Questions tagged [words]

言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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1 answer
85 views

What is the Japanese name for the genus of plants "Saxifraga"?

What is the Japanese name for Saxifraga (rockfoil) genus of plants (or any more well-known species within this genus) and how is it written in rōmaji?
27 votes
3 answers
8k views

What is the difference in usage between 準備, 用意 and 覚悟?

The dictionaries translate these three words roughly as preparation/preparedness or ready/readiness. I don't think I understand the subtleties of their usage. Not to mention できる also has another ...
6 votes
2 answers
867 views

What is the difference between 祖先 and 先祖?

From my dictionary, both mean ancestor so I am wondering about what is the difference between them. Is the difference in politeness ? For example [息子]{musuko} and [子息]{shisoku} both mean son, but the ...
5 votes
1 answer
145 views

感じ and 風 to talk about how to do something

I see that the nouns 感じ and 風 (also written ふう) are sometimes used to indicate how to do something. Some examples: こんなふうに書いてください。 こんな感じにカットしてください。 This is a dialogue about how to golf: A: アドバイス?...
9 votes
2 answers
2k views

Is 君 (きみ) obsolete as a way to call your romantic partner?

In many love songs, the singer calls their partner 君 (きみ). But is this used by couples in real life, as of 2013? Should this word be considered obsolete, or is it still seeing some use outside of the ...
1 vote
1 answer
389 views

What does 君って mean here?

じゃあその中学チャンピオンと互角{ごかく}に戦ってる流河{りゅうが}君ってなんなの? (Death Note, episode 10, 3:55mins) Context: The speaker is talking about people playing Tennis. And is comparing Ryuuga [流河] to the other player, trying to ...
2 votes
2 answers
259 views

Meaning of だけれど at sentence end

I'm finding difficult to understand how だけれど is used here. 〝藤戸千雪〟 あの子、技術と勘はかなりいいわよね …ただ 〝技術〟じゃ差が出ないのよ ショーモデルは〝歩き〟と〝ポーズ〟をちゃんと鍛えてくるから だからこそ〝身長〟と〝雰囲気(オーラ)〟の世界って言われるのだけれど I think I understand what the ...
6 votes
3 answers
31k views

How many ways to say "but" are there in Japanese?

So far, I remember 4 ways to say "but" in Japanese, but I bet there are more, aren't there? kedo demo daga shikashi Are there other ways to say "but" in Japanese? What about ...
1 vote
2 answers
137 views

Would you ever use 親友 to refer to your romantic partner?

My understanding is 親友 (shinyuu) is the closest equivalent to English "best friend." In English, some people might say things like "My husband/wife is my best friend." Would using ...
0 votes
3 answers
132 views

What does ということ mean here?

それは、この世の全ての暗号を無意味にできるということ It means that it can render all the encryptions of the world useless What does it mean in this context and what usage of it is being used? Is it "means x)"?
1 vote
1 answer
594 views

What does やさぐれ mean?

I believe it has something to do with bullying. Also, I think I heard it as a verb: やさぐれる I can't seem to find much information about it. Is it slang?
1 vote
1 answer
183 views

Why 厚かましい is not 厚がましい

I usually encounter adjectives of this form adj+がましい which means similar to adj+らしい based on my understanding. I recently discovered this word 厚かましい. I find it peculiar that it ends with かましい not がましい....
0 votes
1 answer
139 views

How do I write "Yoshimeatsu" in Japanese characters?

I am doing a study on a Japanese Yakiniku (grilled meat) restaurant named "Yoshimeatsu" and wanted to ask how to write it in Japanese characters? The name was a play on words using Ashikaga ...
2 votes
1 answer
112 views

Meaning of に起こす

I'm reading a manga in which often 起こす is used with に, in situations like this: 次は工場用に こいつをパターンに起こす The characters just finished making a test piece for a shirt, and the speaker is saying to the ...
0 votes
1 answer
177 views

What fraction of Japanese words contain digraphs?

I'm curious as to what the percentage of native Japanese words that contain digraphs, or to put it another way, the average number of digraphs (or individual kana) in a Japanese word would be. I'm a ...
0 votes
1 answer
107 views

だとよ at the beginning of a sentence

I watched a show in which person A tells person B they want them to come back. After it's said, person C said " datoyo." I don't understand it. Da to yo is used to quote things but why would ...
33 votes
4 answers
20k views

How can I differentiate between feet and legs?

