Questions tagged [words]

言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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Use of ともかく instead of とにかく

I have recently learned the word ともかく, which apparently means "anyway", but searching for information on the internet, it is not very clear to me when ともかく is used and when the word とにかく, ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Meaning of 手前 after ている verb

I know 手前 has a bunch of meanings and can be used also as "considering, before" (as explained here and here), but I found a case in which I can't understand what it means: 完全看護を掲げている手前、...
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2 votes
1 answer
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What are the differences between 救う, 救助する and 助ける?

From my understanding, 助ける{たすける} is used when helping someone with a task, 救助する{きゅうじょする} and 救う{すくう} can be used to save someone/something from a dangerous situation. However, 救う can also be used for ...
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1 vote
3 answers
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What are the differences between 同時に and 一斉に?

I understand that 一斉に{いっせいに} and 同時に{どうじに} are adverbs and they both mean "at the same time, simultaneously", so I am wondering if there is any nuance or difference between them ? I ...
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Are forms of address and kinship terms pronouns/代名詞 in Japanese? Why or why not?

It hit me when I was editing this question which had the pronouns tag. I wasn't sure if 「娘」 is considered a pronoun in Japanese. Looking for relevant examples of kinship terminology in English, I ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Meaning of ゲロシヴ?

So, I've looked high and low but simply cannot figure this one out. In what I'm reading, a character says this to another who is wearing a suit: 今日もゲロシヴなスーツが決まってるねぇ What does ゲロシヴ mean? I tried ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Is there a native word in Japanese that refers to "to have intercourse with" with high fidelity?

I realized that after learning Japanese for so many years I still don't know what the word is in Japanese that has the meaning "to have intercourse with" specifically. Therefore, I am ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Why are pickled plums 梅干 and not 梅漬, etc?

What caused pickled plums to be referenced with kanji indicating dryness? Could it be that the word itself holds some form of seniority over the kanji? My quick Wikipedia skimming does not seem to ...
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0 votes
1 answer
85 views

Why is this やって来た read やってくた? [closed]

Seen in the manga きみとピコピコ (第17話) 夏合宿と称して 旅館{りょかん}にやって来{く}た Why does やって来た have reading やってくた? Is this a typo or the reading くた actually exists?
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1 vote
1 answer
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is 止す (よす) somehow more "fancy" than 止める (やめる)?

It seems to me that the most common way to say "stop" in Japanese is the verb 止める (やめる) and its intransitive form, but I've also seen 止す(よす) being used occasionally, and felt like it was a ...
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What do きゃるん、きゃるーん、きゅるん、きゅるるん and related words mean?

In the anime Saiki K. S2 E10 (image link), きゃるーん appears as a sound effect, where I would rather expect じゃーん or the like. Googling various Japanese forums has led me to conclude that the other ...
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1 answer
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Is "みかさ" a synonym for Tangerine or Mandarin (orange)

I took 3 years of Japanese starting in 1996. A lot has obviously worn off in the last 20 years, but one word that really stuck out was "Mikasa". I swear I saw that it was the word for ...
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1 vote
1 answer
130 views

Why is こと written in katakana in this sentence? [duplicate]

I was reading a webtoon and came across this sentence: 傷つきそうなコト言わないでね I'm aware of the meaning of this sentence, but I'm confused as to why it uses katakana here. I know that katakana is sometimes ...
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0 votes
1 answer
176 views

What is ateji? Are they different from on'yomi?

can someone please explain me what exactly are ateji and how they differ from on'yomi? I have been told already, but I can't get my head around it.
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1 vote
1 answer
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I do not understand how 世間 works with 一般 in this sentence

I came across this sentence - 彼は世間一般の学生とは違っている I also read the meaning of the various kanji used here. If I'm not mistaken, 一般の学生 already means ordinary students or average students. But how does 世間 ...
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2 votes
1 answer
169 views

Example sentence with 酌む

I'm trying to learn the verb 酌む (to pour sake, to serve sake), but I can only find a few sentences with this verb, and in these few sentences the verb 酌む doesn't appear to express (in theory) its main ...
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1 vote
1 answer
185 views

働きづめ or 働きずめ? Where does that suffix come from?

