not the first time I ...
3
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1answer
320 views

as mentioned … to the right?

In English written speech, we often refer to what we have said, using the phrase "as mentioned above"; or to something that is coming later on with "see below for further explanation", for example. ...
6
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2answers
448 views

「上のごとく」対「上述」:現在では「〜のごとく」は使わないほうがいいですか。

Japanese 前書き 2ヶ月前、私は国内会議で発表しました。そのときは、まだ日本語のミスがたくさんある原稿を使っていました。今、文学の博士課程の友人に修正してもらっています。もちろん、これは勉強になります。修正された部分は、たいてい(私の言おうとしている意味に)的確だとわかりますし、なぜそう修正されるのかわかるのですが、ときどき私の使った表現が古かったせいなのだろうかと思うことがあり、...
3
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1answer
161 views

であるので and であるのだ vs なので and なのだ

In these pairs, are the ones containg である simply more formal? I think I've seen both in writing.
4
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1answer
5k views

Thank you note to Japanese professor

I just finished an introductory Japanese class, and the class bought a small gift for the professor. I'm planning to drop the gift off at the professor's office, so I need to write a brief tag saying ...
12
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2answers
667 views

What do I do when I encounter “Written Japanese”?

I have read in grammar dictionaries some words/phrases that are labelled as "Written Japanese" and should not be used in normal speech. Let's take for example the sentence-ending こと indicating a ...