Feet are 足, and legs are also 足. Is there a word or method with which I can easily talk about one and not the other? And if not, why is there no word for feet in the Japanese language? Caveat: I ...
4 votes
1 answer
234 views

Translation of the phrase: 生きる水 in context

So I was translating this song (full lyrics, song, line at 3:26) and I ran across this line which I'm very confused about. 無駄な事は聞かないよ それが君の生きる水なら。 I don't listen to/I don't ask useless things. If ...
2 votes
1 answer
103 views

Meaning of 巡り合う好機 in this passage

A passage from the first chapter of 夜は短し歩けよ乙女 by 森見登美彦: ⁠ あな恐ろしやと思いながら肩身の狭い思いをしてカウンターをすり抜けると、その奥に隠れ家のような薄暗い空間があって、羽貫さんが四人のナイスミドルの方々に交じってお喋りしていました。  紅い布張りのソファに座ったおじさん方は、皆さん紅いネクタイを締めています。...
1 vote
2 answers
235 views

"Struggle to the death" Japanese culture

I read an article and it had the word "shinimonogurui". And this is how it was explained: 「死に物狂い」というのは、「生きるか死ぬかというくらいの覚悟を持って全力で物事に当たるさま」を意味している表現なのです 例えば、「死に物狂いで努力し続けた結果、...
0 votes
1 answer
110 views

Nuances on the usage of 思い出す vs 覚える

I'm aware that both can mean 'to remember', but is there a nuance on the usage of these words? or are they interchangeable?
4 votes
1 answer
123 views

Meaning and usage of 単位

I know 単位 can indicate unit of measurement, but I can't really understand what does it adds, and if it's needed or something extra; I also tried on Weblio, but while I understand the definition, I don'...
9 votes
1 answer
2k views

What does the word 「ぶったてる」mean?

What does the word 「ぶったてる」mean? このドヤがいの西{にし}のはずれにりっぱな総{そう}合{ごう}病{びょう}院{いん}をぶったてること!
0 votes
1 answer
142 views

Why is the イ段 used for 拗音, as opposed to, say, the ア段?

Is there some specific reason or logic that came behind this, or was it simply because everybody thought it was the best representation for the sounds that create the words that use ゃゅぇょ?
1 vote
1 answer
128 views

Why did 実在 retain its old form when the 促音 was introduced?

Furthermore, are there any other words that retained their larger, pronounced つ when this change occurred? Edit: 仏像 seems to be another one.
1 vote
1 answer
130 views

How to say the vertical vowel extension line in Japanese?

I'm learning katakana these days and my book introduces the horizontal line which is use to lengthen a vowel sound as in internet inta-netto My book says this line is called yoko bou which I can find ...
1 vote
1 answer
131 views

Understanding the Reading of 近道

Why is 近道 read/pronounced as ちかみち and not きんどう? My first assumption is that the word originated before the kanji was introduced, but I don't have this sort of information on tap.
0 votes
2 answers
442 views

What Japanese word for "user experience" or UX in IT field?

My team is developing a app for mobile. I want to tell to customer about the speed of some APIs are very slow. So it is not good for User Experience (UX) How to say it in Japanese?
2 votes
4 answers
4k views

Typing Japanese text from images or clothing

Is there a way of typing Japanese characters when you have no knowledge of the language? I've cut and pasted from Japanese websites before and used translation websites from English to Japanese with ...
2 votes
1 answer
127 views

Meaning of 「さすがに」in a particular context

I think 「さすがに」 generally means something like "Generally acknowledging a fact, but still has more to say regarding that fact in this specific situation". But I recently encountered a usage ...
1 vote
1 answer
149 views

Problems with understanding 高が子供となめてかかる

I have problems with a phrase I found: 高が子供となめてかかる It was an example sentence of たかが: [副]程度・質・数量などが、取るに足りないさま。問題にするほどの価値のないさま。「―子供となめてかかる」「―一度の失敗」 I know that in this contenxt, なめる means to make ...
0 votes
1 answer
102 views

What is the meaning of 及ぼし合う in 人間や生物の周囲にあって,意識や行動の面でそれらと何らかの相互作用を及ぼし合うもの?

I was reading the definition of 環境: 取り囲んでいる周りの世界。人間や生物の周囲にあって,意識や行動の面でそれらと何らかの相互作用を及ぼし合うもの。 I understand the first sentence it as: "world that is a surrounding-area" or like "the ...
0 votes
1 answer
310 views

What does ってやつか mean?

I was watching a music video (name: 思想犯). I've been going through the song and I stumbled upon this ってやつか. What does it mean here, it's not って奴か. I've found a post here about ってやつ vs というもの but I don't ...
0 votes
1 answer
100 views

For what type of relationships can "関係" be used?