While playing a game, one of the characters said (the text is in English and the voice is in Japanese): 君はずっと働きずめだったから、今日はもう寝な。 My conjecture is that the correct written form is 働きずめ, but is that ...
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2 votes
1 answer
98 views

Difference between 漢字辞典 and 漢和辞典

Could you please explain to me which is the difference between 漢字辞典 and 漢和辞典? For what I have understood, both dictionaries explain for a certain kanji its meaning and origin, and also tell its ...
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0 votes
1 answer
88 views

Example sentence with 歌謡

I'm trying to learn how to use the word 歌謡 (song). However, I'm having some trouble to find an example sentence that teaches me how to use 歌謡, and all that appears when looking for this word on Google ...
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1 vote
1 answer
163 views

What does "コマ" mean in this sentence?

お母さん おばあちゃん 今日のカレーは豚コマですよ〜 I looked all over the dictionary for a meaning that matches the context, but I couldn't find any.
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4 votes
1 answer
160 views

The reading of 灯

Recently I have discovered that there are so many 訓読み for 灯, and all of them seem to carry similar meanings, surrounding the core concept of "light." Can someone explain to me the ...
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1 answer
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Do these three words have the same meaning?「そーじ 」、「ソージ 」、「掃除」

These three words are pronounced the same, but do they also have the same meaning? そーじ ソージ 掃除
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1 answer
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What does "それ以前に天然入ってない?" mean? [duplicate]

In particular, I want to know what "入ってない" means here, as well as the meaning of the sentence on a whole.
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0 votes
1 answer
344 views

What do you call a ブザービーター in baseball?

Is it possible to have something similar to a buzzer beater in baseball? What is it called in Japanese? If not, how would you refer to a game-winning action in a sport?
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2 votes
2 answers
233 views

Is 領外{りょうがい} a common translation for "out of bounds"?

I think I've heard the word 領外{りょうがい} used several times to mean "out of bounds" (as in physically out of bounds, for instance outside of the playing field for sports). But, when I try ...
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0 votes
2 answers
138 views

Is no the same as not?

is いいえ/no the same as not? For example, if I said,いいえ きょう, would that mean Not Today? Or No Today? I know google translate is known to be inaccurate, but it shows both Not and No as the same, いいえ. ...
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0 votes
2 answers
208 views

結構{けっこう}と決行{けっこう}と欠航{けっこう}

I'm sure the YouTuber Dogen's name would not be strange to a lot of people here on this site, and I'm sure a lot of you have seen his this video where he makes fun of words that sounds similar. ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What are the Hiragana columns called in Japanese? [duplicate]

For instance English texts to learn Japanese will refer to ま、み、む、め、も as the Ma column, and I've even seen this terminology used in translations of Japanese material (although I unfortunately couldn't ...
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2 votes
1 answer
151 views

What's the difference between ぞわぞわ and ぞくぞく?

Both ぞくぞく and ぞわぞわ seem to refer to trembling/goosebumps caused by intense emotions or coldness. Is there any difference between the two, though? My intuition is that ぞわぞわ refers more to goosebumps ...
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0 votes
2 answers
159 views

Difference between 原因 and 理由

The posts here and here do not address the difference between 原因 and 理由. So, in short, what are the difference in usage between these words? Both seem to mean reason. 日本に来た理由は見つからない 日本に来た原因は見つからない ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Difference Between 手伝う, 力になる, and 役に立つ

As the title says. I'm playing the Japanese version of a game and came across the last two words. I've researched into them and the best I can describe them is that they both mean "to be helpful/...
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0 votes
1 answer
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What is the meaning of 火怨 in a title?

Back in 2013 there was an NHK drama series 火怨・北の英雄 アテルイ伝 . In that title, I can't understand the meaning of the compound kanji "火怨", and I couldn't find any examples or reference online that ...
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  • 1,061
1 vote
1 answer
170 views

Fun with synonyms - "dry up/wither/wilt/shrivel"

Please help me understand the differences in the following words meaning "dry up・out", "wither", "wilt", "shrivel": [枯]{か}れる [涸]{か}れる [萎]{しお}れる [萎]{しぼ}む [萎]{しな}...
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2 votes
1 answer
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What are the words censored in this interview?

Interview: https://dengekionline.com/elem/000/000/623/623506/index-3.html In this interview the following passage has series of censored words. After some searching I couldn't figure out what they ...
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4 votes
1 answer
373 views

What role does たん play in this sentence?

To me, the sentence roughly means "You see a familiar face or something?", and I'm pretty sure of it. I just don't get what the たん here is.
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4 votes
2 answers
529 views

What does なるようになれだ mean?

The meaning of the sentence aside, I also wonder why だ is used at the end. Is it for emphasis or something like that?
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3 votes
2 answers
146 views

Difference in usage between 嬉しい and 幸せ

What is the difference between [嬉]{うれ}しい and [幸]{しあわ}せ for "happy" or "happiness"? Are these interchangeable or are there cases where one should be used over the other? If so, ...
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3 votes
1 answer
111 views

What does "天然記念物" mean in this context?

The dictionary I have defines this as "natural monument" and "protected species" and I don't see how it relates to the conversation at hand. Based on the context though, since the ...
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2 votes
1 answer
113 views

Fun with synonyms - "hand over/give/transfer"

Please help me understand the differences in the following words meaning "give up・over", "hand over", "transfer": 渡す [寄越]{よ・こ}す [譲]{ゆず}る Here are some examples from my ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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What does this sentence mean ドリンコはママの味に? [closed]

It's a TV show episode title, so there isn't any context to be found, and I have a hard time figuring out what it means. (ドリンコはママの味に)
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1 vote
1 answer
115 views

What is the meaning of てもらうためかい?

Can someone please tell me what てもらうためかい means in this sentence? 波打つ潮の流れに目を向けたのは 孤独の涙を流してもらうためかい? I know that てもらう means "to have something done for you" and ため means "in order to&...
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2 votes
1 answer
112 views

What does ここはどことも知れぬどこででもある国 mean

The person is narrating a stage play. とくとご覧あれ ~ !‌ ここはどことも知れぬどこででもある国‌。勤勉質素を奨励するおもしろみのない王様が国を治めておりまし た‌。 The part that confuses me the most is "どことも知れぬ". As for the part that follows, I ...
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0 votes
1 answer
114 views

How are 造語 like ググる or スタバる used and by whom?

I'm trying to find out more about innovative verbs that come from loanwords, and i have a couple questions about them: Are they used by older people/in formal situations? Or are they really slang? I'm ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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What is the word 喉首目?

イルーシュはがら空きになった喉首目がけて、今度は刃先を突き立てた。 The word 喉首目 is not in dictionaries, but it's used in this context simply for throat (喉). What is this word? Also, can someone confirm if けて is for 蹴る (kick), ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is 君の腕に期待する a set phrase that has to do with 'skill'?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2h-oI7NsS_8&t=2m21s フォックス機の操縦桿を握る、君の腕に期待するぜ。 I'm looking forward to your arm holding the control stick of the Fox aircraft. or if it means skill, then that would ...
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  • 639
1 vote
1 answer
169 views

Why are there so many words that mean "first" (and other ordinal numbers)? What are the differences?

Here are the words that roughly mean "first" that I'm aware of, but feel free to add more: 最初 一番 一番目 一次 第一次 第一 第一位 一位 首位 What are the differences (if any) between all of them?
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1 answer
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Difference between the わに and がく pronunciation of 鰐

My textbook says that alligator is わに. I checked the kanji and it turns out to be 鰐. When I checked the Japanese for crocodile and alligator they seem to be the same, either 鰐/わに or 鰐魚/がくぎょ. Is there ...
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1 vote
1 answer
74 views

What does the word 「ならんとな」mean in this sentence?

It is said by an adult man to a young man. おれっちのみたこと あの子も かなーりの盗賊のうでを持っていそうだったぜ。 まあ あの子に負けねぇおとこにはならんとな。 In my understanding, the word 「ならんとな」 consists of 「ならない」, which means 'not become', and ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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What does 「フトアゴヒゲ」mean in 「フトアゴヒゲトカゲ」("Central Bearded Dragon​" lizard)?

I'm guessing ヒゲ means hair, which makes sense since the lizard has "bearded" in its name. Not sure about the rest of the フトアゴ.
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1 answer
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What does 金一封はもらった means?

The source is from the manga Blue Period. For further context, students were split into teams to make curry, and whichever wins will get money for prize.
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