I am writing a text about relationships between different generations and would like to know is [関係]{かんけい} an appropriate word in this context.
2 votes
2 answers
687 views

The meaning of モテる

I have read what it says in this post but it's old and I would like to hear other opinions. It's interesting that I have found this meaning on Weblio:(esp. as 持ってる) to have "it"; to have ...
0 votes
1 answer
86 views

Difference between 心の中に浮かぶ vs 心に浮かぶ

I read the definition of 面影: 実際に目の前にあるように心の中に浮かぶ姿・かたち "Shape(s)" that comes up in your mind as if it was in front of you/real Based on the kanjis 面影 I'm assuming it's something to do with ...
0 votes
1 answer
90 views

Is the phrase 他【ほか】を利【り】する ambiguous?

Is the phrase 他【ほか】を利【り】する ambiguous? I found it here: https://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/word/en/他/#je-44494 他【ほか】を利【り】する benefit others Could this example also mean exploit others?
3 votes
1 answer
320 views

What does this だけ mean in particular?

I read the definition of くだら◦ない【下らない】: [連語]《動詞「くだる」の未然形+打消しの助動詞「ない」》まじめに取り合うだけの価値がない。 I know everything but that だけ. I've searched it up but I have no clue "which" だけ is used here.
1 vote
0 answers
60 views

What is the meaning of うち in this sentence? [duplicate]

I read the definition of 本能: ほん-のう [1][0] 本能 (1)生まれつきもっている性質や能力。特に,性質や能力のうち,非理性的で感覚的なものをいう。 I understand the 生まれつきもっている性質や能力 part as "Qualities and abilities" x holds naturally. But I don'...
8 votes
1 answer
422 views

Why is the word「ござい」used in this sentence? 白紙でございって意味だ

This is a dialogue between 3 students. A: おまえきょうのテストどうした? B: へへ まあな A:なんだよまあなって...できたんかよ? B:ばーか このおれができるわけないだろ C: こいつのまあなはいつものとおり白紙でございって意味だよ As I understand it, the word 「ござる」 is in polite form. I ...
4 votes
1 answer
356 views

What does ぶり mean when it is attached to question words?

I already understood the nuances of ぶり that were presented here: ぶり But what does it mean when it is attached to question words like いつぶり or 何年ぶり? I got recently this message 学校に行くのいつぶり? How does that ...
3 votes
2 answers
406 views

Meaning of いかにもついでに~ような

I found this sentence in a book: いかにもついでに掘ったような細い道を無視し、放置されたライトが多くぶら下がってる方向を選んだり、と自分なりに工夫しながら進む I think I kind of understand it: something like "Ignoring the narrow dug paths, I chose the ...
1 vote
2 answers
227 views

~のね used by male speakers

I'd heard that the 「(名詞)ね」form was sometimes used by male speakers before, and I've been reminded by something in Dragon Quest IX. There is a character late in the game known as 大賢者, and while they're ...
0 votes
1 answer
983 views

Writing a birthday letter to a friend

Okay here is my dilemma, I am going to a write to a Japanese friend a birthday letter but I don't know how should I construct it; I've tried to search around the net and I found both formal and ...
0 votes
0 answers
159 views

What's a good way to say "liminal"?

I speak a fair amount of Japanese (from America, live in Kobe, Japan), but am having a hard time finding a good way to say liminal. The best I can think of is things like gap or transition 間 【あいだ】
1 vote
1 answer
80 views

Question about the part "のどは針のように細く" of this phrase

I found this in 大辞林 for ガキ: I know that the appropriate definition is probably: 俗に,子供の意。 In slang, has the meaning of kid But I always love to read the definitions with the (仏) in them: 〔仏〕(ア)...
0 votes
2 answers
206 views

Difference between ストーリー and 物語

In media studies academic papers I see sometimes the term ストーリー is used and other times 物語 is used. I feel there might be a nuanced difference between the two. Could someone explain scenarios when ...
2 votes
2 answers
523 views

できる after したがい meaning, and also what does "が," mean?

I read the definition of a word I'm pretty sure means crusty scab [瘡蓋]{かさぶた}: できもの・傷口が,治るにしたがいできる皮膜。 I believe this means "a film-membrane that can (?) follow up to fix a wound". I'm not ...
2 votes
0 answers
531 views

「いくらか」と「若干」の使い分けを教えていただけないでしょうか。

「いくらか」と「若干」の違いは何ですか。ただ「いくらか」は話し言葉で「若干」は書き言葉ですか。正しいですか。もし、正しかったら、他の違いがありますか。
-1 votes
1 answer
89 views

What is the Fast Way on remembering the Japanese adj/verb pronouciations and its related meanings? [closed]

By far, I found the most difficult and important parts of learning Japanese words is to memorize its pronounciations. eg. あつい . It means Hot, an adjective. But how can I relate the two - pronouciation ...

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